Obrazy na stronie

course, that in a work of so great a com sity of a harmonious, just, benignant and pass, embracing so many details, and more fraternal state of Society. In his view liable than usual, because of the number the purification of the spirit must result in of strange names used, to typographical the health of the body; and the Christian errors, that errors should occur; we ac church is the antecedent of universal cocordingly remark that Mr. Inman is not operation, abundance, intelligence, health, among the American painters, and that liberty and happiness. Such is the theme the birthplace of Allston is wrongly given, of the book, and so calm and religious is with several other smaller oversights ; its spirit, and so genial its style, that even but on the whole, the book is accurate those who most dislike the doctrine it and useful. Mr. Spooner utters an idea teaches, must conceive something like an which is new to us, in his introduction, affectionate esteem for the author. where he contends that there are a large - A curious little volume is M. Walnumber of the original pictures of cele Lox's Presse de 1818; it gives an account brated masters, in this country, alleging

of the brood of newspapers which sprang up as the ground of his opinion, that before at Paris, like mushrooms, after the revoluthe taste for art became general among tion of February, and disappeared, most the wealthier classes of Europe, which of them, within a few months. Extracts has been within the last ten or fifteen from the most singular and bitter, give an years, the United States was the only idea of the passions fermenting at the safe and profitable market for old pictures. time. High duties kept them out of England, – Perhaps the most valuable contribuand there was no demand for them on tions to our knowledge of Indian and Chithe continent. We very much doubt the nese literature have been made by recent historical accuracy of this statement. French philologians, among whom M.

STANISLAS JULIEN holds an enviable ENGLISH.—The third and fourth volumes place. He has just published at Paris a of the "Memoirs of Thomas Moore," tak volume, full of curious interest to the en mostly from his private journal, are general reader, as well as the scholar. It full of vivacious matter, anecdotes, sketches is the history of the life and travels of of character, accounts of dinner parties, a famous Chinese lama, or monk, who in conversations with distinguished and per the seventh century of the Christian era sonal incidents. They cover a period went to India, to study the doctrines of which may be called the heyday of the Buddhism at their source, with a view to jolly little genius's life, when he had a reform and purify the religion of his nadozen invitations to dinner-happy fel tive country. Ile was absent seventeen low-every day, and was the pet of years, and his adventures, his religious exthe ladies, as well as the admiration of pericnces, the occasional desolation and men. The remarkable frankness with occasional ecstasy pervading his soul, his which he speaks of his contemporaries, visions, his public disputations, and so lends a rare charm to the details. Our forth, are all narrated in this book. As English friends complain of the liberties a psychological study, nothing could be which Americans are said to take with more attractive. Changing the names domestic privacies; but, we think they and the doctrines, one might suppose he will find in their own memoirs, specimens were reading the life of some eminent in that kind to which our literature fur Christian theologian, or missionary of nishes no parallel. It is true that in the modern times. It also affords incidentally case before us, most of the persons alluded a great deal of information as to the geoto are dead, yet their families survive, and graphy and ethnography of the period and doubtless many of their friends are living. the regions to which it relates. John, however, is famous for assuming - Most worthy of notice, perhaps, dignity when he talks with strangers. among the month's literature in France, is

Our remaining English notes are ex AUGUSTINE THIERRY's Essai sur l'Hisduded by the press of other matter. toire de la Formation et des Progres

du Tiers-Etat (History of the FormaFRANCE.-Le Règne Social du Chris tion and Development of the Tiers-Etat), tianisme. (The Social Reign of Chris which has appeared in two editions simultianity), by M. F. Huet, is an elaborate taneously, one an expensive octavo, and and eloquent attempt to reconcile Social the other a cheap and convenient duodeism and Christianity, and to show that cimo. The learned and brilliant author, the Kingdom of God must prevail on who is a constitutional monarchist in his earth as well as in Heaven. Starting political theory, exhibits the growth of from religion and from the regeneration the communes, the middle class, and the of the soul by divine grace, the author people, along with the system of repregoes on to demonstrate the logical neces sentative government, in a manner moro



striking and satisfactory, though not al famous republican ; in 1853 he is a furi-
ways more profound, than any one who ous Bonapartist. He has written Quatre
has before treated that interesting sub Années de Presidence de la Republique,
ject. He brings down the history, how all in glorification of Louis Napoleon, and
ever, only to the end of the reign of Louis hopes to be made a senator in return.
XIV., having been prevented from carry We share in his hope.
ing it farther by the revolution of 1848. -L'Orient, by Eugene FLANDIN, has
If his life is spared, he will doubtless con reached the fourth of the thirty parts of
tinue it.

which it is to be composed, and thus far - More romantic than a novel is M. both the engravings and the letter-press PIERRE CLEMENT's Jacques Cæur et are of a high order of merit. The views Charles VII., or France in the XVth of natural scenery and domestic and popuCentury. It not only treats of one of the lar life were taken during a journey from most stirring and singular episodes of the Bosphorus to the head of the Persian French history, but the characters brought Gulf. The author is skilful with the pen upon the stage are among the most re as well as with the pencil. The parts are markable of the epoch. Jacques Coeur sold in Paris at 10 francs, each containing was the executor of Agnes Sorel, the mas ve plates. Another illustrated serial is ter of the mint, an ambassador, a banker, Le Caucase Pittoresque, by Prince Gaand finally a fugitive, who saved his life GARINE, of which some dozen parts have by fleeing from France only to lose it in made their appearance. The Cemeteries the island of Chio, as leader of an expe of France belongs in the same category. dition sent by the Pope against the Turks. and is most characteristic and curious. The book is founded on documents hith A Journey around the Dead Sea, by M. erto unpublished, and abounds in new DE SAULcy, is announced, to consist of and interesting details as to the prominent eighty engravings and a large map. The persons and events of the period.

Works of Rembrandt, copied by photo- JULES LECOMTE, the witty corre graphy, with a commentary and life of spondent of the Independance Belge, has Rembrandt, by CHARLES Blanc, are to be collected into a volume his letters written published by subscription. There are to during the Great Exhibition at London. be forty plates in the series, containing Its ominous and amusing title is Un Voy the finest pictures of the great artist.. age des Desagremens à Londres. The price of the whole is fixed at 200

-A solid book for the library of the francs. Photography is also applied to historian and economist is that of M. the representation of nature in M. DI HENRI BAUDRILLART on Bodin and his Camp's Egypte, Nubié, Palestine, et SyTimes. Bodin was a political philosopher rie. Here the relics of the most ancient of the XVIth century, who wrote a once art are reproduced with a mechanical famous treatise De Republica, from which fidelity which no draughtsman could atMontesquieu is said to have drawn large tain. The price of this work, with its. ly. Of that treatise M. Baudrillart re 125 views, is 500 francs. prints considerable portions, along with - Among the books with attractive. crudite and clear accounts of the doctrines titles announced at Paris, which we have of other eminent writers of the epoch, not had an opportunity to examine, are: such as Machiavel, Calvin, Thomas More, History of Constantinople, by M. PUJOUand Commynes. The volume affords an LAT; and Studies in Russia and the excellent view of the state of political sci North of Europe, by M. LEDUC; Count ence in the period.

GARDEN's History of Treaties of Peace. -If any lady needs instruction on the Vol. XIII.; this volume of Garden's work use and abuse of corsets, we commend her is devoted to Napoleon's Russian camto the study of Dr. Bouvet's treatise on paign. that subject, just published at Paris.

A new edition of HEINE's Reisebilder -L'Architecture Monastique, by M. is published at Paris,-one of the wittiest ALBERT Lexoir, architect of the Imperial and wickedest books of the age. The auGovernment, is spoken of as a more com thor has also an article in the April issue plete treatise on Christian architecture of the Revue des Deux Mondes, called than we have before possessed. It is in the Gods in Exile, full of the old salt two quarto volumes, with numerous plans and spirit. Though his body is paralyzed, and pictures of edifices.

and only his head remains alive, Heine's - Printers enthusiastic for their art, mind bids defiance to nature, and refuses will find a treasure in BERNARD's Origin to quit the world or to spare it from the and Progress of Printing in Europe, shafts of his satire. just published at Paris in two large vol -The best work that has yet appeared

on the Revolution of 1848, is beyond -In 1848 M. EVARISTE BAVOUX was a doubt that of DANIEL STERN (the Comtesse


Argoult). It makes too great a man of has published his five-act tragedy RegiLamartine, but the narrative is faithful nald Armstrong, or the World of Money ; and spirited, though occasionally, from it is a failure poetically and dramatically. political prejudices perhaps, it is not alto Another tragic failure is FLORIEN Muigether exact.

LERS, Bankruptcy, a social tragedy in -Jules Janin has published two vol five acts. It has all the qualities requisite umes of Histoire de l'Art Dramatique, for damnation; a poor plot, poor characthe chief part of which is devoted to the ters, and poor treatment. Damnation it history of the French stage. It is made accordingly receives. out of the feuilletons he has been writing

BROCKHAUS announces a reduced for twenty years in the Journal des De edition of his great Conversations-Lerbats, revised and pruned, and forms an ikon; it is to be complete in 'four entertaining book, not without a founda volumes, and will cost in this country tion of learning and good sense.

some $700 bound. We have examined -The Imperial Guard is the subject of some of the parts already issued, and find a showy book just published, with illus the abridgment well and carefully done. trations by CHARLET.

It is having a great sale in Germany. - Bozquets History of the French - Gervinus has commenced the publicaClergy, from the Gauls down to the pre tion of a fourth edition of his Geschichte sent day, the fourth and concluding vol der Deutschen Dichtiong. (History of nme is now published.

German Poetic and Imaginative Litera

ture), which will be completed in five GERMANY.—Two new periodicals have volumes in the course of the present year. just been commenced, with the design of The first three volumes are almost entirely inaking the German people better ac new, access to better sources of informaquainted with England and America. The tion having afforded occasion to rewrite first, called the Atlantis, is devoted to both them. The work is dedicated to Jacob countries, and contains original articles, and William Grimm, and F. C. Dahlmann. written in a kindly though not partial The illustrious author accompanies the spirit, with translations and criticisms dedication with some felicitous and feeling spon what is important in the current observations upon the political perseculiterature of the United States and Great tion he has recently endured, which, outBritain. The second, the Atlantische Stu rageous as it is, he declares has not been clien, is confined exclusively to America, allowed to disturb his equanimity or inand contains only articles written by Ger terrupt his studies, and shall not be. To mans residing in this country, with ex those who are not acquainted with a fortracts from the American journals. Its mer edition of this Geschichte, we comobject is chiefly to destroy, as far as possi mend it as a model of literary history, ble, any admiration which may have been and as affording by far the best compreentertained in Germany for this republic hensive view of German belles-letters and its citizens. It is written with spirit that can be obtained from any source. and ability, and often hits the nail on the " Have we a Bourbon among us?'' head in its fault-finding. At the same from the February number of our Monthly, time it is one-sided, and prejudiced in the enjoys the honor of a translation in Gerextreme. Its extracts from American many, having been printed in pamphlet papers are made up chiefly of accounts of form at Dessau, with the portrait of its murders, outrages, railroad accidents, and reverend subject. All parties admit the whatever might tend to give the country striking resemblance which Mr. Williams a bad name. It is published at Göttingen, bears to the Bourbon family, but we are and the Atlantis at Dessau.

sorry to say, that the other evidences Thackeray's Pendennis has appear which prove him to be the Dauphin, do ed in German at Leipzig in ten volumes. not receive very respectful treatment.

The poetical vein is just now some The Augsburg Universal Gazette prowhat fecund. Worthy of special praise is fanely pronounces the whole “ a humbug Waldmüller's Dichter's Nachtquartiere imported from America,” and says that (A Poet's Night-Quarters), a series of “this Indian pseudo-Bourbon serves only tales in blank verse, marked by vigorous to raise the number of false pretenders sentiment, imagination, and descriptive to half a dozen." talent. VICTOR PREcht's Patriotische Stadtgeschichten (City Stories), by Gedichte (Patriotic Poems), are not de Max Ring, is the title of four small ficient in patriotism, though their poetry volumes of small romances, which are has not so much impressed us. Then neither as good nor as bad as they might there are two volumes of Gedichte by be. Recent German novels are, however, one Mr. Nisch, who is a rather meagre very apt to be of that kind; and it is no

itator of Heine, ALFI MEISSNER special discredit to Mr. Ring, that he fol

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lows the general tendency of his country's as scientific. Sometimes an affluence of literature.

quotations from the poets, wears the ap-The present year's issue of the Al pearance of pedantry, and sometimes there manach für Freunde der Schauspiel seems to be a want of accuracy and comkunst, (Almanac for Friends of the pleteness; but on the whole the book is Dramatic Art), has a variety of interest delightful and instructive reading. ing facts with regard to the drama in -Ritter BUNSEN is the Prussian AmGermany. It gives a complete list of the bassador at London, and holds a respectvarious theatres, with a catalogue of the able rank as a diplomatist and man of personnel in each, the name of every in letters, his particular forte being antidividual of any importance, from the ma quarian subjects. He has now gained a nager down, being printed at length, with new distinction, however: the University the function he discharges. It appears of Göttingen has conferred on him the that including several establishments in diploma of D.D. Switzerland, there are 159 theatres where -JOSEF Rank, a clever enough novelist, the German drama is performed, and that has two new books, Florian und Gestoey employ 5,400 managers, actors, and chichten armer Leute (Tales of Poor proinpters; and that adding musicians, Folks). The latter consists of exactly supernumeraries, choristers, dancers, and eleven stories, all of them pleasant though machinists, the whole force is swollen to not astonishing reading. some 20,000 persons. The largest estab - A work indispensable in every comlishment is the Vienna Burg Theatre; the plete library, is Dr. NagLER's Neues AllCourt Theatre of Berlin is next in im- . gemeines Kunst-Lexikon (New Univerportance, and after these the capitals of sal Dictionary of Art). Its publication Saxony, Bavaria, and Wirtemberg boast was completed last year, having been bethe pre-eminence. In all, there are about gun in 1835. It is in 22 volumes, and ten leading houses, where new plays must costs, in Germany, $36 00. pass an independent ordeal before their -Those who seek to understand the success is complete. The pay of the first bearings of European politics may find actors in Germany does not exceed 1,000 their profit in reading a pamphlet on the thalers, or about $725 a month. The French Army, and its Relation to the pay of authors varies considerably: at Emperor Louis Napoleon, published at Vienna, Berlin, and Munich, when a single Leipzic, from the pen of a German officer. play fills the whole evening's performance, The writer shows that the French army the author receives 10 per cent. of the is one of the most powerful and effective gross receipts, and shorter pieces are paid in Europe, and that the late reductions in in proportion; this continues during the its numbers, about which so much has author's life, and sometimes, by special been said, really do not diminish its power understanding, his heirs receive it after as compared with any force that the Gerhis death. The other chief theatres pay man States could bring against it. The fixed sums, varying from $15 to $75 for pamphlet is particularly intended for Gereach performance of a play, and the smaller many, but it is interesting even on this establishments still less. Special agencies side of the Atlantic. facilitate the relations between authors -The present condition of Greece is and managers. In the large cities there not exhibited in a very flattering light by are establishments which take charge of HERMANN HETTMER, in his Griechische new plays, procure their performance Reiseskizzen (Sketches of Greek Travel). throughout Germany, and receive and The agriculture of the country is the pay over the author's income, deducting poorest and most primitive possible, being from 10 to 16 per cent. by way of com confined almost exclusively to the pasturmission.

ing of sheep and goats. Commerce and - Beiträge zu einer Aesthetik der manufactures are unknown, and all the Pflanzenwelt (Contributions to the Aes attempts to establish colonies from Gerthetics of the Vegetable Kingdom), by F. many have proved sutile. There are but T. BRATRANEK, is an attempt to exhibit three roads in the whole country: namely, the influence of that department of nature that from the Piræus to Athens, that upon man, as evinced in religion, art, from Athens to Thebes, and that from literature, and national peculiarities. Its Nauplia to Argo, and these were made plan is derived from the beautiful and sug mostly by Capo d'Istria. The population gestive discussion in Humboldt's Cosmos, is less than one million, and for the past upon the influence of nature in general, twelve years at least, has been decreasing. and its method is similar to that. The The wages of a good workman at Athens author writes from enthusiastic affection are about 62 cents a day. There is a for his subject, and has at his command powerful party, which constantly gains in rich stores of knowledge, literary as well number and influence, who desire annexa

tion to Russia. Whatever may be the ex the greatest of melodists in the interests actness of Mr. Hettmer's conclusions, his of art, and not of any “world-renowned" book is a lively and readable one, at the artist. The music of the opera requires same time that it may be consulted with as true a feeling for art upon the part of profit by artists and antiquaries.

the singers, as was upon that of the com- A new series of illustrations to Shaks poser. But it is hard for a petted favorpeare are announced as in preparation, ite to sing for any thing but personal from the pencil of the illustrious Kaul applause. Consequently, the greatest of bach. They are to be in crayon.

operas is not a favorite with the artists; -Reise und Lebensbilder (Pictures of and despite the great admiration it must Travel and Life), narrates the adventures always extort from an audience, it is and observations of a young German in quite sure to drag a little and seem New-Holland, New

Zealand, and Cali tedious. fornia.

Alboni's Zerlina was exquisite. It

was by far the best we have ever seen. MUSIC.

Bosio, who is the only Zerlina we have A month ago we expressed the hope had since Malibran, was too much the fine that the disastrous fortunes of the com lady. She was the same in this rôle as mencement of Alboni's opera might be Sontag in Amina. It was a pretty pasretrieved. But it was doomed. Despite the toral-a saintly masque.

But Alboni, combined” attraction, and the unpre whose highest tragical expression is lookcedented ” something that always figures ing sorry, and who has not the je ne sais in operatic promises, and despite, also, quoi of the genuine Duchess, is incomthe very genuine and hearty success of parable in pure rustic parts. Nothing many evenings, the opera languished and could be more archly näire than her closed. Lucrezia Borgia was produced actions while she sings Bati, bati. It in fine style. Maffeo Orsini was Al was maidenly and peasant-like, and beauboni, and Salvi Gennarro. Madame De tiful as a rustic vase, which is still perVries, a singer of the French school, with fect in its way, although it is not Greek. a hard, sharp voice, but with striking She had unabated freshness and sweetdramatic action, sang the superb Lu ness, and we could not speculate upon the crezia. It was fairly done. Madame reason of the very different operatic sucDe Vries pleased us quite as much as cess in the two seasons of Sontag and AlParodi ever did. The audience was large : boni. Undoubtedly Duight's Journal we hope it was remunerative. But it is of Music hits the truth, in saying that no longer possible to know whether a full there is more unity in Sontag's. She has house implies a full purse or not. Alboni's a greater regard for the success of the Maffeo was easy to forecast.

work as a whole. We are far from thinksimply folly. Even when she rushes for ing that Alboni prefers her individual the knife in the banquet scene, and throws triumph to the effect of the opera, but she herself upon the spy, it was done so archly is careless about that effect. She sings and with such a magnetic smile, that even away with her great, rich, rollicking voice, censorious critics, like ourselves, would and smiles in the thunders of applause have gladly been so assaulted. It is an that follow. If Salvi, and Beneventano, unmeaning rôle, but its pleasant music and Marini, and Rovere, can draw down was delightfully sung. After a week of similar thunders, it is all very agreeable suspense, Don Giovanni was presented to the Prima Donna. That is their own for the manager's benefit. A full house affair; and as for the general effect of the greeted it. As it is the best of operas, so opera, the blithe Bacchus in ample skirts it requires the very best presentation. It knows nothing about it. was fairly done (again); but Italian The new Opera House will be built, it singers are always too unjust to German appears, and thirteen energetic men have music to allow us to enjoy a complete been made Directors. The universal failsatisfaction. Signor Salvi evidently cared ure of operatic experiments in this counlittle for the music, and little for his own try, and the plain proof that in other counreputation as an artist. For he was very tries music is a pure luxury, which must be slovenly in all the music, except il mio paid for, and does not pay, does not deter tesoro, and that he sang with the interpo an unusual effort. It is, at least, refreshlation of Italian cadences and phrases, so ing to behold this unwearied determinatotally inharmonious with the character tion. To sew up gold in a bag, and drop of the melody, that the effect was entirely it off the Battery, would seem to be as lost. He was loudly applauded; and promising an investment as opera-house Mrs. Grundy declared that it was stock. But here are two hundred shares fect.” We, therefore, say no more. readily taken at a thousand dollars each;

Don Giovanni is ar opera written by the lot is secured; the President of the

It was


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