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which words the mariners returned, took Imperial Majesty having seen and heard his them into the boat and carried them to the discourses, bestowed a rent upon him of four ship, to the great wonder of all there pres thousand pieces of eight a year, which make ent, who, with admiration, beheld their 4800 ducats in Peru; and going to the poshairy shapes, not like men, but beasts, and session of this income, he died at Panama with singular pleasure heard them relate the without further enjoyment. All this story story of their past misfortunes. The com was related to me by a gentleman called panion died in his voyage to Spain, but Garci Sanchez de Figueroa, one who was acSerrano lived to come thither, from whence quainted with Serrano and heard it from his he travelled into Germany, where the Em own mouth; and that after he had seen the peror then resided; all which time he nou Emperor, he then cut his hair and beard to rished his hair and beard to serve as an some convenient length, because that it was evidence and proof of his past life. Where so long before, that when he turned himself soever he came, the people pressed as a on his bed, he often lay upon it, which insight to see him for money; persons of commoded him so much as to disturb his quality, having also the same curiosity, gave sleep." him sufficient to defray his charges, and his
WOMAN AND THE “WOMAN'S MOVEMENT. “is friends enough left even to bury it five de
called, does not, in our opinion, pre cades hence? And then imagine her fairly sage any directly valuable results. We deposited in the episcopal chair! What have an abundant respect for it, considered dread havoc would soon be made with as a feature of that healthful discontent those ancient and admirable dogmas which which is pervading all minds and condi have done such stout constable's service tions, and which surely foretokens the for society in times that are past! The eventual permanent enlargement of socie very virtue of woman, her practical sense, ty. But we think the immediate aims of which leaves her indifferent to past and the ladies who manage the movement and future alike, and keeps her the busy give it character, are ludicrously unwor blessing of the present hour, disqualifies thy. It furnishes another and a striking her for all didactic dignity. Learning and commentary upon woman's incapacity as wisdom do not become her. Even the ten a legislator or leader in human affairs. commandments seem unamiable and suHad any mere man undertaken to shape perfluous on her lips, so much should she the remedy for woman's grievances, and herself be the fragrant blossom of all had he discovered that it was probably to morality, so much should her own pure be sought in some enlargement of her pleasure form the best outward law for sphere of action, he would never have
We say to her, “Do not tell me, dreamt of claiming the existing profes beautiful doctor, I pray you, what one sions as her rightful arena.
ought or ought not to do: any musty old mere man has an habitual reverence for professor in the next college is quite comprecedent, and is not easily persuaded petent to that: tell me only what I shall that an insufficient wisdom regulates the do to please you, and it shall be done, course of history. He would see in the though the heavens fall!” circumstance that woman had always Besides all this, and if it were otherwise been excluded from the civil and political advisable to think of retrieving woman's arena, an augury of her being reserved dignity by a recourse to the learned proto a superior theatre of action. In the cir fessions, it would be entirely too late to cumstance of her exclusion from the learn do so. Democracy has so shattered the ed professions, he would see only a proof dignity of the professions, it has so broken of their contrariety to her essential nature down the fences whereby their ancient and habits. We are told by the soberest respect was hedged in, and laid them of our judges, that if woman be admitted open to every undisciplined vagabond who to forensic practice, it will soon be next fancies that they may afford him a comto impossible to get a righteous decision fortable pasturage, that it is idle any longer from the bench, so inevitable a bias must to regard a man as respectable simply beher advocacy of any cause produce upon cause he is a lawyer, physician, or clergythe judicial mind. And if you suppose man. Any one who pleases, and who her once admitted to practise medicine, pleases moreover his particular coterie have you the slightest idea that the ortho and sect, may be either of these things as dox practice which has so long sufficed suits his fancy. There is no public hin" to speed the parting guest,” would have drance to the step, nor is there any public
concurrence in it. In the old world these judgment which precedes deliberation, men wear big wigs, and gold-headed canes, which anticipates induction-in short the and shovel hats, which are so many badges spontaneous judgment of either sex with of public recognition, and which you in respect to the other-it is much more retinctively defer to, therefore, as the tokens liable than its own. Both man and of a superior presence, as signs of the su woman instinctively acknowledge the ? preme power. There is something very truth of this position, by the entire frankgrateful to the imagination in these marks ness with which each discovers to the of a close alliance between the public and other depths of romantic emotion, depths private life, something very admirable in of poetic sensibility in themselves, which seeing the general unity thus impressing they would never think of disclosing to itself by means of each particular diversity. their own sex. We have heard when It is quite an “experience" to an Ameri favorably situated for the purpose, our can to confide his affairs to one of these friend Fairshake the broker say things big-wigs, to have his pulse counted by to women which Sir Philip Sidney would one of these gold-headed canes, or receive have envied, but which all Wall-street the gospel from under the eaves of one of would be sure to laugh at as totally inconthese egregious brims. Both soul and
gruous with Fairshake's character. And body feel agreeably soothed and flattered what is worse, foolish Fairshake himself by this ceremonial. They seem for the would join in the laugh, so much are we first time to have found their due respect all in the habit of accepting the estimate and observance. It is hard to believe that which the stupid people about us put you shall not get sounder law, more virtu upon our character. Poor Fairshake ous medicine, and humaner divinity from passes so much of his time in Wall-street, these stately and authentic gentlemen, so and is so faultless in deference to the decienforced by the public good-will and mo sions of the Board, that if it should dementum. You say to yourself that you cree the human heart essentially devoid have scarcely before looked upon the State of sentiment, he would dupe himself into and the Church as credible or vital facts, acquiescence. Yet nature makes very so much do these foolish paraphernalia light of conventions, and will go on to set them off; and you are tempted to feel surprise Fairshake with revelations of a a momentary compassion for your some mild divinity in his own soul, which must what nude and pagan brethren, sitting finally teach him self-respect, respect for away off at home there, unconscious of humanity. As things are now, neither your advantages.
man nor woman disclose themselves truly, Democracy, therefore, in thus destroy that is poetically, save to each other, being the wall of partition between the pro cause neither has a perfect faith in themfessions and the laity, destroys also the selves, but only in the other. Hence as peculiar dignity of these professions, and a general rule, we may conclude that the so renders the female aspiration in that appreciation of either sex by itself is direction absurd. And the leaders of "the quite untrustworthy, when compared with woman's movement," as it is somewhat that offered by its opposite. ambitiously called, have acted therefore But settle this as you may, it is an undevery unwisely, we think, in making profes niable misconception of woman to suppose sional distinctions so prominent an element her at all capable of entering into rivalry of the remedial treatment they propose with man, capable of competing with him for woman's grievances. Altogether it for ecclesiastical and political distinction. appears to us that these amiable and pre It is nothing short of a scandalous miscipitate ladies have exhibited a complete conception of womanhood. We shall be misapprehension of the genius of their pointed to Elizabeth of England, Cathaown sex, which by the way is not a fact rine of Russia, Mary de Medicis, and the to be wondered at. For each sex finds in other illustrious women who have exthe other its own best appreciation. hibited a great genius for affairs. But Woman, no doubt, has a much wiser we do not say that there are not very sense of what is manly than man himself unwomanly women to be met with along has, because she surveys him from with the course of history. We see them in out, and gathers up the scattered rays of the street, in the market, in domestic life, his character in one full and symmetric every where, women who fairly compete impression. She has no private biases with men in the pursuits of learning, to deflect her vision. So it is with man traffic, and so forth. All we say is, that in respect to woman. His spontaneous these women are exceptions to the rule of appreciation of woman is much truer than their sex, that they are extreme or unher own. Intellectually, no doubt, they womanly women. We have long been are very equally qualified to judge of each persuaded that man and woman have not other and themselves; but as to the yet been so sharply discriminated as they
shall one day be; that a great actual con equally, to cry aloud for its relief. The fusion indeed exists in the sexes, so that extremity of the case sanctions any mode there are many technical women who of action which promises to be effectual, are really or inwardly men, and many and if there were no other means of drawtechnical men who are really women. ing attention to it, one would excuse a Man is not man, nor woman woman, pri- single-minded woman for dressing herself marily by virtue of their formal differ in military costume, or climbing a churchences from each other, but by virtue of steeple, or riding Godiva-like through the their spiritual or interior differences, the public streets. It is an exceptional exidifference of their genius or temper of gency, and any sincere mode of advertising mind. And where this fundamental dif it on the part of those whose sympathies ference does not exist the outward differ
are so powerfully assailed, will not only ence is only transient. The natural body be tolerated but applauded. in that case has only to be laid aside by But no one believes in this didactic atits decease, for the spiritual one to assert titude as the normal or permanent attiits latent sexuality; so that probably tude of woman. One excuses it only many a woman who has unmisgivingly when a certain necessity calls for it, and laid down on this side Jordan in short does not willingly think of woman coming gown and petticoat, will wake up by before the public, without such invincible sheer spiritual gravitation on the other necessity. No man believes, nor ever will side in corduroys and top-boots, and many believe, in woman, as a teacher or preacha man who has laid down in coat and er, until he has grown indifferent to her pantaloons, will similarly come to true
His instinctive loyalty forself-consciousness in petticoat and curl bids him to believe her capable of any se papers.
rious didactic intention. He will believe It is idle, therefore, to argue to woman any good thing you have to say of her, from certain exceptional women.
any wonders you have to tell of her de must learn to discriminate between votion to her lover, to her husband, to her women and woman, between the infirm child, to her friend, or to the needy at her actual and the stainless ideal. Mrs. A. door. He will believe you when you B. and C. are doubtless capital women, speak of her disinterested affection, her and properly estimable to all their ac cheerful self-denial, her blithe and genial quaintance. But they have not the least activity, and the power which these things title to call themselves woman, nor to give her to redeem the longest day from charge any possible perturbation of their tedium, and people the darkest night with private orbits to the influence of that eminent stars of hope and consolation. sweet sanctity. Woman is a grand and But he will not believe you when you tell divine reality, who is not so foolish as to him of her seriously taking the great un- v commit herself to any special guardian- washed condition of humanity at large ship, nor so vulgar as to whisper secrets to heart, and drawing on the seven-league in any private ear. She appoints no at boots of philanthropy, to go forth upon a torneys. No one speaks by her autho mission of reform. For woman, in her rity. They who know her best and are true and unperverted estate, is incapable most transfigured by her intimate loveli of philanthropy, which is the love of all ness, suspect their great fortune the least, mankind. She loves only man, and canand are still the lowliest in all feminine not be taught to bestow her affection upon modesty. It is doubtless excellent to
The conception is too vague hear Mrs. A. B. or C. discourse of woman, for her affection, the motive too vast for and belabor our sex and hers very de her strictly practical genius. She be servedly on that behalf. But we cannot lieves only in the concrete, the tangible, help feeling the thing to be sheer comedy the visible, and her mission, as they call all the while. If they will read lectures, it, is strictly proportionate. Of course, or write paragraphs and pamphlets upon she is so blissfully sympathetic a creathe sufferings of the poor maidens who ture, that if her lover or husband or lack suitable and healthy employment, friend, conceive a concern for the Patago and upon the temptations to vice which nians, and give up his substance to pro such lack engenders; and if they will selyte the Choctaws, she will very meekly scornfully stigmatize our heartless public toil up to that cheerless height of virmorality which permits all this tempta- tue, purely by way of keeping him comtion, and then visits the shrinking victim pany. But she will not stay there a sinwith its Pharisaic scorn; then every gle moment of her own accord. She would manly breast in the community will se see all Patagonia hanged, and every Choo cond their eloquent zeal and indignation. taw in Halifax, before she would get up Here is a manifest case of suffering, call any original trepidation on their behalf. ing upon every passer-by, man and woman For the only credible Patagonian to her
imagination, is the lover or husband of snore, is a prerogative of man. You will her choice, and the only irresistible Choc scarcely enter five houses out of ten in an taws to her affection, are the dimpled afternoon, without finding some great little daguerreotypes, whose sunny faces heap of a husband or a brother gathered look up to her from her own floor. The up upon the sofa, recruiting his overtasked only mission God saw fit to endow her forces by a comfortable sleep. How hard with, was that of civilizing this private to rouse him from his recumbency at your Patagonian of hers, and evangelizing these entrance. First one leg shows signs of little Choctaws of her own invention; and life, then an arm wakes, then the other no wider ambition would ever enter her leg, then the whole body stirs, finally the beautiful head, had not her native instincts huge head moves, and the entire drowsy been grossly sophisticated by a morbid mass erects itself, dimly acknowledges sentimentality. By natural and divine the gas-light, yawns once or twice, and right, she fully believes in her capacity after all this preliminary flourish very to make the individual man happy and probably sinks back again to repose. blessed, and precisely in so far as she in Clearly man is not handsome in himself, dulges this perfectly womanly aspiration, or when uninspired by woman. Who she must of course remain blind to the could imagine that this had been once the forlorn estate of the huge rest of the sleepless lover that talked the moon down world.
the western steeps, and swore an eternal So much in our opinion is indubitably alacrity in the divine art of pleasing ? true of woman's genius. Therefore we will Where now is his alacrity? Alas! he let women invade the pulpit, the rostrum, has left it behind him in Pine-street and the quarter-deck, and every other unwo Pearl-street, to be put on to-morrow mornmanly place, to their heart's content; but ing to entertain those occasional western we will do woman the justice to acknow merchants, and has brought home only ledge, that she firmly disclaims all com his relentless tedium to bestow upon his plicity with these vagaries, and rigidly habitual wife and little ones. Who can exacts a totally distinct theatre of action. wonder that the dullest round of lectures
The genius of woman differs from man's or the least vivacious of theatricals prove most obviously in this respect perhaps, so attractive when compared with this tethat it is less reflective, less apt to weigh
dious domestic paralysis ? consequences; in short, more impulsive. It is not so with the other sex.
I mean It is easy for man to obey an external that it is a very much less common thing law, to shape his conduct by a wholly to see an indolent, self-indulgent woman, outward prudence or expediency. It is than it is to see a man of that sort. not easy for woman to do so. She does Every one knows individual women, posnot cordially obey any thing but her own sibly, who are untrue to the characterisaffections, and where these have been in tics of their sex, victims of absurd fashion, terested, is much too prone to renounce distorted by a fatal luxury out of feminine prudence altogether. Woman's activity health and grace. But the rule with wodates from her affection, man's from his man is unceasing activity. The plain reaintellect rather. In reference to any thing son is, that her action dates so exclusively to be done, man inquires whether it be true from herself, is motived so much more or agreeable to his intelligence; woman from her affections than from her intelinquires whether it be good or agreeable lect. It is always the sunlight of affecto her heart. Man hears a profound voice tion which kindles her energy, while the of warning, saying, Thou shalt not eat of poor moonlight of the intellect enlivens the fruit of this tree, for in the day thou man's. Man feels impelled to seek subcatest thou shalt surely die ; and he conse sistence, physical and social. He has quently refrains. But woman heeds no great powers to overcome and clothe with warning voice, and merely considers his livery, the powers of earth and air, whether or not the fruit be agreeable to and the forces of the human mind itself. the sight, the taste, and so forth, in order These are his destined ministers, but to put forth her hand and eat.
their reduction to his service is slow and This characteristic lack of reflection in wearisome. He has perpetually to rewoman is the secret, no doubt, of her su member, and invent, and contrive a thouperior energy, of her superior practical sand modes of progress. He has slowly efficiency. She is for ever busy. An idle to sift the teachings of a wide experience, woman, except where great wealth and and garner them up in laws and statutes. grossly artificial manners have overlaid He has to appoint bounds for this thing her native freshness and elasticity-is one and that, to encourage industry, to dis of the rarest of sights. An idle man is courage vice and idleness, to punish crime. one of the commonest. To lounge, to He has to defend himself from aggression, snooze, and in that snooze perchance to to enlarge his territory when population
presses on the means of subsistence, to of nature, and rescuing it from the grasp foster education, to establish commerce, of her own incompetent offspring, the to promote religion, to sustain interna bear, the fox, and the serpent. Her work tional justice. All this indicates the bent has ever been that of turning the rude of his genius. It is an outward bent. domain thus snatched from nature, into a He does battle with the aboriginal forces smiling and blooming home. For man, of nature, and makes them finally docile to with the immense love of dominion which his will. He is engaged in preparing a characterizes him, would pause nowhere, theatre of life, rather than in actually liv but go on to oversweep and consume the ing. Thus his action is imposed by his whole earth, were it not for these angel outward necessities, instead of his inward arms of woman binding him to stay and taste or inspiration. It accordingly con cultivate his present possessions, that so sumes instead of refreshes him. He wa his future conquests might be the more ters the accursed sod with his tears, and
The rude conqueror he! She, earns his bread in the sweat of his brow. the builder up and fashioner of his conUndoubtedly it is for his good that the quests! For this is the vital difference ground is accursed, as the good book tells of the pair, that man for ever asks more, Because if nature br
ght forth spon
while woman is always intent upon maktaneously to man, if it required no culture, ing the most of what she has. Man is a but supplied all his wants at sight or on perpetual seeker, woman turns whatsoever demand, why then, manifestly, the resour she finds into a present use and profit. æs of his genius would have remained for Man's
eye is fixed upon the future, woever unknown. In that case his faculties, man's upon the present. He sweeps the for lack of something to call them forth, heavens with his gaze, to see what fairer would have remained for ever hidden from worlds invite his adventure; she quietly his consciousness, and he would accord unpacks the trunk of his observation, ingly have gone down to the grave a mere and appropriates whatever available repampered menial of nature, unconscious sults it contains, to the improvement of of God, and indifferent to any life but the his present abode. sensual one. All this is sublimely true. We are in the habit of saying that But it is none the less true at the same home is the true sphere of woman.
And time, that the progress of human develop the saying is just, provided we truly inment is a slow and painful one, and that terpret the idea of home. If home be poor man, meanwhile, being ignorant of a place of bondage for woman, if it be v the glory that is in store for him, and the mere skulking place of avarice, deknowing only the toilsome experience bybauchery, or other uncleanness; if it be which it comes about, often sinks down the throne whence some base menial, elein utter weariness, or renounces life itself vated into the prerogatives of husband, in hasty and untaught despair.
fulminates his sovereign pleasure; then But woman's activity leaves her re it is no place for woman. Then woman freshed, because she really lives instead is bound by fidelity to her sex, or of only prepares to live. For it is very what is the same thing, by her own self
curious and beautiful to observe, that just respect, to abhor and flee such a home. V in so far as man by his stalwart might The laws, perhaps, may not this year subdues the domain of nature to himself
, justify the step, but the private sentiment woman steps in to glorify it by her en of the community is every day getting so chantments. The aim of all man's exer clear, so pronounced on this subject; is tion since the beginning of history, has getting in fact so public, that the mere been to conquer himself a home upon the laws must soon reflect it, and no flagrant earth, nor will he ever flag in that career, husband, knowing his own disloyalty, will until he has secured one proportionate to venture meanwhile to encounter the cdium his powers; that is to say, a home which of compelling his wife's return under such shall be coextensive with the uttermost circumstances. bounds of space, and to which every realm But with this proviso, the observation is of nature will bring its glad and lavish just. Home is the true sphere of woman. tribute. But wherever he halts for a What is home? It is the shrine of man's night in this career, wherever he estab freedom ; it is the seal which society sets to v lishes a temporary home to inspirit him the private or individual sacredness of its against the fatigues of the still beckoning members. Society reckons all her memto-morrow, there woman comes to pitch bers sacred, in proportion to the universalthe white tent of her innocence beside ity of their function. In an incipient stage him, and make his otherwise inevitable of society, the priestly and the warrior wilderness blossom like the rose. His functions are the most universal, as the work has ever been that of the hardy one class educates the nation, and the pioneer, stretching forth into the savager other defends it from foreign oppression