Obrazy na stronie



marbles; agates and cornelians, are plen the wonders of our age and generation, tiful. Silver mines are rich in ore. Cop that they be foiled in their grandest end, per, lead, quicksilver, and tin, of remark and be brought to nought by the haughtiable quality, are among the mineral pro ness and conceit of a secluded potentate. ductions. Their steel is so fine, that the The Joshua for this duty of conquertemper and keenness of their cattans rival ing the tribes of the East for Emanuel, is the famous Damascus blades. Besides plainly pointed out in that country whose these gifts of Providence, are many beautiful shores are washed by the two great manufactures, celebrated throughout the

It is pointed out in that banner world. All articles of Japanese work of freedom on which the eagle spreads manship, are covered with the famous his wings; on which confederation and varnish procured from the “Urusi” or union is inscribed; whose stars and varnish tree, which yields a rich, milky stripes, as the symbols of hope and of glutinous juice. Other trees, as cam protection to the friendless, panting for phor, bamboo, mulberry, are indigenous. liberty and guardianship, float over the Flowers are beautiful, and universally cul heads of all men who flee, from want or tivated. The cherry is grown for its from tyranny, beneath its ample folds. blossom, which is exquisite. The Camellia But not by war; not by conquest; not Japonica is familiar to all who cherish ex by blood is the victory to be gained. The otics among us.

expedition to Japan is peaceful. It carBut doubtless it was not so much the ries the olive branch on the prow of its productions of Japan as the vast market men-of-war. The arrogant sea-king of twenty-five millions of people, for the must be shown both the emblem of peace sale and consumption of woollen and cot and the cannon's mouth. As our friend ton goods, and other commodities of Europe, Mr. Punch has said, “The ports must be that the Dutch coveted. For the mo opened in Japan, even if the Americans nopoly of this trade, they have submitted have to open their ports.” At any rate, to insult, and dishonored the Christian all past experience shows that the Japanname.

ese Court will not feel the arguments of But a new era has dawned on the world, humanity unless stirred up by the wholeand the youngest of the nations of the some spur of arguments, plunged into earth is sent on a mission to Japan, to them from the heel of dreaded war. bring that self-banished Empire into the prove this assertion, it is necessary to fellowship of sister kingdoms. · In this review only the attempts of our own govage of steam power, commerce will be ernment with Japan. driven by a motive which the ancients In 1837 the American ship Morrison never knew; the very source of which arrived at Japan from Macao, having lies buried in the coal mines of Japan. board Japanese sailors who had From America to England, thence through drifted in a storm, and had been cast the Mediterranean; across the desert; away near the mouth of the Columdown the Red Sea, to the Indian ocean, bia River, in Oregon, and had been taken the chain is now completing, which shall thence to Macao. The Morrison had encompass the round world. Westward taken out her armament to indicate her the chain is forging that connects the peaceful and benevolent mission. But all Atlantic with the Pacific ocean, across the this was of no avail. The Japanese dragIsthmus of Panama. There is but one ged their cannon (which are said to be single link wanting to complete the circuit very good) and placed them in battery on between California and Japan. When this the shores; the striped calico or canvas last link shall be supplied, the power of was stretched in front in token of war steam will move the traveller from ocean to (which the sailors call "putting the batocean, and from land to land ; creating tery in petticoats), and the Morrison intercourse between nations that differ in was fired at and driven off the Japanese government, religion, customs and modes coast. This happened in the bay of Jedof thought; causing trade in the exchange do. The edict of 1637 was put in force, of manufactures and productions of the which runs thus: “ All Japanese who resoil; producing a feeling of fellowship turn from abroad shall be put to death." among mankind; and opening a highway That protection which every government for the chariot of the Lord Jesus Christ owes to its faithful subjects was refused to pass through all the nations of the by Japan to its own. Calamity was acearth; diffusing the knowledge of the counted crime; and the kindness of benepure gospel for the civilization, the hap volent Christians was punished as conpiness, the salvation of the poor heathen. spiracy! In 1845 three Japanese were

We cannot doubt, for a moment, that carried to Ningpo, in China, by the such is the mission of the American ex United States frigate St. Louis. These pedition to Japan. God has not wrought men had been blown across the ocean five



thousand miles, all the way to Mexico. civil : be prudent: Freserve a good conThe poor fellows dared not go home to science. And may we practise the same, their wives and children for fear of the in and better virtues, under the benign human edict of 1637! In 1846 the Christian maxim that comprehends all government of the United States sent virtues, “Do you as you would be done the Columbus, of ninety guns, and the by.” sloop-of-war Vincennes, to attempt to The fleet, under Commodore Perry, open navigation and to secure protec consists of nine ships, of which seven are tion to our merchantmen and whalers. ships and steamers of war, from the The ships were immediately surrounded largest size to a sloop. The excellent by a triple cordon of guard-boats; no one letter of the President of the United went on board ; water and food could not States has won the admiration of Europe. be bought. And after waiting a tedious The expedition is commended by Europeans interval the reply was brought from Jed as worthy, of the American name. do, “No trade can be allowed with foreign From California to China is become a nations except Holland !”

voyage of twenty days. Commerce which In 1849 American seamen were wreck forsook the Mediterranean on the dised on the stormy coast of Japan, from the covery of the Cape of Good Hope, is preAmerican whaler Lagoda. The United paring to desert the stormy Cape for a States ship Preble was dispatched for better route to India. Fleets will soon their rescue. After many pretexts and steam through the Pacific ocean. And delays, the American Captain (Geisenger) as Venice and Alexandria decayed after limited a day when the seamen must be the Indian commerce left their ports, so brought on board. The Japanese autho must St. Helena and Madagascar cease to rities understood the threat, and the ship be of value ; Cape Town will not be wrecked mariners were promptly restored worth an occupying, much less a Kaffir to their country's flag. McFarlane states

The Marquesas Islands will be that since 1849, it is reported that some reckoned among the most important mariother American whalers have been wreck time ports in the world. The Sandwich ed on that coast, and are confined in Islands and the Society Islands will enbamboo cages, suffering captivity like the hance in their value to all nations. LonRussian captain of the imperial navy, don and Liverpool, Brest and Havre, inust Golownin, a few years ago. Some Eng yield the prize of Indian trade to New lish and American sailors have been put Orleans and New-York. India is now to death for simply landing on the coast. opened to American enterprise, to AmeriIt is but just to say, that those sailors are can commerce, to American religion. God accused of crime. We know that lawless

grant that our country may not fail to men may violate the laws and deserve a make good use of her high endownments, doom. But while humanity has a tear and scatter blessings, broadcast, on the to shed, or a voice to articulate, or an arm earth. We doubt not such beneficent to wield, she will protest against a nation issues will come to pass. And as classic claiming neutrality for her harbors, and story has immortalized the fable of the yet refusing all intercourse with other na expedition of Jason and his Argonautæ, in tions; cutting herself off from the chari search of the Golden Fleece, so shall there ties of national fellowship, and yet insist be Christian poets and historians, more ing on rights founded in the laws of na eloquent than Homer and Hesiod, to sing tions; shutting her ports against ship of the exploits and to narrate the achievewrecked sailors, whether her own people ments of Protestant missionaries, and or foreigners; refusing ships supplies, for godly seamen, seeking the worthier object money, after long voyages of danger and of saving the dying souls of living men; privation ; and driving from her shores, winning, for themselves and them, a no with gunpowder and ball, the weary na bler, a truer immortality, in the approving vigators of God's seas who would seek smile of God and the perpetual blessedrepose and shelter from the storms and ness of heaven.

Japan demands distinguished The coarse senses of the unbelieving consideration and civilized dealing from citizen may see, in the march of our the nations whom, by her barbarity, she American republic, only the fortuitous insults! This “dog in the manger” course of Empire. But the spiritual senses policy, which Japan practises, the world of the Christian believer, perceives the will not now submit to. Japan lies on presiding presence of Him who "is the the high road of nations. She must not Head over all things to the church;" whose make herself a barrier there. She must wisdom designed that the "gospel shall be sell her coal; she must evince towards us, preached as a witness unto all nations; ” at least, the old Suto morality of Confu whose Word both prophesies and proclaims cius, and live virtuously: do right: be His will; and whose power procures the


fulfilment of His wise, His gracious pur and found in this, our land, a home. poses.

And now, unwearied, she is travelling Commerce and Christianity may, by after the pioneers of civilization, and voyman's acarice and sin, be separated, and aging in the wake of ships; sanctifying unnaturally opposed to one another. Those commercial intercourse and claiming comthings that God has joined together in merce as her partner. She has taken reholy matrimony, man, wickedly, can put fuge under the flag of these United States asunder. That divorce has been decreed to pass over the Pacific to the East again, for more than two centuries in Japan. persevering in her circuit round the world, That divorce has been countenanced and until she shall reach her birth-place in encouraged by other nations since early Asia, and shall welcome back her Lord times. Commerce has not gone forth in from heaven at his second coming, “conalliance with religion. Religion has been quering and to conquer.” The one vast left behind to journey alone from her Empire of Japan, wherein the Protestant birth-place in Bethlehem of Judea ; not English in Queen Elizabeth's reign, two as a conqueror, but as a pilgrim ; not with centuries ago, had gained a foothold, a paid army of retainers, but with a few Englishmen deserted ; and have endealoving followers; not in pomp and pride, vored since, repeatedly, in vain, to occupy but in lowliness and humility. The cross and recover. was laid upon her by the Divine hand, Who can tell whether (had England first at Jerusalem, and afterwards every been patient and faithful to herself and where. Nevertheless, she has borne the God) there might not now have been cross, lovingly and willingly, and she has Christianity in Japan, shining with a pure conquered by bearing it. She endured it flame out of a holy lamp: not emitting in Asia Minor in her infancy. And thence smoke from the foul oil of Romish supertravelling westward into Africa and into stition; not clouding the souls of men Europe, she has knocked at the heart's with dogmas as corrupting as the Buddoor of peasants and of fishermen ; of dhist and Sintoo doctrines; but irradiating merchants and of scholars; of nobles and the Eastern Archipelago with the sanctiof kings; of low and high; of rich and fied light of the pure Gospel from a Propoor; and has summoned Cæsar's house

testant Japanese church of Christ ! hold" to open unto her the imperial gates. But religion was banished from that They who have entertained her as a guest, Empire. Yet let man do what he will to " have entertained angels unawares. defeat or to retard the pilgrimage of priThey who have admitted her into their mitive Christianity, he cannot vanquish bosoms have felt her as “a LIFE.”

the will of God. God makes the wrath She has gone, untiring, with the sun of man to praise Him, and the remainder westward; lighting up the dreary and of wrath He will restrain. The witness dark souls of barbarous heathen ; warm of the church shall resound throughout the ing them with a diviner sunshine that was nations of the earth; "then cometh the spreading over luxuriant nature, and end." The earth shall be girt about with causing to spring forth, and bud, and bear, prayer. From the earth, praises to God seeds of better fruit than ever earth had and to his Christ shall ascend on high in seen. Pagan Britain was transformed every tongue. Man's heart shall beat into Christian England. The druid altars against the heart of his brother


in of human sacrifices were forsaken for the the sympathy of mutual love; in the comaltar of The CRUCIFIED who sacrificed munion of a common worship; in all the Himself for human sin. The cross on fellowship of Christianized nations, emthe flag of that Christian country has braced in the ample and expanding charity floated across the waters of every ocean. of the one Catholic Church of Jesus It is unfurling itself continually, as the Christ. successive drum beats reveille at dawn of For it is written and it shall come to day, on each great circle of longitude on pass, “From the rising of the sun even the globe. It is waving perpetually, from unto the going down of the same, MY NAME some high staff, in every land. And shall be great among the Gentiles; and in wherever the British cross has opened the every place incense shall be offered unto way, there the Church of England is MY NAME, and a pure offering; for my helping forward Religion. From England NAME shall be great among the heathen, the heaven-born Pilgrim crossed the At saith the LORD OF Hosts." lantic to the fourth quarter of the globe,




HE little birds awake at peep of day,

When soft winds shake their nests, and leaves are stirred;
The buds unseal their lids beneath the spray,
Called by the dews, to mortal ears unheard;
But thou—though we have called thee, over-loud,
Thrice with our shrillest voices, thou art mute:

- But we will touch the lute,
And melt the dream, that wraps thee like a cloud.
We passed along the borders of the vale,
And peeped into it from the misty hill;
Far in its depths we heard the nightingale
Muffled in song: we hear him singing still.
We sat together, all in thoughtful rest,
Last eve, and watched the golden chaff of light,
From sheaves of sunset, bounden in the West,
Stored in the closing garners of the Night:
And when pale Hesperos with silver crook,
Led forth his starry flock from out their fold,
We wept together in the bosky nook,
And linked our hearts with kisses, each thrice told.
Hast thou forgot our kisses, and thine own ?-
(We dreamed of only those, the live-long night!)
Forgot thy loving maidens, chaste and white ?
Forgot the vale, whose depths are yet unknown ?-
It cannot be! Awake, and answer—"No!”
O, say us “No!” or we must wake, and weep:
Give us a little sign, before we go,
That we are not forgotten in thy sleep;
Think of us, one and all, as we of thee,
Both now, and evermore, Persephone !


Hearken! our lutes are strung with silver wires,
All nicely suited, vibrant with the strain;
Our voices melt therein, like soft desires,
Or South winds dying in a vernal rain !
The sky-lark listens in the woods apart,
Since twilight sleeping on the falling dew,
And hoards our music in his brimming heart,
Meaning a sweet repayment from the blue :
But thou art bound in slumber, deaf to all,
Mute as a little maid beneath her pall,
Heedless of dear ones coming there to weep,
Locked in a cold and everlasting sleep!
If such should be thy sleep, O what should we
Say to Demeter in her woe divine ?-

And to our hearts, and all that ask and pine,
For Earth would then demand her lost Persephone ?


Not so, not so! bright Hestia would arise,
And light anew thy scarce-extinguished torch ;
Zeus would rain his lightenings from the skies,
And pierce the shadow Mors against his porch,
No more to launch the unseen dart at thee ;-
For Demo-Gorgon has compelled the Three,

For great Demeter's sake,
To twist thy shining thread of Life without a break!

Both Lachesis and Clotho spin to-day
Thy fleece, from off the distaff of the Years,
Nor dare dark Atropos with fatal shears
Clip even a shred away!

For Heaven delights in thee,
Thou art so like to Heaven, divine Persephone !


Hark! hear ye not a stirring in her bower,
A rustling in the dimness of the leaves ?
Ah yes ! --and see-the Morning in its eaves,
Braids through the twinkled green a golden shower!
Strike all your lutes again, and break the bands
That Sleep has woven round her in the night;
Let melting Music with her loving hands
Slowly unwind his tangled skeins of light!
Up-gather all thy poppies, drowsy-sweet,
And all thy syrop-urns of mandragore ;
Fly, Morpheus, fly, ere Morning's wingéd feet,
Fire-sandalled, bear him to thy palace-door,
Where, waiting thee, thy Visions shrink away,

Blinded by coming Day!
Fly, Morpheus, fly, with heavy-lidded eyes-
The night is done, the maiden would arise.
Awake Persephone !- the finches round
Chirp to the swallows, twittering overhead,
And little crickets answer from the ground,
Hidden in tufted mosses, white and red.
Awake! awake! let sluggards weak and gray
Before their time, drowse out the morning hours ;
Health-loving maids are up before the day,
To wet their feet in dew, and gather flowers.
Flowers grow around in myriads, even here,
In this dark forest, beaded o'er with dew;
They call for thee, within thy spirit's ear,
And all the little birds are calling too;

And we thy loving maids, so dear to thee-
Then wake and rise, o rise, divine Persephone!



Continued from page 146.

for the perfection of art, for which he begTHIS CHAPTER, WITH THE READER'S PERMISSION, IS ged the dear dimpled creature's pardon.

Having made the amende to Mrs. BlanMR. (R. ROBERT Rushton's time was devoted ton, Dashwood, who was getting his af

exclusively to his friend Dashwood. fairs in order, previous to his departure to He must be with Frank, morning, noon, and foreign parts, drew me to the window, night. He was seldom at home. He had and begged me with moist eye, and neralways some business or an engagement vous lip, to take good care of Louise for with Frank. They found time amid him. their multifarious duties, to take a mys

“If she cries for me, when I am goneterious trip together to see Mrs. Blanton. ah, if she hangs about your neck, and sobs Dashwood came back enraptured with for me in the long, still hours-comfort her. He told mamma-who had doubtless her, Jenny, and keep her hopeful, and cheerin her anxiety for her son, commissioned ful for me, will you? Do not let her go him to keep an eye upon Therese—that he off by herself to weep; cheer her up for was proud of Robert's choice--for it was me, my good Jenny, I must not think of not art, he said, which made Therese so her, all drooping and tearful—and yetenchanting, but nature. Nature so per and yet,” said he, half musing, "I would fectly beautiful, that he had mistaken it not have her careless and gay." I smiled.

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