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posted in houses and enclosures, and I am happy to say a large proportion which, from dread of falling into the will return to their duty, and most of hands of the Indians, they most obsti- them in a short time. I also enclose a nately defended, at length surrendered return of the arms and ammunition at discretion ; the other part of their which have been taken, as well as of force, in attempting to retreat by the the prisoners, whom you will perceive way they came, were, I believe, all

, or to be equal to my utmost force, exclu. with very few exceptions, killed by the sive of the Indians. It is reported Indians. Brigadier General Winches- that a party, consisting of 100 men, ter was taken in the pursuit by the bringing 500 hogs for General WinWyandot chief, Roundhead, who af. chester's force, has been completely terwards surrendered him to me. You cut off by the Indians, and the convoy will perceive that I have lost no time; taken. Lieutenant M.Lean, my act. indeed it was necessary to be prompting brigade-major, whose gallantry in my movements, as the enemy would and exertions were conspicuous on the have been joined by Major-General 22d instant, is the bearer of this dis. Harrison in a few days. The troops, patch, and will be able to afford you the marine, and the militia, displayed every information respecting our sit ua. great bravery, and behaved uncom- tion. monly well. Where so much zeal and I have the honour to be, &c. spirit were manifested, it would be un- (Signed) HENRY PROCTOR, just to attempt to particularize any; I

Colonel commanding. cannot, however, refrain from mention. To Major General Sheaffe, &c. ing Lieutenant-Col. St George, who &c. Fort George. received four wounds in a gallant attempt to occupy a building which was Return of Prisoners taken after the favourably situated for annoying the action at Riviere au Raisin, on the enemy; together with Ensign Kerr, 22d of January, 1813. of the Newfoundland regiment, who, One brigadier general, 1 colonel, 1 I fear, is very dangerously wounded. major, 9 captains, 6 lieutenants, 10 en. The zeal and courage of the Indian de. signs, 1 brigade-major, 1 adjutant, 1 partment were never more conspicuous quarter-master, 2 surgeons, 27 serthan on this occasion, and the Indian jeants, 435 rank and file.—Total, 495. warriors fought with their usual bra- N. B. The Indians have brought in very. I am much indebted to the dif. and delivered up several prisoners since ferent departments, the troops having the above return was taken ; they conbeen well and timely supplied with tinue to do so this morning, so that every requisite the district could af- this return is not perfectly correct, ford. I have fortunately not been de- por can a correct one be procured un. prived of the services of Lieutenant til they arrive at Sandwich. Troughton of the royal artillery, and (Signed) Felix TROUGHTON, R. A. acting in the quarter-master general's Act. Deputy-Assistant-Quarter. department, ali hough he was wound

Master General. ed, to whose zealous and unwearied cxertions I am greatly indebted, as Return of killed and wounded in the well as to the whole of the royal artil- action at Riviere au Raisin, Jan. lery, for their conduct in this affair. I 22, 1813. enclose a list of the killed and wound- Total-1 serjeant, 1 gunner, 21 pri. ed, and cannot but lament that there vates, 1 seaman, killed; 1 lieutenant. are so many of both; but of the latter colonel, 2 captains, 6 lieutenants, 2 en

son.

signs, 1 midshipman, 6 serjeants, 5 cor. The enemy's advance occupied the porals, 1 bombardier, 6 gunners, 116 pass that evening, and Colonel Adam privates, 12 seamen, wounded.-Ge. took up the ground in our position neral Total-24 killed, 158 wounded, which had been allotted to him.

On the 13th, at noon, the enemy's

columns of attack were formed, comDowning-street, May 18. pored of three divisions of infantry, a

corps of cavalry of about 1600 men, A dispatch, of which the following and a formidable train of artillery. is a copy, was this morning received

The position of the allied army was by Earl Bathurst, from Lieutenant- extensive. The left was posted on a General Sir John Murray, Bart :- strong range of hills, occupied by Ma

jor-General Whittingham's division of Head-quarters, Castalla, Spanish troops, and the advance of the

April 14, 1813. allied army under Colonel Adam. My Lord, I have the satisfaction This range of hills terminates at to inform your lordship, that the al. Castalla, which, and the ground to the lied army under my command defeat: right, was occupied by Major General ed the enemy on the 13th instant, Mackenzie's division, and the 58th recommanded by Marshal Suchet in per- giment, from that of Lieutenant Gen.

Clinton. It appears that the French general

The remainder of the position was had, for the purpose of attacking this covered by a strong ravine, behind army,

for some time been employed in which Lieutenant General Clinton was collecting his whole disposable force. stationed, supported by three batta

His arrangements were completed lions of General Roche's division, as a on the 10th, and in the morning of the column of reserve. Ilth, he attacked and dislodged, with A few batteries had been constructsome loss, a Spanish corps, posted by ed in this part of the line, and in front General Elio, at Yecla, which threat of the castle of Castalla. The enemy ened his right, whilst it supported our necessarily advanced on the left of the left flank.

position. The first movement he made In the evening he advanced in con- was to pass a strong body of cavalry siderable force to Villena, and I am along the line, threatening our right, sorry

say,

that he captured, on the which was refused. Of this movemorning of the 12th, a Spanish garri- ment no notice was taken ; the ground son, which had been thrown into the to which he was pointing is unfavourcastle by the Spanish general, for its able to cavalry, and as this movement defence.

was foreseen, the necessary precauOn the 12th, about noon, Marshal tions had been taken : when this body Suchet began his attack on the ad. of cavalry had passed nearly the half vaace of this army, posted at Biar, un- of our line of infantry, Marshal Suder the command of Colonel Adam. chet advanced his columns to the foot

Colonel Adam's orders were to fall of the hills, and certainly his troops, back upon Castalla, but to dispute the with a degree of gallantry that entitles passage with the enemy, which he did them to the highest praise, stormed with the utmost gallantry and skill the whole line, which is not less than for five hours, though attacked by a two miles and a half in extent. But force infinitely superior to that which gallantly as the attack was made, the he commanded.

defence of the heights was no less bril

to

liant : at every point the enemy was again this morning in great haste, di. repulsed, at many with the bayonet. recting his march upon Fuente de la

He suffered a very severe loss ; our Higuera and Onteniente. gallant troops pursued him for some But although I have taken no cao. distance, and drove him, after a severe non from the enemy, in point of num. struggle, with precipitation on his bat. bers his army is very considerably talions of reserve upon the plain. The crippled ; and the defeat of a French cavalry, which had slowly advanced army, which boasted it never had a along our right, gradually fell back to check, cannot fail, I should hope, ia the infantry. At present his superi- producing a most favourable effect in ority in that arm enabled him to ven. this part of the peninsula. ture this movement, which otherwise As I before mentioned to your lord. he should have severely repented. ship, Marshal Suchet commanded in

Having united his shattered batta. person. lions with those which he kept in re. The Generals liarispe, Habert, and serve, Marshal Suchet took up position Robert, commanded their respective in the valley; but which it would not divisions. I hear from all quarters that have been creditable to allow him to General Harispe is killed; and I beretain. I therefore decided on quit. lieve, from every account that I can ting mine, still, however, retaining the collect, that the loss of the enemy heights, and formed the allied army in amounts fully to 3000 men ; and he his front, covering my right flank with admits 2,500. Upwards of 800 have the cavalry, whilst the left rested on already been buried in front of only the hills. The army advanced in two one part of our line; and we know lines to attack him a considerable dis- that he has carried off with him an imtance, but unfortunately Marshal Su- mense number of wounded. chet did not choose to risk a second We had no opportunity of making action, with the defile in his rear. prisoners, except such as were wound

The lines of the allies were scarcely ed; the numbers of which have not formed when he began his retreat, and

reached me. we could effect nothing more than dri- I am sure your lordship will hear ving the French into the pass with de. with much satisfaction, that this ac feat, which they had exultingly passed tion has not cost us the lives of many in the morning. The action termina- of our comrades. ted at dusk, with a distant but heavy Deeply must be felt the loss, how. cannonade.

ever trifling, of such brave and gallant I am sorry to say that I have no soldiers ; but we know it is inevitable, trophies to boast of. The enemy took and I can with truth affirm, that there no guns to the heights, and he retired was not an officer or soldier engaged too expeditiously to enable me to reach who did not court the glorious termi. him. Those which he used in the lat. nation of an honourable life, in the dister part of the day, were posted in the charge of his duty to his king and to gorge of the defile, and it would have his country. cost us the lives of many brave men to The gallant and judicious conduct take them.

of those that were engaged, deprived In the dusk, the allied army return. much more than half the army of sha. ed to its position at Castalla, after the ring in the perils and glory of the day: enemy had retired to Biar. From but the steady countenance with which thence he continued his retreat at mid. the divisions of Generals Clinton and night to Villena, which he quitted Mackenzie remained for some hours

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under a cannonade, and the eagerness ing of two companies of the 8th, or and alacrity with which the lines of at. king's regiment, and about a company tack were formed, sufficiently proved of the royal Newfoundland regiment to me what I had to depend on from with some militia, encountered the them, had Marshal Suchet awaited the enemy in a thick wood. Captain attack.

M•Neal, of the king's regiment, was I trust your lordship will now per- killed while gallantly leading his commit me to perform the most pleasing pany, which suffered severely. The part of my duty, that of humbly sub- troops at length fell back ; they rallimitting, for his Royal Highness the ed several times, but could not mainPrince Regent's approbation, the names tain the contest against the greatly suof those officers and corps which have perior and increasing numbers of the had the fortunate opportunity of dis- enemy. They retired under cover tinguishing themselves, in as farat least of our batteries, which were engaged as has yet come to my knowledge. with some of the enemy's vessels that [Here follow the names.] had moved nigher to the harbour. By

some unfortunate accident the maga. Kingston, May 5, 1813. zine at the western battery blew up, Sir,–I did myself the honour of and killed and wounded a considerable writing to your excellency, on my number of men, and crippled the batroute from York, to communicate the tery. mortifying intelligence that the enemy It became too evident that our num. had obtained possession of that place bers and means of defence were inade. on the 27th of April. I shall now quate to the task of maintaining posgive your excellency a farther detail of session of York against the vast supethat event.

riority of force brought against it. In the evening of the 26th, infor. The troops were withdrawn towards mation was received that many vessels the town, and were finally ordered to had been seen to the eastward. Very retreat on the road to Kingston : the early the next morning they were dis- powder magazine was blown up, and covered lying-to, not far from the har. the new ship and the naval stores debour ; after some time had elapsed stroyed. Lieut.. Colonel Chervett and they made sail, and to the number of Major Allan of the militia, residents sixteen, of various descriptions, an. in the town, were instructed to treat chored off the shore, some distance to with the American commanders for the westward. Boats full of troops terms: a statement of those agreed on were immediately seen assembling near with Major-General Dearborn and the commodore's ship, under cover of Commodore Chauncey, is transmitted whose fire, and that of other vessels, to your excellency, with returns of and aided by the wind, they soon ef- the killed and wounded, &c. The fected a landing, in spite of a spirited accounts of the number of the enemy opposition from Major Givens and vary from 1890 to 3000. We had about forty Indians. A company of about 600, including militia and dock. Glengary 'light infantry, which had yard men. The quality of these troops been ordered to support them, was, by was of so superior a description, and some mistake, (not in the smallest de their general disposition so good, that, gree imputable to its commander) led under less unfavourable circunstances, in another direction, and came late in- I should have felt confident of success, to action. The other troops, consist. in spite of the disparity of oumbers.

war.

As it was, the contest, which com- up to the commanding officers of the menced between six and seven o'clock, army and navy of the United States. was maintained nearly eight hours. That all private property shall be

When we had proceeded some miles guaranteed to the citizens of the towa from York, we met the light company of York. of the king's regiment, on its route That the papers belonging to the for Fort George: it retired with us, civil officers shall be retained by them. and covered the retreat, which was That such surgeons as may be proeffected without molestation from the cured to attend the wounded of the cuemy:

British regulars and Canadian militia I have the honour to be, &c. shall not be considered as prisoners of

R. H. Sheaffe,

Major General. That one lieutenant-colonel, one His Excellency Sir George major, thirteen captains, nine lieute. Prevost, &c.

nants, eleven ensigns, one quarter-mas.

ter, and one deputy-adjutant-general, Return of killed, wounded, prisoners, of the militia ; nineteen serjeants, four

and missing of the troops engaged corporals, 204 rank and file ; of the at York, under the command of Sir field train department, William Dune Roger Hall Sheaffe, on the 27th of bar; of the provincial army, one capApril.

tain, one lieutenant, two midshipmen, Total.--1 captain, 1 serjeant-major, one clerk ; one boatswain, fifteen na. 4 serjeants, 1 drummer, 52 rank and val artificers; of his majesty's regular file, 3 gunners, killed ; 1 ensign, 2 troops, one lieutenant, one serjeantserjeants, 1 drummer, 30 rank and major ; and of the royal artillery, one file, wounded; I lieutenant, 4 serjeants, bombardier, and three gunners, shall 1 drummer, 36 rank and file, 1 driver, be surrendered prisoners of war, and wounded and prisoners, 6 rank and accounted for in the exchange of prifile, 1 bombardier, 3 gunners, prison. soners between the United States and ers; 6 rank and file, 1 gunner, miss- Great Britain. ing.

Extract of a letter from LieutenantTerms of the capitulation entered into General Sir George Prevost, dated

the 27th of April, 18.3, for the sur. head quarters, Kingston, June ist, render of the town of York, in Upper Canada, to the army and navy Although, as your lordship will of the United States, u der the com- perceive by the report of Colonel mand of Major-General Dearborn, Baynes, which I have the honour hereand Commodore Chauncey. with to transmit, the expedition has

That the troops, regular and mili. not been attended with the complete tia, at this post, and the naval officers success which was expected from it, I and seamen, shall be surrendered pri- have great satisfaction in informing soners of war : the troops, regular and your lordship, that the courage and militia, to ground their arms immedi- patience of the small band of troops ately on the parade, and the naval offi- employed on this occasion, under circers and seamen be immediately sur. cumstances of peculiar hardship and rendered on the parade.

privation, have been exceeded only by That all the public stores, naval and their intrepid conduct in the field, formilitary, shall be immediately given cing a passage at the point of the bayo

1813.

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