Obrazy na stronie

Quarter-Master-General Sir George house of Orange, with the old cry of Murray, and the Adjutant-General Orange Boven,” and universally putthe Hon. Sir f.dward Pakenham, and ting up the Orange colours. from Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Fitz This example was immediately fol. roy Somerset, Lieutenant-Col. Camp- lowed by the other towns of the bell, and all the officers of my personal provinces of Holland and Utrecht, staff, and his Serene Highness the as Haarlem, Leyden, Utrecht, the Prince of Orange.

Hague, Rotterdam, &c. The artillery which was in the field The French authorities were diswas of great use to us ; and I cannot missed, and a temporary government sufficiently acknowledge the intelli- established, and proclaimed, in the gence and activity with which it was name of the Prince of Orange, and unbrought to the point of attack, under til his serene highness's arrival, comthe direction of Colonel Dickson, over posed of the most respectable members the bad roads through the mountains of the old government, and chiefly of at this season of the year.

those not employed under the French. I send this dispatch by my aidede-camp, Lieut. Marquis of Wor

Amsterdam, Nov. 16, 1813. eester, whom I beg leave to recom- The events of last night have shewa mend to your lordship.

the necessity of appointing, without I have, &c.

delay, an administration in this great (Signed) WELLINGTON. city, which, in its form and composi. P.S. I enclose a return of killed tion, may ensure the confidence of the and wounded.

good citizens : in consequence, the of. Since the returns of the enemy's ficers of the schuttery (armed burgh. loss was received, we have taken one ers) have agreed to undertake the eshundred more prisoners, and four hun. tablishment of such an administration ; dred wounded.

and a number of the most respectable

inhabitants have been called out, and General Total—(British and Portu« invited by them to take upon them.

guese killed and wounded.) selves, at so critical a moment, the ho. Two general staff, 6 lieutenant-co. nourable and interesting task of effect. lonels, 4 majors, 44 captains, 80 lieu. ing every thing that can contribute to tenants, 42 ensigns, 6 staff, 161 ser- prevent or stop the incalculable evils jeants, 29 drummers, 2320 rank and of anarchy. file, 41 horses.

The following gentlemen have been

this day appointed, desired, and authoForeign office, Nov. 21, 1813. rized to regulate and divide among The Baron Perponcher, and Mr themselves the functions, in the man. James Fagel, have arrived this day ner they will judge most expedient :from Holland, deputed by the provi. (Here follows a list of 24 names.) sional government which has been es. The colonel and chief of the muni. tablished in that country, to inform cipal guards, who has the great satishis Royal Highness the Prince Re. faction of acquainting the public with gent, and his Serene Highness the the above circumstances, cannot let Prince of Orange, that a counter-revo. pass this opportunity, without admolution broke out in part of the United nishing his fellow.citizens in the most Provinces on Monday last, the 15th earnest manner to behave with temper instant; when the people of Amster- and moderation ; and at the same time, dam rose in a body, proclaiming the manifesting his expectation and wishes, that the joy which will be excited by service, requesting aid to drive the these events, may not induce or mislead French from Zuderie Zee. I lost no the inhabitants to improper behaviour time in working up, and anchored just towards any persons whatsoever, or to out of gun-shot of a heavy battery, pillage or plunder any private or pub. which totally commanded the passage. lic buildings ; since the officers and all As it was necessary to pass, in execu. the members composing the municipal tion of your orders, I made the dispo. guard, are strictly resolved to repel, sition for attacking it. I therefore with all the powers of which they are collected 50 marines and 70 seamen in possession, all and any trespasses from the Horatio, with the same num. which may be committed, to the end ber from the Amphion, with a deterthat the perpetrators receive due pu- mination of storming it from the rear, nishment for their offences.

as soon as the tide would answer for (Signed) The colonel and chief of the boats to leave the ship, which could the municipal guard,

not be done till nine p. m. During Gi C. R. R. Von BRIENEN. the interval a deputation from the

principal citizens came on board under In the name of his Highness the Prince a flag of truce, from the French gedeof Orange.

ral, requesting, that, in order to save Leopold Count of Limburg Stirum, the effusion of blood, and prevent the Governor of the Hague.

disorders which were likely to ensue As the blessed restoration is fast in the city, then in a state of insurrec. approaching, I give notice to all the tion, terms of capitulation should be inhabitants of the Hague, that their granted, by which the French, with wishes will soon be fulfilled, and that their baggage, should be allowed to a provisional government will immedi. withdraw, and be conveyed to Bergenately be established, to provide for of-zoom : this I peremptorily refused, every thing, until his Serene Highness and sent back the terms here with enshall appear among us.

closed. The thickness of the weather In the meantime I invite all good did not enable the deputation to quit citizens to watch for the preservation the ship before ten o'clock at night, of peace and order. I promise to the which induced me to extend the time lowest a day of rejoicing at the public till midnight. I had not proceeded expence; but I warn every one who any considerable distance from the snip, would pillage and plunder that the before the signal, in token of submis. heaviest penalties will be inflicted upon sion, was made. 1 landed at the batthem.

tery, which having secured, I went

forward to the town, and found the Admiralty-office, Dec. 18. native French had made their escape. Copy of an enclosure from Admiral I directed the seamen to remain at the Young, commander-in-chief of his ma- gate, and entered with the marines jesty's ships and vessels in the North amidst the acclamatians of an immense Sea, off the Scheldt, the 11th instant. multitude : proceeding to the town

hall, I was met by the most respectaHis Majesty's ship Horatio, ble inhabitants in a body, and then ha

off Zuderie Zee, Island of ving dissolved the French municipal Schowen, Dec. 8.

authorities, I directed the ancient maSiro-Yesterday morning some pi- gistrates of the city to resume their lots brought off a letter, from a gen- functions. This morning, in complitleman who had been in the British ance with my directions, the magis

trates of the town of Browershaven, mand. No other conditions will be reported their having driven the French admitted. I expect a decisive answer from thence, and they received similar by twelve o'clock this night; my au. injunctions with respect to their pro- thority will not admit of the suspen

. visional goveri ment. I took posses

I took posses- sion of hostilities longer than that pe. sion of a brig of 14 guns, fromerly his riod. If accepted, one gun ; if not, Majesty's brig Bustler, which the ene. three ditto my had attempted to scuttle, also a (Signed) G. STUART. French gun-boat, and a considerable To the commanding officer of quantity of powder, and have, in the the French troops in the course of this day, brought in 20 pri. town of Zuderie Zee, island soners, and more are expected I feel of Schowen. happy in having obtained so important an acquisition as the whole island of A list of ordnance taken. Schowen, without bloodshed, and fa- Six iron 36-pounders, 6 iron 24cilitating the means of opening a com- pounders, 2 brass 6-pounders, 2 brass munication with the allied forces in the 13-inch mortars, and a considerable south of Holland. In closing this dis- quantity of shot and ammunition. patch, I beg leave to recommend to (Signed) G. STUART, your particular notice the zeal and ac.

Capt. and senior officer. tivity of Captain Stewart of the Am. Mem.--Brass ordnance embarked. phion, together with Lieut. Whyte, first of the Horatio, with the rest of Copy of another enclosure from the officers, seamen, and marines, un

Admiral Young. der my command, in this service. I must here beg leave to express how

Horatio, of Zuderie Zee, much I am indebted to Captain Ha

Dec. 10, 1813. milton Smith of the quarter-master- Sir,—The thickness of the weather general's department, for his advice preventing the Tickler's sailing yes- . and assistance, who, from his know. terday, enables me to acquaint you of ledge of the Dutch language and of an affair by the boats of the Hora, the people, has very much facilitated tio and Amphion, under the immethese operations. Í also enclose the diate command of Lieutenant Whyte, List of ordnance, &c, taken.

first of the Horatio. Having received I have, &c.

information that the French had aug(Signed) G. STUART. mented their forces in the island of Admiral Young, &c.

Tholen, with 400 men, and it being

necessary to secure the battery at the Dated on board his Britannic point of Steavniesse, in order for the

Majesty's ship Horatio, at ships to pass up the Keetan, I dis.

half-pa t 7 o'clock, Dec. 7. patched the boats of the two ships at Sir With a view to spare the ef- ten P. M. with the boats' crews only, fusion of blood, as senior officer in when they landed two miles in the rear command of his Britannic Majesty's of the battery : immediately on their forces, I feel it my duty, after the approach the French precipitately fled, communication I have received, and and did not enable our brave fellows the resources which I at present have, to oppose them, and we made only to summon you to surrender prisoners three prisoners. The battery consistof war, with the French officers and ed of six 24-pounder guns. Lieutetroops under your immediate com- nant Whyte, with the assistance of Lieutenant Champion, first of the of the terms, I shall have the honour Amphion, and the officers and men of forwarding them to you ; In the under their command, dismantled the mean time, battery, spiked the guns, destroyed I have the honour to be, &c. the carriages and ammunition, and re- (Signed) Geo. CADOGAN, Capt. turned on board at half.past three A. Rear-Admiral Fremantle, &c. M. Though the enemy did not oppose our force, I hope it will not di

Major Hill, aide-de-camp to Lieut.. minish the merits of the officers and General Sir Rowland Hill, has arrived men employed, and that their zeal and with a dispatch, of which the follog. activity will merit your approbation. ing is a copy, addressed to Earl Ba.

I have the honour to be, &c. thurst by Field Marshal the Marquis

(Sigged) G. STUART. of Wellington, K. G. dated To W. Young, Esq. &c.

St Jean de Luz Admiralty Office,

Dec. 14, 1813. Jan. -i, 1814 My Lord,Since the enemy's reCopy of an enclosure from Rear. treat from the Nivelle, they had occuAdmiral Fremantle, to John Wilson pied a position in front of Bayonne, Croker, Esq.

which had been entrenched with great

labour since the battle fought at VitHis Majesty's ship Havannah, toria in June last. It appears to be

before Zara, Dec. 6, 1813. under the fire of the works of the Sir, It is with great satisfaction I place; the right rests upon the Ahave the honour to inform you, that dour, and the front in this part is cothe fortress of Zara has this day capi. vered by a morass, occasioned by a ri. tulated to the combined Austrian and vulet which falls into the Adour. The English forces, after sustaining a can- right of the centre rests upon this same nonade of thirteen days from the Eng- morass, and its left upon the river Nive. lish batteries, consisting of two 32. The left is between the Nive and the pound carronades, eight 18-pounders, Adour, on which river the left rests. and seven 12-pound long guns, as well They had their advanced posts from as of two howitzers worked by Aus- their right in front of Anglet and to. trians.

wards Biaritz. With the left they As the courier which conveys this defended the river Nive, and commuinformation will set out immediately, nicated with General Paris's division I shall defer entering into particulars of the army of Catalonia, which was at until another opportunity, and confine St Jean Pied de Port, and they had a myself to the general terms granted, considerable corps cantoned in Ville which are, that the garrison are to Franche and Monguerre march out with the honours of war ; It was impossible to attack the ene. to ground their arms on the glacis, my in this position, as long as they re. and then to be conducted, as prisoners mained in force in it. of war, uutil exchanged, to the out- I had determined to pass the Nive posts of the nearest French army. immediately after the passage of the

The outwork of the garrison to be Nivelle, but was prevented by the bad occupied this evening by the Austrian state of the roads, and the swelling of troops, and the whole of the enemy to all the rivulets, occasioned by the fall march out on the 9th, at ten A. M. of rain in the beginning of that month;

As soon as I can make ready a copy but the state of the weather and roads

having at length enabled me to collect neighbourhood of Biaritz and Anglet. the materials, and make the prepara- The light division, under Major-Getions for forming bridges for the pas- neral Alten, likewise moved forward sage of that river, I moved the troops from Bassusarry, and reconnoitred that out of their cantonments on the 8th, part of the enemy's entrenchments. and ordered that the right of the army, Sir John Hope and Major-General under Lieut.-General Sir Rowland Alten retired in the evening to the Hill, should pass on the 9th, at and in ground they had before occupied. the neighbourhood of Cambo, while On the morning of the 10th, Lieu. Marshal Sir William Beresford should tenant-Gen. Sir Rowland Hill found favour and support this operation by that the enemy had retired from the passing the 6th division, under Lieut.. position which they had occupied the General Sir Henry Clinton, at Usta- day before on the heights, into the enritz: both operations succeeded com- trenched camp on that side of the pletely. The enemy were immediately Nive ; and he,

therefore, occupied the driven from the right bank of the river, position intended for him, with his and retired towards Bayonne, by the right towards the Adour, and his left great road of St Jean Pied de Port. at Ville Franche, and communicating Those posted opposite Cambo were with the centre of the army, under nearly intercepted by the 6th division, Marshal Sir William Beresford, by a and one regiment was driven from the bridge laid over the Nive; and the road, and obliged to march across the troops under the marshal were again country.

drawn to the left of the Nive. The enemy assembled in consider- General Murillo's division of Spaable force on a range of heights run. nish infantry, which had remained with ning parallel with the Adour, and still Sir Rowland Hill, when the other keeping Ville Franche by their right. Spanish troops went into cantonments, The 8th Portuguese regiment, under was placed at Urcuray, with Colonel Colonel Douglas, and the 9th Caça. Vivian's brigade of light dragoons at dores, under Colonel Brown, and the Hasparran, in order to observe the British light infantry battalions of the movements of the enemy's division, un6th division, carried this village and der General Paris, which, upon the the heights in the neighbourhood. – passage of the Nive, had retired toThe rain which had fallen the prece. wards St Palais. ding night, and on the morning of the On the 10th, in the morning, the 8th, had so destroyed the road, that enemy moved out of the entrenched the day had nearly elapsed before the camp with their whole army, with the whole of Sir Rowland Hill's corps had exception only of what occupied the come up, and I was therefore satisfied works opposite to Sir Rowland Hill's with the possession of the ground position, and drove in the piquets of which we occupied.

the light division, and of Sir John On the same day, Lieut..General Hope's corps, and made a most desSir John Hope, with the left of the perate attack upon the post of the army under his command, moved for. former at the chateau and church of ward by the great road from St Jean Arcangues, and upon the advanced de Luz towards Bayonne, and recon. posts of the latter, on the high road noitered the right of the entrenched from Bayonne to St Jean de Luz, camp under Bayonne, and the course near the mayor's house of Biaritz. of the Adour below the town, after Both attacks were repulsed in the driving in the enemy's posts from the most gallant style by the troops; and VOL. VI. PART II.


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