The Study of Chemical Composition

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Introduction The Method of the Inductive Sciences Observation
1
Natural Sciences I Study of Facts Observation and Experiment 3 Facts
18
c Crucial Experiments 19 II Classification and Generalisation 20 Result
26
Stahls Extension of Bechers Views 33 Phlogistic Hypothesis
33
Difficulties encountered by Phlogistic Theory 35 1 Increase of Weight
45
Calcination of Tin 46 Burnt Mercury 50 Quantitative Synthesis and Analysis
56
History of the Establishment of the Law 63 The Law tested by
61
Results of Complete Analyses and Syntheses 64 Stas Complete Syntheses
72
Hypothesis used to explain Quantitative Laws 285 Sequence in Formulation
290
to the Oxides of Nitrogen 294 Composition of Ammonia Found and Calculated
297
GayLussac and the Law of the Combining Volumes
301
Humboldts Results 302 The Volume Relations between the Gaseous Constituents
309
Avogadro and the Molecular Hypothesis
317
two Orders of Finite Particles 318 Avogadros Hypothesis 318 Divisibility
327
minations from Gaseous Densities of Elements 335 Abandonment of hypothetical
340
Differentiation between Atom Molecule and Equivalent 341 Gerhardts Mole
358

a Faulty
82
a Morleys Determination of Density of Oxygen 86
103
Recognition of Definite Order of Affinity and of Influence of Temperature on this
122
of Principle from Law of Mass Action 127 Experimental Evidence 1
130
Minerals of Different Origin 137 2 Refutation of Instances of supposed
142
Suggestion that the Law is only Approximate 145 Stas Experimental
146
Dalton and the Law of Multiple Ratios
152
Independent Discovery of the Law 159 his Experimental Evidence
160
Independent Discovery of the Law 162 Composition
167
cussions by Bergman and Lavoisier 171 Richters Discoveries in the Quantitative
176
Composition of all possible Compounds 183 Is the Law Exact or Approximate?
183
Definition of Combining Weight 187 Direct or Indirect Reference
193
Equivalent Weights 199 Relation between Combining
201
Appendix A Selection of Combining Weight Values
213
showing Methods used and Results obtained in the Determination of a number
220
The Ultimate Constitution of Matter Hypotheses prior
226
ancient Atomic Hypothesis 228 Indian Speculations Kanadas Atomistic
235
Atoms 240 II The Motion of Atoms 244 III The Existence of Void
245
Method 252 Views on the Structure of Matter 253 Evalua
259
Bacon 260 Method 261 Views on the Structure of Matter 264 Descartes
273
Boyle 274 Criticism of Aristotelian and Paracelsian Philosophies 275 Defini
280
Relation between Heat Capacities of Compound and Con
383
Classes and Systems 395 Hemihedrism 396 Anorthic System 397 Oblique
409
a Similarity of Crystalline Form 426 6 Analogous Composition 427
427
morphism Definition and Examples 438 Establishment of Occurrence
444
ance of Isomorphism and Isodimorphism 451 Morphotropy
452
between Chemical Nature and Atomic Weight of Elements 459 1 Method
461
and Atomic Weight Correction of Stoichiometric Constants 466 Mendeleeffs
479
Occurrence of the Elements 485 Physical Properties of Compounds
487
Germanium 490 of Radium 495 New Group made for the Inert Gases
497
Mendeleeff on the Special Nature of
504
Compound Radicles in Rational Formulae 508 Substituting and Combining
513
1 Multiple Linking of Carbon
530
Berzelius and Isomerism
545
Berzelius Recognition of the Existence of Substances same in Composition
551
Molecular Asymmetry 574 Isomerism of Substances of same Structural
577
Experimental Confirmation of Van t Hoffs Hypothesis of Asymmetric Carbon
591
Prouts Hypothesis Hydrogen the Primitive Matter 594 Th Thomsons
598
Approximation of Atomic Weights to Integers 599 Division of Prouts Atomic
608
Pressures J J Thomsons Corpuscles 609 v Radioactive Changes Atomic
618
iii Atomic Weight Relations of the Periodic Law 619 Crookes Speculations
624

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