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our civil rights,” the Bible in any school of our schools and colleges. In forming is the palladium of all our rights, titles, this opinion, I have taken into my and honors — temporal, spiritual, and premises that everywhere appreciated eternal.

and highly respected and respectable If, with the Honorable Soam Jenyns, class of men that occupy the pulpitwe place not patriotism among the sometimes called the sacred desk-on Christian virtues because our Lord did at least one day in every week. They not, being only social selfishness, we have very promiscuous, and sometimes will not withhold that Book of books very unstable hearers, and they give from any pupil of any school in any them but one lesson, or at most two, section of humanity, which places phi- in one week, and these are not prolanthropy before our eyes in its most tracted generally beyond the limits of attractive forms, and which, indeed, a single hour, while most of you occuenthrones it in the heart of every well py the attention of your pupils more educated youth, as the queen of all the time in one month than they do in a social yirtues. If our humanity be whole year. In point of time and labor, limited, or circumscribed by political one academic teacher is equal in this and social leagues and corporations, let area to some ten or twelve religious inus infuse into every youthful heart structors. Besides, you teach with a that spirit of universal benevolence, by book in your hand, and the same book the teachings of that Divine Spirit is in the hand of every pupil in your which makes our duty, our interest, class. He takes a verse, and you take our honor, and our happiness, to em- a page or a plurality of pages in a single brace in the bosom of Christian bene- lesson. You have this advantage, your volence the frozen Icelander and the classes are children, or young men with sun-burned Moor. In doing which, good memories, not deeply inscribed we practically imitate the Father of all with the cares and troubles of life. Of mercies, and the God of all grace, who course, then, you have a power paracauses his sun to rise upon the good mount in shaping the destínies of manand the evil, and who bestows the early kind, greatly superior to that of the and the latter rain on the just and on priesthood and clergy of this age. You the unjust.

read the Holy Scriptures, too, in the To the professional teachers of the vernacular, and sometimes in the oriyouth of our country, we would express ginal ; hence, in truth, I must regard an opinion which we have long cherish- you as quite as influential upon the ed, and which we esteem it both a duty destinies of the world as are the clergy and a privilege on such occasions as the of the living age. present to express-Gentlemen, from A word to the wise is enough. many years experience and observation Cherish, then, a high estimate of your

at least one quarter of a century of high calling, and estimate your remy life a professional teacher -- and sponsibilities in the light of eternity, familiar with many of the most repu- and accordingly act as high and most table teachers in the Old World and in responsible functionaries, in planting the New, for at least half a century, I in the heart, in the seed-time of life, have come to the conclusion that no the seeds of those high and holy princiclass of men, in any department of so- ples which enlarge the understanding, ciety, have more of the good or evil which purify the heart, and which destiny of the world in their hands and adorn with high and holy virtues, the under their influence than the teachers life of man.

A. C.

There is an eternal echo both to the The tools of labor are sceptres of evil and the good of our actions. The higher empire than monarch ever sway; universe is as a gallery to take up the ed, that of dominion over the earth and report, and send it back upon us, in elements. They are the weapons wheremusic'sweet as the celestial harmonies, with man achieves the most benignant or in crashing thunder of wrath upon of all conquests, the subjugation of the the soul. Evil deeds, above all, have powers of material nature to the sertheir echo.

vice of humanity.

NOTES ON PROFESSOR R. MILLIGAN'S “ REPLY TO T. FANNING.”*

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BROTHER MILLIGAN, --It is a source sidered the matter in the light of the of thankfulness to our Heavenly Fa best authors. Brother M. gives two ther, to think there is a prospect of ex- examples. Honor thy father and amining a few grave questions in refe- mother,” is the first. The command, rence to which the brethren seem not as the Hebrew word plainly implies, to have come to the saine conclusions, simply signifies to reverence our father in a spirit becoming believers in Jesus and mother. We know nothing more Christ. The only serious objection to specific, and yet our reverence may be publishing the Gospel Advocate, as ex- manifested in divers ways. Secondly, pressed to intimate friends, was a fear Whether, therefore, ye eat or drink, of coming in contact with dictatorial (these are specific) or whatsoever ye do, and otherwise disagreeable spirits do all to the glory of God.” We see among the brethren ; but I am happy nothing general or generic in doing any to say, that our writers generally have and every thing to the glory of God. been courteous, and I am pleased to The mode is thus specified—it is to be labor with good men to disentangle the done to the glory of God. But from truth from the very gross darkness the burden of Brother M.'s remarks, we which has long rested upon the reli- think we see a still worse feature. He gious world. Yet we have no ground says, in another place, “ Words have a for boasting we have done nothing secondary, as well as a primary meanmore than our duty we may yet fall ing.” If the idea is, that words have from our steadfastness, and should, first a literal, specific meaning, and then therefore, keep under our bodies and a general or generic meaning, we disaall ambitious feelings, in deliberations gree. We presume Brother M. does of so momentous a character.

not mean to say, with our Pædobaptist 1.-In reading Brother Milligan's es brethren, that words—active verbs--as say, we understood him to approach baptize, for instance, often express the very nearly the popular view of the effect, or the thing done, but the action times, in which it is assumed, that“ if is undefined. We can only say, we are the motives are good, or the people are acquainted with no such words. It is sincere, all will be well.Our authority true, we can have a verb with a literal for such a conclusion was drawn from or primary meaning, and a secondary the following statements, viz. :-“ Did or metaphorical signification ; but it they (the deacons) regularly organize, must be remembered, that according to by appointing a president, secretary, all the canons of criticism, the meta&c. ? Can any man produce a 'thus phorical or secondary meaning must saith the Lord ? With many this is conform to the primary. the only rule of action in ecclesiastical But finally, Brother Milligan disaffairs. From their conversation and poses of the matter, so far as Christian writings the mere novice in Christianity practice is concerned, entirely to our would be apt to infer, that the New satisfaction. He says, “ The idea that Testament is a code of the most specific the government of the universe is like precepts. But the diligent student of that of many families, in which there the New Institution finds very few such is no proper standard of right and precepts. God has made the New Tes- wrong, of virtue and vice, of obedience tament a book of motives—he has enact- and disobedience, in which all laws and ed some very generic laws, and illus- principles are made to yield to the force trated rules by authoritative examples." of circumstances, and in which it is

These statements induced us to ask supposed motive may sanctify every Brother M. for his definitionsof generic action, is at once dishonorable to God and specific Christian laws. The an- and destructive to man.” Practically, swer seems to be, that there are some we repeat, the conclusion is correct, general and some special laws. We can notwithstanding our difficulty in reconscarcely appreciate the idea of a general ciling it with the premises submitted.” or generic law, although we have con- 2. - Brother Milligan introduces new

organizations to our ears. He asks, * See page 597, last volume. “Why may not the evangelists unité

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together, elect a president and what- weak and distracted church,” which ever other officers may be found neces- can do but little for the salvation of sary to the efficient discharge of the the world.” The advocacy of these orwork of the ministry, censure or remove ganizations of necessity, is, to our mind, those officers if necessary, and transact a plain abandonment of the church as all business connected with the general the body of Christ for the amelioration welfare of the church and the conver- of man morally and the salvation of the sion of the world ?” “ If it is lawful world. Indeed, with such views, we for a board of deacons or elders to form see not how any one can respect the an organization in harmony with the church, or even become a nominal memduties of their office, and transact their ber of it. If organizations of necessity own official business, why may not are to accomplish all the work, which evangelists form an association in har- seems to be the tendency, the sooner mony with their calling, and co-operate we renounce the work the better. I in all things pertaining to the Re- regret the necessity of speaking so deemer's kingdom? In our present plainly, but this is very much the tenindependent, weak, and distracted con- dency of things in the present crisis. dition, we can, as á church, do but little I am, however, most happy to know for the salvation of the world. If we that some of our more thoughtful and want to supply our country with Bibles, successful brethren, seem to entertain a or to send out a missionary to Jerusa- good degree of confidence in the ability lem or Liberia, we cannot do it as a of the church to accomplish much good. church. In this capacity we have no It is a little singular, that in the same means of co-operating, but we must Harbinger which brings to our ears form a Bible Society and a Missionary such things as we have noticed, we find Society, to deprive the church of the an antidote in a letter from the brethglory of converting the world. I ask ren at Louisville, Ky. (signed D. P. no better proof of the necessity of such Henderson, A. S. Shotwell, James Traan evangelical organization as that for bue) in the following words, viz. :which we plead, than the creation of so

“ Beloved brethren in Christ, — By many religious and semi-religious asso, the authority of the members of the ciations, for the accomplishment of Christian church meeting on the corcertain specific ends. They are the creatures of necessity-I mean of a pre- in the city of Louisville, Ky. the un

ner of Fourth and Walnut Streets, sent necessity. They are the offspring dersigned "have engaged our beloved of pious hearts, whose benevolence

must and will flow, and for which the church, evangelist and agent for the congrega

brother, Elder William Thompson, as it is now organized, furnishes no tion, to travel and labor among our corresponding medium.” Thus writes Brother Milligan, and States, and assist in raising a necessary

sister congregations in the United as in these extracts I presume we have fund, to sustain two or more evangehis whole ecclesiastical philosophy, I must say, that we differ across the

whole to England, Scotland, and Ireland.

lists, whom we shall send on a mission heavens. In them we find the follow

Taking the primitive churches as ing organizations, for which there is no authority in the Bible : Ist, An orga. congregation is a missionary society in

our model, we feel satisfied that each nization of deacons ; 2nd, one of elders; itself; and if unable by itself to raise 3rd, one of evangelists; 4th, a Bible Society; and 5th, a Missionary Society, to make an appeal to the brotherhood

means enough forany projected mission, all to perform labor “ for which the church has no corresponding medium" for ard. This we now do by sending A few other organizations, such as a will be placed in the treasury of the

Brother Thompson to you. The funds Freemason Society, to take care of orphans and widows a Temperance church, and sacredly set

apart and used

for this mission by the congregation we Society, to inculcate sobriety-an organization with a good president, secre

represent." tary, &c. to educate men for the minis- Thank the Lord, that at least the try, and anti-organizations to meet all members of one congregation regard the evils of society, might and would the church as a missionary society, and enable their advocates to repudiate “a | they appeal to the churches for co

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operation in this good work. If I could list, their appointment or support. bring myself to the sad conclusion, that They all amount to nothing upon Bro. the church of Christ, even in her“ weak M.'s plan, and we feel not disposed to and distracted” state, is not the best proceed further till the church can occuMissionary, Masonic, Temperance, Edu- py her true position. She must do everycational-ministerial especially-Bible thing for us, morally and spiritually, or and Revision Society on earth, it seems I wish to have nothing to do with her. to me I could have no respect for her I suggest, however, with a good deal of claims. Were I, in such circumstances, respect for Professor Milligan, that I disposed to labor for the moral im- find not a single scriptural position provement of my fellow-men, of course maintained by him. He writes fluently I could have no alternative but to use and well, but, like many others, he such organizations of necessity as might writes, to my mind, as if he felt himself present themselves. But I must for- destitute of all religious authority, and bear, and I most sincerely regret to hear hence he can see no impropriety in such things from Brother Milligan. calling Timothy a bishop. Whilst, Surely upon the second sober thought" however, Brother M. manifests thé he will abandon his whole scheme. I Christian courtesy he has done so far, have noticed but a single point out of I can but hope our interchange of sennine that I had marked for examina- timents will result beneficially to the

but with Brother Milligan's teach- cause of Christ. Should Brother M. ing in regard to the inefficiency of the change his teaching regarding the church, and her utter incapacity to do church, will rejoice, but more for the but little for the salvation of the world, present seems to me unnecessary. With I see no use in attempting an investi- the most kindly feelings, I am, gation of the internal regulations, as

T. FANNING. the meaning of elder, bishop, evange

tion;

THE CHURCH OF CHRIST.-No. IX.

THE WORSHIP OF THE SAINTS.

to your souls.” The weary are invited

to come, secondly, to take the yoke, and In the church of Christ alone can the thirdly, the promise is, rest to their worship of God be correctly performed; souls. and, consequently, the statement that But when men 'prostrate themselves men can as acceptably serve God out in the very dust and implore heaven to of the church as in it, iš most pernicious comfort them while yet in the kingdom teaching. The Saviour represents the of this world, and without the most kingdom as A man who went out distant idea of submitting to Christ's early to hire laborers into his vineyard, authority, the supposition must be, and when he saw one standing idle, he that there is no kingdom of safety. said, go into my vineyard and work, But so confused are the views of and whatsoever is right I will give you. many regarding the church and its obHe went out also, the sixth, the ninth, jects, that we wonder not at the insigand eleventh hours, and did likewise.

nificant value placed upon church relaThe first step of the hired was to go tions, or any authorized obedience. into the vineyard, and although they Wishing, however, to treat in the premight have toiled assiduously all the sent number, mainly of the worship of day in the streets, they would have the disciples of Christ, and above all performed unauthorized service, and, things, to render becoming service in therefore, no reward could have been the cause of truth, we are inclined, in claimed from the owner of the vineyard. obedience to our custom, to call atten

Our Lord spoke to the same effect tion to such distinct points, as will emwhen he said, " Come unto me, all you body some of the most important practhat labor and are heavy laden, and I tical features of religion ; and we shall will give you rest. Take my yoke upon begin withyou and learn of me, for I am meek and lowly of heart, and you shall find rest ist.--THE FEELING OF PERSONAL RE

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We say,

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SPONSIBILITY WHICH SHOULD REST talent lost all. It might have been UPON CHRISTIANS.

said of him, “He was a harmless man;" The great Webster, in one of his hap- but it will be observed again, this is not piest moods, declared that his feelings sufficient. All human associations fail of personal responsibility to God, were very soon, unless the members have the most important in all his eventful much work to do. Labor, indeed, is

the mainspring and life-giving power of experience.

all human associations, and we must But judging from the general indifference of church members in reference these suggestions, that religious and

ever keep in mind, if we profit from to practical obligations, we might infer all other successful labor is, in fact, the the heart is not in the matter. No

result of anxious feeling. man can accomplish much in business, whether in a popular profession, in

2ND.--THE MEETINGS OF THE trade, or even in politics, whose heart

DISCIPLES. is not thoroughly imbued with the

When we form societies we give up feeling incident to his labor. We sup; what the world calls freedom. pose the noble Greek, who declared “We are not our own, we are the that eloquence was the result of ac- Lord's,” and our brethren have rights tion, action, action,” would have been over us to keep us in the path of duty. much nearer the mark if he had said, But Christians are bound by the most eloquence is the direct outburst of deep solemn obligations to assemble toemotion. Never did we listen to an gether, as circumstances may suggest, earnest prayer, though delivered by the for mutual protection and defence. The poorest African, that we were not satis- Apostle exhorts the disciples, “ Not to fied that deep feeling is the only condi- forsake the assembling of themselves tion of genuine eloquence. The earnest together, as the manner of some is, but farmer or mechanic is sure of success ;

to exhort one another, and so much the and we can call to mind no one who more as ye see the day approaching." has struggled feelingly in any good “ For,” says he, “if we sin wilfully, pursuit, that success did not attend the after we have received the knowledge effort. An old actor said of a new of the truth, there remains no more player who afterwards became distin- sacrifice for sin. The connection guished, when he first appeared before shows, that this “ wilful sinning”, conthe public, “ He is in terrible earnest." sists in a failure to assemble and perBut our blessed Saviour on this point form the service of the Lord. Absence said, “The violent take the kingdom from the house of prayer and the society by force." The language most strongly of the beloved ones, is generally eviindicates the state of earnest Christian dence of apostacy. The idea of meetminds. The Jews said our Lord spake ing to hear preaching, we think cannot as one having authority, and not as the be found amongst the first Christians. Scribes. Peter was a very son of thun- The world should go to preaching to der in his preaching ; Paul made Felix learn the way into the kingdom of tremble and exclaim, “ I will hear thee favor ; but the converted should meet again of this matter,” and the primi- for self-culture, and to qualify themtive disciples did much more by their selves to bring others into the fold. earnestness than their logic.

Romanists and Protestants have subMartin Luther and John Wesley are stituted, to a great extent, speeches illustrious examples of men accomplish- | called sermons, for the worship of the ing much by their hearts being fully in congregations, and hence the general the work they were maintaining. practice of religionists listening often

We would respectfully remind the to speculating and empty declamation, beloved brethren, that it is not religion with the view that this is the worship to “cease to do evil ;" or merely live in of God. The results are ignorance and such a manner that it may be said of sin, and a very wide departure from us, they do no harm. God requires of spiritual simplicity. In conclusion on us a positive character, and unless our this point, we must say we have never “light shine before others," of course known a people grow in the spirit, who we can induce no one to glorify the failed to assemble together for the serLord. The man who improved not his vice of God.

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