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preciate the best German music. The au those who admire upon principle and endience is perhaps two-thirds German; the joy by rule (among whom we rank ourorchestra, with a few exceptions, foreign. selves). But even they were a little The music usually selected from the high balked by that composition of Onslow's, est range. Why, therefore, O why, was Mr. for “ The Brothers Müller," who clearly Bochsa's Dialogo Brillante for flute and lived

upon difficulties, as Mithridates clarinet suffered to appear on the bill, and upon poisons, and to whom, doubtless, why were we all obliged to suffer the they were also nutriment. But not so to hearing? The poor, amiable, imperfect We all applauded the energy and instruments, strained and quivered in sincerity of Mr. Eisfeld and his friends, friendly rivalry, shrieking, whistling, and and the intricacy and elaboration of the rumbling, while the audience had but the composition, and partly, we are sure, in single feeling of hope that they would posthumous pity for the unfortunate “Brocome safely out of it, and a sigh of relief thers Müller,” for whom the thing was when the last note expired; “like a star,” originally gotten up, and who, by implisaid a foggy-brained German poet near cation, are supposed to have played it perby, misapplying Shelley's line,

petually. Of what “ The Brothers Müller" “Dim-pinnacled in the intense inane."

were guilty does not appear; of what “G. The German poet was partly true. It

Onslow” was guilty, only too plainly apwas truly dim, intense and inane. Gade's peared. Mr. Root's party sang here also, overture was less pleasing to us than the in the same pleasant way as afterward, at Ossian, played at the first concert this the Philharmonic. There was a quartette

There were fine things in the by Lachner for piano and stringed instruHighlands, but they were obscure. ments, which was not very interesting, There was a want of clear, sweet themes. but ably performed. Mr. Wollenhaupt. This business of reverie in music, seems the pianist, did his work very consciento be rather overdone. Painters and tiously, bringing his head to bear upon the sculptors are not allowed to have reveries performance in a very remarkable manin marble and colors; and composers

But the final quartette of Haydn's who love their fame and influence, will redeemed every thing. We could have beware of putting fog into form, and call heard Onslow's affair twice, for the pleaing it substance. Artists of all kinds ad sure of the exquisite G minor of the dress the public. They write for the sunny composer. It came gliding in at man who runs to read. If they presup the end of the concert, full of consolation pose upon the part of their audience any es and joy. The “buds and bird-voices” of pecial sympathy with themselves or their Spring were in it; it was the harbinger of moods, they will discover their mistake midsummer. The concerts of the Philby being left upon the shelf. Mr. Joseph harmonic, and these rare evenings of EisBurke played a concert of De Beriot's for feld, we owe to the resident German muthe violin. It was a clear, polished, exact, sicians. Certainly, if we give them a and effective performance, and drew out country, they scatter broad and deep in it the most unequivocal approbation of the the pearl-seed of art. They give as well audience. There is a delicious freshness as take. We shall doubtless owe to them and sparkle in Burke's violin. Why the direction of our musical genius. could we not hear it at Eisfeld's Soirées ? The heavens were unkind to Mr. Fry, Mr. Root's Quartette party sang very

for the evening of his complimentary consimply and pleasantly, a hunting song of cert was one of the most inclement of the Mendelssohn's, a serenade of Mr. William winter. However, there were many valiant Mason's, the young American pianist, of friends of his in Metropolitan Hall, and whose success in London we spoke last when he was called forward, he spoke with month. The first is one of the purest fervor and force to the point, that there was and most characteristic of the composer's still a good time coming for American art, “Songs with Words," which are, how and even the lyrical drama should here be ever, not so fine as his “Songs without established. The benefit should have been Words." The last is a sweet strain of a bumper, and would have been, but for summer moonlight, delicately conceived, the storm. His friends, however, every and admirably sung.

It was a very

where, will be sure to pledge him with agreeable variety in the programme. bumpers of hope in their hearts. The audience was a crowd-scarcely a But neither storms nor diversity of atspot for standing could be found. The traction affect the brilliant throng that orchestra was never in better tune or awaits every Monday, Wednesday, and temper.

Friday evenings, the rising of Niblo's curMr. Eisfeld's Quartette Soirée at the tain upon Sontag Her series of operas Apollo, on the 19th February, assem have been an unvarying success. She is bled the usual circle of music-lovers so charming and finished in all, that the

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last is always the favorite. Marie was to assist at these soirées. Such color, perfect until Amina came; Rosina was such elegance, such tournure, such genuirresistible until Norina sang : Lucia was ineness are rare, indeed, upon the boards. love itself, but Linda was lovelier. Son They only prove, what you feel every tag has a fair field, and plenty of favor. moment, that you are watching a ladyNever was an audience more kindly dis a lady to whom we all owe the most deposed. Never were tears more profusely lightful evenings. The Maria di Rohan bespoken. Never were delights and rap was equally successful with the rest. It

more rigorously predetermined. is an opera full of melo-dramatic action. Cambrics, and the curtain for the second and not remarkably full of good music. act rise together; and agony for the woes It afforded Badiali a fine chance, and Maof Linda blends with admiration of her dame Sontag did all justice to her rile. delicious toilette. With one eye we cry which was the more interesting as being for the unhappy peasant girl, ill-suited in the first time she had ever played it. a palace, and with the other smile upon Madame Alboni, with Salvi and others. that superb brocade, that powdered wig, known to the opera public, commences at that ravishing ensemble.

It is the very

Niblo's, under Maretzek's management, luxury of pathos. We all go moist-eyed about the first of April. into embroidered handkerchiefs, while she Gottschalk gave only two concerts in goes mad in flowered silk and diamonds. all. The more we heard him the firmer She comes out of it as dexterously as she was our faith that we have heard no piawent in, and singing a brilliant rondo, nist so fine. He is ranked only with the goes off happy. We come out of it with best; and if you consider that he has eyes not very red, and hearts only gently more than De Meyer's command of the inwrung, and go off home. It is the plea- strument, which becomes an orchestra santest business in the world three times under his hands, and a strain of genius in a week. We have never had an opera so addition, it is easy to infer his position. uniformly thronged, and so successful. He is very young and delicate. When he Our enthusiasm is elegant rather than has played some tremendous fantasia, boisterous. On the whole, we are rather under which the whole house seems to too well-bred to be very demonstrative; have rocked and reeled, he shivers and is only once or twice during these twenty as cold as marble, and then perhaps cirodd nights have we all thundered irresist cles off in airy flights through dreamy ible applause—which is a thing not to be dances and tropical refrains; or playing, mistaken when it really comes.

as if in a whisper, some mournful song, write, Linda the great success. We his fingers weep along the keys, and the confess our individual uncertainty as to music dies in showery sound. These are what merits the most praise in this per rather fine flights, and some “Rusticus in formance ; whether the music of the opera, urbe” will be "paraphrasing” our sententhe singing, the acting, or the dressing is ces in Dight's Journal. Yet, with deferthe most approved. The music seems to ence to the rustics, and to the very accomus about as poor as any tolerated music plished critic of the Tribune, it seems as if could be. There are two melodies in the some latitude must be allowed to words in three acts, and for the rest, that blind describing the impression of music. The groping after melody, that imitation of me written criticisms of Liszt and Berlioz, lodic form, which is so frequent in Doni and other musicians, upon music, are very zetti's sixty-nine operas, is very distress fanciful, but much more significant than ing and exasperating. The singing is as any others. The words dilate and define as it always is; but fine singing squan scribe in their mouths as they would not dered upon poor music, is like the wander elsewhere. “Rusticus” is right about the ing of a pianist's hands over the key-board. extravagances, only the extravagance is It is skilful, but a very little suffices. the abuse of the necessary use.

The senWhen one remembers how sparklingly tences must be a little insane that would Sontag sings Rossini, it is lost time to en characteristically describe Weber, or Berdure Donizetti. The acting is Sontag's act lioz himself, or the young Gottschalk. ing-very proper and careful, with no ab He has such wild exuberance, such capristraction, no apparent consciousness of an cious facility, such prodigious power and andience, no sly strokes for applause, with rapidity; he tumbles the whole piano into just the appropriate look and gesture, so such chaos to evoke his little world of far as it is possible to determine: in fine, melody, which, when it comes, is so simjust as near the thing you want as the ple and round, that you could laugh like Venus de Medici to a woman. It is our a child at a rainbow bubble. His force old feeling constantly confirmed The is so fervent and truly tropical-spending dressing is irreproachable. As a study of itself in gusts and paroxysms, and floating characteristic costume, it is worth while off and dissolving in delicate play-that it

As we

seems to us quite impossible to deny him mouth.” M'lle Wagner will not try Lonan undoubted rank as a characteristic don again. She finds that Chancery dispianist and a man of genius. He has gone

agrees with her.

But Mölle Klauss, the to the south, but will return in May, to beautiful pianiste, is announced to come make a tour of the northern States. from Russia; and Madame Pleyel has al

Boston keeps up the game; Alboni was ready arrived and “opened the piano." as successful there as here; and we are We remark no new names of eminence in delighted to know of the success of Mr. any department, except perhaps, that of Otto Dresel's series of chamber concerts, Duprez, the retired tenor, who is composin which he has been assisted by Jaell, ing an opera for his daughter. Our old dear to the "belles of Boston." Mr. friend, Belletti

, has been singing Don Scharfenberg assisted at Mr. Dresel's last Giovanni successfully in Paris to Cruvelconcert, and fully shared all the honors, li's Donna Anna. as he always does at home. We fancy there is a larger national audience for

FINE ARTS. chamber music in Boston than in New The public-spirited directors of the late York. The Mendelssohn Club, of which American Art-Union, have not been wholly those who know speak so highly, and discouraged, in their laudable efforts to difthese frequent piano concerts, indicate a fuse a more general taste for art among favor upon which no man could count their countrymen, by the relentless hand here. The valiant little band who stand of the Law in crushing the admirable inby Mr. Eisfeld, even though he try their stitution which they had managed so courage with Onslow's quartette for the prosperously. They have recently opened unhappy “ Brothers Müller," is the only at their galleries, an exhibition of paintevidence in New-York of genuine taste for ings which possess as much historic as quartette music. They have symphonies artistic value. It is most appropriately and oratorios too, in Boston; and occa called the Washington Exhibition, as it sionally we read of some native star rising contains no less than five portraits of the in great glory, but somewhat doubtfully Father of his Country, and a good many shining, and finally dwindling off toward of his revolutionary companions. Among Italy and forgetfulness.

these pictures are the original portraits In foreign musical bulletins we observe by Stuart and Pine, and Leutze's histhat Mercadante's fifty-second opera, Sta torical paintings of Washington crossing tira, has failed at Naples; and if at Na the Delaware, and Washington on Dorples, where the composer is royal director chester Heights. To these are added of the music, then, certainly, every where Powers' marble bust. There are several else. But another of his operas, called portraits by Copley and Stuart, and oriVioletta, has succeeded. Verdi, his rival, ginals by Reynolds, Maclise. Leslie and is writing music to a libretto of La Dame Mulready. The best productions of some aur Camelias for the Fenice, at Venice, of our best artists are also in the collecand has brought out Il Trovatore in tion. It is quite the finest exhibition of Rome with great success.

His Luisa pictures that has been opened in NewMiller has done well at last, in Paris, York, and the inauguration evening, inwith our old friend Bosio as heroine. tended at first to have been on the birthLindpaintner is coming to London to di day of Washington, was one of the plearect the new Philharmonic Concerts. He santest reunions of artists and amateurs is a second-rate German composer, and

that has been afforded to the friends of succeeds to the baton of Hector Berlioz. art in the city: Auber is appointed, as we have already We simply do our distant readers a kindintimated he would be. Kapell-meister to ness by informing them of the fine as well the new Emperor. He is successor to as famous paintings that may be seen Paer, who held the post under the uncle. in this collection; for it is a rare occur“ M. Auber's inaugural pro

rence, even here, for so choice a collection duction as head of the French Imperial of works of art to be offered to public inChapel--the Cantata we mean, for the spection. The Copleys and Stuarts are Emperor's wedding-seems to have been among the finest works of those masters oddly made up. Not having time to write in American art; there is an opportunity a new work, he put together a miscellany afforded, too, of comparing the styles of partly from 'Lestocq,' which is a story of English and American painters, which a conspiracy -partly from ‘La Corbeille does not often occur. The picture by d'Oranges, which is a tale of a basket Reynolds is a portrait of a boy reading, woman raised to high preferment-partly and is one of the finest examples of his from · Marco Spada,' which shows the tra color. Near it is Stuart's half-length of gic end of an intriguing brigand, who, on General Gates, a portrait as remarkable being shot down, perishes with a lie in his for its vigorous handling as for its rich

We quo

ness of color and characteristic expression. - A letter from Rome says. " Page has The picture by Leslie is one of his great come to Rome, and is likely to have full est successes; it is the Anne Page and employment.

employment. He is now painting porMaster Slender which was painted for the traits of Mr. Crawford, the sculptor, and late Philip Hone, and is well known to of Mrs. Crawford, both very good subjects. the public from its having been repeatedly Mr. Story has finished his model for the engraved. There is a duplicate of it in statue of his father, the late Justice Story. the possession of a Scotch nobleman, but It is very highly spoken of by those who this was the original picture. The picture have seen it, and there is a rumor that a by Maclise will not be likely to increase duplicate will be ordered for one of the his reputation on this side of the Atlantic; Inns of Court in London." it is an Italian scene, thoroughly melo - The London Spectator, in a notice of dramatic in character, and possessing but the Exhibition of the British Institute, little merit in point of color or drawing. makes the following allusion to the proIt represents a lover serenading his mis duction of a New-York artist, now in tress by moonlight; he is perched in a London:most extraordinary manner on the top of an arch, to which he has ascended by

"The best figure-piece is “The Night a rope-ladder, while two ladies are listen

March,' by Mr. Glass, an artist who has deing at a corridor just above him. Our

veloped rapidly within the last year. Well artists do not suffer by being exhibited

conceived and thoroughly carried out, it in such company. Among the well-known

presents every requisite of the subject works of our own artists is the celebrated

On a bright moonlight night, a troop of

horse defile down a rocky pass, their arms series by Cole, called the Course of Em

and armor glinting coldly afar. The forepire, which belongs to the New-York Gal most soldiers have entered a stream which lery. It is for the benefit of this institu lies in the line of march; the horses bow tion, we believe, that the exhibition has their necks to drink, but without pausing; been opened, and the proceeds in part

and between the two leaders rides a pes are to be appropriated to the purchase sant who acts as guide. All is secresy and of Leutze's Washington at Dorchester anxious purpose. The leaders lean their Heights, to be placed among the perma

heads in silence, with watchful eyes and nent possessions of the gallery.

ears, to catch the words which accompany Art was honored on the occasion of the

the guide's indication of the route; and they opening night of the Washington Exhibi

hold their pistols ready for use on a mno

ment's suspicion of foul play. There is a tion by a brilliant assemblage of the fashion of the city, in “evening dress," as

manifest capacity and unity in this work

amounting to power. The painting is bold, though these beautiful productions of broad, and effective, if somewhat coarse." genius were not to be gazed at in weekday costume. It was a becoming homage The Atheneum, in a notice of a picture, on the part of Fashion to Art. But Art by another New-York artist, in the same will flourish better when she becomes exhibition. does not speak of it so flattermore familiar with the every-day affairs ingly: “The Sacred Lesson,' by Mr. D. of the world, and when her productions Huntington, has story...none to tell, sir." are found in the homes of the laborer, as It is chiefly to be commended for the well as of the rich and exclusive ; and it manner in which the old man's head is was that all might enjoy the beneficial brought out; but the hands of the young effects of her presence that the Art-Union girl are large beyond all proportion. As was founded; and it was for this noble a composition the subject is quite ineffeepurpose that the directors of that noble tive." institution were laboring when they were arrested in their benevolent designs.

PUTNAM'S MONTHLY.

A Magazine of Literature, Science, and Art.

VOL. I.-MAY 1853.-NO. V.

OLD IRONSIDES.

BY JAMES FENIMORE COOPER.

[The following piece of naval biography is the last literary work upon which the pen of our great novelist was engaged, and we understand it is the only posthumous publication of his writings which will be given to the world. It is printed verbatim from his manuscript, except in a fow instances where dates and names are filled into the vacancies, according to his directions, and the narrative of the chase of the Constitution, which is copied, according to direction, from his Naval History.] IN the course of the events connected was built under a law that was approved

by Washington himself, as President, glory of the country, this ship has become March 27th, 1794. This law, which authoso renowned by her services and her suc rized the construction of six frigates, the cess as to be entitled to have her biography commencement of an entirely new marine, written, as well as those who have gained that of the Revolution having been altodistinction on her deck. Half a century gether laid aside, was a consequence of has endeared her to the nation, and her the depredations of the Dey of Algiers career may be said to be coexistent, as upon the commerce of the nation. The well as coequal in fame, with that of the keel of one of the four largest of these service to which she belongs. It is sel frigates was laid down at Boston, and was dom, indeed, that men have ever come to named The Constitution. Her rate was love and respect a mere machine as this that of a forty-four, though she was to be vessel is loved and respected among the what is called a single-decked ship, or to Americans, and we hope the day may be possess but one gun deck, in addition to far distant when this noble frigate will her forecastle and quarter deck. In the cease to occupy her place on the list of the last century, it was not unusual to conmarine of the republic. It is getting to struct vessels of this rate, which carried be an honor, of itself, to have commanded batteries on two gun decks in addition to her, and a long catalogue of names belong those which were mounted on their quaring to gallant and skilful seamen, has al ter decks and forecastles; but, in this inready been gathered into the records of stance, it was intended to introduce a new the past, that claim this enviable distinc style of frigate-built ship, that should be tion. Among them we find those of Tal more than equal to cope with the oldbot, Nicholson, Preble, Decatur, Rogers, fashioned ships of the same rate, besides Hull, Bainbridge, and others, sea captains possessing the advantage of sailing faster renowned for their courage, enterprise, and on a wind and of stowing much more devotion to the flag. Neither disaster freely. The gun deck batteries of these nor disgrace ever befell any man who filled four ships were intended to be composed this honorable station, though the keel of of thirty long twenty-four pound guns, this bold craft has ploughed nearly every while it was then very unusual for a sea, and her pennant has been seen abroad frigate to carry metal heavier than an in its pride, in the hostile presence equally eighteen. This plan was carried out in of the Briton, the Frenchman, and the Turk. three of the six new vessels; but, owing

The celebrated craft, of which we are to some mistake in getting out the frame, now about to furnish a historical sketch, that laid down at Norfolk, which was also

VOL. 1.-31

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