« PoprzedniaDalej »
mind with painful images, which he did not Leguinio's was referred to the committees, like to dwell on. Though generally lively who were divided in opinion, but finally and good-humored, he was subject to fits reported against it. It is quite sufficient of thoughtfulness and abstraction, very un for my purpose to show that the project usual in a boy, and would sink down occa was in agitation; since, if the end could be sionally in a deep reverie, and when asked accomplished more safely by indirect means the cause of it, would reply that there were than by direct, the former would necessapainful ideas about his childhood in his rily be chosen. mind, which he could neither get rid of nor * 25. That there have been various atexactly understand.
tempts made to personate the Dauphin.”. In a communication, also from Mrs. Julia Herr Naundorf is the only one among the H. Jenkins, containing much which may be Dauphin pretenders who has made much of future interest respecting the childhood impression on the world, and he puzzled, of Mr. Williams, I am informed that, though rather than convinced, his adherents. I naturally cheerful, still a tinge of thought am of opinion that the curious history now ful sadness would steal over him when in opening on the attention of the public, will terrogated with regard to his early history, afford the best clue to the mysteries of Herr and he would say that he did not remem Naundorf's life. The principal strength of ber much about it, and it seemed to give his cause lay in the impossibility of provhim much pain that he could not. The pre ing that the Dauphin was dead, and in the valent opinion in the vicinity seemed to be knowledge which the pretender possessed that he was a French boy, who had been of the interior of the Temple. Now I give stolen from his family by the Indians, and the following, merely as theory, to account brought away at so early an age as to ren for what is strange about him and his der his recollections of any other than In claims. According to his own story, a boy dian life vague and unsatisfactory. These was introduced into the Temple_and intwo ladies are entirely unknown to each structed to play the part of the Dauphin, other; and the latter writes the recollec and after the removal of the latter, cartions of her mother, who resided at Long riages, with boys, were sent in different Meadows, when young Williams first came directions, so as to baffle pursuit and into Mr. Ely's. It appears that at this time quiry. It may be that so far he told the he was in very delicate health, subject to truth, that he was one of the instruments fits of shivering in the warmest weather; employed; that as such he was put in posand one day Miss Grosvenor finding him in Bession of many secrets of the Dauphin's this state, wrapt him in a blanket and put career, and became familiar with the arhim on the sunny side of the house, for rangements of the Temple, and that all which attention he gratefully said, “ Missie this supplied him with the means of origiGomie very kind, poor Lezau.” In conver nating and carrying on the deception. The sation with Mr. Williams I also learn that more I consider Herr Naundorf's history, in 1836, an Indian woman, still living at the more I am inclined to think that there St. Regis, showed him an old hymn book, must be some such personal connection as which it is hoped may be preserved, in this with the main thread of events. Of which, before the recovery of his mind, he course a boy of the Bourbon type of counhad scribbled some letters, and got a flog tenance would be selected to personate a ging for so doing from her husband, having, Bourbon. It would be easy to find plenty in his absence, seized a pen, dipped in the such in Paris, where royal blood must have ink, and set himself to write. I find from run by many a bye-path into the gutter, several persons, that he made very rapid and can therefore afford no just ground of advance in his studies when put to school, astonishment, however startling a phenoand was particularly fond of writing and menon it may be to find among the St. drawing. When I read to Mr. Williams Regis Indians, a man combining in his perthe account given by Beauchesne, of Bel son the physical and mental characteristics, langer showing him pictures, he said, “Now and even the familiar gestures of the princes there is a thing which I seem to recollect. of Bourbon and Hapsburg: Again, if the I have some idea of being pleased with pic- Dauphin's escape from the Temple was tures in a dark room."
contrived and connived at from political “ 23. That a decree for the banishment motives by the two dominant parties, noof the son of Louis XVI. passed the French thing could be more improbable than that Convention in 1794,"
he would be left wandering about Europe My authority for this statement was with credentials of identity in his pocket. Adolphus, who wrote his Biographical Me We can accept no theory whatever which moirs of the French Revolution, in 1799. violates entirely the fundamental probaHe says that in the month of December, bilities of human action. If the Dauphin 1795, Leguinio "moved that the Committee were taken out of the Temple alive, bo of Government should devise the means of would necessarily be sent out of Europe, sending the son of Louis out of the territo and not be permitted to remain at large in ries of the Republic. This was decreed, the centre of political strife, to defeat the but no steps were taken to put the decree very object of removing him. There could in execution.” According to M. Beauchesne, be no more natural place to send him to who doubtless is correct, this motion of than America, and when there, no more
likely hiding-place than among the Indians. Williams as a card against the Duc de If Bellanger, a pious Roman Catholic, were Bourdeaux. I learn also through Mr. Lee, of bound both by religious vows and by re Newport, that the Prince de Joinville was gard for the child's safety, to carry out the there with a fleet in 1838, and the ships designs of those who employed his agency, staid there some time, while he went on a he would neither keep him with him where Western tour. It has been stated with he could be recognized, nor commit him to seeming authority that the Prince, while in the care of Europeans, who would be able America, either then or afterwards, went to show from whence he came, but would, to St. Regis, and had some communication in all probability, do just what we sup with the Indian chiefs. This can hardly pose him to have done.
have been the case, or we should have Several minor items of intelligence have heard of it before, unless the Prince coine to my knowledge from various quar travelled incognito. He certainly went ters, which I will simply record without de at this time into the interior of the ducing any definite conclusions from them, State of New York, and was at Lake bince although they may have the most in George. After the return of de Joinville timate connection with the main fact to be to France, there came letters from that established, our information concerning them country to Mr. Ruggles, the French Vice is too imperfect to employ them as evidence. Consul, making inquiries for two old ladies I am informed by the Rev. Mr. Van Rensse who had been servants of Marie Antoinette, laer, of Mount Morris, that he was acquainted and search was made for them throughout with Mrs. Catherine Mancius, the daughter Rhode Island, but with what success is of Jacob Vanderheyden, the Indian trader, unknown. who, the reader of my previous article will In my previous article there were some remember, was present at the time that typographical mistakes, and errors of tranMr. Williams was left among the Indians scription. The letter of M. Touchard was at the head of Lake George, and who after incorrectly dated 21 Oct., instead of 21 wards, in conversation with Thos. Williams, Nov., and in the Journal of Mr. Williams, seemed anxious to pry into the subject. Thursday is printed instead of Tuesday. Mrs. Mancius mentioned to Mr. Van Rens. Exception has been taken at Mr. Williams selaer, that when Talleyrand was in this telling Capt. Shook that there must be some country he made her father
mistake, as he had no acquaintance with the Like the visit of the Duc de Liancourt to Prince, when he had previously been led the vicinity of Lake George in 1795, and to expect an interview with him. The his rambles among the Indians, this inci meaning of Mr. Williams was, that there dent may be accidental in its nature, but it must be an error as to the person on the affords another of the curious coincidences part of the Prince, an idea which he exwith which this affair abounds. It is cer pressed to de Joinville himself when he intainly singular to find Talleyrand in con formed him of his birth, and which occurs tact with old Jacob Vanderheyden. Again, again in the Journal in 1848. The fact was, Mr. Treadway, of Malone, informs me that Mr. Williams had no personal reminiscenon mentioning this subject to Mr. Brock ces to give probability to the statement way, a gentleman whose statements are to that he was the Dauphín; he was not aware be relied on, he told him that in 1832 he his likeness to the Bourbons, or of the was at the Sault Ste. Marie, when two crowd of strange corroborative circumstanFrenchmen, fresh from France, arrived ces which now turn up; nay he did not there, and made earnest and particular even know that there was any doubt about inquiry for Mr. Williams, supposing that the Dauphin's death, and he was just as he was there or in the neighborhood. slow to believe what he was told, dear Both were unable to speak English, and reader, as you may have been when you one was a Romish priest. On being in first heard the story. The only true disformed where he lived, they immediately crepancy or difficulty in the article is employed some Indians to paddle them in susceptible of easy, explanation. It is a canoe through the lake to Mackinac, with in the last entry in the Journal, and a view to take a steamer for Green Bay. resulted from the carelessness and exHere my information ends. But Mr. citement under which it was written. The Williams has frequently told me that steamer arrived at Green Bay about 3 strangers from abroad have inquired for o'clock, Tuesday, Oct. 19. The interview him, but seemed quite unsuspicious that occurred that night. We then read, “ Oct. their visits were of any meaning or mo 20, Wednesday. The Prince and suite left ment, and has no particular recollection of Green Bay yesterday at 12 o'clock,” which the incident referred to. My own impression would make the party leave three hours is, that the secret of his birth has been in before their arrival. The explanation is, the keeping of many, and this may aid to that the events mentioned are those of account for its disclosure by Louis Philippe, Oct. 20, but that they were not recorded who certainly could not have been the sole until the 21st, and then laboring under depositary of it; but if he saw a chance of its excitement and writing in the careless way coming to light some other way, he would common to him in his Journal, he spoke of be apt to forestall the revelation and turn them as having happened yesterday. What the fact to his own advantage, by playing he meant to say was, “ The Prince and suite
left Green Bay yesterday, Wednesday, Oct. have had & strongly marked aquiline 20, at 12 o'clock,” which is a literal histori. cal fact.
II. And now turn to the facts proved I will now briefly sum up the evidence concerning the Rev. Eleazer Williams, inwhich I may consider historically proven, dependently of his own testimony. and entirely external, to which all discus 1. That though he has lived among the sion that is to the point should henceforth New-York Indians since the end of the last proceed.
century, he is of European parentage, and There are before us three classes of facts. that no proof physical or evidential can be I. Those which relate to the Dauphin. produced to the contrary.
IL Those concerning the Rev. E. Wil 2. That Mr. Williams has the physical liams, but which rest on evidence entirely characteristics, features, gestures, and even independent of his testimony.
mental peculiarities of the Bourbon race, III. Those which he himself asserts. and that to such a remarkable extent, as to
This classification will enable us to take attract the attention of entire strangers to a clear and comprehensive view of the him, who are acquainted with the family. whole subject. For the present, I drop 3. That there are on his person scars of out of view mere collateral issues, not early disease, which in the opinion of emias being of no moment, but because I nent medical men, may have been induced have neither had the time nor the means to by confined air and bodily suffering-and examine them, and while uncertain, they
that their location is on the two knees, pardetract from the compactness of my argu ticularly on the right, on the two elbows, ment. It is sufficient to have thrown them and in the neighborhood of both wrists. before the world for examination.
4. That his eyes are hazel, and his nose I. Let us look at the facts proved con very slightly aquiline. cerning the Dauphin.
5. That those who knew him in early 1. That there is no evidence of his death life, can testify to the obscurity then existin the Temple, in June 1795, but that it ing in his mind concerning the events of his would appear from a comparison of testi childhood. mony, that a dying boy was substituted for 7. That in October 1841, the Prince de him, whose body after death was opened Joinville, after repeatedly inquiring for Mr. by four physicians, and that the tumors Williams in divers places and of divers perupon it and the disease which occasioned sons, sought and obtained an interview death, are utterly irreconcilable with the with him near and at Green Bay in 1841, allegation that it was the body of the Dau all the particulars of which are capable of phim.
verification from other sources, except what 2. That the disease of which the Dauphin occurred between them in private; but that was indisposed was not scrofulous, though the Prince, in the face of direct testimony he had a slight scrofulous taint in his con to the contrary, imputes their meeting to stitution, but was the result of confinement chance. and severity, from which, in the opinion of 8. That in the spring of 1848, the Rev. Desault, air, exercise, and careful treatment Mr. Williams wrote to the Rev. Joshua might revive him, that his mental powers Leavitt, of Boston, informing him of a rewere greatly enfeebled and impaired, and the port which he received from the South, articulation of his limbs, viz., the knees, that the Dauphin was alive, and afterwards particularly the right one, his elbows and communicated to him personally the fact both arms in the neighborhood of the wrists, that he was said to be the person, expresswere covered with tumors, like knots.
ing great concern and pain at the intelli3. That M. Beauchesne shows that the gence; and further, that a report to the same two keepers were agents of political in effect concerning the Dauphin was current triguers, and that the name of the last per in New Orleans in 1848, and that newspason besides them who it can be proved had per accounts of Bellanger's confession were an interview with the Dauphin in the Tern seen by responsible persons ready to testify ple, was Bellanger, a Royalist; and cabinet to the fact. painter to the Count de Provence; that this 9. That the Rev. Eleazer Williams is reinterview took place at a crisis, and under garded by those who know him intimately, circumstances which are consistent with the as a gentleman of high moral character and idea that he was the agent employed to re unimpeachable truthfulness and integrity, move him; and further, since the keepers that he is respected and beloved in private themselves could not aid in his escape, life, affectionate in disposition, sound in without the connivance of the acting com mind, unimaginative in temperament, hummissary, and there is no evidence that any ble, unaspiring, simple and devout, sensitive other acting commissary visiting the Tem in his feelings and shrinking from observaple at the time was a Royalist, there is the tion, and one who never would himself have highest probability that the Dauphin, who taken any steps to bring the question of his just then disappeared, was taken away by regal parentage before the public. Bellanger.
III. It is unnecessary to recapitulate in de4. That the pictures of the Dauphin tail the facts which rest on the personal auprove that he had hazel eyes, and that, un thority of Mr. Williams; they are before the like his family in general, he never could world in his reported conversations and
journals. In brief they amount to this view is made to correspond with the bypothat he has no recollection of his childhood thesis of a purely accidental meeting. The beyond a few faint dreamy images, in which other person affirms that the interview was horror and magnificence are blended, and not accidental, but was sought by the first has always been troubled with painful individual, who communicated to him a uncertainty as to the occurrences of his startling fact, up to that moment unknown early life; but that from two separate to him. Which shall we believe! The rule sources he has been informed that he is of law is, falsum in uno, falsum in omnibus. Louis XVII. of France: first, by the Prince The first asserts an accidental meeting, and de Joinville, at Green Bay, in 1841; and, an unimportant conversation, its necessary secondly, through the reported dying con consequence. The accidental meeting is pofession of Bellanger, in 1848.
sitively disproved. The foundation goes and Such is the sum of the evidence which
the superstructure goes with it. A sought has been proven before us, and we see for interview requires a specific object. The sejust how much Mr. Williams is responsible, cond person, who has a fair character, and and what there is to give credibility to his in whose story no misrepresentation can be statements. Nothing, rests merely on his proved, relates a fact communicated at the evidence except what in the very nature of interview, adequate to explain the proved things must do so.
solicitude of the first person in seeking him, All these separate classes of facts tend to but which communication that person has one common centre, They do not clash the highest earthly interest in denying. If with the history of the times or the proba you believe the first, you must do so in the bilities of human action, but coincide with face of a falsehood and an unexplained fact. them. Startling as is the conclusion to If you believe the second, the fact is erwhich they lead—its rejection would be plained, and no falsehood on his part can be attended with greater difficulties than its shown. I leave the world to decide on acceptance. Physical evidences and moral which side probability inclines. probabilities aro both in its favor. He To those who have charitably attributed who denies it must confess the strangest to me the origination of a moon hoax to sell concurrence of coincidences. The Dauphin, a magazine, or the credulity of adopting the if alive, could not be more like himself baseless tale of a monomaniac, I reply with than Mr. Williams is, in native constitu all good nature, that I am content to leave tion and accidental disfigurement. Events the case to speak for itself, quite satisfied ranging through more than half a century, with the approbation of those, neither few, and occurring in opposite quarters of the nor stupid, nor credulous, who entertain, world, blend harmoniously together, and with me, the strongest conviction of the are capable of no satisfactory solution apart high probability that beneath the romance from each other. The Dauphin disappeared of incident there is here the rocky subfrom the Temple. What became of him? stratum of indestructible fact. Bellanger was with him. What became of Shall the subject rest where it now does i him? The counterpart of the Dauphin is Will the public, satisfied with having been found
among the Indians, sought out by the amused and excited for a moment, allow royal family of France, indicated by report, the matter to drop! or shall organized as having been brought to the country by means be taken to probe it to the bottom! Bellanger, years before any thing is known can do little by myself. What I can do I historically about Bellanger. Report says have done, in so presenting it as to arrest that Bellanger on his death-bed declared attention. It now passes out of the hand the Dauphin to be Eleazer Williams.
of an individual, and becomes the property Supposing that nothing more could be of the civilized world. discovered on the subject, we have enough In conclusion, let me say, that Mr. to lift it far above the atmosphere of ridi Williams has no political pretensions, ascule, and invest it with the gravity of an sumes no name other than he has borne historical problem too important and roman during his recollection, continues, and detic ever to be forgotten.
sires to continue, in the duties of the ChrisSuch is one aspect of the evidence. There tian ministry, and submits himself to the is another, to which I adverted in my pre will of God and the shapings of his Provivious article, but had then no means of dence. He makes no claim. He simply testing. De Joinville's letter supplies the asserts facts. He remains what he has al. deficiency. The whole subject narrows it ways been, passive; and come what may, self to a single, simple, but stern issue that he will be resigned. of veracity between the only two witnesses To all those who have aided me in the acwho can testify concerning a contested fact. cumulation of evidence I return my sincere Dismiss from the mind the comparative thanks, and would beg also their continued rank of these two individuals: look at them co-operation; and I would further request merely as men. An interview has taken all persons, either on this continent or in place between them. One asserts that it Europe, who may be able to throw light on was purely accidental and unsought, and the transaction, to address me, to the care gave rise to no secret communication of a of G. P. Putnam, Esq., New-York. startling fact, and his account of the inter
J. H. HANSON.
LITERATURE AMERICAN. — We announced in our last number the probable conclusion of a treaty between the United States and Great Britain, in which the rights of authors to the labor of their brains would be reciprocally recognized. But the hum and confusion incident to a change of administration have thrown the subject into the shade for a while. Mr. Fillmore and Mr. Everett have retired, without the glory of having achieved this noble act of justice, which is reserved for President Pierce and Secretary Marcy. Both of them, we believe, are men of literary tastes and literary associations, the personal as well as political friends of Hawthorne, Bancroft, Bryant; and it is, therefore, to be hoped, that in the midst of their absorbing occupations, they will not allow that gross and damaging denial of justice, which has hitherto marked our legislation, to disgrace our national character. It is a piece of self-injuring baseness on the part of the United States, that it suffers so vast and important an interest as that of literature to remain without the protection of law, exposed to almost universal piracy. Some rumors allege that the treaty is already before the Senate; if so, we shall look to that body for prompt and decisive action.
-A sensitive author, of whose little work we may have spoken in too curt and harsh a way, sends us a long letter to say that we have done him
an injustice, but that we are forgiven. We are sorry to have hurt his feelings, but glad to find in him so much Christian magnanimity. Let us add, however, in self-defence, that we really thought he had mistaken his vocation, and expressed ourselves accordingly; but if he has not, his future works will show none the worse for our brief criticism, as the grass is greener where the fire of past years has scorched it the most.
-One of the hardest things in the world to write well is a book for children; but Mr. STODDARD, in his Adventures in Fairy Land has overcome the difficulty with no little success. There is a remarkable daintiness and delicacy in his treatment of his several subjects, quite uncommon; while the stories themselves, mostly allegories, are charming for their purity and tender simplicity of style, which would hardly be anticipated by those familiar with the luxuriant and highly-colored verse of the author.
-It gives us pleasure to remark that
the Works of the late JOHN C. CALHOUN, one of the most clear-sighted, pure, and powerful of our statesmen, have come into the hands of a New-York publisher, who will give them a wide circulation. The first volume contains his posthumous treatise on Government, and on the Constitution of the United States—both remarkable productions—while the two volumes that are to follow will embrace his State Papers and Speeches. Mr. Calhoun was a man of genius, and all that he wrote and spoke bore the impress of a penetrating and original mind. His pages carry you away by the mere force of will that is in them, by his sharp grasp of his subject, his keen, stern logic, his indomitable earnestness of purpose, and by the rapidity of his progress. Without humor, pathos, rhetorical illustration, or any of the ordinary marks of literary culture, his style is still fascinating, on account of its clearness, directness, and conscious energy. But, as we mean to write an elaborate criticism of late American statesmen very soon, we reserve the many other thoughts suggested by this publication.
-A uniform edition of the writings and sermons of that Boanerges of the Congregational pulpit, Dr. Lyman BEECHER, is in the course of publication. It is easy to see, in reading the strong, terse, eloquent sentences of this vigorous preacher, where his son, the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, and his daughter, Mrs. Stowe, learned the secrets of their success in the literary and religious worlds. They are emphatically “ chips of the old block," with more imagination, than the father, but with the same wiry power and tenacity of purpose.
- Amabel; a Family History, is the title of a novel, by ELIZABETH W YORMLEY, which has just been published simultaneously by Putnam & Co., of New York, and Smith, Elder & Co., of London. Miss Wormley is a daughter of the late Admiral Wormley, of the Royal Navy, who was a native of Virginia. She has been some years a resident of this country, which she intends making her future home. Amabel is an interesting narrative, and contains many scenes of highlywrought interest. The scene, in the earlier part of the story, is laid in the island of Malta. But the author has aimed at a higher motive than merely to absorb the attention of the reader: the moral which she has attempted, and we think successfully, to teach, is, that love is not an impulse nor an instinct merely, but a principle which may be cultivated.