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their support from the country which lation at the time of the union might they had deserted. The two heads have been ; the political circumstances which he adverted to would altogether which had since occurred could not diminish the supply of Great Britain then have been contemplated by any by the amount of half a million, while statesman ; but this he would say, that the duties on articles of consumption unless the circumstances of the counimported into Ireland, and the pro- try were exceedingly altered, unless duce of the hearth and other duties, there was a diminution of our expenwhich he was prepared to contend we diture, it was impossible for Ireland could not, if we introduced, or rather to go on at this rate of contribution. attempted to introduce, the taxes paid Parliament ought not to deceive itself, in Great Britain, any longer retain, at least he would not lend himself to would shew that one million per an- the deception. Did any man suppose dum of this expected revenue which that a country, the annual revenue of was to flow into the imperial treasury, which was only five millions, could go was not in fact any addition or increase on raising 16 millions per annum ? Ireto the general resources of the state. land must borrow to pay this contri

u He wished to apply these illustra. bution, and he who hoped that she tions not against any measure which could supply the rest with war-taxes, others might recommend, nor wishing as in Great Britain, or by supplies raito conceal from himself nor from the sed to any great extent within the year, House the efforts he should in future must be ignorant indeed of the circumyears be called upon to make. But stances of the country for which he he advised the sanguine calculators of was undertaking to legislate.

He at increased revenue, who, be it observed, least would, until every other means

were not those persons best acquaint. of supply were exhausted, warn pari ed with the means or circumstances of liament against what, even in a finan.

Ireland, to pause before they jumped cial point of view, would be deemed fato their conclusion, and to bear in re- tal to the growing wealth, and to that collection, that all that might be add- which could not grow without wealth, ed to a financial statement was not ne. the future productive revenue of the cessarily added to the revenue of Ire. country—and he spoke of a country, land, or to the general receipt and in. of the state of which, limited as his of come of the empire. With respect to ficial experience had been, he was yet the contribution of Ireland of sixteen not uninformed. The exertions of Ire. millions and a half, he, who had to pro- land had been great.-Great Britain pose measures to parliament to provide was to raise in the present year twelve for it, could not but contemplate with hundred thousand pounds by new taxes apprehension such an increase ; but, -Ireland was called upon to provide aware, as he must be, of the difficul. more than half that sum by new duties ties which it imposed upon himself, - Ireland, a country bearing no comand not disguising from the committee parison in point of natural or improved what the pressure of it must ultimate. resources. In the year 1785, when Mr ly be, it would still be unfair to draw Pitt proposed new taxes to the amount any comparison from the last and the of 900,0001. per annum, it was deempresent year of extended military ope. ed after the duration of the Amerirations and increased expenditure in can contest, and the exhaustation of every part of the world, which had oc- the national means, the greatest efcasioned to us so heavy a charge. He fort which any country had ever made would not advert to whai that calcun to redeem the public difficulties. Yet in less than 30 years, after a war of united kingdom is not called upon to more protracted length, of at least un- struggle beyond her strength, if her diminished sacrifice, and increased ex. means are not outrun, trust me she pence, Ireland, the whole of whose an. Will yet prove to the empire a source nual income at that time did not ex- of supply and of succour, such as the ceed the duties that the British parlia. most sanguine mind has not perhaps ment then imposed, has undertaken to contemplated. Do not attempt to an. provide six hundred thousand pounds, ticipate too rashly her growing pow. being in the last two years a contribue ers; if you anticipate you crush them. tion of fresh taxes, more than her I wish my right hon. friends

may

feel whole income amounted to at the time with me. Whether I or another may that the commercial propositions were next year fill that situation which now discussed. Let me not then be told I have the honour to hold, I know not ; that Ireland withholds herself in this but the legislature will, I hope, act instance, or that those who are re- upon the same principles ; and I am sponsible as her ministers endeavour confident that Great Britain will yet to obtain for her a partial remission, find in our increasing population, in which England has not received. We the improved fertility of our soil, in are making fair, and great, and gene- our extended industry and augmented rous exertions in the cause of Great means, that Ireland will, in point of Britain, a cause in the support of contribution, be enabled to make not which we are not only pledged by less exertions than in other respects compact, but which our country is, I she has already done, or than the emadmit, bound to combat for by every pire already owes to the loyalty, the principle of mutual interest and of hardihood, and the valour of her peocommon safety. If that part of the ple."

CHAP. IV.

The Princess of Wales.-Her Letter to the Prince Regent. Proceedings of

Parliament on this Subject.

The unfortunate differences which publication of this letter ; in which had for some years subsisted betwixt her Royal Highness stated, that it the Prince and Princess of Wales had was with great reluctance she obtruceased to attract the notice of the ded upon the Regent to solicit his at. public, until, on the 14th of January tention to matters which might at in this year, her Royal Highness first appear rather of a personal than was advised to address a letter to

a public nature. That if she could the Prince Regent, which speedily think them so—if they related merely found its way into the public prints. to herself—she should abstain from The letter was, by command of her proceedings which might give uneasiRoyal Highness, transmitted by Lady ness, or interrupt the more weighCharlotte Campbell to the Lord Chan- ty occupations of his Royal High. cellor and the Earl of Liverpool, with ness. She should continue, in silence a request that it might be laid before and retirement, to lead the life which the Prince Regent. It was returned had been prescribed to her, and conthe next day by the Earl of Liver. sole herself for the loss of that society, pool to Lady Charlotte Campbell, and those domestic comforts to which with an intimation, that as all corre- she had so long been a stranger, by spondence had ceased for some years, it the reflection, that it had been deemed was his Royal Highness's determina- proper she should be afflicted without tion not to renew it. The letter was any fault of her own. But there were again sent by the Princess, with an in- considerations, she observed, of a hightimation that it contained matter of im. er nature than any regard to her own portance to the state ; but was once happiness, which rendered this address more returned unopened Some fur. a duty to herself and to her daughter, ther correspondence took place on the as well as to her husband and the subject, which it is of no importance people committed to his care.—There to recapitulate.

was a point beyond which a guiltless The persons who had advised the woman could not with safety carry Princess to this measure determined on her forbearance. If her honour is in. another and more decided step-the vaded, the defence of her reputation is

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no longer a matter of choice, and it Their intercourse had been gradually signifies not whether the attack be diminished. A single interview, weekmade openly, manfully, and directly, ly, seemed sufficiently hard allowance or by secret insinuation, and by hold. for a mother's affections. That, how. ing such conduct towards her as coun- ever, was reduced to a meeting once tenances all the suspicions that malice a fortnight ; and she had recently can suggest. If these ought to be the learned that even this most rigorous feelings of every woman in England interdiction was to be still more rie who is conscious she deserves no re- gorously enforced.—But while she did proach, his Royal Highness had too not venture to intrude her feelings as sound a judgment, and too nice a a mother upon his Royal Highness's sense of honour, not to perceive how notice, she must be allowed to say, much more justly they belonged to that in the eyes of an observing and the mother of his daughter—the mo. jealous world, this separation of a ther of her who is destined to reign daughter from her mother would only over the British empire. That du. admit of one construction--a construcring the continuance of the restrictions tion fatal to the mother's reputation. upon his royal authority, she purpose. That there was no less inconsistency ly refrained from making any repre. than injustice in this treatment. That sentations which might then augment

he who dared advise his Royal High. the painful difficulties of his Royal ness to overlook the evidence of her inHighness's exalted station. At the nocence, and disregard the sentence of expiration of the restrictions she still complete acquittal which it produced, was inclined to delay taking this step, or was wicked and base enough still in the hope that she might owe the to whisper suspicions, betrayed his redress she sought to his gracious and duty to his Royal Highness, to his unsolicited condescension. She had daughter, and to his people, if he waited in the fond indulgence of this counselled him to permit a day to expectation, until to her inexpressible pass without a further investigation mortification, she found that her un- of her conduct. That no such ca. willingness to complain had only pro. lumniator would venture to recomduced fresh grounds of complaint ; mend a measure which must speedily and she was at length compelled either end in his utter confusion. Thus, to abandon all regard for the two without the shadow of a charge a. dearest objects which she possessed gainst her-without even an accuser on earth, her own honour, and her -after an enquiry that led to her ambeloved child, or to throw herself at ple vindication she was yet treated the feet of his Royal Highness as the as if she were still more culpable than natural protector of both. That the the perjuries of her suborned traducers separation which every succeeding represented her, and held up to the month was making wider, of the mo. world as a mother who might not enther and the daughter, was equally in- joy the society of her only child. jurious to both. To see herself cut That the serious, the irreparable inoff from one of the very few domestic jury which her daughter sustained enjoyments left her-certainly the on. from the plan thus pursued, had done ly one on which she set any value, more in overcoming her reluctance to the society of her child—involved her intrude upon his Royal Highness, than in such misery as she well knew his Roy. any sufferings of her own could acal Highness could never inflict upon complish. The powers with which her if he were aware of its bitterness. the constitution vests his Royal High

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ness in the regulation of the royal fa. Windsor her residence, appeared not mily, were admitted to be ample and to have regarded the interruptions to unquestionable. Her appeal was made her education which this arrangement to his excellent sense and liberality of occasioned, both by the impossibility mind in the exercise of these powers : of obtaining the attendance of proand she willingly hoped that his pa- per teachers, and the time unavoidably ternal feelings would lead him to ex. consumed in the frequent journies to cuse her anxiety in representing the town which she must make, unless she unhappy consequences which the pre- were secluded from all intercourse, even sent system must entail upon her belo- with his Koyal Highness and the rest of ved child.—That the character of the the royal family. That his daughter Princess Charlotte would be injured had never yet enjoyed the benefit of by the perpetual violence offered to confirmation, although above a year her strongest affections by the stu. beyond the age at which all the other died care taken to estrange her from branches of the royal family have parthe society of her mother, and even taken of that solemnity.-Her Royal to interrupt all communication be. Highness concluded by expressing the tween them. That all attempts to a- extreme reluctance with which she bate her .attachment by forcibly se- had taken this important step. parating the parent and child, if they No sooner was this letter laid be. succeeded, must injure her child's prin- fore the public, than it became the ciples—if they failed, must destroy her subject of eager and angry discussion. happiness. The plan also of exclu- While many approved of the letter ding her daughter from all intercourse in all its parts, and of the conduct with the world, appeared to her hum- which her Royal Highness had been ble judgment peculiarly unfortunate. persuaded to follow, there were others She who is destined to be the sove. who seemed to entertain very differ. reign of this great country enjoyed ent sentiments.-It was remarked, that done of those advantages of society many of the complaints made in the which are deemed necessary for im- letter were extremely frivolous. The parting a knowledge of mankind to Prince and Princess, it is true, live persons who have infinitely less occa- separately, on the worst terms. This sion to learn that important lesson : state of things can only have arisen, and it might so happen, that she should it was said, from causes which the be called upon to exercise the powers Prince deems sufficient; and were he of government, with an experience of to give up the government of his the world more confined than that of child to a person whose conduct he the most private individual. To the himself impeaches, he would thus con. extraordinary talents with which she fess himself to be highly criminal in is blessed, and which accompany a living in a state of separation from her disposition singularly amiable, frank, mother. Now it is better that his Roy. and decided, much might be trusted ; al Highness should commit an error but beyond a certain point the great- under an impression that he is acting est natural endowments cannot strug- rightly, than that he should persevere gle against the disadvantages of cir- in misconduct avowedly and delibecumstances and situation. Those who rately. The most amiable may err, advised his Royal Highness to delay so the most profligate alone can persist in long the period of her daughter's acknowledged guilt.-As to the edu. commencing her intercourse with the cation of the Princess, the letter obworld, and for that purpose to make served, that at Windsor masters were

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