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deral union, which binds our States to therefore, something beneficent, as well as gether, assuring to each of them complete sublime, in the spectacle of our diffusion. republican independence, free trade, equal It is not like the march of victorious Rorights of citizenship, reciprocal good will, man legions to the conquest and subjecand a united defence against foreign aggres tion of trembling provinces; not like the sion, is a better system of international re sudden rush of a Tartar tribe, over populations, than the old system of treaties and lous and blooming plains, leaving desolaa vague “law of nations," which means only tion in its track; but the steady, onward, the will of the strongest. It is the system fertilizing flow of a mighty river, which which combines Christian fraternity with bears upon its waves the richest seeds of individual independence, and which unites future harvests. All that is valuable in the strength of perfect central unity, with the achievements of time, is ours; freedom the pliancy of municipal and local free of speech and action; a cheap press ; simdom. It is fixed and powerful, yet fluent ple and just laws; rapid physical progress; and susceptible; not petrifying like des religious equality; stable government; the potism, nor licentious like anarchy, but happiness of the multitude ; and these, free, expansive, harmonious, firm; like we deposit wherever we stop, giving them the law which guides stars, where each as a free boon to mankind. Other napursues its own rejoicing course, and yet tions have planted dependent colonies, but bends in genial homage to the imperial we raise up and establish states. They sun. We cannot, therefore, regard the govern slaves at a distance, but we train disposition of the people, even of those the semi-civilized into freedom, teaching more wild and turbulent spirits, who yield them to govern themselves. Mexico, Cuban too unreservedly to the intoxication of a Canada, the Sandwich Islands, under Eupervading influence, as a mere marauding ropean rule, would remain what they are; and piratical rage. We see, beneath the under our tutelage, they would grow into superficial propensity, a deep feeling of powerful communities. Away, then, with inspiration; its excesses we are quick and the cant about freebooting and rapacity! anxious to restrain, but the profounder Recalling to your mind, my excellent impulses on which they are borne, we re cousin, that the effects of democratic govcognize, and shall strive wisely to direct. ernment, as I have briefly shown, are The stagnant and leaden conservatism of great prosperity, the abolition of unjust the world, may croak and denounce as it and complicated laws, the reduction of pleases, but as we have a faith that our poverty and crime, the elevation of the movement is a Providential one, designed masses, benign government, and the for the salvation and benefit of poor, spread of humanitary principles over ignorant, debased and stationary races ; the globe ; let me urge you to a more we shall continue to push forward till ar careful study of democracy, and so I close rested by some mightier obstacle than vi this epistle. tuperation. For, wherever we go, we carry Accept the assurance of my most diswith us the elements of peace, prosperity, tinguished consideration. Yours, progress, and wise government. There is,



ed us.


able of our periodicals. The series of AMERICAN.-We have never known a essays on some well-known authors, less prolific holiday season, than that which appeared in it, were admirable critiwhich has just past. Have our publishers cisms—unsparing, yet kind and judicious. been indolent, or is the taste of the public We hope to be able to offer our own readchanging? It used to be the custom to ers some contributions from the pens of issue, when Christmas approached, an their authors. almost endless variety of “Gifts," -How the critics differ! There was “Remembrances,” “Gems,” “Tokens," the poem, which appeared in our first “Wreaths,” “ Irises,” · Albums," &c., number, the “Warden of the Cinque &c., &c., with very bad mezzotint engrav Ports," -- a writer, in the Literary World, ings, and worse letter-press,-ephemeral alludes to it, as a "break-down,” meanworks, destined to perish in a few weeks; ing a failure ; while another, in the Boston but that custom appears to be rapidly Post, lauds it, as a genuine and excellent passing away. But do men and women poem, the best that has been written on prefer beautiful standard editions of books the death of the Duke of Wellington. He in their place ? Has the perennial super

is so much enamored of it, that he says, seded the annual? We certainly hope Putnam's Monthlywould be worth a 80; for those gift-books were sad things year's subscription if all the other pages at best, while no mind has yet been able had been blank! The Erening Post, of to compute the value of a Shakspeare, a this city, we perceive, takes the side of Milton, a Thomson, a Gray, an Irving, its Boston contemporary; but, on the other a Bryant, a Longfellow. A general de hand, a New Bedford writer thinks that it sire for the possession of these immortal was not sufficiently original in its manner, writers augurs the happiest improvement. being a "a manifest imitation of LongfelLet our publishers be preparing for it the low.” English opinion has not yet reachpresent year!

- Poems are universally pronounced a —Here is a swelling title, " The Land “drug in the market,” and yet they who of the Cesar and Doge; historical and ought to know best about it—the pub artistic, incidental, personal, and literlishers-continue to send them forth with ary," and means travels in Italy. The almost unexampled rapidity. HENRY

writer is Mr. William Furniss, of this ALFORD, and CHARLES MACKAY, are not city, who has made two other advennames well known on this side of the tures in the wilderness of literature. Atlantic ; but Messrs. Ticknor, Reid and We cannot congratulate him on any great Fields, have just published two handsome

His style is inflated and incorvolumes of their respective works, with rect, and his sentiments common. Take prefaces by the authors, and, doubtless, the opening sentence: "On a bright moonwith an assurance that they will sell. light, in the month of March, two travelMr. Alford is a churchman. and writes lers stood upon the deck of the steamer gracefully and genially, in the spirit of 'Rameses,' shortly after she had passed Herbert and Keble, while Mr. Mackay out of the port of Alexandria. Long and is a modern reformer, who celebrates the listlessly they watched the receding outdoctrines of Progress, and urges his fel lines of the low coast of Egypt, and mused lows to a stern and relentless warfare in thoughtful observance until the land was against social injustice and wrong. There mingled with the ocean, as the two tall is an amiable, tender feeling, in both of towers of the Faro and Diocletian's pillar them—a fine poetic sense, and an excel waved their lone forms, like spectres, lent command of language. Some of Mr. against the sky; whilst the last faint Mackay's lyrics have a fiery pathos and twinkling of the beacon-light fled with energy in them, like the sound of a trum quivering flashes into extinction, and the pet. Alford is gentler and quieter in his last glimmer of its meteoric train fell tone, with a rare sweetness of sentiment. upon the sea, to token the departure of Both will find readers in this country of the receding continent of Africa.” With various tastes.

such a load of “ epitaphs," as Mrs. Mala- Mr. Hale's excellent little weekly, prop would say, on board, we wonder how which he called “ To-day,has ceased, the Rameses got out of the harbor at all. because the editor has found other occu The writer then proceeds—“ They were pation. We regret that it was not two friends, who had wandered far from thought advisable to continue it, as it was their early western home into the hoary one of the best-managed and most agree orient, and now met like Eothen, to dream


on the broad bright bosom of the Medi and onward the steamer plunges in her terranean. Travers had journeyed into course. Now she enters the narrow the Holy Land, and Clarence on the Nile, portals of the harbor. The paddle-wheel and they now viewed together the glories lags, plashes, backs, dashes,--the crank of that scene, with the transport of united truckles, falls, and lazily halts, and she hearts, and the communion of unbroken stops ! The light-house is behind !" (dead sympathies."

Were they the Siamese beat, we suppose). The order for droptwins?

ping anchor is given. “Give way-down Immediately the two friends get moon anchor,"—and away the clattering chain struck, and philosophize in this wise : rattles to the sea, and the iron flukes

“ Clarence, who was the first to break the plunge into the sea. The sea riles at its stillness of that hour, observed the gushing

mordant bite." And so on to the end, sheen of that bright vision on the gleaming dreary and platitudinous. waters, and thus addressed his friend :

_" The Rector of St. Bardolph," by "Travers, did you ever notice that the the Rev. F. W. SHELTON, ---one of our moon, when viewed upon water, casts her most amusing writers, who loves fun full shield at the foot of the beholder, and for its own sake, and does not think it nethat her rays diverge from the eye of the

cessary that every joke should involve a spectator, enlarging the masses of broad, sil

moral, is a record of the life of a country very waves, with increasing beauty in the

clergyman, told in a simple but lively distance! Whence then this contrast with the sun, whose rays converge in contrariwise,

way, and abounds in amusing as well as you observe at sunrise, when his full orb

as touching incidents. The choir, the rushes with molten glory from the sea, and

tea-table chat, the sexton, the rector, are that his image is mirrored on the horizon,

hit off with unusual drollery, while the and old ocean is awakened by the expanding sly allusions to religious controversies will beams of his light?”.

have their effect. Mr. SHELTON, the “This philosophy of yours is passing author, has long been one of the most strange, and new to me,” said Travers, "al valuable contributors to the pages of though, doubtless, true. Is it because she the Knickerbocker. shines by soft and coy-reflected light-and, -Barring certain literary inelegancies maiden-like, would lie at the foot of man in Lossing's "Field Book of the Revoluthat we must view the sun afar, and her soft

tion," it is a most creditable performance, sheen much nearer, to our sight?-So strange, indeed, is it, that the most familiar pheno

and, now that it is completed, will take mena of nature are overlooked by the casual

rank among the foremost authorities, on and heedless traveller; and we, who are

the events and characters of our revoluwont to look upon ourselves as only admir

tionary struggle. The labor which must able, are by ourselves so much obscured, that

have been expended in collecting the maour own shadows dim the philosophy of terial, is wonderful, while the fidelity and carth, and leave us little but ourselves to general accuracy is no less surprising. study. Well saith the poet Hastings:

Mr. Lossing has not only prepared the

text, but made the wood-cut designs, E'er left himself behind !'

which are numerous and well done. “Ever thus presumptuous man, relying -Any citizen who drinks milk, or alon his own strength and glorying in boast lows his children to drink it, will find in ful ignorance, is often tripped in his ambi a little work called the “ Milk Trade of tious schemes by some accident of thought.” New-York and its Vicinity," some as

On the next page we have “softer tounding facts. It was prepared by Mr. sheen” and “broad sheen," with more John MULLALY, a reporter for one of our about the moon's opening her moist eye daily papers, and he has exhibited unusual with tremulous pulsations," and "laving diligence in the collection, as well as with showery pearls the expanse of sea, judgment in the arrangement of his mawashing the welkin with waves of argent terials. beauty." There is a storm shortly after, _“ The War of Ormuzd and Ahriwhich is thus described.

“Now again,

man in the 19th Century," is the rather -now still stronger the storm rages, high-sounding title of a Baltimore book, and our free ship tosses and pitches like a by HENRY WINTER Davis. It designates tormented giant, taunted by the wanton the battle between the Republican and and lascivious waves. Each jolting shock Despotic principles, which the author batters the citadel of a heart, and the thinks is approaching, and for which he pallid lip and quivering eye show that desires to see the nations prepared. Russia confidence is gone and we are sick !" is regarded as the embodiment of this and Not more so than your readers ! Mr. the United States of that, while the other Furniss finds it impossible to say that he nations must revolve around one or the arrived in due time at Malta, but writes: other, as mere satellites or allies. The “The beacon is now passed. Straightway rapid' rise of Russia is sketched in the

• What exile from his native land

ciation, the publishers. They will also
issue the official Ilustrated Weekly
Record, to be printed at the Crystal

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outset, — and its ambitious schemes of universal dominion exposed. Next, the distribution of Europe made under the Holy Alliance is discussed, and the successive attempts of the Poles, Hungarians and French to achieve national freedom, narrated. Finally, the policy which the American government ought to pursue in reference to European struggles, is treated at length. The author's ideas, though not identical with Kossuth's, have been evidently inspired by him, though it is a part of his argument that the foreign policy of the United States has always looked to a wise intervention in European affairs. He writes intelligently, and sometimes with eloquence, but his suggestions would have produced more effect if they had been written in a more quiet and subdued style. As to the questions raised in this · book, they are too important to be dismissed in a hasty paragraph ; and we therefore hope to be able to make them the subject, sooner or later, of an elaborate article.

-In a late number of the London Athenæum we find forty-nine American books advertised, one extensively reviewed, and four favorably “noticed.” It is also said, by an English authority, that a far greater number of volumes of American literature have been sold in England during the year 1852, than of English literature in America. In 1834, the publications of English and American works here bore the relation : 198 English to 260 American. In 1852, the relation stood as follows: English, 247, American, 690. Thus the American originals have nearly trebled, while the reprints remain very much the same in number as they were 19 years since.

- A beautiful cabinet edition, revised, of the Diary of SAMUEL PEPys, will speedily be issued, in 4 Vols. small 8vo. And is to appear simultaneously in London and New-York.

-M. CHASLE'S Notabilities in France and England,is also speedily to be published here in an English dress.

- A New Universal Gazetteer, containing much valuable new information, including the recent census of the United States, also those of Great Britain and France, &c., by T. C. Callicott, A. M., one of the editors of the Commercial Advertiser, is a much needed work, which has been long in preparation, and is now advertised for next month.

-The “ Illustrated Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of Industry of all Nations in New York,is to be got out somewhat on the plan and style of the London Illustrated Catalogue. G. P. Putnam & Co. are appointed by the Asso

ENGLISH.— The London T'imes has a “crushing” review of THACKERAY'S “ Esmond," probably provoked by the Preface to the “ Kickleburys on the Rhine,” in which the critic of that learned journal, if we remember rightly, came off second best. It professes to be a fair critique, and speaks patronizingly of the author's talents, but the malicious purpose is illconcealed. The writer complains that Mr. THACKERAY is an utter unbeliever in human virtue, that his good people are all stupid, and his wicked people very amusing, while he makes the most atrocious and exceptional characters the “abiding rule” of life. He next condemns the attempt to imitate the style of the Reign of Queen Anne, because, admitting the cleverness of it, the author has been betrayed by it into numerous discrepancies and anomalies.

He says:

“That Steele should be described as a private in the Guards in the year 1690, when he was only 15 years old and a school-boy at the Charter-house, is, perhaps, no great offence in a work of fiction ; but a fatal smile involuntarily crosses the reader's cheek, when he learns, in an early part of the story, that a nobleman is ‘made to play at ball and billiards by sharpers, who take his money;' and is informed some time afterwards that the same lord has gotten a new game from London, a French game, called a billiard.' It is not surprising that for a moment Mr. Thackeray should forget that be is Mr. Esmond, and speak of rapid new coaches' that performed the journey between London and the University in a single day,' when be means to say 'perform;' neither is it astonishing that the writer of 1852 should announce it as a memorable fact that in the days of Queen Anne young fellows would 'make merry at their taverns and call toasts,' although it is quite out of place for the writer of 1742 to marvel at the same custom, seeing that Colonel Esmond must have known the fashion to be in vogue in the times of George the Second. A less pardonable oversight certainly occurs in the second volume, when (at page 40) the reign of William I1I. and that of Queen Anne seem unaccountably jumbled together in the same paragraph; but were such faults as we have indicated to present themselves with tenfold frequency, it would be idle and unfair to insist upon imperfections inseparable from such an effort as that to which Mr. Thackeray has doomed himself, for no better reason that we can dis cern than that of demonstrating how much more amusing, lively, and companionable he is in his own easy attire than when tricked

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out with the wig, buckles, and other accou is completed, and will soon be put to trements of our deceased and venerated ances tors."

- That portion of the earth, which, a In closing this criticism, the writer ac short time since, was the sink of British cuses Thackeray of repeating himself in felony, has becoine a chief subject of inall his works; saying that though it is terest in England ; and Australia has well to have a natural affection for your now more books written about it, than any offspring, to obtrude them upon your vis other division of the globe. The latest of itors shows a want of tact, good-breeding, these publications is called “ The Three and good sense.

Colonies of Australia,and was written -LAYARD's long-expected work, com by SAMUEL SIDNEY. It is historical, deprising the account of his new explora- scriptive and practical, and gives us as much tions at Babylon and further discoveries information about the new El Dorado as at Nineveh, is to be issued simultaneously, any one would care to get. On the whole, about the first of March, by Murray of it is one of the most reliable works called London, and Putnam & Co. of New-York. forth by the gold discoverers. The work will be fully illustrated, and - Egypt is a sort of patrimony of the uniform with his former work.

St. Johns. In our last number we refer-An additional volume on the “ Life red to the Village Life in Egypt,of and Letters of Niebuhr," has been edited Bayle St. John, and now we have Isis, by SUSANNAH WIRKWORTH, in continua an Egyptian Pilgrimage," by JOHN tion of Chevalier BUNSEN's memoir. It AUGUSTUS St. John, the father of the forrenders the former work more complete, mer. This time, however, we have not a and supplies many interesting letters, book of travels, but a series of stories, de which were omitted by the former editor. signed to illustrate the “inner life” of We do not see, however, that it gives us Egypt. Fable and philosophy are judiany higher opinion of the character of the ciously mingled with pleasant personal great historian.

incidents. - The gentleman who is to replace Mr. A new work by the author of " Jane Empson, lately deceased, in the editorship Eyre” is announced,

,-a novel of course,of the Edinburgh Reriew, is Mr. but whether of the Jane Eyre, or the GEORGE CORNWALL LEWIS, favorably Wildfel Hall School, is not told. How known as an author. He is distinguished, many readers who were thrilled by that says the Atheneum, for his knowledge of thrilling series of romances put forth by political enonomy,—and though not him the “ Bells,” will look forward with eagerself a contributor to the higher classes of ness to this forthcoming volume. A new literature, is said to appreciate literature “ Uncle Tom's Cabin," could not produce in all its branches with : hearty and dis more sensation in the literary world. criminating relish.

A new novel, too, by the writer of - The speeches in Parliament of the “ Mary Barton," one of those exciting late Duke of Wellington, are about to fictions which depict the struggles and be collected and published uniformly sorrows of the poorer classes of England, with the far-famed Wellington Dispatches. The collection was commenced - Mrs. Moodie's forthcoming work is by the late Colonel GurwO01), --continued entitled, “ Mark Hundlestone." It will by the Colonel's widow,—and corrected be published in a few days. in many places by the Duke himself.

- The Westminster Review for Jan FRANCE.-Our notes on French and vary, has an article on Slavery in the German literature are necessarily brief, United States," also an elaborate essay the delays of the Havre and Bremen on the late “ Daniel Webster." and a his steamers, having left us without the usual tory of the “Mormons-three American

supply of new publications from the two subjects, out of the eight which it con countries. tains. This periodical, under Mr. Chap - A new Edition of Calvin's CommenMAN's management, is rapidly improving taries on the New Testament, is about in character and circulation.

to appear in France, under the care of - The - Children of Light, by Caro competent editors. The first volume will LINE CHESTER,” is advertised in the Eng be published at an early day, and will be lish prints, -also the “Portrait Gallery followed by the others at intervals of six of Distinguished Americans, by C. Ed months. Four volumes will complete the WARDS LEICESTER.” What's in a name? work; the subscription price is 25 francs,

- Who does not remember the eloquent or $5. Of all the works of the great “Stones of Venice,” by John Ruskin, and reformer, this is perhaps the most genwho that remembers, will not be glad to erally useful at the present day. His hear, that a second part of that work exegesis of the Sacred Books is impartial,

VOL. 1.-16

is in press.

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