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not to be had. But it was asked, was made many years before The investiga. í the nation so poor, or the Prince so tion had been closed for upwards of six economical, that masters could not be years. During all this period her Royafforded at so great a distance ? The al Highness wa pleased to maintain young princess must come to London the most profound silence on the sublike the daughters of farmers and pet. ject, though every motive which had ty squires for the benefit of masters ? been stated in her letter, as the in. Á:d what masters ? For music, draw. ducement to this last step, equally exing, dancing, French, and German ; isted at every former moment.--The that is for accomplishments which di. only rational explanation of all this was vert the mind from solid knowledge said to be, that her Royal Highness and real acquirements ; which qualify had unfortunately got into the hands a girl for a dancing-room, but usually of counsellors, who, either from indisdisqualify her for any thing else, and cretion, or from bad motives, but cer. least of all prepare her to govern a great tainly not with any regard to their country. Why is she not brought royal client herself, to the royal fami. into society? exclaims her mother! ly, or to the country, were determined May not the father, it was answered, to drag the whole of this cause from have been taught by experience the the obscurity in which, prudence on evils of society at an early period of the one hand, and magnanimity on the life? To personages of such high other, had buried it, into the broad rank the dangers of general society day of public investigation.-If it are great in youth. Princes are sur. were not resolved to bring this matter rounded by Aattery and adulation. to an ultimate enquiry, why, it was They may indeed see all the world, asked, should the letter have been but they know nothing of it. Truth written, as it was known to have been, is not allowed to approach them; by a lawyer? Why was it officially and those who minister to their pas- transmitted with copies, duplicates, sions probably become their favour. and all circumstances of solemnity, ites. Who has not heard of the poi- through the Prince Regent's public son of the air of a court ? and obvious. servants—the ministers of the counly it is a poison to which youth is try? And why, at last, when the chiefly exposed. Queen Elizabeth generosity of the Prince and the pruwas educated in seclusion. With re. dence of his ministers declined to respect to the education of the Princess, vive these discussions--why was it it was asked, is she then such a child with so much previous preparation, that she must remain at her mother's with such preliminary pomp, ushered knee to receive the instructions of into the world? masters ? Is this then the personage With respect to the insinuations in who is fit to assume the reins of go- the letter, it was remarked, that the vernment in the event of a vacancy, advisers of her Royal Highness should and to rule this great people in these have explained to her, that the matter eventful times? She might thus be at would not end there that other cononce a sovereign and a pupil; unfit to go sequences might and must result from alone without the help of her mother, it--that here was not a defiance which the nation being incapable of going on could be thrown out with impunitywithout the direction of the child! that the grave charge of subornation
The imputations, (it was also obser- of perjury, to destroy her reputation, ved,) to which the letter alluded, were would not be overlooked that if the
Prince Regent had studiously main- ed, was not seventeen-an age at which tained a silence of fifteen years, upon her studies must be supposed to be all the unhappy differences between still going forward-But her mother the illustrious personages in question, seemed desirous that those studies he had now another duty to perform should be interrupted, in order that -that silence would be no longer her Royal Highness might mix in delicacy to any of the parties---That societies where she might acquire a charges and insinuations could not be knowledge of mankind. What sociepermitted to be brought against him ties it was asked ? Balls and routs ?
without reply or refutation that he - Is there much valuable knowledge i most not be accused of improper treat- to be obtained in such quarters - much
ment towards his daughter, both with health for the body or the mind ? respect to her education and her inter. Would her mother advise her to folcourse with the world and her mother low the example of some other ladies, -and that any attempt which injudi- and obtain a knowledge of mankind cious counsellors might make to weak. by attending chemical and anatomien the affection of the daughter for the cal lectures ? Would she have had her father, must be met and defeated. The perfect herself in the accomplishments advisers of the Princess called for fur- of dancing and speaking, by passing ther enquiry. They said that a day her nights
at the operas or the theatres ought not to pass without further in- -or improve her judgment of the vestigation of her conduct.” If they powers of harmony, by a nearer interwere so anxious to have an enquiry, course with celebrated singers than said their opponents, there could be no from the box to the stage ? Was her reason for refusing their request. royal grandfather's education prose
Her Royal Highness alluded to the cuted in the way now recommended ? result of the enquiry before the noble Assuredly it was not; and yet no lords who had formerly investigated monarch ever sat upon the throne with her case, and appealed to the < evi- more ability, more judgment, and more dence of her innocence" and " the knowledge of the constitution and of complete acquittal which it produced.” the laws of the country. Upon the point of “ ample vindica- As to the last point urged in the tion” and is complete acquittal,” the letter, it was remarked, that the rite report, said her opponents, does “ in of confirmation is undoubtedly an imthe clear and unanimous judgment of pressive and salutary one ; but the the commissioners," acquit her Royal most rigid divines have never considerHighness of actual criminality; but her ed it as essential to the welfare of the Royal Highness, they added, betrayed soul; and in the church of England great imprudence in calling for a fur. it is no sacrament. Who, then, can ther investigation, not that there exist- believe that it was really felt by the ed a shadow of reason for apprehend. Princess of Wales as a personal grieving that a second enquiry would be ance requiring remonstrance, that the likely to attach any greater stain to her princess Charlotte, her daughter, had character than had been occasioned by not yet been confirmed? But the the first, but because there were other statement, that “ all the other branches subordinate circumstances, the detail of the royal family have been confirmof which should, upon every principle ed when younger than the Princess of delicacy, be withheld from the Charlotte now is,” was not correct. world.
The Prince her father was not conThe young Princess, it was remark. firmed until he was near eighteen
years of age, nor was the king her the country.-The paternal kindness grandfather. Where then is the jus- of the Prince to his daughter, his care tice of complaining because the Prin- of her health, of her education, and cess Charlotte has not been confirmed her principles, had long been a theme at an earlier age?
of applause, not only to those very The letter
was evidently not the persons who were now endeavouring production of the Princess of Wales; to insinuate the contrary, but to the and there was a good deal of bad whole nation; and the publication of taste, it was remarked, in so much the letter, lamentable as it was on parade and affectation of maternal many other accounts, had, in one re. tenderness and domestic feeling, when spect at least, proved not unsatisfacevery one must have been convinced tory; as it brought forth into full that it was not a mother who herself view the parental feeling which his expressed her own feelings, but some Royal Highness the Prince Regent persons employed to make out a case, had evinced towards his amiable and and who talked of sympathies and illustrious child, and the credit which feelings with all the cold and canting the cultivated mind and affectionate commonplace of thorough-bred meta- heart of that child did to the unweaphysicians. Why should the Prince ried exertions of her royal father.be the only father in the empire Such were the reflections made on the whose management of his child
was letter which the Princess had been adto be criticised by the public? Why vised to publish, is he not to be permitted to judge The insinuations, however, which how much, or what company she that letter contained, were of such a should see; what accomplishments nature that further enquiry was held she ought to learn ; what preceptors indispensable ; and the Prince Regent it is proper that she should have—and accordingly referred the whole mat. when her proficiency in her studies ter to a commission, composed of may render their further superinten. the dignitaries of the church, and the dence unnecessary? If it had been al- high officers of the law, who, after ledged that the health, or the cha- various meetings, and much delibera. racter, or the education, of the pre- tion, made a formal report on the sumptive heiress of the crown had subject. This report stated, that, been neglected, the public would have after a full examination of the dofelt a laudable interest in having such cuments, the commissioners were of neglect remedied; but it was too opinion, that, under all the circum. much to say that any person had a stances of the case, it was highly fit right to enquire why the young Prin- and proper, with a view to the welcess went into company so little or so fare of her Royal Highness the Prin much-why she had, or had not been cess Charlotte, in which were equally confirmed; what progress she made involved the happiness of his Royal in her education; what visits she Highness in his parental and royal should receive and pay; thus attempt. character, and the most important into pry into all those little details of terests of the state, the intercourse bepaternal care and domestic duties tween her Royal Highness the Prinwhich the letter of the advisers of the cess of Wales and her Royal Highness Princess of Wales obtruded on public the Princess Charlotte, should continue notice, to the astonishment and dis- to be subject to regulation and rę. gust of every father and mother in straint. -That the motives by which
his Royal Highness had been actuated whatever, she thought it due to herin the postponement of the confirma- self, to the illustrious houses with
tion of the Princess Charlotte were which she was connected by blood,, | most laudable, as it appeared by a and by marriage, and to the people
statement under the hand of her Ma. among whom she held so distinguished jesty the Queen, that his Royal High- a rank, not to acquiesce for a moment ness had conformed in this respect to under any imputations affecting her the declared will of his Majesty, who honour. "That she had not been perhad been pleased to direct, that such mitted to know upon what evidence ceremony should not take place till the the members of the privy council proPrincess should have completed her ceeded, still less to be heard in her 18th year. The commissioners also defence. She knew only by common noticed some expressions in the letter rumour of the enquiries which they of her Royal Highness the Princess had been carrying on, until the result of Wales, which might possibly be of those enquiries was communicated construed as implying a charge of to her, and she had no means of knowtoo serious a nature to be passed ing whether the members acted as a over without observation. They re- body to whom she could appeal for ferred to the words, “suborned tra. redress, at least for a hearing, or only ducers.” As this expression, from in their individual capacities, as perthe manner in which it was intro. sons selected to make a report upon duced, might perhaps be liable to be her conduct. She was therefore com. misunderstood, (although it might be pelled to throw herself upon the wisimpossible to suppose that it could dom and justice of parliament, and to have been so intended) to have re. desire that the fullest investigation ference to some part of the conduct might be instituted into her whole of his Royal Highness, they felt it conduct during the period of her retheir beunden duty not to omit this sidence in this country. She feared opportunity of declaring that the do. no scrutiny, however strict, provided cuments laid before them afforded the she might be tried by impartial judges most ample proof, that there was not known to the constitution, and in the the slightest foundation for such an fair and open manner which the law 23persion.
of the land prescribes. This report was communicated to When the letter which had been the Princess by Lord Sidmouth. Her received by the Speaker was read to Royal Highness was immediately ad- the House of Commons, Mr Whitvised to address herself to the Lord bread called on Lord Castlereagh to Chancellor, and to the Speaker of the declare whether it was his intention House of Commons. In her letters to submit any proposition to the to these distinguished personages, she House on the subject. His lordship stated, that the report which she had answered, that he would be ready, just received was of such a nature that painful as the subject was, to give
her Royal Highness was persuaded no every proper explanation when a fit ! person could read it without considere opportunity occurred.
ing it as conveying aspersions upon On the 5th of March, Mr Cochrane her; and although their vagueness Johnstone made a motion on this subrendered it impossible to discover pre. ject. He called upon the House to cisely what was meant, or even what enter into resolutions declaring, that she had been charged with, yet as the the commission in 1806 to Lords Er. Princess felt conscious of no offence skine, Grenville, Spencer, and Ellen.
VOL, VI. PART I.
borough, to enquire into the charges, her accusers as originating in a foul against the Princess of Wales, was il- conspiracy. In this letter the Princess legal--that the acquittal of her Royal of Wales threw herself, and the honour Highness by that commission was in- of her family, on the justice of the valid, because if they had power to king-her honour and her life being acquit, they might also have con. at the mercy of the malice of her acdemned that the Princess was there, cusers. She complained of the et. fore not legally acquitted of the parte crimination, and of the manner charges brought against her, and that and way in which the charges were this uncertainty might endanger, at credited.—That after an interval of some future period, the succession to painful suspence, the duke of Kent the crown. He then moved an ad. announced to her Royal Highness the dress to the Prince Regent, that the near approach of two attornies to take whole documents connected with the away by warrant, half of her family, enquiry of 1806 should be laid before in order to examine them as witnesses the House.
to a charge made against her. The studies In support of the motion it was ob- only request she made on this occaserved, that a commission had been sion was, that the Duke of Kent granted by the king in 1806, to four should remain in the room with her noble lords, Grenville, Spencer, Er- till her servants were gone, for fear skine, and Ellenborough, to examine she should be suspected of holding into certain accusations which had any conversation with them. That been preferred against the Princess of the charge brought against the PrinWales. That the report made by the cess before that tribunal by Sir John commissioners contained the most un. and Lady Douglas was nothing short qualified opinion, that the charge pre- of treason ; that if the commissioners ferred by Sir John and Lady Dou. had power to aequit her Royal High. glas, against the Princess of Wales, ness of the crime charged, they had of having been delivered of a child in equally the power to convict her, and the the year 1802, was utterly destitute what was the state of that country in of truth. That the birth, and real which such a thing was even possible ? de mother of the child said to have been That the noble lords had no autho. born of the Princess, had been proved rity to give a judgment on the occa. beyond all possibility of doubt. The sion--they had no right to pronounce report concluded with some objec. an acquittal, for they had no right and tions made by the commissioners to to find a verdict of guilty. -As a altres the manners of the Princess. That a question of law, the matter was left fibi letter dictated by Lord Eldon, Mr as the commissioners found it. But Perceval, and Sir Thomas Palmer, what became of Sir John and Lady though signed by the Princess of Douglas? They still persisted in the sea Wales, purporting to be written by same story ; but if all they maintained the her Royal Highness to the king, on were so notoriously false, why were the 9th of October 1806, as a pro. they not prosecuted ?-That no protest against the report of the commis. ceedings of the late privy council, ex. cette sioners, contained a formal and elabo. cept the report, had been transmitted rate criticism upon the nature of the to the Princess of Wales—that copies commission under which her conduct of all the examinations ought to be had been reviewed ; asserted, in the given to her ; and it was the duty of most unqualified terms her own iono- ministers to communicate to the Prin. cence, and desrcibed the charges of cess of Wales the fresh informations