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ed upon, by the solicitations of his wife's connexions, to accept a second invitation from Frederic, and remove to Berlin, and subsequently to Potsdam, the favourite summer abode of the king. After the death of this monarch, he executed numerous works of art, under the patronage of Frederic William, by whom he was not less noticed than by his predecessor.

At this period, he resolved to visit America, of whose republican institutions and character be had long entertained the most exalted opinion. To accomplish this favourite object, no sacrifice was thought too great. He accordingly left Potsdam, in the year 1794; and embarked soon after with his family at Hamburgh for Philadelphia, where he arrived in the month of November of the same year. Here, unfortunately, he had to lament that his professional labours did not meet with that encouragement in a new country, which is so liberally bestowed upon genius in Europe ; and, like many of his brother artists, he had to struggle with adversity during many of the latter years of his life. His last production, was a bust of Emanuel Swedenborg, about three feet high, in Italian marble, designed from a print, and executed when he was eighty years of age, for Mr. William Schlatter, that liberal patron of the New Church at Philadelphia. He continued to reside in this city until the month of January last, when he sailed for the Havanna, where he had a prospect of being employed in the completion of a large monument, remaining unfinished at that place, for want of a competent artist.

Possessing a philanthropic disposition, and a heart sincere in its professions, Mr. Eckstein was beloved by a numerous circle of friends. Although, in his early years, his mind was somewhat poisoned with the philosophy of modern days, as is too frequently the case with the votaries of science, yet, by the divine providence of the Lord, the sacred remains, stored up in his youth by the instruction of pious and spiritual-minded parents, were protected from the assaults of the enemy. Divine truth, in a mind not habitually confirmed in evil, soon made impressions, which open. ed the way for an affectionate and interior reception of the doctrines of the New Jerusalem, in which he was simultaneously accompanied by a pious and sensible wife, with whom he lived in the bonds of matrimony for nearly fifty years. In the life of Mr. Eckstein, the principles of the Christian were conspicuous. With an exalted reverence for the Word of God, an unaffected piety, and a submissive resignation to the divine will, he studied a sincere and upright performance of the various uses allotted to him in this lower world. To Jesus Christ he ascribed all glory, and honour, and power; and from His divine and unmerited mercy alone did he expect to receive the reward of eternal felicity, which is promised to all who believe on his name, and practise his commandments.

- , at Philadelphia, on the 1st day of November last, in the 73d year of his age, Mr. Francis BAILEY, one of the first receivers of the doctrines of the New Jerusalem, in the United States. He was born at the seat of his father, Robert Bailey, in Sadsbury · township, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, on the 3d of September, 1744. Early in life, he discovered an almost universal gepius for mechanics, particularly manifested in the improvement of watches, and repairing the works of clocks, mills, &c. ; he had also a considerable talent for engraving. When arrived at a more mature age, he became very desirous of acquiring the art of printing; but, not willing to apprentice himself, several years elapsed before he had an opportunity of gratifying his wishes. In 1771, he became acquainted with Peter Miller, a religious recluse, and founder of the society at Ephrata, in Lancaster county, who was a man of science and learning. A mutual friendship ensued. For the use of the society, a small office had been established; and, on a visit of three weeks, Mr. Bailey acquired a competent knowledge of the printing business. Immediately afterwards, he undertook a journey to New-York, for the purpose of purchasing an office, and returned to Lancaster, His first publication was a small manual of devotion. In 1774, he was appointed, under the colonial government, post-master at Lancaster, in which office he continued during his residence in that place. In 1777, he was deputed by government to go to Virginia, for the purpose of bringing back the state prisoners, who had been sent thither on account of their political opinions. They were principally the leading men of the society of Friends, iu Philadelphia. Mr. Bailey was singularly calculated to win the affection and friendship of those with whom he associated. Firm both in his religious and political sentiments, yet not obtruding either on the notice of those around him; cheerful and facetious as a companion, and possessed of a delicacy and refinement of · feeling, which might almost be termed romantic, it is not to be

wondered at, that a lasting friendship with those gentlemen was the consequence. In 1778, Mr. Bailey removed his family to Philadelphia, and was soon afterwards appointed printer to the state of Pennsylvania, and at the same time edited a daily paper, entitled “ The Freeman's Journal,” which was then supposed to be the best paper in circulation. In his religious profession, he had been a strict Presbyterian; and was one of the deacons, or elders, in the 2d Presbyterian church, in Pine street, Philadelphia. In this profession he continued until the year 1784, in the spring of which, Mr. James Glen, from Glasgow, in Scotland, arrived in Philadelphia. Mr. Glen, on his arrival, delivered several lectures on the doctrines, but leaving Philadelphia soon after, a number of books, sent from England for Mr. Glen, fell into the hands of Mr. Bailey, by the perusal of which he became an ardent recipient of the Truth.

In 1787, he published the “ Summary View," and distributed it gratis, as a kind of preface to the larger work, which it was his intention to publish. About this time, he determined to loose the ties which united him to the Old Church, and accordingly sent in his resignation of church membership, which was much regretted by the heads of the church, particularly by the clergyman, the Rev. Dr. Duffield, who was warmly attached to him, and with - whom the most affectionate intimacy continued during the whole of the doctor's life. Great pains were taken by the heads of the church to dissuade him from publishing the writings; but he was so fully convinced of their truth, that, in 1789, he issued proposals for publishing, by subscription, the True Christian Religion, and having obtained about fifty subscribers, put it to press. His intention was to publish it in numbers, but after the first number was issued, the few subscribers began to fall off, and be found himself obliged to stand alone in this important work. Blest with health, industry, and means, he determined to devote them all to the cause; and, as soon as circumstances would permit, an edi. tion of one thousand copies was published. : Ardent in his faith, and no less so in his hopes, he believed that every one who could be persuaded to read, would become proselytes to the doctrines inculcated in this invaluable work. But, unfortunately, he was doomed to disappointment; his intimate friends, indeed, out of personal consideration, were induced to read, and some of them became affectionate receivers of the doctrines. Most of them residing at a distance, the truths of the New Church became, by this means, widely disseminated. A few years afterwards, he published an edition of one thousand copies of the 6 Conjugial Love." Mr. Carter, of Maryland, after this work was published, offered to cover one-half the expense of paper and press-work, for which he received five hundred copies. About the same time, Mr. Bailey published the “Doctrine of Life," and a catechism of the New Church; a number of these, as well as the larger works, he distributed in all the cities and principal towns in the Union. So few, however, were disposed of, that the principal part of the edition remains on hand. In the year 1799, he returned to his paternal estate in Lancaster county, where he imparted the doctrines to many. On his retiring to the country, it was bis intention to give up printing entirely. But being appointed printer of the laws of the state, on the election of gover. nor M'Kean, who was an old and intimate friend, he continued in business for some time. A few years afterwards, he returned to Philadelphia, where, through unforeseen vicissitudes, he was obliged to witness the entire loss of his once large property. In this, and the many other trials he had to endure, he manifested a firmness and resignation not to be described ; to use his own words, “ I never courted the smiles of Fortune, and her frowns have no power to dismay me.”. His constant expression, on every new trial, was, “ It is but a new modification of Divine Love, to bring us nearer to himself.” His earthly treasure was to him always a secondary consideration. But, if the blessings of the widow, the orphan, and the stranger, be treasure in Heaven, 'tis surely his. His liberality and benevolence were not confined to sect or nation; all who were in want, to him were friends, and often was he saluted in the streets with terms of grateful remembrance, by those whom he had befriended, but whose names and persons were obliterated from his memory. One instance occur. red, the last time he walked out. He was accosted with, “i Friend, when I stood much in need, thou wast indeed a friend :" yet no recollection marked how, when, or where. In his last illness, though at times suffering acute bodily pain, he was never heard to utter a complaint; but always answered the inquiries of his friends cheerfully; saying, “ I am gradually wearing away, but am well both in mind and body, not anxious to leave this world, but quite willing."

in Cumberland, Maryland, on the 21st of October last, Lavinia R. MURDOCH, in the 23d year of her age. Within the last twelve-month of her life, this interesting and amiable young lady had become a sincere and zealous receiver of the doctrines of. the New Church. To an unaffected simplicity of manners, and an almost uninterrupted flow of spirits, she united a strength of understanding and a thirst for knowledge, which rendered her the delight and admiration of all who were capable of appreciating her excellence. With lives as pure, we may hope for a departure as triumphant, as that of Lavinia R. Murdoch. Some of the particulars of her last illness and death are communicated in the following letter.

66 Bedford, Oct. 24, 1817=61. Reverend and dear Sir, It is with extreme sensibility I have to announce to you and my friends in Philadelphia, that our amiable and much-loved sister, Lavinia, is gone to the mansions of bliss. She left this natural world on last Tuesday evening, about 4 o'clock, after an illness of about ten days.

The interesting and heavenly scenes exhibited during her indisposition, excited the astonishment, wonder and delight, of all who came within her sphere, and are too important and edifying to be withheld from you ; although I feel myself utterly incapable to do justice to them in the detail.

About two weeks before her death, she perceived she had taken a cold, which, in some measure, was neglected for near a week. It finally terminated in what is called a bilious pleurisy, of a severe character, which confined her to her bed, and gave her early presentiments of her fate. For it seems she early expressed a strong desire to see me, as connected with the New Church ; her mind being constantly exercised with the sublime beauties of that dispensation, during her whole illness. Being sent for, four days before her departure, I arriverl, and found her (amidst a number of weeping and admiring friends) calm, pious, cheerful, intelligent and resigned; exerting herself to induce that resignation around her which she herself possessed, and an humble resignation to that Providence which, she said, was wisest and best in every dispensation. She early desired me to pray with her, from the New Church Liturgy, and to read the Word, which VOL. I.


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