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good citizen, and do every thing to being but feebly occupied by small maintain public tranquillity. When parties of cossacks. After some time the assembly separated, the confede- had been spent in warm discussion, the rates requested that those persons who assembly broke up, the persons present might be disposed to give their assist. having resisted all the persuasions of ance, would meet two days afterwards the confederates, and refused to ap(on the 20th) at the same place ; and point any provisional government. The added, that several notables would be result of this conference cast a general, convened at the same time, in order gloom over the minds of the people ; that some decisive measures might be they began to think their cause despetaken to provide for the defence and rate, since those individuals, who, from government of the country, until the their station, were considered as the return of the Prince of Orange. best qualified to assume the direction

As it was of great importance that of affairs, refused to commit themselves, the prince should be informed, as soon or to embark in the enterprize. Conas possible, of the events which had fidence was, however, in some measure taken place, an officer had already been restored by the appointment, on the dispatched to the head-quarters of the 21st, of M. Hogendorp and Maasdam allies at' Frankfort, with a letter for to the general administration of affairs his most serene highness; and on the at the Hague,—an appointment of same day, (the 19th) M. M. Perpon which these gentlemen accepted. cher and Fagel set sail from Sche- On the 23d of November, M. Van veningen, with a favourable wind, for Stissen was dispatched by the confeEngland, to offer the sovereignty to derates to the provinces beyond the his most serene highness, and to in- Yssel, now occupied by the allies ; he vite him to come over and assume the found that their whole force consisted government. Messengers had also been of 4 or 500 cossacks, under the comdispatched in different directions; some mand of Prince Lapupkin. The Friesto the English fleet ; others to the landers were every where disposed to nearest points said to be occupied by declare for the Prince of Orange, and the allies. M. Vander Hoven was to enlist as volunteers in his name ; now sent on a similar mission, with but the magistrates could not be pre. general instructions to use every effort vailed upon to take any

decisive meato hasten the advance of the combined sures. An application for assistance armies.

; having been made by M. Van Stissen On the 20th, the adjourned meet- to P. Lapupkin, he replied, that he ing of the ancient regents was held at should be glad to see a eneral armathe house of M. Van Hogendorp— ment and declaration in favour of the Some of the most wealthy persons of Prince of Orange, and that he would the town had been summoned to at- afford every facility in his but tend, and about fifty persons assem.

that he was resolved not to controul the bled. The same arguments which had wishes of the inhabitants. He expressbeen before used, were repeated with ed great admiration of what had been as little effect. No circumstances had done at the Hague, and promised to occurred to brighten the prospects order the immediate advance of a body of the confederates ; on the contrary, of cavalry to assist the confederates. the allied armies, which had been re. The provisional government, which presented as advancing, were known had been established at Amsterdani, to have no considerable force in Hol- and which had neither acknowledged land, the provinces beyond the Yssel the Prince of Orange nor abjured Buo.

power ;

naparte, continued in a state of indeci- guard ; and the French garrison, after sion; the enemy was known to medi- some negotiations,

evacuated the place, tate a general attack upon the lines, and retired upon Utrecht. Woerden from Amsterdam to Dordrecht; the was immediately occupied by the Dutch contrary winds precluded all hope of troops, who placed a cannon and twenthe arrival of immediate assistance from ty-five men in an out.post. The proEngland, and the bad state of the roads per precautions, however, were not obstructed the advance of the artillery, taken by the raw volunteers, who had and retarded the march of the allies. made themselves masters of the town ; Alarm was spread on all sides by the so that the French, having marched pusillanimous. In this emergency, M. from Utrecht, surprised the out-post, Scholten and Professor Kemper de- took the cannon, escaladed the town, termined to make another attempt to and after some resistance got possesinduce the magistracy to declare for sion of the place, and took Colonel the Orange cause, and the efforts of Tulling prisoner. It was with much these gentlemen, aided by the approach difficulty that the Orange guard made of 300 cossacks, prevailed. The Prince good its retreat upon Leyden. The of Orange was solemnly proclaimed at French committed here the most barAmsterdam on the 23d, the people barous outrages, and despondency for shewing the most enthusiastic joy, and a moment seized the patriots. hailing him by the title of King of On the morning of the 25th, the Holland.

anxiety of the public was at the highThe confederates and their adhe- est pitch. The state of the wind still rents had already made very consider continued adverse to the arrival of asable advances of money from their pri- sistance from England; its slightest vate fortunes ; and the government alterations were watched with the greatbegan to experience much inconve- est interest; the road from the Hague nience from the want of supplies. The to Scheveningen was crowded with difficulties of collecting the existing persons of all ages and sexes, who taxes, and the fear of imprudently spent the day on the coast, watching committing their authority by levying every sail, and who were often deluded new impositions, induced them to by false reports of the arrival of the issue a proclamation calling upon the English. In the midst of this anxiety, inhabitants for voluntary subscriptions (on the 26th) a boat was seen to ap: - a measure, which was productive of proach the shore, and the report was little good, and served only to disco- instantly spread that an English officer ver their poverty and weakness. On was on board. He landed amidst the the same day, however, intelligence was loudest acclamations; and the popucommunicated to the public, that an lace, without waiting for any explanaofficer, who had been dispatched to tion, and deaf to all remonstrances, the English squadron, had returned conducted him in triumph to the go. with promises of speedy assistance ; vernor's house. The person who had and General de Jouge, having informó been thus mistaken for a British offied Count Styrum, that Woerden was cer proved to be a gentleman named occupied by a very feeble French gar- Grant, who had come over on a merrison, that officer was ordered to ad- cantile adventure, and had brought vance from Badegrave with the force with him English newspapers, which under his command, and take possession contained accounts of the great prepa. of the town. Colonel Tulling was ac- rations made to embark troops for cordingly dispatched with the Orange Holland. The effect produced by his arrival suggested the idea of keeping follow his example. Thus the navigaup the delusion; and, at the request of tion of the Maese was secured to the M. Van Hogendorp, Mr Grant dress confederates, and all the sailors having ed himself in an English volunteer immediately hoisted the Orange Alag, uniform, and shewed himself in every vessels were armed and manned with part of the town. The expedient suc. out delay, and dispatched up the river ceeded for the moment beyond expec. to straighten William-Stadt and Heltation, in inspiring the disheartened voetsluys, which were still occupied by people with confidence, and in intimi. the enemy. dating the French, who, upon hearing The confederates were, by these that troops had arrived from England, means, protected from any sudden irand that the cossacks had occupied ruption on the side of Gorcum ; but Leyden, retreated towards Utrecht, the greatest apprehension still existed and abandoned their intention of ad- of an attack from Utrecht. The vancing upon the Hague. The Dutch French army there, under the command people, however, were become so in- of General Molitor, which originally credulous, by the constant succession consisted of 4000 regular troops, had of false intelligence, that they very been augmented by the arrival of desoon suspected this story to be a con. tached corps, which had been driven trivance of the government ; and some in by the peasantry from the surasserted, that the supposed British rounding country. There was nothing officer was an inhabitant of Rotterdam, to impede the advance of this army who had been selected for the occasion. upon Amsterdam and the Hague, for Mr Grant, however, afterwards ren- it was superior in numbers and discidered more essential service to the pline to any force which the confedeDutch cause, by carrying accurate in rates could have opposed to it. Their telligence to Admiral Perrier of the troops, which consisted of a few hunstate of affairs in Holland, and of the dred men only, were for the most part dangers to which the confederates were raw volunteers, badly armed, and with. exposed.

ont any military experience. It is About this time, Admiral Kichert difficult, in such circumstances, to acrepaired to M. Van Hogendorp at the count for the inactivity of the enemy, Hague, and signified to him his de- otherwise than by supposing him determination of declaring for the Princeceived and intimidated by the accounts of Orange ; he then produced a plan which were continually circulated of of operations to secure the navigation the arrival of the British and Russian of the Maese, from the Briele to Gor- troops. The Dutch, about this time, cum. The execution of this plan re- displayed great ingenuity in the transquired, however, the immediate ad- mission of false intelligence to the vance of 50,000 forins (50001.) M. French, who were thus foiled at their Van Hogendorp having given the ad- favourite weapon. miral his note of hand for that sum, On the 27th, Mr Fagel arrived from he returned to Rotterdam, raised the England, and brought a letter from money among the friends of the con- the Prince of Orange to M. Van Hofederates there, and immediately com- gendorp, promising the prompt arrival menced his operations, by a proclama- of succours, and stating the prince's tion abjuring the government of Buo- intention of sailing as soon as possible naparte, and declaring for the Prince for Holland. This letter induced the of Orange. This event decided the confederates to hope that they might provisional government of that city to be able to keep the French in check till the debarkation of the British troops. general, was discovered to be on fire. It was printed and dispersed without All the papers belonging to the office delay, and put an end to the hesitation had been left there ; in three hours of the magistracy of Leeuwarden and the whole edifice was consumed; and Groningen, who, on the receipt of it, as the fire could not be considered acimmediately gratified the wishes of the cidental, it was supposed to be a coninhabitants of Friezland, by declaring certed signal given to the French by for the Prince of Orange.

their emissaries at the Hague. To After the Orange Aag had been dispel the general gloom, Captain Bahoisted at the Hague, Captain Wautier ker directed as many marines to be was dispatched to the head quarters of landed from the Cumberland and Printhe allies, which were then at Frank- cess Caroline as could be spared, with. fort. On the 22d, he found General out endangering the safety of those Bulow at Munster, and communicated vessels. Accordingly, on the followto him the events which had taken ing day, (29th) 200 marines were displace in Holland. The General ob- embarked. The people were over. served, that this insurrection would be joyed at their arrival, and each conno less advantageous to the allies than tended for the satisfaction of having an a successful campaige ; but regretted Englishman billeted in his house. All that his instructions did not permit their former terrors and anxieties were him to advance beyond the Yssel. He forgotten in the joy for their deliver. was, however, subsequently induced ance; and from the most excessive to deviate from his orders, and to act despondency they passed to the oppo. upon his own responsibility. An un- site extreme. Their confidence was successful application to the same ef- at the same time increased by intellifect was made to General Winzinge. gence, that the enemy had retired rode ; but an order for his advance upon Gorcum after evacuating Woer. from the Crown Prince of Sweden, den and Nieuwersluys. The day was under whom this general served, was spent in rejoicings and in preparations afterwards obtained by the confede- for the arrival of the Prince of Orange,

which seemed now the only event wantOn the 28th of November, four ing to complete the general happiness. English men of war appeared off Sche. The prince, who had embarked on the veningen ; Captain Baker immediately 26th at Deal, on board the Warrior, landed from the Cumberland, and pro- with Lord Clancarty and the English ceeded to the Hague, which had just embassy, arrived on the 30th off Sche. been entered by a detachment of sixty veningen. In the course of the voyage cossacks. Still, however, the people they fell in with the Cumberland ; and were alarmed and incredulous as to Captain Baker having communicated the arrival of English troops ; parti. to the prince the state of affairs at the cularly as Admiral Ferrier sailed with Hague, the apprehensions which were two of the above ships from Schæven- entertained of the return of the French, ingen to the Texel, and the transports, and the feeble means of defence poswhich had been erroneously announced sessed by the confederates, Lord as accompanying the fleet, did not ap: Clancarty was induced to order Cappear An event which occurred in tain Baker off his station, and to send ihe middle of the night increased the him to Admiral Young with a stateconstei..ation.

A large building in ment of these circumstances. The the centre of the town, which had admiral soon dispatched 300 marines, been inhabited by the French attorney. who were landed at Scheveningen,


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and employed to make a demonstration at the Hague, he proceeded to the on Helvoetsluys.

house of Count Styrum, which was When his most serene highness ap- thrown open, and all were admitted proached the Dutch coast, various re- into his presence. At night the town ports were conveyed to him of the was illuminated ; and, as the people surrender of the Brielle, and it was every where proclaimed William the proposed to sail for that port ; but First sovereign prince, it was proposed another opinion fortunately prevailed, that he should immediately assume that and the original intention was perse. title. It was, however, after some vered in, of bearing up for Scheven- consideration, decided, that no step of ingen. The Brielle was still in the this nature should be taken till his most possession of the French, and much serene highness had visited the capital. risk would have ensued, had the plan The prince was desirous of proceeding of landing there been adopted. Al. the next day to Amsterdam, but was though doubts were entertained re. detained by the meeting of a council specting the state of affairs on shore, of war, which was attended by Lord the prince was with difficulty persua. Clancarty, and by Generals Bulow and ded, when he arrived off Scheveningen, Benkendorf. At this council the future to permit M. M. Perponcher and military operations were decided upon. Hoppoer to precede him to the Hague, The whole military force at the that they might obtain information, Hague consisted of about 1500 men, and communicate, by signal, whether including the 200 English marines it would be safe for him to land. His landed by Captain Baker. These impatience was, however, so great, troops would not have been sufficient that, without waiting for this signal, to prevent the advance of the French; a few minutes after these gentlemen but the arrival of the Prince of Orange had left the ship, he got into a boat, inspired the Dutch with fresh courage, from which he was conveyed in a cart and induced the French to form an erto the shore, under a royal salute from roneous opinion, that he was attended the English sbips. An immense con- by a powerful army from England. course of people had rushed into the From this time the success of the res water to receive him ; and it was with volution was considered by the people difficulty he could disengage himself as certain ; yet the more enlightened from the crowd which pressed round were not without serious apprehen. from every side to congratulate him on sions, when they considered the feeble his return. The day was remarkably means of defence which the govern fine, the beach was covered with speca ment possessed. The enemy still oc. tators, and the cry of Orange Boven cupied the greater number of the for. was heard from all sides, accompanied tresses, and the whole of Zealand, inby demonstrations of joy approaching cluding the Island of Walcheren, so almost to phrenzy.

that the Prince of Orange, in fact, Amid the disgusting scenes of base had nothing more than the open towns. and unprincipled adulation which have His situation, indeed, was so critical, disgraced a neighbouring country, it that Lord Clancarty deemed it pruis with pleasure the mind turns to the dent to detain the Warrior some days contemplation of the honest joy of a upon the coast, as a resource in case of people whose applause confers honour any reverse. upon its object, because it has never The Prince of Orange, convinced been lavished upon a tyrant.

that unanimity in a nation is the only On the arrival of the Prince of Orange source of strength, lost no time in gi

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