Obrazy na stronie

avail. Bodies change so much after death, in many cases, that nothing but the closest examination, with the desire to ascertain the truth, can afford grounds for a certain or even probable

opinion. Four members of the committee of general safety, came to verify the death of the Prince, but they showed the greatest indifference and actually said the erent was of no consequence. The officers and sub-officers of the guard of the Temple were afterwards admitted, and we are told, but no documentary evidence is afforded of the fact, that a great number of them recognized the body. But I am at once able to neutral. ize such testimony, if any should be inclined to attach importance to it, by proof exactly similar to his own. Mr. B. Â. Muller, of Howard-st., New York, elsewhere alluded to in this article, and who authorizes me to refer to him, assured me in the presence of Mr. A. Fleming, that he was well acquainted with a person named Auvray, formerly an officer of the household of Louis XVI, and who though afterwards a republican, still retained his attachment to the Royal Family, and frequently saw the Prince at the Temple both in a civil and military capacity, having previously known him well at the Tuileries. Now Auvray declared to Muller that he was present when the body was exhibited to the officers of the garde national, and that it was not the body of the Dauphin.* I therefore meet hearsay with hearsay; neither being legal testimony, and one just as good as the other

It seems necessary to suppose that the Dauphin was removed from the Temple after his last interview with Desault, and another boy of about the same age in the most advanced stage of scrofula introduced in his stead. In confirmation of this idea, let us look at certain undoubted facts.

Between May 30th and June 1st, there were only four persons who had any intercourse with the Prince, Desault, Bellanger, Lasne, and Gomin. The first who knew the Dauphin intimately, and who, as a noble and good man, could never have been brought to testify that he was dead when he knew him to be alive, died suddenly, as all Paris suspected, of poison, on 1st June. Bellanger was alone in the Dauphin's room for hours on the 31st May, under circumstances which show that he was seeking to gain the affections of the child. The keepers—one of whom was put in his place an intriguer of Louis XVIII., the acting head of the royalist party, and the other who was a representative of the republican interest present us with the very conjunction of

instruments necessary to carry out what was most desirable for both parties at that time, viz., to remove the child from the Temple to some place of distant and secure concealment. To put him to death, provided they could have summoned sufficient boldness for the commission of the act, was a thing which the two parties could hardly have been brought to unite in, and whieh, as they were mutually a check upon each other, neither

, by itself, could have dared to perpetrate. It may, indeed, be said, that in the weak state in which the Dauphin was, there was no necessity to remove him, since death would soon have taken him out of the way without the commission of any positive crime beyond the prolongation of his confinement. But I reply that in the absence of any notes of Desault concerning the condition of the child, an omis. sion which is remarkable, and can perhaps be accounted for in another way than by supposing that he left no memoranda ; there is no evidence but that of Lasne and Gomin, on which no dependence can be placed, to show that his danger was so extreme as is represented. Besides which there was probably the commingling of persons actuated by the most opposite feelings, and the sincere desire to save his life may have influenced some, as the desire to get rid of him by exile, did others.

The precise modo by which the death of Desault was accomplished, or the agents employed, may never be known, but I think there will be few to deny the extreme probability that he was poisoned. Certainly death never occurred more opportunely. He knew the Dauphin well, and was convinced of the identity of the patient whom he was attending, with the son of Louis XVI. A personal attachment had grown up between them. Had he visited the Temple after M. Bellanger was there, he would have at once detected and exposed the imposition that had been practised. It would have been impossible to obtain from him a proces verbal, stating that the Dauphin was dead when he knew him to be alive; or even an indefinite document of the character furnished by Pelletan and his colleagues, which would, in fact, from him, have been worthless. They might shelter themselves under the plea of personal ignorance-he could not do so; and had he violated the principles of his moral nature, and disgraced himself in the eyes of the profession and the world, by the lame non-committalism that the commissaries assured him the dead body was that of the Dauphin, no one would have

* After the above was in type, we received the following paragraph, cut from tho New Jersey State Gazette, of February 11, 1800, published at Trenton, N. J. It is given for what it is worth :-“ It is stated in political circles as a fact, that about two years ago, a Frenchman, who had left his country on account of his principles, and resided at Philadelphia, affirmed that he was on the committee of surgeons who examined the body of the child said to be the Dauphin, and to have died of scrofula in the Temple; that having known the Prince while alive, on examining the face of the corpse (contrary to positive instructions), he perceived no resemblance, and was convinced that some artifice had been used to preserve the life of the young prince. The circumstance is related by gentlemen of credit, who received it two years ago, from the surgeon who was present at the dissection. and is therefore highly confirmative of the recent rumor that Louis XVII. was really saved from the prisons of the National Convention by an artifice of Sieyes, and is still in existence on the Continent."

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believed him, and the deception would tirely in establishing the proposition with have immediately recoiled on the heads which his work begins, and this labored of its contrivers. Nor would it have an production is a further instance of the swered to have dismissed him and ap weakness which must ever attach to every pointed other examining physicians in his thing which is not founded in truth. His place, for the world would immediately book, as I shall shortly show, is appealed to have asked, Why is this? Why keep as authority by those who are interested away from the body the man who knows in maintaining that the Dauphin died in the Dauphin, and substitute others who do the Temple in 1795, but what support they not know him? A crisis had evidently can derive from his lucubrations, the pubarrived in those unscrupulous and bloody lic must judge. “The literature of the days, when either Desault must die, or the book," says the London Atheneum, “concombined treachery of two hostile factions stantly reminds us of the peculiar kind of must be exposed, and all their plans and style employed by a certain school of French contrivances, and hopes for the future, writers in composing 'Lives of the Saints.' come to nought. Can we think the mov The same publishers have put forward a ing agents in this dark drama would hesi good number of legendary tales on subjects tate a moment between murder and utter sacred and profane; and this work bears discomfiture, or that they would lack the all the marks of its particular class.” instruments to accomplish their resolves. And now before advancing further, it will

With respect to Bellanger, a few words be necessary to “define my position.” There are necessary, to which I would beg espe

is a distinction too obvious to be overlooked cially to call the attention of the reader. between legal evidence, and evidence morAt the time that my previous article was ally convincing, based upon a collection of written, Mr. Williams was not aware that dovetailing circumstances and carrying with any person named Bellanger was known it a very high degree of probability. To the historically to have been in communication first, as a pioneer in an untrodden field of with the Dauphin during the last hours spent mystery, I made no pretence. My object in the Temple. He feared, and I believed, was simply to arrest attention and to excite that Bellanger was an assumed name. On inquiry. To enable the public to aid in obtaining the work of M. Beauchesne, I dis this, I threw before it all which seemed to covered that Bellanger alone could have have a bearing on the subject, not as proof, been the chief agent in the removal of the but as collateral issues to be examined. Prince, and the surprise of Mr. Williams at Thus, the mode by which the education of the discovery was as great as my own.

Is Mr. Williams was defrayed, and the knowit possible to account, on the ground of ac ledge of his personality by De Ferrier and cidental coincidence for the agreement be Le Ray, were not stated as proven facts, tween the historical fact and the rumor, but as hypothetical inferences. But there which, as I shallshow, was undoubtedly pre were certain other statements which were valent in the South in 1848, that Bellanger, of a very different nature, and which could when dying, made the confession that he only receive stronger confirmation as time had brought the Dauphin to this country? and investigation proceeded. These were It will, I trust, have the effect of stimu that Eleazer Williams is not an Indian, that lating inquiry concerning Bellanger, of he bears the most decided resemblance to whom many particulars must yet be disco the house of Bourbon, that members of verable. His portfolios and paintings may that family have held communication with be in existence, and the evidence to be de him under circumstances of the most susrired from them may be of the utmost im. picious character, that he is a sane man, portance, since as cabinet painter to Mon and a good, honest, simple-minded, Chrissieur-i. e., to the Count de Provence, he tian man, and that he, with the fullest can scarcely fail to have been his agent, and sense of responsibility to God and man, thus by the strongest probability

we con declares certain things.-Such was my orinect the uncle with the removal of the ginal position, and I have yet found nothing nephew.

to weaken, but much to confirm it. As to Lasne and Gomin, if my reasoning I shall now proceed in as brief a manner on the evidence be sustained, no other as possible, to give the public every means sentence can be passed on them than that of arriving at a correct judgment on this they lied knowingly to the end, and the question, as far as it may be predicated solemnity of their falsehood is on a par from the existing condition of the evidence; with the credulity of M. Beauchesne. Per and to this end I shall lay before it all haps they were taught to regard it as a re the principal documents in my possession, ligious duty thus to act, and superstition correct all important errors of transcription was strengthened by habit, worldly inter and typography in my previous narrative, cst, and the too natural desire to preserve and intersperse the whole with such arguconsistency to the last. It might be worth ment and explanation as may seem neceswhile to trace the future of these two men. sary. For mere senseless ridicule, I have no Of Lasne we know nothing; but Gomin ear and no answer. To sound reasoning, long remained in a lucrative situation about from whatever quarter, I am prepared to rethe person of Madame Royale.

spond, and when convinced to confess it. M. Beauchesne, I conceive has failed en Having arranged the circumstantial evi

dence of all kinds under twenty-seven heads, I will for convenience cite such of them as are necessary, and accompany them with the required documents, arguments, and explanations.

1. The inquiry of the Prince de Joinville, on his arrival in this country, for Mr. Williams, and the interview.

The following is the letter from M. Touchard, of which a small portion has already been given : Aide de Camp de Service,

} Aupres de Msr. le Prince de Joinville,

Frigate la Bello Poule à Neu-York,

21 9bre (Novembre), 1841.* Monsieur Je me suis empressé de mettre sous les yeux de Monseigneur le Prince de Joinville, votre lettre datée du 23 Sbre, avec les notes qui l'accompagnaient sur les premiers établissements Français au bord des grand lacs.

Son Altesse Royale me charge de vous remercier en son nom de votre obligeant et de votre aimable empressment

Il lira ces notes avec tout l'interet qui s'attache à vos recherches historiques faites sur le theatre même où nos Français, ont laissé tant et d'honorable souvenirs

Je suis heureux, Monsieur d'avoir à vous transmettre les remercimens de son Altesse Royale. Si jamais vous venez visiter notre France veuillez vous souvenir que S. A. R. vous reverrait avec plaisir.

Recevez, Monsieur, toutes les assurances de ma considération la plus distinguée,

Lieut, de Vaisseau V. TOUCHARD. It seems necessary to make a few remarks on the foregoing document. From the journal of Mr. Williams it appears that the Prince de Joinville and his party left Green Bay, 20th Oct., 1841. Five days after this Mr. Williams addressed to the Prince a letter on some historical subjects connected with the early French settlements on the border of the great Lakes. This was doubtless at the request of the Prince de Joinville. Now I can imagine some one saying, “Eureka." The Prince went to Green Bay to make some historical inquiries of Mr. Williams and this gentleman has fabricated out of this harmless incident a demand to resign the throne of France. It would seem, I admit, that the Prince de Joinville desired to cover up under some such pretext the true nature of his abortive visit, and that Mr. Williams in his unsuspecting simplicity permitted himself to be caught in the snare. The reader will perceive from the following letter, addressed by M. Trognon, the secretary of the Prince de Joinville, to the London correspondent of Mr. Putnam after the receipt of the February number of the magazine, that this is the nature of the ground upon which the Prince has determined to take his stand. As this document is of the highest importance, and defines the position of the Prince, I will give both the original and a translation.

Claremont, Surrey, 9 Fevrier, 1853. MONSIEUR,-Le Prince de Joinville, a reçu le

numéro du Monthly Magazine de New-York, que vous avez bien voulu lui transmettre, et a lu l'article sur lequel vous avez appelé son attention. Sa première pensée était de traiter avec l'indifference qu'elle merite, l'absurde invention qui fait le fond de cet article: ma's en réfléchissant qu'un peu do vrai sy trouve mélo à beaucoup de faux, le Prince a cru qu'il était bon que je vous répondisse en son nom quelques lignes destinées à faire, au milieu de cet amas de fables la part exacte de la vérité. Vous ferez, monsieur, de cette réponse l'usage qui vous paraitra le plus convenable.

Il est très vrai que, dans un voyage qu'il fit aux Etats Unis vers la fin de l'année 1841, le Prince se trouvant à Mackinac, rencontra sur le bateau à vapeur un passager dont il croit reconnaitre la figure dans le portrait donné par le Monthly Magazine mais dont le nom avait entièrement fui de sa mémoire. Ce passager semblait fort au courant des événements qui se sont accomplis dans l' Amerique du Nord pendant le siècle dernier. Il racontait une foule d'anecdotes et de particularités intéressantes sur les Français qui prirent part à ces évenéments et s'y distinguerent. Sa mère était, disait il, une Indienne appartenant à la grande peuplade des Iroquois Adèle alliée de la France il ajoutait que du côtó paternel son origine était Francaise et allait jusqu' à citer un nom que le Prince s'abstient de rapporter.t C'était là ce qui l'avait mis en possession de tant de détails curieux à entendre. Un de ces récits les plus attachants était celui qu'il fasait des derniers moments du Marquis de Montcalm, mort entre les bras d' un Iroquois son parent, à qui le vaillant capitaine avait laissé son épée. Les details ne parent manquer d'intéresser vivement le Prince dont le voyage à Mackinac, à Green Bay et sur le Haut Mississippi avait pour objet surtout de rechercher le trace glorieuse des Français, qui les premiers ouvrirent à la civilization ces belles contrées.

Le Prince pria M. Williams (puisque tel était lo nom de son interlocuteur) de lui faire parvenir, sous forme de notes, tous les rensiegnments qu'il serait en mesure de se procurer, et qui pourraient jeter quelque jour sur l'histoire des établissements Français dans l'Amerique du Nord. De son côté M. Williams qui ne paraissait moins curieux de connaitre à fond cette même histoire, demanda an Prince de lui transmettre tous les documents qui y etaient relatifs et qui devaient se trouver dans les archives du gouvernment Français,

Arrivé à Green Bay le Prince y fut retenu pendant une demi journée par le difficulté de se procurer le nombre de chevaux nécessaire au voyage qu'il allait entreprendre, M. Williams le presser vivement de l'accompagner dans un settlement d' Indiens Iroquois établis près de Green Bay, chez qui disait-il se conservait encore le souvenir de leurs Pères d'Orient et qui accueilleraient avec bonheur le fils du Grand Chef de la France. Le Prince declina cette offre, et poursuivit son voyage.

Depuis lors, quelques lettres ont été échangées entre M. Williams et les personnes attachées au Prince, an sujet des documents dont il vient d'être question. Ainsi la lettre de M. Touchard citée dans l'article du Monthly Magazine doit être authentique M. Williams aurait pu egalement en produire une que je me souvienne de lui avoir écrite pour le même objet.

Mais là finit ce que l'article contient de vmi sur les relations du Prince avec M. Williams. Tout le reste, tout ce que a trait à la révélation que le Prince aurait faite à M. Williams, du mystère de sa naissance, tout ce qui concerne le prétendu personage de Louis XVIL est d'une bout à l'autre une œuvre d' imagination, une

* Printed October in my first statement.

* There is no mystery in regard to this name, as the Prince's words would seem to imply. Mr. Willfams spoke of Col. Bougainville, afterwards the French circumnavigator, as a supposed connection of his mother's family.

fable grossièrement tissue, une speculation sur la crédulité publique faite on ne sait à quel propos et dans quel bût. Si par hazard, quelques uns des lecteurs du Monthly Magazine étaient disposés à y avouer créance il faudrait les engager à faire venir de Paris un livre qui vient d' y être tout récemment publié par M. de Beauchesne ils y trouveraient, sur la vie et la mort de l' infortuné Dauphin, du vrai Louis XVII. les détails les plus circonstanciés et les plus positifs. Il me reste à vous offrir en même temps l'assurance de ma considération distingué.

Aug. Trogxos, Ancien precepteur et secretaire des commande

ments du Prince de Joinville.

Claremont, Surrey, Feb. 9, 1858. Sir,—"The Prince de Joinville, has received the number of the Monthly Magazine, of New York, which you have kindly thought fit to transmit to him, and has read the article to which you have called his attention. His first thought was, to treat with the indifference which it deserves, the absurd invention on which this article is founded-but on reflecting that a little truth is there mixed with much falsehood, the Prince has deemed it right that I should in his name, give a few lines in reply, to show the exact portion of truth there is in this mass of fables,

* You can make, sir, of this reply, the use which you think proper.

" It is very true, that in a voy age which ho made to the United States, towards the end of the year 1841, the Prince finding himself at Mackinac, met on board the steamboat, a passenger whose face ho thinks he recognizes, in the portrait given in the Monthly Magazine, but whose namo had entirely escaped his memory.

“This passenger seemed well informed concerning the history of North America during the last century. He related many anecdotes, and interesting particu. lars concerning the French who took part, and distinguished themselves in these events. His mother he said was an Indian woman, of the great tribe of the Iroquois, faithful allies of France. He added, that on his father's side, his origin was French, and went so far as to cite a name which the Prince abstains from repeating. It was by this means that he had come in possession of so many details curious to hear. One of the most interesting of these recitals was that which he gave of the last moments of the Marquis of Montcalm, who died in the arms of an Iroquois, who was his relative, and to whom the great captain had left his sword. These details could not fail vividly to interest the Prince, whose voyage to Mackinac, Green Bay, and the Upper Mississippi, had for its object to retrace the glorious path of the French, who had first opened to civilization these fine countries. The Prince asked Mr. Williams, since such was the name of his interlocutor, to send to him in the form of notes all the information which he could procure, and which could throw light upon the history of the French establishments in North America. On his side Mr. Willians, who did not appear less curiods to understand thoroughly this same history, asked the Prince to transmit to him all the documents which related to it, and which could be found in the archives of the French government.

“On his arrival at Green Bay, the Prince was detained during half a day, by the difficulty of procuring the number of horses necessary for the journey, which he was about to undertake. Mr. Williams pressed him earnestly to accompany him to a settlement of Iroquois Indians, established near Green Bay, among whom, he said, wero still many who remembered their Eastern fathers, and who would receive with delight, the son of the Great Chief of France. The Prince declined this offer, and pursued his journey.

"Since then, some letters have been exchanged between Mr. Williams and the persons attached to the Prince, on the subject of the documents in question. Thus the letter of M. Touchard, cited in the article of the Monthly Magazine, must be authentic. Mr. Williams could also equally have produced one which I remember to have written to him upon the same subject.

“ But there ends all which the article contains of truth, concerning the relations of the Prince with Mr. Williams. All the rest, all which treats of the revelation which the Prince made to Mr. Williams, of the mystery of his birth, all which concerns the pretended personage of Louis XVII, is from one end to the other & work of the imagination, a fable woven wholesale, a speculation upon the public credulity. If by chance, any of the readers of the Monthly Magazine should be disposed to avow belief in it, they should procure from Paris a book which has been very recently published by M. Beauchesne. They will there find concerning the life and death of the unfortunate Dauphin, the most circumstautial and positive detaila It remains for me to repeat to you, sir, that you can make of this letter such use as you may judge proper, and to offer to you at the same time, the assurance of my distinguished consideration.

"Signed, AvG. TROGNON. Former preceptor, and secretary for the commands

of the Prince de Joinville." This letter has arrived just as my article was going to the press, and I have to stop the printer while I briefly consider it. It is a reply to the statement of Mr. Williams, formal, definite, official. I am glad that the necessity of making such a response was immediately felt. My object in the former article was to call it out. As the friend of Mr. Williams, I cannot permit the imputations which are cast on him, in the letter of M. Trognon, to pass unnoticed. For the Prince I feel the respect to which he may be entitled; but when the question comes to one of veracity between man and man, statements must be weighed accord. ing to their inherent worth, and not according to the name of those who make them. The word of a Prince, with political interests to sustain, is certainly no better than that of a clergyman who has his all both in this life and the next at stake. If the Prince had read my article carefully, he would have perceived the dangerous nature of the ground on which he stands. Having unequivocally, through his secretary, charged Úr. Williams with falsehood and the wholesale manufacture of fables, I must hold him to the rigid letter of his own statements. M. Trognon was at a loss to know for what purpose my article was written, and to what end. The purpose was, the discovery of truth; the end, the righting of wrong.

Now the Prince de Joinville represents himself, not only forgetful of the name of Mr. Williams, but ascribes to chance his meeting with him. “Finding himself at Mackinac, he met on a steamer a passenger. The suppressio veri is the suggestio falsi. And from the ground which he has taken I cannot permit him to move. The Prince de Joinville, it can easily be proved, sought the intervier with Mr. Williams.

There was

no accident in the meeting." He was rather young at that time as a diplomatist, and permitted the world to know too much of his errand. The following testimony, from respectable American gentlemen, is decisive:


Huron, February 9, 1958. Rev. AND DEAR SIR,-Yours of the 4th inst., toge. ther with the February number of "Putnam's Monthly," came duly to hand. It gives me great pleasure to communicate any thing, and all I know, of what took place between the Prince de Joinville and the Rev. Eleazer Williams, upon the steamer Columbus, from Mackinac to Green Bay. I have carefully read your article in the Monthly, and so far as matters relating to me go, the Rev. gentleman has stated things truly. I have a very vivid and distinct recollection of the introduction of the Prince to the Rev. Mr. Williams, and of the apparent surprise manifested by the Prince on the occasion, and furthermore, could not but wonder myself, why he should pay to the humble and unpretending Indian missionary, such pointed and polite attention. I have long known the Rev. Mr. Williams, and seen much of him in our voyages up and down the Lakes, and have always found him an amiable, upright, and gentlemanly man, and to be relied upon in any statement he may make. I would again repeat, that what he has stated in relation to me is literally true. If I have not met your mind in this reply, please to write again, and put the matter to me in the form of questions. You say, “I believe that the Prince gave to you a gold snuff-box upon the occasion." He did, and I prize it highly.

If you need an affidavit on the subject, I am wil. ling and ready to give it. With sentiments of high regard I am yours,

Joux SHOOK. The following is an extract from a letter of Mr. George S. Raymond-Editor of the Northern Light, Hallowell, Maine-dated March 1, 1853, and addressed to Mr. Putnam.

“ I am acquainted with many of the circumstances connected with the Prince de Joinville's visit to Green Bay, his meeting with Mr. Williams, &c., having been myself a fellow-passenger with the Prince during the whole of his Lake tour. At that time I was an otficor in the Brazilian service, and came home to the United States to visit a brother, then a resident at Fort Howard near Green Bay. I joined the Joinville party in New York, travelled with it to Green Bay, and, during several con versations with the Prince, heard him express a most particular anxiety to find out this Mr. Williams and have an interview with him."

An Editorial having appeared in the Buffalo Courier, stating that the writer had heard the Prince making inquiries respecting Mr. Williams, I addressed a letter of inquiry to the Editors of that paper, from one of whom, Mr. Jas. O. Brayman, I received a reply, dated Buffalo, March 4, 1853, from which I make the following extract:

" In the fall of 1841, I took steamboat at Cleveland for Detroit. The Prince de Joinville and company were on board, having come up froin Buffalo. There were also several gentlemen of French descent from Detroit, aboard. In the evening, while sitting in the cabin, the Prince conversed freely-part of the time in French, and part in English. While conversing with the late Col. Beaubien, he made the inquiries concern

ing Mt. Williams, and spoke of his intention of visiting him at Green Bay. Col. B., who had, I believe, been an Indian trader, knew Mr. W. well, personally or by reputation, and replied to the Prince as to his whereabouts and his occupation. The Prince inquired as to his personal bearing, and asked various general questions concerning him, and had the appearance of considerable earnestness in his inquiries. The conversation continued some minutes, and concluded by the Prince remarking, 'I shall see him before I return.' This matter has slept in my memory, and hav. ing been called up by the late discussions, is not very distinct as to particulars; the general features, how. ever, are as fresh in my mind as an occurrence of yesterday. I have a relative who was some years a teacher in the Indian Mission School at Green Bay. I have heard her relate the circumstance of the visit of the Prince de Joinville to Mr. Williams as something involving much of mystery, and that it for & while produced a marked and observable change in Mr. W.'s conduct. He appeared abstracted at times, and excited as by some great emotion. She remarked that the Prince treated him with more than ordinary deference and consideration, for which she could not account at the time."

The editors of the Buffalo Courier and of the Northern Light show that, long before the Prince got into the neighborhood of Mackinac, he was inquiring about Mr. Williams. Capt. Shook confirms entirely all the statements of Mr. Williams in which he is concerned. It is then a fact that not once, but several times, during the journey from New York to Green Bay, he had inquired of a variety of persons concerning Mr. Williams, and that, when he saw him he showed surprise and agitation, and paid him such unusual attention that it is remembered vividly by eye-witnesses after the lapse of twelve years. More testimony, of various kinds, can be obtained to prove the fact, that the Prince went to Green Bay to see Mr. Williams, and not to make historical researches. And yet the Prince, who knew his name so well before he ever saw him, and whose memory is so very faithful concerning every thing which he thinks will make against him, now declares that the meeting was accidental, and that his name has escaped his memory. But, in many respects, his statements are important. The Prince says he acknowledged himself the son of an Indian woman. This shows how erroneous are the misrepresentations in many circles which have charged him with having had a monomania of twenty years' standing, that he was the Dauphin, and confirms by the authority of the Prince, the statement of Mr. Williams that up to this time he considered himself of Indian parentage. As to his being of French extraction on the father's side, Mr. Williams never could have said that, unless he intended to accuse his supposed mother of infidelity, which it is not likely he would have done to a stranger. The Williams family are of English origin. There was a surmise that his mother had French blood in her veins, but it was some generations back. Again : The nature of a great part of the conversations between Mr. Williams and the

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