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around in society, exposed to every abuse blind, that more were prepared for this and hardship, at once, than be made drones. class. It is very evident, from the Report, and A singular fact developed in the treatfrom the facts, that this system with the ment of the blind, is, that the purblind, operatives does not work well. The plan that is, those seeing dimly, are always inprofessed is, if the blind laborer does not ferior in the classes and school-learning support himself, to turn him away. But, to the blind, though with vastly more in practice, when once a blind man is liv knowledge of the external world. Dr. ing in the buildings, it is very difficult for Howe, if we are informed correctly, exany kindly-disposed officer to send him
plains this, by supposing the disease which out in the world. The consequence is, injured their sight, has likewise softened that each one is sure of his support, and the brain. Mr. Cooper, more philosophihas no especial stimulus to exertion. The cally, as it seems to us, supposes that they greatest wrong which can be done to a man have just sight enough to weaken the is inflicted-independence is weakened. power of concentration, which so remarkIt is found in this Asylum, that the most ably distinguishes the blind, and not industrious are those who are able to lay enough to give them the usual perceptions, by something from their earnings, and which form the basis of the thoughts of the idle are invariably those who do not
the seeing quite pay for their board. Assured of The system of study in the Institution their support, they have neither the fear includes the higher philosophical studies, of want, nor the hope of gain before them. along with the common English branches. The only remedy, evidently, is to put the Music is especially made much of. The manufacturing branch on the same footing Library, though the variety is small, conwith ordinary establishments of the kind, tains 700 volumes in raised type. to pay the laborer for what he does, and The New-York Institution for the Deaf to make his comforts depend on his exer and Dumb was incorporated by the Letions. This can be done, with every al gislature of the State in April, 1817, and lowance to the defect of the blind, by went into operation during the spring of making the wages a certain fixed 'rate the next year. For eight or nine years, higher than is paid other workmen, and the School of the Institution was kept in by compelling them to seek homes else the Alms House, better known now as where.
the new City Hall, and the pupils lived The same difficulty occurred to the cele with their teachers in different parts of brated philanthropist, Dr. Howe, of Bos the city. In 1828, several lots of ground, ton, as mentioned in his Report of 1850 bounded by the Fourth and Fifth avenues. to the Trustees of the Massachusetts and 48th and 50th streets, were leased of Asylum for the Blind." If we have the city Corporation for a trifling rent by heard correctly, he has since made a the Society, and the edifice which now change similar to the one suggested here. constitutes the main building of the Asy
For the proper training of the blind, it lum, was erected thereon at the cost of is plain that three hours a day of manual $31,000, labor cannot be sufficient. No man can As it stood originally, it was 110 feet be a hard-working man on such slender long and 60 feet deep, and four stories preparation. Labor will always be a bur high. It became necessary, however, in den, and will not be persevered in, except 1824, to add a fifth story, and in 1838 by those of great force of character. The two wings were built on the northern habit of continuous muscular toil is the side of the Asylum, at right angles to it. hardest possible to acquire by people of In 1846 two wings more were added, sedentary habits, and needs great previous each 85 feet long and 35 feet deep. These practice.
were provided with spacious sitting-rooms In the teaching of the blind, it is pro and dormitories, which had long been bable that the oral mode must always be needed. the most generally used. It is a slow The Asylum has now a front of 210 work with the quickest-gaining ideas by feet on 50th-street-the extreme depth of the touch of the fingers. There are so the wings being 90 feet. The arrangemany crude conceptions to remove in the ment within is very convenient: the builddarkened intellect—so much, familiar to ing, also, being thoroughly ventilated and the youngest seeing child, which, with the neatly kept. It is lighted with gas, manblind, must be laid first as a foundation, ufactured on the premises, and is warmed before a step can be taken ; that “word in winter by means of hot-air furnaces. of mouth" must be the great and efficient A handsome lawn surrounds the Asylum, method of reaching their minds. It is in which the pupils take their exercise. much to be desired, however, judging There is a vegetable garden besides, where from the meagre list of books for the the table is supplied.
During the last year, there were 260 avenue; the Female Magdalen Asylum, pupils within the Institution. Most of in Yorkville, between 88th and 89th these are supported by the City and streets, and the House of Industry, in State of New York and the State of New the Five Points, conducted by the Rev. Jersey. The income of the Society for MR. Pease. the same period, was little more than The Home was formed in 1845, by $12,000. Its expenditures were $5,200 private subscription, by the Female Demore than its receipts. In addition to this partment of the Prison Association, as a deficiency, it is in debt about $10,000. place of refuge to the female prisoner,
Five hours a day are devoted to school when her time at Blackwell's Island was exercises. The pupils are taught to read expired. Hitherto the released woman, and write, and the higher branches of whatever her better resolutions might be, history, geography and grammar.
Three was at once, on leaving the prison-boat, or four hours are spent in some mechani dragged away to her old haunts. She cal employment. The males are taught had no hoine, no friends who would shelcabinet-making, book-binding, tailoring, ter the convict, no money, -and, with the shoemaking or gardening. The females harpies always on the watch, the end was dress-making, and the folding or stitch inevitable. ing of books. The school-division is in It was hoped, in this Asylum, to pro13 classes, each having its own school vide for a short time a home, where the ' room and teacher. Religious exercises are woman could be busied in steady labor, carefully observed. In the morning, a and be brought under calm religious inpassage of Scripture, written upon slates, fluences, until a place was found for her is explained in signs by the President or at a distance. one of the Professors; and then prayer There have been, on an average, about is offered in the same language. In the 100 members of this Institution, annually ; evening, they are questioned on the expla- during 1852, 166 were received. The innation of the morning.
mates, at any one time, average about 30. The course of instruction is carried out
The only condition of admission is a soras thoroughly as the means of teaching row for what has been, and a desire to do yet discovered will allow. Most of the better hereafter. From the statements of peculiar excellences of this Institution may the Report, it would appear that about be ascribed, without doubt, to the con fifty per cent. of all inmates received, stant and laborious efforts of its President, have started on a better course of life. the Rev. MR. PEET.
The Magdalen Female Asylum has a The Prison Association of New York similar object with the above Institution. was established December 6th, 1844; and Among its' seventy inmates, during the incorporated May 9th, 1846. Its general last year, it reports six dismissed at their office is at No. 15 Centre-street. The ob own request, and only six expelled. jects of this Society are the melioration Eight have been sent to the hospital, and of the condition of prisoners, the improve all the others, so far as is known, are doment of prison discipline, and the encour ing well. In the labor performed by the agement of released convicts, by supply women, it acknowledges $100, as accruing them with honest work. Since its ing from needle-work alone. organization, it has relieved 977 prisoners, Mr. Pease's Institution, at the Five of whom 225 are reckoned as “doing Points, dates only from 1848 ; but, thus well;" 470 as hopeful ; 126 as doubtful; far, is incomparably the most successful 19 as returned to prison; and 137 as un of any of these. It was opened by his known.
discovering, in mission-labors through The class of Charitable Institutions that district, that preaching and tracts with which we shall close our article, is were of little use to these women, unless one of which little is known by the pub some home, and some chance for honest lic, and yet one which is as generous and work could be given them. He accordpitiful in its purpose, and as solidly suc ingly hired and cleaned a notorious brothcessful in its results, as any other of the el, and received a few women as regular city. We speak of the various Institu inmates, giving them shirt-making as an tions to raise up the fallen and degraded employment.
employment. The Missionary Society, woman; to give her hope and character which had engaged him, considered this again before the world. A difficult task, as unsuitable occupation for a minister of from which the refined shrink, the other the Gospel, and abandoned him. The wise benevolent turn away in skepticism, work done, though in no case ever stolen and which the world in general regard as or designedly injured, was too poorly done a romantic effort of philanthropy. The to be sold. Mr. Pease was not discourAsylums devoted to this object are the aged, but through these and a thousand Home” for female convicts, in Tenth
worked patiently and good
naturedly on. He has now over a hundred inmates constantly in his “House of Industry.” Since its foundation, some 800 women have been sent out to places in the country, of whom a large proportion are doing well. Within the house, tailoring, straw-braiding, stock-making, glass-cutting, and baking for the public, are going on; and, if last year's Report be correct, out of the expenses of $15,000 for the year, some $12,000 have been paid by the well-directed labor of these women.
Among all the varied efforts of benevolence in our metropolis, is there any more generous or more successful than this ?
We have thus given a passing glance at some of the most prominent organizations in New-York which may be strictly termed philanthropic. For the rest a mere list of names must suffice. ASYLUMS: Jews' Asylum for Widows and Orphans, W. 27th
street, between 7th and 8th avs. Lying-in Asylum for Destitute Females, 85 Marion SOCIETIES :
American Anti-Slavery Society, 142 Nassau. American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, 48
of the Jews, 4th av., cor. Astor-place.
ety, 20 John.
Orphans of Medical Men.
Presbyterian Board of Domestic Missions, 23 Centre. Presbyterian Board of Education, 23 Centre. Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions, 28 Centre, Protestant Episcopal Mission Domestic Commit
tee, 49 Chambers. Protestant Episcopal Mission Foreign Committee, Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Union, zu
John. Protestant Episcopal Tract Society, 20 John Public School Society of New York, Grand, cor.
Elm. Reporter's Guild Society for Edncation at the West, 80 Wall. Society for Promoting the Gospel among Seamen
in New-York. Sunday School Union, Methodist Episcopal Church,
St. Nicholas Society.
" Lodges." Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, 100 * Lodges"
and "Encampments." Order of United Americans, 86" . Chapters." Sons of America, 2 * Campa." United Daughters of America, 9 " Chapters." Order of United American Mechanics. 8“ Councils Ancient Order of Good Fellows, 22 " Lodges.". Christian Mutual Benefit Society, 4 "Societies." American Protestant Associatiun, 7 " Lodges.". United Ancient Order of Druids, 18 "Groves." Benevolent Order of Bereans, 3“ Assemblies.' Mechanics' Mutual Protection Association, 3 " As
sociations." Sons of Temperance, 28 " Divisions." Independent Order of Rocbabites, 11 Tents." Encampment Order or Independent Rechabites, o
* Encampments." Cadets of Temperance, 4 " Sections." Temple of Honor and 'Templars of Temperance, 3
. Temples." Dangliters of Temperance, 6 - Unions." Ancient Order of Good Samaritang 2 " Lodgear." Daughters of Samaria, 2 "Lodges." Society of the Iron Man. Order of the Circle. Musical Mutual Protective Association. Encient Order of Hibernians. Father Mathew Temperance Benevolent Society. Hibernian B. B. Society. Hibernian Universal B. Society. Irislı-American Benevolent Society. Meagher Benevolent Society. Roman Catholic Total Abstinence Society. Cartmen's U. P. Society. Hudson River Boatmen's Benevolent Association. Laborer's Union Benevolent Society.
'Longshoremen's U. B. Society. HOSPITALS:
Bellevue Hospital, 1st av., near 28d-street
charge of the “Sisters of Charity."
Eastern, 74 Ludlow.
New-York Eye and Ear Infirmary, 97 Mercer.
7 Other Societies and Institutions, Literary, Scientific, Educational, and Mercantile, will be referred to in future articles.
Πολλών δ' ανθρώπων δην αστεα και νοον έγνω.
Continued from page 535.
Or bis portentous tale,
Or riding on a rail.
LEFT East Haddam by the train-a mode of torture worse
Than any Dante conjured up—the case I will rehearse :
He may enchanted be,
When trying it per se.
And lived in a cellar damp,
But I had Aladdin's lamp;
I had fire enough in my brain,
My beautiful castles in Spain !
I have money and power good store,
For the one that is mine no more;
You gave, and may snatch again ;
For I own no more castles in Spain !