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and not mocked by the polemic glow all
, we find more in him to pity than to which so much animates his dogmatic like; he is a victim to the social depravity writings, and which is here replaced by of Paris, and not a great poet. His crean ardent and profoundly devout religious ations make you shiver and sicken with feeling. It may be studied with interest their gloom, and their unnatural, sickish and instruction, by Christians whose doc- intensity He belongs to the night; he trinal views differ from those of Calvin ; is inhuman, and unwholesome. Better which cannot be said of all of his books, one touch of honest, sunny nature, one transcendent as is the intellect, and tear that drops, straight and pure from the trenchant as is the merciless logic that genuine heart, than all this affluent flow pervades them.
of genius so sadly poisoned at its spring. Under the title of Théâtre de St. de But Balzac is not alone ; the same senBalzac (Dramatic works of St. de Bal tence falls more or less seriously on the zac), a handsome volume containing the disgusting and vampyre literature of four plays of Vautrin, Les Ressources nearly all his epoch. de Quinola, Pamela-Giraud, and La -A few months since Blackwood Marâtre, has just made its appearance at called the attention of English and AmeParis. In these dramas may be found all rican readers to M. EMILE SOUVESTRE, the genius and all the perversity of Balzac; as the founder of a new school of romance and we know no better book for those in French literature. We have just read who desire to read him for themselves, a volume of his called Dans la Prairie and do not wish to go into the rest of (In the Meadow), with sincere pleasure. his works. Beyond doubt the most con It consists of some half dozen simple siderable figure in French literature for tales, that are utterly free from the the last thirty years, he does not seem artistic and other faults for which French to us destined to outlive the epoch of story writers have been remarkable. feverish, and opium-eating passion, from They remind us more of Miss Edgeworth which and for which he wrote. A lurid than of any other author. A transparent atmosphere overhangs all his creations. plot, without mystery or clap-trap, a clear The moral-impossible is his delight. A and beautiful style, genuine feeling, and monster of vice, who amid all the orgies of hearty good sense are their characteristics. crime, still retains the idea and the secret Without too much prominence the moral worship of virtue, is the most frequent is always apparent at the end, and is none character among
his heroes. Thus the less agreeable because it comes as the Vautrin is a man who has violated every dew of sincere emotion is gathering in the law, an escaped galley-slave, the chief of eyes of the reader. a band of robbers, making no bones of -John LEMOINNE is one of the leading murder or any other crime ; at the same editors of the Journal des Debats, and time from mere love of goodness, he brings his name frequently appears in its stately up in virginal purity a boy, whom he columns at the end of articles upon quesfinds barefoot on the high road, and who tions of foreign or domestic policy, and quite turns out to be the son of a Duke carried as often it is the signature of the excellent off in infancy. The drama winds up with literary dissertations which grace the Feuthe arrest of Vautrin, to be carried back illeton. M. LEMOINNE has collected into a to the galleys, and the restoration of the neat volume some score of reviews and young man, adorned with every accom sketches of character, published at vaplishment and unsullied as an angel, to rious times within two years past. These the arms of his parents, whom his re Etudes Critiques et Biographiques are covery reconciles to each other, after a exceedingly pleasant and not uninstructive long and envenomed hostility. But this reading ; not profound, yet at the same is only a feeble specimen of the night time free from the blunders of fact to mares with which that fertile brain has which inferior French writers are so much endowed the literature of his country. addicted, especially in relating foreign We do not deny a single merit which the topics. M. LEMOINNE exhibits a fine, admirers of so rare a man can attribute to catholic appreciation of what is excellent him. We know the wondrous skill with in English and German literature, and as which he analyzes the fibres of the human a companion for an afternoon's ride by heart. We know the daguerreotypic fidel rail or steamboat, a more agreeable comity with which he paints the traits of panion could not be desired. human character. We know the profound -A work which seems destined to wisdom with which this Mephistopheles mark an epoch in the science of the animal can discuss the problems of practical life. organization, is the Traité de Chimie We know, above all, the matchless charms Anatomique et Phisiologique (Treatise of his vigorous and original diction, in on Anatomical and Physiological Chemiswhich every word is a thought. But after try), of which the third and last voluine
has recently appeared at Paris. It is the acquired. The name of the story is Isaac fruit of profound and thorough study, set Loguedem, and the idea of it is palpably forth with the admirable clearness which borrowed from Eugene Sue's History of is the glory of the French language and a Proletarian Family, through centuof French savans. It aims to show what ries. Dumas is a great reprobate, and it is are the primary and immediate principles safe to say that the book will be entirely that compose the mammalian body, both the composition of the days employed in in their normal and their morbid state, writing it. and was written as preliminary to a treatise on General Anatomy which is to GERMANY.-Nothing of very great mofollow. The elements of the body are ment seems to have appeared in Germany found to be of three classes, viz., crystal within the month. AUERBACH has publizable principles of mineral origin, which lished the third volume of his Schwazoleave the organization, in part at least, räldler Dorfgeschichten. (Village Stojust the same as they entered it; crystal ries of the Black Forest). It contains lizable principles, formed in the organiza two tales; the first is called the Life of tion itself, and leaving it just as they were Diethelm of Buchenburg, and narrates at their formation; and coagulable princi the criminal career and tragic termination ples, which do not crystallize, formed in of a wealthy peasant, who, in order to the organism by the help of materials for keep up the show of riches, becomes a which the first class of principles serve as swindler, an assassin, an incendiary. The & vehicle, and decomposing where they interest is intense, and the reader who beare formed, whereby they are themselves gins is sure to finish. Auerbach is no the materials for the formation of princi less an artist in the darker passions than ples of the second class. The first volume in the frolic and genial life of village fesis occupied with general statements and tivals, the happy loves and simple blessdiscussions. The two last treat the “im- ings of German rustic life. Of the latter mediate principles" in detail. Each class character is the second story of the volume, is examined with reference to its general Brosi and Moni, which paints the innomathematical, physical, chemical and or cent joys of honesty and virtue, animated ganic features, and then a special chapter and genialized, by the mutual affections is devoted to each gas, acid, salt, alkali, of unsophisticated souls. &c., which comes under that class. The -The literary remains of GutZLAFF, work is one which no physiologist can do the late eminent Chinese Missionary, are without, and the names of its authors, M. about to be published, under the editorial M. CHARLES Rolin and F. VERDEIL, will care of Prof. Newman of Munich, to whom be memorable in the history of physiolo- they have been intrusted by the widow gical science.
of the deceased. -A recent number of the Revue -Frederic the Great is one of the heArchæologique gives an account of the roes and standing themes of German bookdiscovery of no less a curiosity than an making; to whom, as to Goethe, it is alEgyptian novel of the time of Moses. ways safe for a would-be author to resort. Strange to say, the tale opens with an On the old soldier and his court, Herr event that strongly recalls the history of Muhlbach has published three mortal Potiphar's wife. The writer makes the volumes, which those may peruse who miraculous element play a large part in are desirous of further instruction on those the progress of his plot, and affords many branches of human history. singular intimations, not only as to the -Baron Von STERNBERG has had as domestic life of the Egyptians, of 1500 B. C. many hard knocks from German critics as but also as to their religious motives. The any other man not in the line of theologimanuscript appears to have originally be cal or medical polemics; and now his longed to the collection of the 19th dy- newly issued Carnival in Berlin has nasty, now preserved in the British Mu brought the magnates of that capital about seum, published a few years since.
his ears. We have always had a liking -That Briareus of authors, Alexander for the Baron's books, and for his dry and Dumas, announces the speedy commence rather supercillious humor. Last year he ment of a novel, in eighteen volumes, let himself loose on Vienna, and now he whose story is to begin with the Christian stings the vanity of the Berliners with era, and come down "through six civiliza equal boldness. He tells them that the tions” to the present day. He pretends drama is run down to a low state of feeblethat he has been engaged upon it above ness and folly; and that art in general is twenty years, during which time it has in a bad way. Kiss's Amazon, which was gradually matured in his mind, being con exhibited with such applause, at the Lonstantly enriched by the new learning and don World's Fair, and is to be shown at the deeper knowledge of men that he has that of New York, is unmercifully laughed
at for its absurdicies, which is always dire puts to shame all the American and Engheresy in the eyes of good Berlin. In the lish annuals we have yet seen. The illuscourse of the book, the Baron renounces trations, some twenty-five in each number, some of his former political sins ; hints a are by such artists as the two Achenbachs, regret for some rather ultra-conservative Camphausen, Geselschap, Jordan, Lessing, things that he has written, and intimates Leutze, Tidemand, and Schadow; and that he shall hereafter be found fighting among the literary contributors are F. against the retrograde tendencies now Bodenstedt, Emanuel Giebel, Hoffmann of dominant in his country. On the whole, Fallersleben, Otto Von Redwitz, Karl we may pronounce this production supe Simrock, and others of the most cherishrior to his last books, Der Mene Gilblas, ed names of the recent German literature. and Ein Fashing in Wien.
The letter-press consists entirely of poems, – The Deutsche Balladenbuch (Ger and charming ones some of them are. A man Ballad Book), published at Leipsic, more beautiful book has not accompanied is worthy the attention of the curious, in
the entrance of the new year. that fascinating sort of Literature. It contains old and modern ballads, those
SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. whose origin is lost in obscure antiquity, The trial-trip of the Caloric Ship along with Goethe's King of Thule, or Ericsson took place on Tuesday, Jan. Uhland's Eberhard, the Grey beard. There 11, in presence of a numerous deputation are also translations from old English and from the Press of this city, and scientific Scotch ballads, which are done with re gentlemen whose interest in the new enmarkable spirit and fidelity. The illus terprise has remained unabated since its trations (wood-cuts) are admirable, for first inception. The company were invisentiment and beauty of execution. Some ted by Captain Ericsson, to witness this of them are irrepressibly comic. The
first public performance of his splendid work is published in ten parts, of which ship, not because the vessel was altogether two are already issued.
in preparation for minute inspection, but -A translation of Ticknor's History in consequence of the general anxiety reof Spanish Literature has appeared at specting the feasibility of his new plan. Leipsic, from the pen of Dr. N. H. Julius. The success of the trip established the The original has enjoyed the encomiums principle of the new motive power to of the German critics, ever since its first the entire satisfaction of all whose privipublication in this country, and the ver lege it was to witness the experiment. sion is praised by the same authorities, as The ship left her moorings off the Battery in every way faithful and worthy. It is at an early hour in the morning, proceedincreased by additions and emendations, ed down the Bay to a distance of nine furnished by Mr. Ticknor to the trans and a half miles, and returned to her anlator, as well as by original notes and ad chorage at noon, having accomplished the ditions, derived from other more recent trip of nearly twenty miles, in about two works on the subject, and by two supple and a half hours. The average rate of mentary essays, by Dr. F. Wolf-the one speed was ten knots per hour, against upon Romance Poetry, and the other on wind and tide; a circumstance which the Song-books of the Spaniards. In this speaks loudly in favor of the new prinform it is pronounced to contain the results ciple and the utility of its application to of the latest investigations, and to be in sea-going vessels. The augmentation of comparably the best work on Spanish power, when necessary, is to be obtained literary history.
by increasing the diameter of the cylin -SZEMERE, once the minister, and af ders of the engines. The largest size terwards the assailant of Kossuth, has of those now employed is but fourteen published, at Hamburg, a sketch of the feet, though the original intention of Capt. character and acts of Görgey, the Hun Ericsson, was the employment of cylingarian general, in which he is represent ders of sixteen feet at the least. The praced as a taciturn, capricious, energetic, am ticability of casting such immense masses, bitious man; without principles, quick and and warranting them, is now so well esvigorous in action, but without clear and tablished, that the builders of the Ericsdistinct aims or policy, who intrigued for the son's machinery profess themselves really sake of intriguing, and hated Austria with to manufacture at their own risk cylinders out loving his own country. Some interest of twenty feet diameter,-a feat which ing public documents, of historic value, ac has never yet been accomplished. It is company the work. It will be of great unnecessary for us to enter into the details use to the future historian of the Hun of the trip, or of the explanations, lucid garian war of independence.
and concise, with which the inventor was - The Dusseldorfer Kunstler Album kind enough to favor the company; a (Dusseldorf Artists' Album), for 1853, former article in this journal has met the
main points of the subject. It is suffi matic Society, Mr. Evans read a paper, on a cient to add, that the performance of the gold coin, a new Noble of Edward' IV., vessel exceeded the most ardent anticipa which is considered to be quite unique. The tions of the gentlemen who have been die seems to have been intended for the Noconcerned in her construction, and that the bles of Henry, the II in the centre being happy commencement of the new enter only partially obliterated by the E struck prise inspires reasonable anticipations of over it. The coin is in fine preservation; the ultimate triumph of Caloric over weight, 1071 grains. Steam, as a motive power. The destina - The investigations which have been tion of the Ericsson, we believe, is still prosecuted during the past year by Lieut. uncertain. She is still incomplete and Maury, in regard to the winds and curwill have to undergo various manipula rents of the ocean, have produced gratitions before she can be prepared for a sea fying results.
The sailing-charts prevoyage; her commander is Capt. A. B. pared at the National Observatory, at LOWBER, an experienced and able naviga Washington, under the eye of Mr. MAURY, tor, whose name is well known in connec are coming into very general use, and tion with the mercantile marine of this some thirty thousand copies have been port.
called for in the course of the year. -M. NIEPCE DE St. Victor has lately -The Annual Report of Lieut. Chas. presented to the French Academy certain H. Davis, Superintendent of the American specimens of Photography, obtained in co Nautical Almanac, as presented to Conlors by a new process of his own discov gress, shows an average yearly expenditure ery. The principle upon which he operates of $19,400 on that work. The first vois similar to that propounded by the Rev. lume of the Almanac, already issued from L. L. Hill, in this country,—the fixing the press, will be followed by the second, of the natural colors of objects, by means very speedily, and the printing of the new of a plate and camera, in the manner of the time-tables has progressed with all the daguerreotype. Mr. Hill has not yet pro rapidity that is desirable, in so important duced his specimens, and M. ST. VICTOR an undertaking. finds a radical difficulty in the evanescent -Specimens of gold have been discocharacter of his works. The colors have vered on the Quechee river, near Bridgeall been obtained, and, what is more ex water, Vermont, which seem to corrobotraordinary, metallic surfaces are taken rate the reports of the existence of gold with their own distinguishing characteris veins in that State which have attracted tics. A great difficulty in the method of considerable attention during the past taking the pictures, is that of obtaining four years. Prof. HUBBARD has obtained many colors at once,-- bright tints being valuable specimens of Vermont ochre produced more readily than the darker from the vicinity of Strafford. The mines ones. The worst is the deep green of of this material are deemed inexhaustileaves, while white is quite easy. M. St. ble. Victor further states, that the colors are rendered much more vivid by the use of ammonia.
The old story says that while John was - Microscopists are earnestly debating getting ready to do it, James did it. So the practicability of photographic delinea we stated in our last monthly account tions of minute objects. Mr. Hodgson late of the domestic musical world, that the ly read a paper before the London Micros great interest was the approaching appearcopic Society, in condemnation of the em ance of Sontag in opera; and while the ployment of the Daguerreotype and Talbo town was eagerly awaiting the announce type, until such time as we shall be able to ment of place and piece, Alboni suddenly engrave from daguerreotype plates, ---a plan opened at the “ Broadway” in Cenerentola, which is in a fair way to be accomplished in and at once, easily took that position in cur own country, by the recent invention of public estimation which she has always the Crystalotype by Mr. WHIPPLE, of occupied in Europe, and which she had Boston, a skilful daguerreoty pist, who not yet attained in America. We are glad claims to have discovered a system of sim for her and for ourselves that she did so; ultaneous picturing and engraving, the that she did not yield the field to the dazimage being sunk into a plate of glass as zling prestige of her worthy rival, and withsoon as received into the camera, and there draw to more facile southern fields to remaining in such form that the plate win her deserved laurels. Both the artmay be placed in the ordinary copperplate ists and ourselves are the gainers in this press. This invention, like many other tournament of music. The famous comimportant results among us, is still in bat of Troubadours at the Wartburg has embryo.
been renewed, during the past month, in -At a late meeting of the British Numis New-York, and according to the modern
fashion, by the two great singers, who have so shared the honors, and who, we are happy to say, have never before done so well. It was a bold movement upon Alboni's part, and showed the true spirit of a true artist, to appeal to the public from the stage of the “* Broadway," and with no other vocal assistance than that which had been already sharply criticized at her concerts. But the result, as usual in such cases, has triumphantly justified the hazard. Her success has been great and unequivocal. Not only has she charmed with her wonderfulorgan, her large manner and exquisite method, as she did in the concert room, but she has developed a dramatic talent hitherto entirely latent, and the absence of which was freely forgiven by the rapturous Parisians and Londoners in their intoxication with the voice. This want of dramatic power was always observed by the shrewdest European critics, and with regret, Hector Berlioz in one of his feuilletons exclaimed, “Oh, that I were young and handsome, I would make Alboni fall desperately in love with me; I would maltreat her unmercifully, and at the end of six months she would be a great actress.” The remark showed the keen perception of the critic, for it not only revealed his observation of the want, but his consciousness that it was not irremediable. Let Hector Berlioz come to New-York (if he can leave, for a moment, the enthusiastic ovation of which he and his opera are the objects at Weimar), let him sit in the best seat at the "Broadway,” and behold, with the astonishment we can well imagine, the petted Contralto sir.ging and acting to a Yankee audience, as (we can speak from much experience) she never sang and acted to the most exigeant Parisian parterre; no, not «ven on the eventful night at the Grand Opera, when she made her début as Fidés, in the Proph te. The house is not suited for opera, the orchestra is not very gool; San Giovanni is not a primo tenore, with his sweet parlor voice; there is no Seconda Donna, only prima and ultima ; yet, with the sole assistance of Rovere, who shows a good buffo feeling, and well preserves the traditions of his role, Alboni has triumphed to that degree that, not only are the critics confessed not to have overrated her, but they are reproved for declaring that she was not an actress. We trust the benign singer is herself conscious that she owes something to her American career, and that she would not have visited us in vain, had she only learned that she could be “a great actress” without six months of M. Berlioz's youth, beauty, and beating. Meanwhile we are not at all sure that she did not fancy American laurels had only
to be plucked. We should not be at all surprised if she had supposed, not quite fully understanding Jenny Lind's career, and Barnum's management, that we were so easily humbugged, that her European fame and a few songs would immediately fill her purse. She forgot, probably, what so few natives consider, that Barnum's humbug consisted in enabling us, for the first time in our history, to hear the greatest singer in her prime, and under every advantageous accessory of orchestra, fellow-artists, and concertarrangements. May an indulgent Fate grant us such humbugs without end! To be cured of such a melancholy delusion was worth the visit. No man will pay more lavishly than the Yankee for the best thing. It would be hard to say in what opera Alboni has been most charming. Perhaps, from the greater tenderness of the music, the Sonnambula has been the favorite ; while no single scene has been more loudly applauded than the drum scene in the Figlia. That might, however, be partly explained by the quaintness of the spectacle of so luxuriant a Vivandière. The brisk, pert little daughter of the regiment, could not fail to be amusingly personated by the tropical amplitude of our languid contralto.
The applause with which the success was greeted was, doubtless, not quite legitimate, but partly owing to the drollery of the accidents. Notwithstanding the marked failure of Pellegrini as Elvino, which must have seriously interfered with Alboni's playing, she gave all the rich melancholy to the delicious melodies of Amina, and in the exuberant fioriture of the finale, her magnificent voice revelled, and rose and fell, a steam of rich distilled perfumes,” penetrating every corner of the house with music, and every corner of every heart with delight.
It would be no wonder if Sontag, the dowager Queen of Song, were a little apprehensive of the result of her attempt in view of this sudden and unquestioned triumph. But Alboni at the · Broadway," only piqued curiosity for Sontag at Niblo's, and the more that she was to make her debut in la Figlia. The evening came and the crowd. The house was entirely filled. Even the upper galleries under the eaves had their throng. Even that gloomy, but otherwise agreeable theatre, looked almost gay with the ranks of brilliant toilettes. It was strange to read the heading of the bill. Many years ago, we remember to have read Gardner's “ Music of Nature," an odd mélange of musical science and gossip; and in that book, among other historical notabilities, occurred a brief biography of Sontag.