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to pieces long before it came to the celebrated A nias hawk is one taken newly frem the nest, and falls of this name. These we have already de- not able to help itself; and hence nisey, a silly perscribed in our article AMERICA, Nortu. See
Bailey. Index. We need only say here that with such Nias, or Neas Isle, an island lying off Taimpetuosity do the waves break on the rocks, in panooly Bay, on the west coast of Sumatra, from these rapids, that the sight of them from the top which it is separated by a strait sixty miles wide. of the banks makes the spectator shudder. In This island may be estimated at fifty miles in the middle of the river the stream is less troubled, length by lwenty in average breadth, and is and boats may pass down, if dexterously ma: divided into about fifty small districts, under innaged, to the island which divides the river at dependent chiefs or rajahs, who are at perpetual the falls ; but it runs here with uncommon rapi- variance. Their prisoners they sell for slaves, as dity: the least error from the true course either well as all others not immediately connected to the right or the left, therefore, must result in with them, whom they can seize : a plan encouinevitable destruction. The noise of the falls raged by the resort of native traders from Padang, is heard, in a clear day and fair wind, at the dis- Natal, and Achin, to purchase cargoes of slaves. tance of forty miles, and the cloud of vapor is Even in this small island 450 of these unhappy said to be observable seventy miles. Five miles men are said to be annually kidnapped or takėn. from the great falls is another scarcely less tre- See SUMATRA. mendous, called the Whirlpool; it is occasioned NIB, n. s.
. ; by the stream, as it passes from the cataract, Nibbed', adj.
Belgic nebbe ; Danish sweeping with impetuous violence round a na- NIB'BLE, v. a. & v. n. The point or tural basin enclosed between some rocky pro- Nib'bler, n. s.
beak of a bird's face; montories, where it forms a vortex of inevitable hence any sharp or taper point, as of a pen : destruction to whatever comes within its attrac- nibbed is having such a point: to nibble, to tion; but thus diverging from its onward direc- peck or bite at; to eat or cut away slowly; to tion, and being as it were for a time embayed, carp at. the velocity of the current is subdued to a more
Thy turfy mountains, where live nibbling sheep, tranquil course. The astonishment,' observes And Hat meads thatched with stover them to keep. Mr. Weld,' excited in the mind of the spectator
Shakspeare. by the vastness of the different objects which he As pigeons bill, so wedlock would be nibbling: contemplates from hence (i. e. at the Great Fall] is great indeed ; and few persons, on coming here
It is the rose that bleeds, when he for the first time, can for some minutes collect
Nibbles his nice phlebotomy. themselves sufficiently to be able to form any manifestly falls a nitbling at one single passage in it.
Instead of returning a full answer to my book, he tolerable conception of the stupendous scene before them. It is impossible for the eye to em
They gape at rich revenues which you hold, brace the whole of it at once; it must gradually And fáin would nibble at your grandame gold. make itself acquainted, in the first place, with
Dryden. the component parts of the scene, each one of
If you would be nibbling, here is a hand to stay which is in itself an object of wonder; and such your stomach.
Id. Don Sebastiun. a length of time does this operation require, that Had not he better have borne Wat's nibbling of his many of those who have had an opportunity of plants and roots now, than the huntsman's eating of
L'Estrange. contemplating the scene at their leisure, for years him out of house and home. together, have thought that every time they have
This fish plunging himself in mud, and then liftbeheld it, each part has appeared more wonderful ing up his head a little, casts out the string ; which and more sublime, and that it has only been at he immediately plucks them both in together,
the little fishes taking for a worm, and nibbling at it, the time of their last visit that they have been able to discover all the grandeur of the cataract.'
The roving trout Mr. Heriot says, the lotty banks and immense Greedily sucks in the twining bait, woods which environ this wonderful scene, the ir- And tugs and nibbles the fallacious meat. Gay. resistible force, the rapidity of motion displayed by A tree called the bejuco, which twines about other the rolling clouds of foam, the uncommon brillian- trees, with its end hanging downwards, travellers cy and variety of colors and of shades, the ceaseless cut the nib off it, and presently a spout of water runs intumescence and swift agitation of the dashing out from it as clear as crystal. waves below, the solemn and tremendous noise,
Many there are who nibble without leave ; with volumes of vapor darting upwards into the But none, who are not born to taste, survive. air, which the simultaneous report and smoke of
Sheep grazed the field; some with soft bosom 1000 cannon could scarcely equal, irresistibly
pressed tend to impress the imagination with such a train The herb as soft, while nibbling strayed the rest ; of sublime sensations as few other combinations Nor noise was heard but of the hasty brook, of natural objects are capable of producing.' Struggling, detained in many a petty nook. Couper.
Niagara, a county of New York, United No solemn, antique gentleman of rhyme, States, about fifty-three miles in length, and Who having angled all his life for fame, thirty-one in its greatest breadth, and including And getting but a nibble at a time, an area of 899,200 acres. Jt is bounded north Still fussily keeps fishing on.
Byron. by lake Ontario, east by Genesee county, south NICEA, in ancient geography, the metropolis by Cataraugus, and west by lake Erie and Nia- of Bithynia; situated on the lake Ascanius, in a gara River. Chief town Buffalo.
large and fertile plain; in compass sixteen sta. NIAS, n. s. I'r. niuis. Simple, silly, foolish. dia; first built by Antigonus, the son of Philip,
and thence called Antigonea; afterwards com- is an oval berry, which is grooved longitoire pleted by Lysimachus, who called it Nicæa, and contains many small angular seeds. Is after his consort the daughter of Antipater. is only one species, According to Stephanus, it was originally a N. amara, a native of Guiana. The la colony of the Bottiæi, a people of Thrace, and and stalks are bitter, and used by the war. called Ancore; and afterwards called Nicæa, an emetic and purge. and Nice, in Asia Minor; famous for the first NICARAGUA, a woody prosince general council.
former kingdom of Guatimala, in Spanis Nicæn, is also the name of other five ancient rica, bounded on the north by Honduras towns: viz. 1. In Corsica.—Diodorus Siculus. 2. east by the Carribbean Sea, on the In the Hither India-Arrian; situated on the west Guatimala and the Pacific, and on the sau side of the Hydaspes, opposite to Bucephale, on Costa Rica. It is about fifty miles spa the east side. 3. A town of Liguria, at the Mari- east 10 west, and from north to sort time Alps, on the east side of the Paulon near its summers, though hot, are not unhealer mouth which runs between the Varus and Ni- the winter has abundance of rain and is cæa.—Mela. 4. A colony of the Massilians— It is but occasionally diversified with me Stephanus ; the last town of Italy to the west, but they are extremely fertile, and suc! now Nice on the Mediterranean. 5. In Locris- breeds of cattle, swine, goats, mules and Strabo, near Thermopylæ ; one of the keys of The other products are fiax, hemp, for that pass. It stood on the Sinus Maliacus. balsams, cotton, sugar, and turpentine.
NICAISE (Claude), a celebrated antiquary in abounds in deer, birds, animals of the the seventeenth century, descended from a re- and noxious insects. Here are likewise su spectable family at Dijon, where his brother was silver mines, and the sands of the rives proctor-general of the chamber of accounts. gold, in working which the natives esz. He became an ecclesiastic, and was made a capital is of the same name and contains canon in the holy chapel at Dijon; but devoted 1200 houses, with many convents, and himself to the study of antique monuments. In churches. It is the see of a bishop. 1656 he resigned his canonry, and went to Realexo, on the river Realexo. Long. 8 Rome, where he resided many years; and, after lat. 11° 16' N. his return to France, he held a correspondence NICARAGUA, a lake of fresh water in the with almost all the learned men of Europe. going province, 120 miles in length, ani This took up a great part of his time, and hin- one in breadth. It has several islands, : dered him from enriching the public with any gable for large vessels, and of immers i large works. He published a Latin dissertation It enters the sea by the east, through the De Nummo Pantheo; An Explanation of an San Juan, which is sixty-four miles lode
, iAntique Monument found at Gnienne, in the which a considerable trade is carried. This diocese of Aach; and A Discourse upon the sage is guarded by the castle of Concept. form and figure of the Syrens, in which, follow- NICAUSIS, a name given by some ! ing the opinion of Huet, bishop of Avranches, to the queen of Sheba, or Saba, or Ei. he undertook to prove that they were in reality who visited Solomon ; called Balkis by birds, and not fishes or sea-monsters. He trans- and Makeda by Mr. Bruce; who gives ? lated into French, from the Italian, a piece of history of her descendants from Darid. Bellori, containing a description of the pictures son, by Solomon, to the time when he si in the Vatican, to which he added a Dissertation Abyssinia, where the reigning princes & upon the Schools of Athens and Parnassus, two their descent from her. See ÉTHIOPIA. of Raphael's pictures. He wrote also a small phus says she reigned cver Egypt and Et tract upon the ancient music; but while he was but Mr. Bruce restricts her dominion to Si laboring to explain that antique inscription, Mi
NICE, adj. & adv.) Saxou nest; nervæ Arpatiæ, which was found in the village
Nice'ly, adv. of Velley, he died there in October, 1701, aged NICE'NESS, n. s. seventy-eight.
hence accurate; cauen NICANDER, a native of Colophon, a cele- fastidious ; squeamish ; requiring brated grammarian, poet, and physician, who make nice’ is used by Shaks peare for to be lived about the 160th Olympiad A. A. C. 140, pulous: nicely and niceness follow these se in the reign of Attalus king of Pergamus, who nicety is also used for minute accuracy: overcame the Gallo-Greeks. He lived many dious or squeamish delicacy; minute obsera years in Ætolia, of which country he wrote a
or discrimination; a delicate viand. history. He wrote also many other works, of which only two are extant, viz. 1. Theriaca,
Such a man was Argalus, as hardly the n**
can find a spot in. describing in verse the many accidents attending wounds made by venomous beasts, with the the ears of a person representing so much
A strange niceness were it in me to refrain three proper remedies. 2. Alexipharmaca, wherein which I am glad even to rocks and woods te 3 he treats poetically of poisons and their antidotes.
He them with speeches meet NICANDRA, in botany, a genus of the mo- Does fair intreat ; no courting nicely, nogynia order and decandria class of plants; But simple true, and eke unseigned natural order thirtieth, contorte : CAL. monophyllous and quadripartite: cor. monopetalous, The letter was not nice, but full of change tubulated, and parted into ten laciniæ; the fruit Of dear import. Shakspeare. Romeo and more
nese; Dan. nan. tender; delicate;
When my hours
At nicely carving show thy wit ;
But ne'er presume to eat a bit.
Love such a nicety requires,
One blast will put out all his fires.
She is so nice and critical in her judgment, so senHarbour more craft, and more corrupter ends,
sible of the smallest error, that the maid is often Than twenty silky ducking observants
forced to undress her daughters three or four times a That stretch their duties nicely. Id. King Lear.
day. Only some little boats, from Gaul that did her
Having been compiled by Gratian, in an ignorant feed
age, we ought not to be too nice in examining it. With trifles, which she took for niceness more than
Of honor men at first, like women nice,
Raise maiden scruples at unpractised vice.
E. Halifar. For if you yield you do me wrong ; Let duller wits to love's end haste,
After long drought, when rains abundant fall, I have enough to woo thee long.
Donne. He hears the herbs and flowers rejoicing all :
Knows what the freshness of their hue implies, What mean those ladies which, as tho'
How glad they catch the largess of the skies ;
But, with precision nicer still, the mind
He scans of every locomotive kind. Cowper. Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice
Nice, an ancient town of Asia, in Natolia, Of thy associates, Adam ; and wilt taste now called Isnik, with a Greek archbishop's No pleasure, though in pleasure solitary. see. It is famous for the general council assem
Millon. bled here in 325, which endeavoured to suppress With how much ease is a young muse betrayed ! the doctrines of Arius. It was formerly a large, How nice the reputation of the maid! Roscommon.
populous, and well-built place, and is still consiNor be so nice in taste myself to know, derable. See Isnik. If what I swallow be a thrush or no. Dryden. Nice, an ancient, handsome, and considerable
Unlike the niceness of our modern dames, city of the Sardinian states, the capital of the Affected nymphs with new affected names. 14. . province of the same name, and a bishop's see, Nor place them where
stands at the mouth of the river Paglion, on the Roast crabs offend the niceness of their nose. Mediterranean, at the foot of a noble amphi
theatre of bills, covered to the top with villas, Supposing an injury done, it is a nice point to pro- gardens, and groves of fruit-trees. The Alps portion the reparation to the degree of the indignity. terminate the prospect on one side, and the
Mediterranean on the other; while from the He ought to study the grammar of his own tongue, back part of the basin in which the town stands that he may understand his own country-speech rises a high rock, once surmounted by a castle, nicely, and speak it properly.
Locke. If reputation attend these conquests, which de- whole. Nice is still surrounded with a rampart,
which adds considerably to the effect of the pend on the fineness and niceties of words, it is no wonder if the wit of men so employed should and is divided into the Old and New town; the perplex and subtilise the signification of sounds.
streets of the former are narrow, but those of the
latter are tolerably wide and regular. The Indulge me but in love, my other passions
houses, particularly in the suburb called the Shall rise and fall by virtue's nicest rules. Marble Cross, are neat, and painted in fresco,
which gives them a clean and cheerful appearAs for the workmanship of the old Roman pillars, ance: they are in general surrounded with garthe ancients have not kept to the nicety of proportion dens planted with orange and lemon trees. and the rules of art so much as the moderns. There are two public squares, one of which,
Id. on Italy.
surrounded with porticos, may rival any of the Nor was this nicety of his judgment confined only squares of the capitals of Europe. The other to literature, but was the same in all other parts of is bordered by a terrace, which serves botlı as a
My progress in making this nice and trouble- public walk and as a mound against the sea. some experiment, I have set down more at large.
The cathedral is the chief public building worth
notice; but here are also a theatre, baths, coffeeHis conclusions are not built upon any niceties, or houses, a library, and delightful walks for the solitary and uncommon appearances, bui on the most residents. These, added to the salubrity of the simple and obvious circumstances of these terrestrial climate in consumptive complaints (arising, it is todies.
said, from the sheltered position), render Nice a The inconveniences attending the best of govern- favorite place of resort on the part of foreigners, ments, we quickly feel, and are nicely sensible of the particularly our own countrymen. The harbour, share we bear in them.
Atterbury. protected by a mole, is capable of admitting The next thing of which the doses ought to be vessels of 300 tons. The trade consists chiefly nicely determined, are opiates. Arbuthnot on Coins. in the export of oil, wine, silk, liqueurs, essences,
Thus criticks, of less judgment than caprice, and perfumery. Here are also manufactures of Curious, not knowing, not exacı, but nie,
paper, silk, leather, soap, and tobacco. PopuForm short ideas, and offend in arts,
lation 18,500: ninety-two miles south-west of As must in manners, by a love to parts.
Genoa, and nineiy-iwo south hy west of Turin.
Nice has often been taken by the French, parti- century, and flourished in the fourteret cularly in 1744, but restored after the treaty of the emperors Andronicus II. and II Aix-la-Chapelle. The castle above named, Palæologus, and John Cantacuzenus
. hc much esteemed for its position, was destroyed in great favorite of Audronicus II., nie re, 1706 by Mareschal Berwick, the garrison being librarian of the church of Constantimpa too small to defend the works. The city was sent him ambassador to the prince of V. again taken by the French under general Anselm accompanied this emperor till bis de and admiral Truguet, on September 19th, 1792, which he repaired to the court of And the Piedmontese garrison evacuating it on their III. where he was well received; and his approach, and long continued a part of the fluence the Greeks refused to enter iner: French empire.
ference with the legates of pope John Nice, a mountainous province or country of But in the dispute which arose between S the Sardinian states, bounded by Genoa, Mona- and Palamos, taking the part of the man co, the Maritime Alps, the French department of maintained it zealously in the cound the Var, and the Mediterranean. Though com- Constantinople in 135i, for which her monly considered in Piedmont, it is separated into prison, and continued there till the s. from it by the Alps : its superficial extent is John Palæologus, who released him; ati 1230 square miles; its population 91,000. In he held a disputation with Palamos bene the northern part the surface is chiefly occupied emperor. He compiled a history, " with pasturage; but in the south the culture of eleven books contain all that passei itu olives, wine, and fruit succeeds. The quantity when Constantinople was taken by the of corn grown is small, but bees are reared with to the death of Andronicus III. in 14. success, and honey is made in a large quantity. best edition is that of the Louvre, in Ges: Several parts produce also valuable timber. Its Latin, in 1702. manufactures are on a small scale, and consist of NICEPHORUS BLEMMIDAS, a priest ! coarse woollens, netting, and soap made of olive of Mount Athos, who flourished in the ra oil. It is divided into the districts of Nice and century. He refused the patriarchate Sospello, and has two towns and ninetv-nine stantinople, being favorable to the lan villages.
and much inclined to peace. In this The NICENE Creed was composed and es- composed two treatises concerning the Ptablished, as a proper summary of the Christian of the Holy Ghost; one addressed : faith, by the council at Nice in 325, against the patriarch of Bulgaria, and the other ty & Arians. It is also called the Constantinopolitan peror Theodore Lascaris. These two it. Creed, because it was confirmed, with some few printed in Greek and Latin by Allatte v alterations, by the council of Constantinople in also given us a letter written by Bleac. 381.
his expelling from the church of her NICEPHORUS I., emperor of the East, was Marchesinos, mistress of the emperi chancellor of the empire under the empress Ducas. There are several others of his :*
7 Irene, whom he dethroned and banished to Mi- the Vatican library. tylene. He was killed in battle by the Bulga- NICERON (John Francis), was bor 1rians, A. D. 811.
Having finished his 2 Nicephorus II., from his popularity, was studies with success, he took the brake raised to the imperial throne in 963; and mar- Minims in 1632, his paternal unck ried the widow of his predecessor, Romanus. Minim. His taste for optics and the E He drove the Saracens out of a great part of tics appeared early; and he devoted the Asia, but proved a tyrant to his subjects; and the time he could spare, after he had conje was assassinated by John Zimisces and other studies in theology. He tells us, in the conspirators in 969.
his Thaumaturgus (Opticus, that he west." Nicephorus III. was made emperor by the Rome ; and that, on his return home, die F. army which he commanded in 1077; but was pointed teacher of theology. He afters dethroned by his general Alexius Comnenus, in companied F. De la Noue, vicar-genere 1080, and sent to a convent, where he died soon order, in his visitation of the contents thrin after.
all France. He died at Aix in Provenci. Nicephorus (Calistus), a Greek historian, 22d, 1646, aged thirty-three
. He was who flourished in the fourteenth century under with Des Cartes. His other writings az. the emperor Andronicus II., wrote an ecclesi- terpretation des Chiffres ; and La Peru astical history, in twenty-three books, eighteen Curieuse. of which are still extant, containing the transactions of the church from the birth of Christ to the account of his Memoirs of Men illustree
NICERON (John Peter), so much celebrat' death of Phocas in 610. We have nothing the Republic of Letters, but the arguments of the other five books, from March 11th, 1685. He was of an ancient aráv. the commencement of the reign of lleraclitus to family, who were in very high repute abue in 911. Nicephorus dedicated his history to the end of that of Leo the philosopher, who died He studied with success in the Mazarine ne
at Paris, and afterwards at the college Dupla Andronicus II. It was translated into Latin by Resolving to forsake the world, he consulze!? John Langius, and has gone through several of his uncles, who belonged to the ordera's
fi Nicephorus (Gregory), a Greek historian, tioner to that society at Paris. He was who was born about the close of the thirteenth in 1702, took the habit in 1703, and his manis
was born a lot
1704, at the age of nineteen. Aster this he was Niches, containing figures of white stone or marble, sent to Moniarges, to study philosophy and should not be colored in their concavity too black. theology; thence to Loches in Touraine, to teach those sciences. He received the priesthood at They not from temples, nor from gods refrain, Poitiers in 1708. Not being of age to assume But the poor lares from the niches seize, this order, a dispensation was obtained in his If they be little images that please.
Dryden. favor. The college of Montarges having recalled On the south a long majestick race him, he was their professor of rhetoric two years, of Ægypt's priests, the gilded niches grace. Pope. and of philosophy four. In spite of all these The heirs to titles and large estates are well enough avocations, he preached often in most of the qualified to read pamphlets against religion and churches in the province, as well as in those of high flying; whereby they fill their niches, and carry Paris. In 1716 his superiors invited him to that themselves through the world with that dignity city. He died after a short illness, July 8th, which best becomes a senator and a squire. 1738, at the age of fifty-three. His works are,
Switi's Miscellanies. 1. Le Grand Febrifuge; or a dissertation to
God gives to every man prove that common water is the best remedy in The virtue, temper, understanding, taste, fevers, and eveu in the plague ; translated from
That lifts him into life, and lets him fall the English of John Hancock, minister of St.
Just in the niche he was ordained to fill. Margaret's, London, in 12mo. 1720. It went
Couper. through three editions; the last came out in 1730, NICHOLAS, Cape St., the north-west cape of in 2 vols. 12mo., entitled A Treatise on Common the island of St. Domingo, is two leagues west of Water, Paris. 2. The Voyages of John Ouving- the town of this name, nine or ten leagues east ton to Surat, and divers parts of Asia and Africa, of Cape Mayzi, at the east end of the island of containing the history of the revolution in the Cuba, and forty-six leagues north-east by north kingdom of Golconda, and some observations of Cape Dame Marie, and, with this last cape, upou silk worms, Paris, 1725, 2 vols. 12mo. forms the entrance into the Bight of Leogane. 3. The Conversion of England to Christianity, In July, 1811, a smart shock of an earthquake compared with its pretended Reformation, Paris, was felt here. 1729, 8vo.
4. The Natural History of the Nicholas ISLAND, a small isle in the West Earth, translated from the English of Mr. Wood- Indies, on the north coast of the island of Cuba. ward, by Dr. Nogues, with an answer to the ob- Long. 79° 40' W., lat. 23° 15' N. jections of Dr. Camerarius : containing also NICHOLLS (Dr. Frank), an eminent physeveral letters written on the same subject, and a sician, born in London in 1699. His father was inethodical distribution of fossils, translated from a barrister at law; and both his parents were of the English by Niceron, Paris, 1735, 4to. 5. good families in Cornwall. After being eduMemoirs of Men illustrious in the Republic of cated at a private school in the country, Frank was Letters, with a critical account of their works, removed to Westminster, and thence to Oxford, Paris, 12mo. The first volume of this great where he was admitted a commoner at Exeter work appeared in 1727 ; the others were given college, under the tuition of Mr. John Haviland, to the public in succession, as far as the thirty- on March 4th 1714. There he made rapid proDinth, which appeared in 1738. The fortieth gress in all the usual academical studies, parvolume was published after the death of the au- ticularly in natural philosophy, anatomy, and thor, in 1739.
dissections. Being chosen reader of anatomy, in NICETAS (David), a Greek historian, a native that university, he employed his utmost attention of Paphlagonia, who lived about the end of the to elevate and illustrate a science which had there pinth century. He wrote the Life of St. Ignatius, been long depressed and neglected. About this patriarch of Constantinople, which was translated time he visited the continent, and acquainted into Latin by Frederic Mutius, bishop of Ter- himself with the opinions of foreign naturalists on moli; also several panegyrics on the apostles this his favorite study. On bis return to London and saints, inserted in the continuation of the he repeated his physiological lectures, which Bibliotheca Patrum by Combesis.
were much frequented. Soon after, his new and NICETAS ARHOMINATES, a Greek historian of successful treatment of the military fever, then the thirteenth century, called also Coniates, being very prevalent in the south of England, added born at Chone, or Colossus, in Phrygia. He much to his reputation. In the beginning of was employed in several considerable affairs at 1728 he was chosen F. R. S., and in 1729 took the court of Constantinople; and when that city the degree of M. D. at Oxford. Dr. Nicholls was taken by the French, in 1204, he withdrew was chosen a fellow of the college of phywith a young girl taken from the enemy, to Nice sicians, London, June 26th, 1732; and two in Bithynia, where he married his captive, and years after, being chosen Gulstonian reader of died in 1206. He wrote a History, or Annals, Pathology, he made the structure of the heart, from the death of Alexius Comnenus ¡n 1118, to and the circulation of the blood, the subjects of that of Baldwin I. in 1205; of which work we his lectures. In 1736, at the request of the prehave a Latin translation by Jerome Wolfius, sident, he again read the Gulstonian lecture, on printed at Basil in 1557; and in the body of those parts of the human body which serve for the Byzantine Historians, printed in France at the secretion and discharge of the urine; and the the Louvre.
causes, symptoms, and cure of the diseases ocNICHE, n. s. Fr. niche ; Ital. nuchio; Span. casioned by the stone. In 1739 he delivered the nicho. A hollow. in which a statue, bed, &c., anniversary Harveian oration. In 1743 he marmay be placed.
ried Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the cele