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may follow them, while the veteran missionary is still in possession of his wigwam on the St. Lawrence.
Complicated and mysterious as this matter is, it has a fearful simplicity when brought to a direct issue between Mr. Williams and the Prince de Joinville. The latter has the reputation of being a highminded and honorable gentleman, and I trust will act openly and candidly on a question of so much importance.
Since writing the above, I have again seen the Rev. Eleazer Williams. He went to St. Lawrence county after our last interview, in order to procure some engravings and other things, which might throw light upon the affair, and I requested him to search his journal, to discover what record he had made at the time of his conversations with the Prince. On his return to New-York, he arrived at my house on the 24th December; assisted me in the communion, on Christmas day, and preached for me on the following Sunday. His serinon, as an intelligent auditor remarked, was characterized by sound common sense. The more I have seen of him, I have been more deeply impressed with his piety, his sincerity, truthfulness, and simplicity of character; and I beg here to say, I can now see no reasonable ground to question the entire accuracy of his statements; and, while I can scarcely imagine that the Prince de Joinville, as a gentleman, and a man of honor, will deny the facts asserted, I should not, under the circumstances, deem such denial as a refutation of the story of my reverend friend. I subjoin a copy, made by me, from the original of the journal kept by Mr. Williams, of his interview with the Prince de Joinville; and, to feel its weight as evidence, I must inform the reader that since the year 1808, he has kept a diary of every thing which happened to him, amounting to many volumes. From á close examination of the MS., it is evident that the portion relating to his first conversations with the Prince was written anterior to the allusions made to the revelation of his birth; and that at first he had no other idea than that he was merely recording an interesting meeting with an eminent individual.
** Mackinac, October 16, Saturday. The steamer arrived here at two o'clock, P. M. My son is somewhat indisposed, and on that account I am more willing to remain here, until the Green Bay boat comes.
I have had a pleasant interview with the Rev. Mr. Coit, of the Congregationalist Church. Mr. C. has spent his time much among the Chippeway Indians. in his labors of love he has been successful. I trust
many souls have been converted under his ministry. Evening. It is proposed to have the Divine Service to-morrow at the Pres. byterian Meeting-house. In the morning I am to officiate.
Mackinac, October 17, Sunday Evening. I performed the service this morning-all the gentlemen of the garrison, the soldiers and the citizens of the place were in attend
My subject was upon Apostasy, which gave great offence to Mr. I find he has been excommunicated for his apos tasy. Truth will have its own weight upon the guilty conscience. Rev. Mr. Coit preached this afternoon to the same congregation; his discourse was well adapted to the occasion, and was heard with much attention. Several gentlemen of the place called upon me this evening, and I had a pleasant interview with them. I am invited to administer holy Baptism to-morrow morning.
Two soldiers called and asked for Prayerbooks. I was only able to give them one, which was accompanied with some tracts.
My son is much better-still complains of pain in the head. May God give him grace to be submissive to his Divine will.
On Lake Michigan, October 18 Monday.—The regular steamer for Green Bay (for which we have been waiting) arrived in the port of Mackinac to-day, at twelve o'clock. His royal highnesa, Prince de Joinville, and his suite, were among the passengers. On landing, the Prince and his party went immediately to visit the Arch Rock. In the mean time I had an interview with Captain Shook, of the steaner, wbo stated that the Prince had made inquiries of him, two or three times since leaving Buffalo, about Mr. Williams, the missionary to the Indians at Green Bay, and that as he knew no other gentleman in that capacity excepting myself, I must be the person, the object of his inquiry. I replied, That cannot be, Captain. He must mean another person, as I have no acquaintance with the Prince.
I shall now inform the Prince, said the Captain, that there is a gentleman on board, of the same name as that of his inquiry, who is a missionary to the Indians at Green Bay. Upon this, the Captain left me, and in about half an hour he returned, and was followed by a gentleman, to whom I was introduced as the Prince de Joinville. I was struck at the manner of his salutation. He appeared to be surprised and amazed, as he grasped both of his hands with mine, which was accompanied with strong and cheering gratulations of his having bad an opportunity to meet me, and that upon the surface of one of the inland seas in the Western world. “ Amazing sight!” he continued, “it is what I have wished to see for this long time. I trust I shall not be intruding too much on your feelings and patience, were I to ask some questions in relation to your past and present life among the Indians. We, the Europeans, to satisfy curiosity are sometimes too inquisitive. But I presume, Rev. sir,
it will be a pleasure to you to satisfy the curiosity of the stranger vow before you, who is travelling over the country and lakes which were first discovered by our forefathers." His eyes were intently fixed upon me_eyeing my person from the crown of my head to the sole of my feet.
The Prince in his cursory remarks upon the first adventures of the French in these western wilds was interesting: He spoke of La Salles, Fathers Hennepiu, and Marquette (the latter, the first discoverer of the river Mississippi), in strains of commendation, as men of great courage, and possessing the spirit of enterprise in an unparalleled degree.
He spoke also with regret of the loss of Canada to France. He would attribute this to the want of energy and foresight in the ministry, that France would have easily, at that period sent twenty thousand men into Canada, to maintain her possessions in that quarter, as her naval force was then nearly equal to that of England.
October 19, Thursday.—This morning the Prince resumed his observations upon the French Revolution—its rise, its progress, and its effects upon France, and more particularly to the United States, which were affecting and touching in the extreme. The awful catastrophe that fell upon France, the dissolution of the royal family, and the destruction of the king, he strongly asserted originated from the American revolution, and that the people in the United States can never be too grateful to the unfortunate Louis XVI., for his powerful interposition in their behalf. “It is very evident,” said he, “they do not duly appreciate the aid he afforded them in the day of distress. It is very evident also, that, from the very day when the Court of Versailles formed an alliance with America, the operations of the British against them were paralyzed; the naval force of France rendered more essential service to their cause than her land force. The Atlantic sea was soon covered with ships-of-war and privateers; these were a formidable barrier against England in sending her troops and munitions of war to America. In this war France lost thirty-five thousand men and twenty-five ships of the line. But for these powerful aids no monuments are raised to perpetuate their memory. Louis XVI. ought to be placed next to General Washington as a liberator of the American people. His interference in their behalf is attributed altogether to his political finesse and his hatred to England; hence he is not entitled to their praise or thanks. But, Rev. sir, were the American people duly to consider the important aid he gave them in their struggle with the mother country, its happy result, and the dreadful catastrophe that fell upon his government, his family, and himself; he would truly and justly be considered as a martyr to American independence. The king encountered an opposition from the Count de Vergennes and the Court, when he took the suffering cause of the Americans
in hand. He was moved by the representa tions of the American commissioners, and the Queen was no less urgent to save the sinking cause of the American people. My grandfather and father were present whep the last struggle took place between the King and the ministry upon the article of alliance with the United Colonies of America. That day-it was a happy day for Ameri. caps—but for the King, it was the day of his death! Yes, Rev. sir, on that day, when the King put his name to the instrument, he sealed his death-warrant. The in gratitude of the American people towards the King's memory, is one of the darkest stains upon the stars and stripes of the American flag and independence.'
This afternoon the Prince expressed his wish to take my son with him to France for an education. In connection with this he was informed that we had an infant who had not yet received baptism. He readily consented to stand as a godfather, and would give the name of his mother to the child. But, alas! on my first landing I received the melancholy intelligence that the lovely babe was in her grave-buried on the preceding Sunday, service performed by the Rev. Mr. Porter, of the Congregationalist Church. When the news was communicated to the Prince he appeared to sympathize with me, and remarked, taking me by the hand, “Descendant of a suffering race, may you be supported in this afiliction."
About ten o'clock, the Prince was pleased to enter into his remarks more particularly, upon the family of the unfortunate king, which were, at first, with me, somewhat curious and interesting; but as he proceeded in his narration, my feelings were greatly excited, as it filled my inward soul with poignant grief and sorrow, which were inexpreseible. The intelligence was not only new but awful in its nature. To learn, for the first time, that I am connected by consanguinity with those whose history I had read with so much interest; and for whose sufferings in prison, and the manner of their deaths, I had moistened my cheeks with sympathetic tears. Is it so ? Is it true, that I am among the number, who are thus destined to such degradation—from a mighty power to a helpless prisoner of the state from a palace to a prison and dungeon—to be exiled from one of the finest empires in Europe, and to be a wanderer in the wilds of America—from the society of the most polite and accomplished courtiers, to be associated with the ignorant and degraded Indians? Degraded as they are, as to civilization and polite arts, yet I am consoled at the idea, that I am among the lords of the soil of this western continent, who are as precious in the sight of Heaven as the usurpers of their territories! O my God, am I thus destined ! “ Thy will be done." To be ipform. ed that I had rights in Europe, and one of these was to be the first over a mighty kingdom; and this right is now demanded of me,
to surrender, for an ample and splendid es Before I conclude this article, which has tablishment. The intelligence was so unex already far exceeded the limits designed, pected, my mind was paralyzed for a mo I must briefly allude to the various enment; it was overwhelming to my feelings. deavors which have been made to perThere was a tremor in my whole system,
ac sonate the Dauphin. An interesting companied with a cold perspiration. The
account is given of these in the Home Prince saw my agitation, and left the room,
Journal of December 25, 1852, to which with an excuse, for ten or fifteen minutes.
I would refer the reader for fuller inforA splendid parchment was spread before me for signature, to be affixed with the stamp
mation. Scarcely had Louis XVII. disand seal of Louis XVI. After consideration appeared from the Temple than an imposof several hours, weighing the subject with tor presented himself at Chalons, and much and cool deliberation, it was respect
claimed the honors due to the unfortunate fully refused. In those awful and momen prince. His name was Hervagault, the tous moments, it was happy that my mind son of a tailor in the village of St. Lo, was carried to the similar proposition and and the department of La Manche. A offers made to Louis XVIII., by Napoleon,
runaway, a vagrant, a convicted cheat and in 1802. Being impelled from a sense of
swindler, his baseless tale, plausible manduty to sustain the honor of kings for cen
ners and assurance, gained him numerous turies, the same answer was given, “ Though
adherents; and though repeatedly imprisI am in poverty, sorrow and exile, I shall
oned for his crimes and imposture, connot sacrifice my bonor." Gracious God! What scene am I passing
tinued until death, which soon occurred, through this night? Is it in reality, or a
his course of debauchery and falsehood; dream? My refusal to the demand made of raintaining, with his last breath, the truth me, I am sure can be no earthly good to me, of his story, which was not sustained by but I save my honor, and it may be for the a particle of evidence. benefit of the generations yet unborn. It is Between the first and second pretenders the will of Heaven. I am in a state of ob there was one curious coincidence. Herscurity. So shall I remain while in this pil- vagault, previous to assuming the name grimage state. I will endeavor, with all
of the Dauphin, had represented himself humility, to serve the King of Heaven, and
as the son of a French noble, and his sucto advance his holy cause among the igno
cessor in falsehood, Maturin Bruneau, rant and benighted people, which has been
appeared first on the stage as the child of my delight Although the unexpected intelligence is a
the Baron de Vezin; convicted of decepnew source of trouble, which is already work
tion, he entered the army, served in ing in my inward soul with inexpressible
America, deserted, and after various wansorrow, which will accompany me to my
derings found his way back to France, in grave; yet I trust, that Almighty arm, which 1815, where he also set up as king, and Þas hitherto “preserved me, will now sus met with unprecedented success. tain me.
To the God of my salvation I fly But money and luxuries and homage for comfort and consolation, in this hour of soon led to a prison, and being convicted distress. Let Christ be all and in all. Sa on trial of imposition, he disappeared from viour of the world, have mercy upon thy public sight, and history does not record unworthy servant," and for the glory of thy his end. name, turn from him all those evils that he
Herr Neundorf, the Duke of Normandy, most justly has deserved; and grant, that in all his troubles, he may put his whole trust
as he styled himself, whose career of decepand confidence in thy mercy, and ever more
tion is within the memory of most persons, serve thee in holiness and pureness of living,
came forward during the reign of Louis to thy honor and glory. "For with God Philippe, as a new claimant for the headnothing is impossible." All that I have heard ship of the Bourbons. Like his predeI will lay up in my heart, with the greatest cessors, he had no evidence to support his secrecy.
pretensions, for clairvoyance and mesmerOctober 20, Wednesday.— The Prince and ism can scarcely be termed such. Foolish suite left Green Bay yesterday, at twelve attempts to assassinate him gave him an o'clock, and lodged last night at Capt. Jolin importance which he would not otherwise McCarty's, on the opposite side of the river have had. Banished to England, he lived to my residence. It rained all the afternoon.
there from 1838 to 1844, when, having The adieus between the Prince and myself
withdrawn to Delft, he ended together his were affectionate; he promised to write me, on his arrival at New-York. The gentlemen
life and his deception. officers presented me with their cards; were
Now, all these attempts to personate the urgent to give them a call, should I ever
Dauphin, and the success which for a time visit France. May the best blessing of
attended them, show one thing, viz., the unHeaven rest upon the whole party.
certainty which hangs about the fate of the
unfortunate Prince, and the general public Upon this journal I will make no com impression in France that he was still ment.
alive. Had his death been an ascertained
fact, there would have been no room and who has seen his journal. But a feeling no encouragement for imposture. There of duty to the world at large induces him may be persons who will attempt to con to communicate, as fully as possible, all found the case of the Rev. Eleazer Wil that he himself 'knows upon the subject, liams with these, but I think that no can leaving the result, for good or for evil, to did and discerning mind will do so. The the all-wise disposal of Providence. Many sacred profession, the life, and the peculiar motives of a private nature combine to history of Mr. Williams, all place his render it desirable that nothing should claims for public consideration upon an have been said at present on the subject; entirely different basis. And let me again but these are overruled by other considexonerate him from any share in the ori erations, foremost among which is the gination of the present publication. He importance, that no further time should has kindly afforded me facilities in collect be lost in the plain and bold statementing information on this interesting topic, challenging inquiry and refutationbut not without much reluctance, at the of all that may throw light upon this most publicity to which it will subject him, and curious and interesting historical problem. the incredulity with which, in many quar The disclosures are made frankly, fearlessters, his statements may be net. For ly, and in good faith ; and I trust they years, he did not even mention to his wife will be met in the same spirit. To all that the disclosures of the Prince de Joinville, I have written I say, in the name of God, and I believe that I am the first person Amen.
« The hoodwinked world is seeking happiness,
Here ? "No!' "There?' 'Who can guess ?
What is the use ?
“Love first, with most, then wealth, distinction, fame,
Quicken the blood, and spirit on the game;
Some try them all, and all, alike, accuse.
"I have been all,' said one,
What is the use ?
Loves are like flowers that grow
What is the use ?
for wealth, and seem to pray aright; They heap until themselves are out of sight, Yet stand, in charities, not over shoes ;
And ask of their old age,
What is the use ?'
Or, if sustained, they sigh :
What is the use ?'
Who knows? Not he, who, dead,
What is the use ?
Heaves it, and sees it make
What is the use ? « • Fame is the spur that the clear spirit doth raise
To scorn delights and live laborious days !!
Their souls, and think it good
What is the use ? “They eat their fill, and they are filled with wind.
They do the noble works of noble mind.
They go unto their place
What is the use ?
Our thoughts would say: No doubt
What is the use ?
“Who'll care for me when I am dead and gone ?
Men, if they read the line,
What is the use ?