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This success in that most difficult mat scribed the funds, and erected the building ter—the preserving the health of a large at a cost of about $40,000. Robert B. number of children, shut up in one build Minturn is the president; Richard Warren, ing—is well worthy of close attention from Horace Greeley, and Marcus Spring, are medical men.
among the active directors. In the “washThe Asylum buildings are on Sixth ing” department of this building sixtyAvenue, between Tenth and Eleventh eight women can work at the same time; streets.
and the washing, drying and ironing of The Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum an ordinary family, can be done easily in is situated in Prince-street. The president one hour, at the cost of three cents, inis the Archbishop Hughes. As we have cluding fuel, an immense saving for the received no report, we can give no facts poor, in time, in money, and in comfort. with regard to this Institution. It is be The male and female swimming and single lieved however to be well supported, and baths can accommodate a large number at successful in its operations.
the same time, and cost from 5 to 10 cents. The [R. C.] House of Protection, under The object is to promote cleanliness and the charge of the Sisters of Mercy, is in comfort among the poor, at the smallest Houston-street, corner of Mulberry. possible cost—the prices barely paying In speaking of the Benevolent Institu
the actual expense. tions of New-York, we should not omit For the first three months of its existone, peculiar in its organization, and with ence, ending last August, the number of many objectionable features, still wide bathers was 38,600, and the whole revereaching in charities—the Odd-Fellows nue $2,136. Association.--The Annual Report to The greatest number of bathers during the Grand Lodge of the U. S. for 1852, any one week, was from June 12th to the speaks of "their Brotherhood, as affiliated 19th — 4,670; income, $237 68; from for no unlawful purpose, but on the con washing, the same week, $253 27. The trary, ever standing firmly in defence of next greatest number is from July 17th their country and its laws; excluding to the 24th—4,214 ; income $207 18. The from their halls all sectarian and political highest number per one day, is 1,147. discussions ; discouraging every species This year has opened very favorably, of vice and immorality; disseminating no the bathers for a single day in spring havother doctrines than those of peace and ing already amounted to 753. good-will to man,” "an Order, Within a few years the attention of our built upon the very homestead of hu citizens has been aroused to a wide-spread manity, a gentle brotherhood.”
evil in the city, for which no remedies had The Order numbered in 1842, 24,160 yet been found—the condition of vagrant members; it contains now 193,298, with children. 2,729 Jodges. The revenue from the sub It was suddenly discovered that there ordinate lodges amounts to $1,164,331 were, hidden in cellars, swarming in foul per annum. The total amount of relief
alleys, infesting docks, and markets, and to $614,721.
factories, a vast multitude of almost heaThe Association which owns the fine then children. They were not usually of building, called the “Odd-Fellows' Hall,” American origin, or the fruits of our instiat the corner of Grand and Centre streets, tutions; still they were, it was evident. reports the present indebtedness at poisoning the whole range of society around $82,601, which includes $60,000 mort them. The law did not touch them, as gage on the building, $15,560 of stock, and very many were not legally vagrant. The $2,175 due to stock holders. Receipts first measures to reach them, were the are stated at $75,583.
formation, in 1848. by some earnest ChrisOne of the most practically useful of tian men, of Boys' Meeting,” on the our benevolent institutions of New-York, corner of Hudson and Christopher streets. is the “ People's Bathing and Washing This was a Sunday meeting for street Establishment, No. 141 Mott-st. We boys, where the poorest and most ragged say benevolent, for although it is founded might hear something of Christian truth. by joint-stock subscription, nominally re From this sprung various similar meetings, turning interest, yet it is in effect a charity and at length, in 1851, the "Asylum for of the most effective character. The first Friendless Boys," situated in Bank-street. idea of such an establishment originated This Asylum was designed to provide a in London, about eight years ago, and home for the street boys, where they could there are now several of these associations be instructed in the common school in the great metropolis, all supported, we branches, and also in some industrial purbelieve, by voluntary contributions. suit, until they were sent away to the
The New-York enterprise originated in country. There have been up to January 1850. A few active philanthropists sub 21, 1852, in the Institution, 127 boys,
mostly of the poorest and most miserable reach the street boy, can be spoken. class. Of these, 100 are foreigners. Out With these it intends to connect Inof school-hours in the morning, they have dustrial Schools,' where the great tempbeen employed in sewing, knitting, and tation to this class, arising from want of shoemaking.
work, may be removed ; and where they Since the establishment of that Asy can learn an honest trade.” It hopes to lum, the city has taken up the matter of be “the means of draining the city of providing a home for these street chil these children, by communicating with dren.
farmers, mechanics, or families in the city An Institution has been incorporated, who may have need of such for employwith a grant of $50,000 from the city, ment.” Lodging-houses for boys, lectures, provided $50,000 were raised by private reading-rooms, all come within its ultisubscription. This sum has been col mate plan. lected almost by the individual exertions More momentous objects could not be of one active and benevolent merchant ; before any Society. If successful, it will and in the present year, the Juvenile Asy do the very work of all others most needed lum of New-York will begin its operations. in this city; for it is the individual labor The Bank-street Asylum is merged into in the homes and dens of the poor, the it; it has a large fund, and an especial inducing them into the country, where laAct under which it can collect children, bor is in demand, and where no man can and the whole power of the city to sustain starve, which will help them more than it, so that success seems almost certain. all the asylums that the whole Corpo
It is a great experiment to collect four ration estate can support. The opening or five hundred of outcast vicious boys work-shops for the street children, which and girls from our great city, and try to shall be self-sustaining, is also a grand exbring them up to take an honorable place periment; and one which, if satisfactory, in American life. If successful, hardly is calculated to change the whole surface any expense can be considered too great. of poverty in the city. Nothing costs a State more than such a It remains yet to be seen whether this class of young vagrants and criminals immense youthful vagrancy and crime is growing up in its midst. The plan of the an incurable disease, consequent on the Institution, though on a much larger scale, overcrowding of a great city, or whethis siinilar to that of the Bank-street Asy er there are remedies which can strike lum. It will teach the boys some honest at the very seat and core of it. trade or business, give them the basis of a The New-York Hospital.-In 1770 mental education, and then send them out several wealthy citizens of the city of to be apprenticed with mechanics or farmers New-York subscribed a large sum of moin the country. According to an especial ney, for the purpose of establishing & Act, the Courts have the right to commit hospital, and applied to Lieutenant-Goverto this Institution not only the vagrant nor Colden for a charter of incorporation. children, but also children who are neg 'Their prayer was granted the next year lected or abused by their parents. The by the Earl of Dunmore, Governor and Institution has a House of Reception in Commander-in-chief of the province, and Grand-street, where all the children found a charter given to the applicants, to whom in circumstances of vagrancy or abandon were joined the officers of the city government are kept for ten days, after which, ment, the Rector of Trinity Church, and if not reclaimed, they are committed to the the President of King's (now Columbia) Asylum. The Asylum buildings them College, under the incorporate name of selves are to be on the northeast side of the “Society of the Hospital in the city the island, beyond the city.
of New-York in America." In connection with these Institutions The Society at once organized and comfor a truly neglected class, may be men menced building a hospital within two tioned a new Society, originated by active, years, but the breaking out of the Revolucarnest men from various denominations, tion, and the confusion accompanying it, designed to act exclusively on the poor prevented further operations; and it was children of the city-the Children's Aid not till 1795, that the hospital was in condiSociety. It proposes in its circular, to tion to receive patients, when 18 were addevote itself to the multitude of children mitted. who cannot in any way be shut up in The expenses of the establishment asylums, and who are now out of reli were defrayed through an annuity of gious influences. It begins with the open £800, granted by the Legislature of the ing of “ Boys' Meetings” in needy quar State, March 1, 1788. ters, through which a knowledge is gain This sum was increased two years aftered of this class, and in which the only wards to £2,000, and again in 1805 to words of religious instruction that ever $12,500, which by an act, passed in 1806,
was ordered to be paid annually, until from one end of the house to the other. 1857.
On the second and third floors of the centre The ground, on which the Hospital are rooms, for the accommodation of the stands, is bounded in front by Broadway, officers and servants, besides the theatre in the rear by Church-st., on the north for surgical operations in the third story, by Anthony-st., and on the south by which can accommodate aboạt 200 persons. Duane-st. The approach to the Hospital The building contains also 20 other rooms, from Broadway, is by an avenue, 90 ft
. 15 wards for the sick, most of them 30 wide, planted with a double row of trees. ft. by 24, and capable of holding 150 pa
The principal building, called "The tients. The edifice is crowned with a Hospital,” is on a high ground, in one of cupola. There is an excellent kitchenthe most open situations in the city. It garden, and the grounds are laid out in is built of gray stone, is 124 ft. long, in-' walks, planted with fruit and shade trees, cluding its two wings, by 50 ft. deep. The for the benefit of convalescent patients. basement-story, which is about 10 ft. high, South of the Hospital is the Marine contains the kitchens and store-rooms, Hospital, which is also built of gray stone. with two wards for the accommodation It is 90 ft. long, by 40 ft. deep in the of patients, infected with contagious dis centre, and 65 ft. deep in the wings. It has eases. The principal story is about 14 ft. three stories, including the basement, and high. In the centre is a hall and staircase, contains 29 rooms, in which 150 patients the library, a parlor and bed-room for the can be accommodated. Superintendent, and an apothecary's shop. This Hospital is intended for the recepIn each story of each wing, are two tion of seamen of the port of New York, wards, 31 ft. by 24, opposite each other, who have paid Hospital money to the and opening into passages which extend United States. By an arrangement, enter
ed into between the Treasury Department occupied by the Asylum-containing of the United States, and the Hospital in about 55 acres—was bought by the 1799, three dollars a week are paid for each Governors for $500 an acre, and on the seaman received, provided the number ad 17th of May, 1818, the corner stone of mitted does not exceed at any time a hun the principal edifice was laid. This builddred.
By a recent application to the ing is of freestone smoothly-hewn, and Secretary of the Treasury, an allowance consists of a centre and two wings, 211 has been obtained for the care and support feet long. The centre contains the offices: of 200 sick seamen; this, it is hoped, will the wings are occupied by the patients; meet the demands of seamen for the com the eastern wing by women, and the ing year.
western by men. On each floor of either From the last Report of the Governor wing, a hall 10 feet wide extends the of the New-York Hospital, to the Legis whole length through the centre. One lature of the State, we gather that 3,877 large room on every story is used as a persons have been under the medical
sitting-room; the rest as bed-rooms. The treatment in the Institution during 1852, house is well supplied with baths and of whom 2,862 were cured, 353 have died, water-closets. and the remainder were dismissed or re Parallel with the extremities of the lieved, with the exception of 291 patients, building and nearly 150 feet in its rear, yet in the buildings. Among the deaths there are two other buildings, built of are included 110 cases of sudden death brick, and of about one-third the size. rom accidents upon which Coroner's in One is occupied by male, and the other by quests were held; deducting these, we female patients. have but 243 deaths for the whole num Attached to the three buildings, is a ber of patients—or about 7 per cent.
farm of 55 acres. Half of it is under The receipts of the Hospital during high cultivation; the remainder was laid 1852 have been $42,459; the expendi out 25 years ago, with great taste after tures, $51,997.
the fashion of English gardening, and is This excess has been paid for, by the now a spot of rare beauty. excess of receipts over expenses in the The plan adopted by the Governors of Bloomingdale Lunatic Asylum, so that the Asylum in their treatment of the the Society has only the debt of $40,000. patients, is, to regard them, so far as their incurred in 1851, for the valuable improve condition will possibly admit, as if sound ments made in the Hospital, during that and unimpaired in mental faculties. The and the previous year.
Asylum is made as nearly like a Home to From 1792, when the Hospital was them as can be, with no more restraint opened, until 1853, 96,434 patients have than is absolutely necessary; and within been received, of whom, 70,235 have been certain limits, they are permitted to play, discharged cured, and 59,000 as relieved ! walk or ride, pretty much as they choose. 9,824 have died, among which are includ The patients perform some manual labor; ed more than 100 a year brought to the but a large proportion either unaccustomHospital in a dying condition. The num ed to work, or used to only one kind of ber of patients admitted, has kept pace work, refuse to do any thing. No comwith the growth of the City ; increasing pulsory means are attempted, so that from 566 in 1794, to 1,670 in 1831, and naturally but little labor is done. 3,576 in 1852.
The women however accomplish much Bloomingdale Lunatic Asylum.—This more than the men, partly because better Asylum is a branch of thé New-York trained to industrious habits, and partly Hospital, and is under the management because their chief work (sewing) can of the same Board of Governors. It is be done in their own rooms. situated near 118th-st. between Tenth and In connection with the Hospital, may Eleventh avenues, at about a quarter of a be mentioned the “ New-York Dispenmile from the Hudson. Previous to 1821, sary," an association for giving medicine insane persons were admitted as patients and medical advice to the poor. It origiinto the New-York Hospital in what is nated in 1790, and was incorporated in now the Marine Hospital. But when 1795. In 1847'it relieved 28,227 patients, the progress
of medical science had open at an expense of $3,476. ed the eyes of the Governors, to the ne It has two branches, the "Northern cessity of moral treatment for Lunatics, Dispensary," at the corner of Waverley and after many efforts from a philanthro Place and Christopher-st., founded in pic man, Thomas Eddy, they determined 1829; and the “ Èastern Dispensary," to purchase a farm in the neighborhood corner of Ludlow-st. and Essex Market of New-York, and build there an edifice, Place, founded in 1834. suitable to the wants of the insane.
In the “Northern Dispensary," there Accordingly the piece of ground, now have been treated, since its origin in 1827,
240,976 patients. During 1852, 17,831 Wood, in company afterwards with Dr. have been treated, of whom 15,864 have John D. Russ. It was incorporated in been cured or relieved. Of these, 11,914 1831. The school was opened on March were foreigners. The receipts for the last 15, 1832, with three blind children who year are $3,788. Expenditures, $3,644. had lost their sight by ophthalmia, which
The Demilt Dispensary is a fine build prevailed to an alarming extent in the ing at the corner of Second avenue and New-York Alms House in 1831-32. On 23d-st, which with the lot has cost $30,000. the 19th of May, 1832, three other blind Up to this time, $20,389 have been re children were added to the number from ceived towards defraying the debt. the same place, and, with these six, the
The number of persons treated for the school was opened at No. 47 Merceryear up to March 27, 1853, is 2,197, of street, under the direction of Dr. John whom 1,376 are foreigners.
D. Russ. In 1834, the Legislature passed The "New-York Institution for the an act providing for the support of 32 inBlind owes its origin especially to the digent blind pupils. The Institution sucefforts of Dr. Samuel Akerly and Samuel ceeded; and, in Dec., 1837, the corner
stone was laid to its beautiful building in from Alabama, and 1 from Tennessee. Ninth avenue. The grounds of the build The operatives are engaged—the male on ing reach from the Eighth to the Ninth mattress and mat making and willow-work; avenue on one side, and between Thirty the female on bandbox-making, fancythird and Thirty-fourth streets on the knitting, and sewing. But few of these other. It is of three stories, built of Jime live with their families, out of the buildstone, in the castellated Gothic, and is ings; the most are boarders of the Insti175 feet in length.
tution. It contains a chapel, library, dormito Besides these regular paid workmen, ries, and the usual school and work rooms, the pupils are trained in the workshop, and kitchens.
each, three hours a day. We have before us an unpublished Re As the Report sensibly remarks, the port of the Superintendent of this Insti- great object of such an Institution is not tution, a gentleman favorably known to a charity. It is not to take in the helpmany in the city for his talents, and one less members of society, and provide for well adapted to inspire energy into a set them. It is to enable them to help themtled institution.
selves. And, we say, that any instituIt appears from this report that the tion which houses suffering men and wonumber of blind in the different depart men, only to weaken their capacity of ments is 153; of whom 42 are operatives, taking care of themselves, is a curse and 103 pupils. Of these last, 95 are rather than a blessing to society. It is from New-York, 4 from New Jersey, 1 not the first thing for a man to be comfrom Connecticut, 1 from Michigan, 1 fortable. The blind had better drift