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have its due place. Let not an intellectual assent to points of doctrine be mistaken for the Christian faith. But let this faith be allowed to stand forth in its true character, as a personal trust in Christ, and let the doctrines of Christianity be the study of those who are already converted to Christ. From this point of view, all doctrines appear to be equally unevangelical—that is to say, equally foreign to the gospel proclamation, and the faith which this is designed to produce. In this view, the declaration that “ Christ died for our sins," is not a doctrine, but a fact ; and the same may be said of the announcement that he
was buried,” and of that, also, which completes the gospel, viz. : that “he rose from the dead." These are simple statements of fact--not doctrines, tenets, or deductions of human reason from premises scriptural or unscriptural—not matters of speculation to engage the intellect, but divine realities to control the heart. The gospel, nevertheless, is the foundation of all true Christian doctrine, but the foundation must precede the superstructure. The gospel is the title to a rich inderitance, from which industry may derive the most precious fruits, and in which sagacity may discover the richest mines of treasure ; but these are not mentioned in the deed. Or, it may be compared to the seed which includes and enwraps, but does not display, the future plant which it is designed to produce, with its branching stem, its verdant outspread leaves, its flowers and fruits. It is this seed of the divine word, in all its intact simplicity, that the true evangelist seeks to implant in the human heart, confident that while “he sleeps, and rises night and day,” it will “grow up, he knoweth not how," for the earth bringeth forth of herself first the blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the
But the doctrine-loving religionist must, forsooth, presume himself to unfold that seed, to separate its parts, to give to them a new arrangement, to mingle with them the germs of his own philosophy, and endeavor to implant this bulky and complicated substitute in the minds of men. But this dissection has destroyed the vitality of the seed. It cannot vegetate. On the other hand, they are the germs of human philosophy that grow and flourish in the name and stead of the gospel and faith of Christ. It is this philosophy, this doctrinal opinionism, which, like the larva of a parasite in the body of an insect, feeds upon the gospel into which it has been introduced, until, by destroying the life of the truth, and consuming its materials, it has succeeded in effecting its own development, and in establishing itself in the room of that divine faith which was designed to save the world.
And doth embrace the world, and worldly things;
And mounts not up with her celestial wings.
That with her heavenly nature doth agree;
She cannot in this world contented be.
Or pleasure of the sense, contentment find ?
Or, having wisdom, was not vexed in mind ?
Which seem sweet flowers with lustre fresh and gay,
But, pleased with none, doth rise and soar away.
And, like Noah's dove, can no sure footing take,
And flies to Him that first her wings did make.
AN ADDRESS ON EDUCATION.
THERE is not, in all the expanded | is neither an angel nor an animal. He area of human thought, any theme more has a body, a soul, and a spirit. He important or more prolific of good or has a trinity of natures in one personevil to man, temporal, spiritual or ality. While Jehovah has a trinity of eternal, than is the theme of human personalities in one nature, man has a education. It has commanded the at-trinity of natures in one personality. tention, and more or less engrossed the He has an animal nature, an intellectual thoughts, of the most gifted minds and nature, and a moral nature. Hence the most philanthropic hearts that have the prayer of the greatest apostle and adorned our common humanity. The ambassador of heaven was, “ May God capacity of man, the dignity of man, sanctify you wholly”-in body, soul, and the destiny of man, have been more and spirit. These are not two, but three or less popular themes in every age, and entities, and these three are in every amongst all the civilized nations of the human being. Man has an animal earth. The three most engrossing ques- body, an animal soul, and a rational tions in every age, in every clime of spirit. Two of these are earthy and earth, and in every tongue of man, are, temporal—one is spiritual and eternal. were, and ever will be, What am I 1 He is, therefore, not improperly called Whence came I ? Whither do I go ? a microcosm, a miniature embodiment
These are the loftiest, the most pro- of universal nature, or of the divine found, and soul-engrossing themes, on
creation. which the mind of man can concentrate
We do not, then, wonder, standing all its powers, and tax all its resources. on the pinnacle of this temple, that It is conccded by the highest tribunals there was a divine interposition in beof human science and human learning, half of humanity in its ruins, and none by the greatest and best of all philoso- for the angels who kept not their first phers, that the only object seen, con- estate. And this, indeed, is no ordinary templated, and admired by man, which attestation of the dignity of man. the sun surveys or the earth contains Hence the institution of a remedial -the only existence within the human system, to elevate, dignify, and beatify horizon that will never cease to be, man, was introduced by the Creator
He of all earth's tenantry, had himself, and consummated by the ina beginning, but will never, never, carnation of the divinity in our humannever have an end.
ity. This is the proper stand-point It is this view of man, and this view whence to survey the special providence only, that magnifies and aggrandizes and the special grace vouchsafed to man the theme of his education ; and that, as he now is, in his lapsed and ruined in every age of civilization, has, more condition. than all other (themes, engrossed the Hence the true and enduring subattention, elicited the energies, and basis of a rational and adequate educacommanded the activities of every tion of a human being, is a just and true truly enlightened philosopher.
conception of man, not as he was, but But the proper philosophy of man, as he is now, and as he must for ever indicated in his origin, constitution, be. Any system not based on these and destiny, is an essential preliminary conceptions, cannot possibly meet the to a rational disposition and develop- demands of our nature, nor develope ment of this theme. The first question, and perfect a human being to act well then, necessarily is, What is man? He his part in the great drama of human
life. The only text-book for such a soul and spirit of man. King Solomon system, and such a study, and such a endorses this theory in affirming that füll-orbed development of man, is that a man's wisdom makes his face to inestimable volume, vouchsafed by God shine;" that its “ merchandize is better himself, in progress of completion some than silver, its increase than that of fine 1600 years. It developes his nature, gold.”, “ It is more precious than pearls, his origin, his destiny, and counsels his and all the objects of desire are not course in life with special reference to equal to wisdom.” He affirms that his full development and preparation its ways are ways of pleasantness for the highest honors, pleasures, and that all its paths are paths of peace enjoyments, of which he is capable. It that “it is a tree of life to those who adapts itself to his highest reason, to possess it, and that happy is he who the strongest and most enduring crav- retains it. ings of his nature, and reveals to him But there is knowledge without wisthe only pathway to true glory, honor, dom; and there may be, at a certain and immortality. Hence we conclude angle, wisdom without much know. that this volume should be a standing ledge. We have occasionally met with and a daily text-book in every primary persons of much knowledge possessing school, academy, and college in Chris- little wisdom, and with some possessing tendom.
much wisdom with little knowledge. But this is not all ;--the true philoso- Education, however, imparts knowledge phy of man demands that a rational rather than wisdom, while wisdom uses and systematic course of instruction knowledge with discretion, applying should be instituted and prosecuted and appropriating it to high and holy with a special reference to the con- purposes. Wisdom and knowledge are science, the heart, and the spirit of man, of the same paternity, but not of the as to the understanding or intellectual same maternity. They are, however, powers, the taste and the imagination eagerly to be sought after ; and he that of the pupil or the student. The whole seeketh them with all his heart, shall world within him, as well as the whole attain to wise counsels. They are the world without him, should not only be richest gifts of God to mortal man. defined and developed, but cultivated, Education, we repeat, is the developmatured and perfected, in full harmony ment of what is in man, and according with his origin and destiny, not only as to Webster, “it comprehends all that far as appertains to the present world, series of instruction and discipline but also as relates to the future and the which is intended to enlighten the uneternal world.
derstanding, correct the temper, and Man was not created for this earth form the manners and habits of youth, as his whole patrimony. He was des- and fit them for usefulness in their futined to be a cosmopolite, not of cur ture stations." It is, consequently, planet only, or of our solar system, but physical, literary, moral, and religious. to have intercourse, free and cordial, No irreligious man is, therefore, a wellwith the tenantry all worlds, and to educated man. His head may be large be a peer of the highest circles of the and crowded with ideas ; but his heart highest sphere of God's universe. He is dwarfed and cold to God and man. is, in fact, through the interposition of His conscience is callous, if not seared the second Adam, made a peer of the with guilt; and his moral sensibilities highest realms in creation, and a joint morbid, if not paralyzed to death. heir with Adam the Second, who is When we affirm the conviction, that himself heir of all things. May we not, every well-educated person must be a then, with still more emphasis and ear- genuine Christian, we would not be nestness, inquire, What should his understood as holding or expressing the education be ?
idea, that a Christian is the mere fruit What, then, is the meaning of the of a good literary, moral, or religious word education, inquires the sparkling education. Still, without education, eyes around me? It is a Roman word, in some measure of it, no man can be a of etymological composition. It is tan- Christian. He must understand, in tamount to development-full orbed some degree, or in some measure, the development. It enlarges, invigorates, Oracles of God. Since the Bible conbeautifies, adorns, and beatifies the tains the Oracles of God, and since
these Oracles are written in human spirits, on the soul-absorbing theme of language, that language, whatever it our future and everlasting destiny. This may be as a mother tongue, must be is, after all the disquisitions on the certhe vehicle of all intercommunication tainty of a revelation from God to man, between heaven and earth between embracing his future and eternal desGod and man. Now if that language tiny, the most palpable a priori argųbe not understood by any particular ment in favor of the prince of schoolperson, he cannot come to the know- books—the Holy Bible. ledge of his God or of himself, so far as But we argue not this question as God has spoken to man, either of him- though it were still a doubtful one. We self or of man; or so far as the most argue from it as from a fixed fact, fully, enlightened man can develop, in words, and cordially, and gratefully conceded the being of God, the providence of by those whom we now address. The God, the moral government of God, or Bible, indeed, is the tongue of the unithe general salvation which he has pro- verse, ever unfolding its mysteries, ever vided for man in his moral ruin. developing the awful and glorious cha
Education is, therefore, essential to racter of that magnificent Architect the salvation of any man into whose whose sublime and awful fiat broke the hand God, in his moral government or solemn silence of eternity, and gave overruling providence, has placed a birth and being to a thousand millions Bible. This measure of eclucation, es- of suns, and thirty thousand millions sential to a man's confidence of himself, of attendant planets, his origin, responsibilities, and destiny,
“For ever singing as they shine, and to his appreciation of a revelation
The hand that made us is Divine.” from God concerning a remedial system, and man's present lapsed and One of the most obvious and impressruined circumstances, is as indispensa- ive arguments of the intellectual and ble to his immortal spirit and happy moral dignity of man, is the fact that destiny, as atmosphere and lungs to his nothing short of the infinite, the eteranimal life and health. We merely as- nal, and the immutable, can meet and sert these positions, because they are satisfy the cravings of his spiritual naconceded by every man of sound judge- ture. There is more of philosophical ment and self-disposing memory. And, fact than fable in the tradition, that therefore, a certain amount of educa- the son of Philip and Olympias-Philip tion is absolutely necessary to give to of Macedon having conquered the every man the means of possessing and world that then was, hung his sword enjoying the life that now is, or that and trumpet in the hall
, weeping that future and everlasting life to come. his arm was hampered' and had not
For this end, there is in every child room to do its work, in a world so small an innate craving after knowledge, as
Ambition reddens at this tale, constant and insatiate as the craving and hangs its head in solemn contemfor congenial food. This appetite for plation. But the truth, the glorious knowledge in the human family is as truth, the soul-subduing truth, is, that universal as the appetite for food. There nothing but the infinite and the eternal are, indeed, degrees of it discernible in can satisfy the cravings of an enlightall children, and as a general rule, in ened human soul. This thought-jact, the exact ratio of the cravings for know- may I call it ? -- is enough to show to ledge, is the power or faculty of acqui- any one of grave reflection, that whatring it.
ever may be said of the physical or inBut of all the knowledges of earth tellectual nature of man, the moral and and time, the knowledge of our eternal the spiritual are his transcendent glory destiny is rationally the all-absorbing, and felicity. And hence we argue, that soul-captivating, and soul - subduing any and every system of education that craving of humanity. A human being does not contemplate this at a proper devoid of this is not compus mentis, nor, stand-point, is perfectly at sea, in a indeed, compos corporis. Lungs without boisterous ocean, without sail, compass, atmosphere, would not be more useless or pilot aboard, and, therefore, can or worthless than this insatiate craving never anchor in the haven of safety and for light and knowledge, without some happy repose. communication from the Father of our Hence our position, our capital posi
tion is, that the holy Bible must be in physics, metaphysics, or theology. We every school worthy of a Christian pub- live not, we cannot live on alcohol, or lic patronage, and not in the library on any distilled spirits whatever ; but only, but daily in the hand of teacher we can live and enjoy good health on and pupil, professor and student. A bread and water. And so it is in relidwelling-house without a table, a chair, gion; no man ever entered heaven, acor a couch, would not, in our esteem, cording to the Bible, either on physics be more unfit for guests, than a primary or metaphysics. It is by faith, based school, an academy, or a college with- on facts, and not by mere doctrines
, out a Bible not in the library only, orthodox, assented to, that any one is but daily in the hand of the student, in reformed, sanctified, or saved. So the solemn reading, study, and exegetical learned and the truly religious of all development.
creeds and human platforms unequivoThe most highly educated minds in cally proclaim. Christendom will, nemine contradicente, Why not, then, rather carry the Bible with one accord depose, that for sim- than the catechism to school? Why not plicity, beauty, and intelligibility of listen to God rather than to man? Are style, as well as for the grandeur, the we more safe in the teachings or in the majesty, and the sublimity of its oracu- hand of man than of God? Who teaches lar developments, it has no equal, much like Him who possesses not by mealess no superior, in all the libraries and sure, but without measure, the spirit of archives of literature and science, of all wisdom and understanding — who ancient or modern institution. It stim- taught on earth, and who speaks from ulates all the energies of the human heaven, with the plenary inspiration of soul, awakens all its powers of thought, the Holy Spirit of all wisdom and unelevates its conceptions, directs its ac- derstanding? No school, worthy of tivities, chastens its emotions, and urges Christian patronage, ever was or can be it onward and upward in the career of founded on a catechism, or on the specuglory, honor, and immortality.
lative dogmata of any sectarian formula There is an unreasonable and an un-of opinions. We demand, and the age fortunate prejudice in some regions, we live in demands, facts and not theotouching the introduction of the whole ries — divine oracles, and not human subject of religion, especially of specula- dogmata. tive creeds and catechisms, into the Had it been compatible with divine public seminaries of this our age and wisdom and prudence to substitute a nation. Into the merits or demerits of formula of abstract doctrine, or to give this economy and dispensation of reli- what we call a synopsis of Christian gious truth, or of theoretic and specu- doctrine and sound orthodoxy, could lative disquisitions, of a religious bear- he not, would he not, have given us an ing, we have neither taste nor time to infallible summary-a stereotyped and enter.
a divinely-patented formula of sound Suffice it to say, that there is a cath- opinions, in mode and form to a scruolic, as well as a provincial formula of ple? The fact that he who foresaw divine truth, and that neither of them the end of every institution from the ought to be placed upon the table, to beginning, and "who foreknew all the be theologically dissected or embalmed. involutions and evolutions of human Christianity is an abstract noun, from kind, did not do it, is, to our mind, an the adjective Christian, and that from unanswerable argument against any Christ, the consecrated. But the Bible effort of man to do it. being a book of facts, and not of theories, In our studies of what is commonly it may in these be studied, believed, called nature, or the material and spiriobeyed, and enjoyed, without onespecu- tual universe, we observe that, despite lative oracle on the part of teacher or of the four elements of the modernspupil.
God in nature, in providence, in moral It is universally conceded by all government, and in redemption, prewhose judgment is mature and worthy sents nothing to man in the abstract, or of authority amongst the masses, that absolute elementary form, but everyno man was ever healed, saved, or re- thing in a concrete and relative form. stored to health or life, by an assent or So contemplated, the universe and the subscription to any abstract formula in Bible bear the demonstrable impress of