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cessarily sketchy view of the old times of further to the right, and stopped at its the city: “ In 1712, the population of New southern end by the same Parade Ground, York was 5,840. In 1731, the city ex is the Fifth Avenue, taken as a whole, pertended to Wall-street, and there were haps the finest street in the New World, whites 7,055, blacks 1,567, total 8,622. On but not, by any means more desirable than the east side of Broadway were bushes or many others as a residence. If you allow woods, where a gentleman assured me he your eye to run down Broadway till it had caught quails. In 1742, from the meets å street running to the right, you fort to the country, Broadway was a mere will have paid an imaginary visit to road, with a few straggling houses, only Canal-street, through whose broad aveone of three stories! In 1756, there were nue there formerly flowed the canal from two houses of three stories. The principal which the name is derived. The Bowery house, where all distinguished and wealthy at its southern end merges into Chathamstrangers were entertained, rented for £40 street; you may trace it by a lighter line per annum. In 1800, houses in that running diagonally northeast and southstreet rented for from £200 to £600 per west. The only buildings to which the

In 1742, there were only two engraving before us gives any prominence ships in the regular English trade. In are the churches, to which we shall de1715, a stockade ran across from North vote a separate article. The buildings to East River, where is now the front of which surround Union Square are, with bridewell, jail, &c. In 1789, a lot of six few exceptions, spacious and well-conacres, one and a half miles from Federal structed private dwellings, and when first Hall, situated on the northwest corner of erected were among the finest in the city. Wall and Nassau streets, was purchased We have said that this view gives no for $7,500. In 1796, three acres of said idea of the city's size.* It has the appearlot were sold for $15,000. There were ance of some large trading town, like in 1756, one bookseller, one Latin school, Poughkeepsie, or Troy, on the Hudson, and no college. In 1800, (and here we

rather than of such a great metropolis picture Mr. Longworth's heart swelling as it really is. Broadway, whose actual with pride, in view of the magnificent length from the Battery to Union Square contrast), there are upwards of thirty is two miles and two-thirds, is shrunken booksellers, a vast many excellent Latin in this view to an avenue about half as schools, and a well organized college.” long; on the other hand, its true width is Fifty-three years have passed since these exaggerated; it is by no means as wide words were written, and what changes in proportion as it is here represented. have passed over the scene! Imagine the The engraving, it is true, is small, and emotions of some venerable Dutch burgh wood is a poor medium for the effects er, in whose dull brain no visions of future which it was desirable should be producchange ever quickened the pulse to a ed in such a view; but one may get from more than ordinary beat; imagine his it a tolerable idea of the situation and emotions, on lifting the lid of his coffin, general effect of the portion of New York and gazing around him at the wealth and which lies below Union Square. The splendor of the whilome village of New foreign reader is requested not to accuse Amsterdam. What is left the poor as us of a desire to indulge in the national tounded ghost but to sink back bewildered recreation of bragging, if we modestly and dejected, from the stunning bustle hint that the shipping of New-York could and confusion, and the inextricable whirl, hardly be counted in reality, with preto the welcome silence and inanition of cisely the ease with which our engraver

has rendered it possible; nor is the main The large wood engraving which serves thoroughfare, Broadway, nor indeed its as frontispiece to this paper, gives but a nearly equally busy sister, Bowery, so faint idea of the size of New-York city. thinly peopled that one can distinguish By referring to it, you will see that three the gentlemen in black, who, in the print, broad avenues start from the southern side perambulate at leisure through the midof Union Square, which, with its pretty.cir dle of the street from one end to the cular park, forms the centre of the pic other. ture. The middle one of these avenues The Italian Peninsula has been comis Broadway; the one at your left hand, pared to a cavalier's leg, attired in an unhaving a railroad running through it, is exceptionable high-heeled boot. We can the Bowery, and the short one at the hardly claim for Manhattan Island so ilright is University Place, which terminates lustrious a resemblance. It rather seems at the Washington Parade Ground. Still like the leg of some well-to-do Dutch

the grave.

is Wengrasel iwo or three years since for another purpose; the blanks in the foreground are alrearly filled up. The cut is imperfect, but is given merely as a sketch-map of the position of the city below Union Square. New-Yorkers know that this point is rapidly becoming the centre of the city, and will in a few years be “ down town."

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