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mind the conviction that she meant what she said. I THE ERRING WIFE.

asked her if she had ever expressed this sentiment to If the following narrative from the diary of a physician wished to know if she was not well provided for, and

her husband. She replied in the negative. I then should be considered worthy of a place in your valuable Repository, please give it an insertion. The relation is strictly kindly treated by him. She replied that she was that true, and the facts occurred under my own observation. There || no man could take more pains to make a woman happy may be some little variation in the language, though as nearly than he did her. recorded as I can at this distant day recollect.

This was not the first time in my life that I had J. L., a gentleman of cultivated mind, lost a lovely | been so situated. I had before been made acquainted wife soon after our first cholera in this city, leaving him with similar heart-rending difficulties. I never felt myheart stricken, with two lovely daughters, (the eldest self more seriously called upon to use every exertion about fifteen years of age,) whose love for their father for the salvation and peace of a fine family, than at the prompted to every effort to make him comfortable and present moment. I addressed the lady, as she lay half happy. The father, on his part, doated on his children, reclining on the head-board, as follows: and spared no pains or expense in their education. “Madam, the confidence that you have reposed in About two years after the death of his wife, being de- me shall-not be betrayed. But let me entreat you, as sirous to reunite himself with a suitable companion, you value all that makes this life happy, to look well to who might participate with him all his fortunes, he your feelings on this subject, and seriously ponder the married a maiden lady whose parents were quite respec- course of your future life, and the prospects of your table in character, and venerable in age, and who had confiding husband. Suffer me to entreat you not to raised their children to habits of economy and indus- || allow your mind to be thus drawn aside by the tempter, try, and who now, at an advanced period of life, de- to sacrifice your happiness here, and your well-being pended on them for support.

hereafter. Rely upon my word, madam, that if you A few months after their marriage, I was consulted suffer such thoughts as these to occupy your mind, you in regard to his wife's health. I found her a lady of will not only break the heart of your affectionate huscultivated mind, quick of apprehension, and very sen- band, but alas! introduce into this happy family bitter sitive to all the common-place transactions of the fam-pangs, and will destroy every comfort within its circle. ily. She was constitutionally scrofulous, and on this You will go further still, and bring with all this sorrow, account predisposed to pulmonary disease. She inform- | the stain of disgrace upon your connections. You ed me that she had for some years occasionally a small knew your husband before you entered into any matridry cough, which did not continue long at a time, and monial engagements with him; you were well acquaintthat she thought nothing of it until within the last two ed with his family, his children, his circumstances, and weeks, she had noticed some little blood brought up by all his relations to society. Under all these circumcoughing, particularly in the morning. These symp-stances and views in relation to this important connectoms, accompanied with now and then a slight pain in tion, you chose him to be your future companion in life; the side and breast, and a burning heat in the soles of you promised to be his of your own free will; and after the feet and palms of the hands, in the latter part of all this, you seriously vowed before an all-sceing Provithe night, told a sad tale in regard to her future health. dence, to love and obey him—to comfort and cherish I made her a prescription, and directed a course of regi- him in his afflictions. In addition to all this, you came men, which I accompanied with every encouragement into this family with an understanding that you were that a strict regard to the nature of her indisposition to add your mite in promoting its peace and prosperity. would in truth permit. I saw this lady occasionally, Remember, I entreat you, that you are now strongly and was more than gratified to find that her health evi- tempted to introduce into the family, and more particudently improved. She attended to the ordinary duties larly into the mind of your dear husband, the very of her family, and took wholesome exercise.

afflictions that you vowed before the holy altar to mitiSome weeks after I had discontinued my professional gate and assuage. visits, I was again invited to see her. I found her "Was it possible, madam, for a lady of your inforalone in her chamber, in a state of despondency. She mation to bring your mind to believe that you could had evidently been weeping. After a little conversa- || pass from a single life into a matrimonial state without tion relative to her health, she told me "that she was a change of feelings, and also of the objects thenceforth dissatisfied with her situation, and that if she was again designed by Providence to claim your particular attensingle she would not marry on any account—that a tion? Remember that your husband's household affairs married life was so different from what she had been now demand your care. I don't wish to say that you accustomed to, that she was sorry she had ever entered should have no further regard for your parents, sisters, into it; beside, her husband's eldest daughter's manners and brothers. I hope, as long as life remains, you will were so different from hers that she did not like her so- cherish a fond affection for them. But I beseech you ciety, as she did not pay that regard to her feelings to keep in mind, that you are to leave father and which she deemed due to her station.”

mother, brothers and sisters, and cleave to your husband, This information electrified me, as it was expressed and you two are to be one. Now in your new situawith an earnestness of feeling that conveyed to my ltion your home and your husband's home are one, and

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you are to preside over it in the capacity of a faithful THE VALLEY OF DEATH.
and affectionate wife. You are to care for him and his
children; and you are not at liberty to neglect the least “Though I walk through the valley and shadow of death, I

will fear no evil."
of these duties. Now I most earnestly entieat you, by
all the tender ties that can exist among mortals, to ban.
ish for ever from your mind those thoughts which you

My frighted soul! why is thy trust

So feeble in thy God? have dwelt upon this morning. Your health, your hap

He knows thou art enshrined in dust, piness, and the happiness of your husband and family,

Thy Father wields the rod. all depend on you. Rally your energies, and go cheer

Fear not! His tender hand shall be fully to your domestic concerns. Keep an eye to a

Thy own unfailing stay; kind Providence, and ask his protecting care, and do all

His love shall cheer and strengthen thee,
in your power to make every thing pleasant and agree-

Through all life's tearful way.
able in the family on all occasions.”
During all this time she gave me strict attention. I

Hence! ye dark clouds that vail my sky
found that her mind was impressed with the sentiments

With forms of coming ill;
I had uttered. I concluded, after giving some direc-

My Rock, my Refuge, ever nigh,
tions relative to her regimen, to leave her to her own

Will guide, and guard me still; reflections. I saw her again in a few days, and was

And heavenly hope shall light the path greatly delighted to discover her apparently cheerful

My trembling footsteps tread, and happy, directing her energies to her household con

Her peaceful lustre shall illume
cerns; and I never again heard a murmur of unhappi-

The dwelling of the dead.
ness on the above accounts. She and her husband,
together with his children, appeared to live happily to I will not fear that shadowy way,

Though robed in cypress gloom;
But this lady's health declined; her cough increas I will not shrink, for Jesus lay
ed—the purulent expectoration became more copious—

Within the silent tomb.
night sweats came on, her feet became endemitous, and A flood of glory lies beyond
nothing favorable could be anticipated in her case. A

Where Death's dark surges roll,
few weeks before her death, she asked me what I thought And there I know the Christian rests,
of her situation. I hesitated for a moment, which she

And bathes his weary soul.
noticed, and said: “Doctor, don't hesitate a moment to
give me your opinion of my real condition.” I told I will not fear! for angels haunt
her that from the symptoms then present, there was

This vale we deem so drear;
much reason to fear that her lungs were seriously inva And pour their heavenly melody
ded by disease, and that after a careful attention to her

Into the dying ear.
case, my mind was led to draw an unfavorable conclu It cannot be a grievous thing

To yield us to their trust,
“I am fully prepared for the event," said she, “and And 'mid their gentle music, breathe
was well satisfied of my situation before. There is,

Away this worthless dust. M. R. K.
(she continued,) Doctor, one subject on my mind that
I wish to communicate to you before you go. You re-
member my complaints sometime since. Your kind

admonitions were of great assistance to me, and I hope

SOLITUDE. you will be rewarded, sweetly rewarded for them. But a merciful Providence saw into the inmost recesses of my heart; and rather than this family should be interrupted in its harmony by my admission into it, he has Hold converse with thyself, immortal man! thought proper to remove me and take me to himself. Seek nature's lone retreats, where stillness reigns, And it is all right. I have been made as sensible of And where the boist'rous shout of joys or pains, this as any circumstance could possibly be made to any That make the earth a bedlam, come not. Scan mortal on earth. But 0! Doctor, if I had my time to The deeds which make up thy life's little span; live over again, I would devote it to the welfare of this And view thy silent thought, thy secret hopes, family. That dear girl that I thought was so ugly, and And pry into the curtain'd future's scope, inattentive to my comforts, was not the least in fault. And wisdom learn, before time's dropping sand It was myself alone that was to blame. You have seen Shall drop no more! The sighing of the grove, how she sits by the hour and reads the precious Bible Breeze-shaken, shall thy wanderings reprove;

0! had I my time to live over again, how I The voiceless silence shall a tone assume, would manifest my gratitude to my heavenly Father, And call thee back to God, and bid thee rove and seek every occasion to render my dear husband and No more; and bird, and rill, and fragrant bloom, children contented and happy.”

With heavenly wisdom shall thy darken'd mind illume! Vol. 11.-12


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the names of their tribes are lost. If this was only a LOGAN, THE MINGO CHIEF.

dream, it would be a most painful one; but when all is

reality, how melancholy must be the reflection to the BY JOUN M'DONALD, OF POPLAR RIDGE.

high-souled red man, who never brooks degradation, The biography of man is always interesting, be- || that he is thrust out from his home and the graves of cause, like the phases of the moon, he is always his fathers! changing. When we examine the history of the ani “Logan was the son of Shikellemus. For magnanmal tribes we find them unchangeable in their habits. imity in war, and greatness of soul in peace, few in But man varies according to the circumstances by which any nation ever surpassed him. He took no part in he is surrounded.

the French wars which ended in 1760, except that of The newspapers hereabouts have recently awakened peace-maker, and was always acknowledged the friend considerable inquiry concerning the character and death of the white people, until the year 1774, when his of the illustrious Logan, a chief of the Mingo tribe of brother and several others of his family were murdered Indians. I have concluded that a sketch of this great in the manner here related. In the spring of 1774 man's life would be acceptable to your readers. It is some Indians robbed the people on the Ohio, who were thought the Ladies' Repository would be the proper employed in exploring the lands to prepare for settleplace to record the character of this brave and highly ment. These land-jobbers were alarmed at the hostile gifted son of Ohio. Believing that the people of the west carriage of the Indians, as they considered it, and colhave inflicted wrongs upon the red men, it is but just lected at a place called Wheeling Creek, the site on to perpetuate the names of at least some of the highly which Wheeling is now built, and learning that there gifted sons of the forest, among whom the name of Lo-| were two Indians on the river a little above them, one gan stands pre-eminent. The lamented B. Drake has Captain Michael Cresup belonging to the exploring done justice to the shades of Black Hawk and Tecumseh. party, proposed to fall upon and kill them. His advice It is my purpose to throw in my humble mite to com- although opposed at first was followed; and a party, memorate the deeds of the brave, the eloqueut Logan. led by Cresup, proceeded and killed the two Indians.

By the order of Providence the toils of the ladies are The same day, it being reported that some Indians had confined to the domestic sphere, such as nurturing chil. been discovered below Wheeling upon the river, Cresdren, attending to their education, and preparing them up and his party immediately marched to the place. for the interesting drama which is being enacted on our At first they appeared friendly, and suffered the Indiplanet. The males are exposed to the heat of the sum ans to pass by unmolested and seat themselves lower mer, and the frosts of winter. They fell the trees, down the river, at the mouth of Grave Creek. Cresup raise cabins, clear the ground, turn up the furrow, pro- soon followed, attacked, and killed several of them, vide subsistence, protect the domicil, and defend their having one of his own men wounded by the fire of the country from invasion. When danger of any kind is Indians. Here some of the family of Logan were present, the brave man instinctively steps in between slain. The circumstances of the crime were exceedwoman and peril. He would be her sword and buck- ingly aggravating, inasmuch as the whites pretended ler, and defend her at the sacrifice of his life. The fe- no provocation by these Indians. male heart, being made up of sympathy and gratitude, “Soon after this, other monsters in human shape, at esteems or loves her brave defender.

whose head were Daniel Greathouse and one TomlinThe character and acts of Logan are only partially son, committed a horrid murder upon a number of Inknown at this distance of time; but in the little which | dians, about thirty miles above Wheeling. Greathouse has been handed down, he stands unrivaled in the resided about the same place, but on the opposite side lists of savage fame. His dauntless intrepidity in the of the river from the Indian encampment. A party field of battle was only equaled by his humanity and of thirty-two men was collected for this object, who benevolence in peace, and his wisdom and eloquence in secreted themselves, while Greathouse, under pretense council.

of friendship, crossed the river, and visited them to asUp to the year 1774, the Mingo tribe of Indians had certain their strength, which, on counting them, he their residence on the northwest bank of the river Ohio, found too numerous for his force in an open attack. at a place now known as the Mingo Bottom, three milesThese Indians, having heard of the late murder of their below where Steubenville has since arisen. There, in relations, had determined to be avenged of the whites, all probability, was the birth-place of Logan. Since and Greathouse did not know the danger he was in unthe Mingoes retired, or rather were driven from that til a squaw advised him of it in a friendly caution: ‘Go place, they have had no separate existence as a tribe or home! go home!' said she. The sad requital this poor clan. They merged in the neighboring tribes, and lost woman met with will presently appear. The wretch their individuality. Indians who are now sixty, seven. invited the Indians to come over the river and drink ty, or eighty years of age, must, with solemn melan-| rum with him. This was a part of his plot to separate choly, reflect on the rapid innovations made upon them them that they might be more easily destroyed. The by the whites-their country wrested from them, and opportunity soon offered. A number being collected occupied by strangers, and they pushed off so fast and at a tavern in the white settlement, and considerably so frequently that they lost their own identity. Even intoxicated, were fallen upon and all murdered except



a little girl. Among the murdered was a brother of from the apprehension of farther suffering by being Logan and his sister, whose delicate situation greatly adopted into an Indian family. aggravated the horrid crime. The remaining Indians “ • A council was next convoked to resolve on the fate on the other side of the river, on the hearing the of Robinson, which caused in his breast feelings of the firing, sent off two canoes with armed warriors. As most anxious inquietude. Logan assured him that he they approached the shore, they were fired upon by | should not be killed; but the council appeared deterthe whites, who lay concealed, awaiting their approach.mined that he should die, and he was tied to a stake. Nothing prevented their taking deadly aim, and many Logan then addressed them, and with much vehemence were killed and wounded, and the rest were obliged to insisted that Robinson should be spared; and had the return. This affair took place May 24, 1774. These eloquence displayed on that occasion been less than were the events that led to a horrid Indian war, in Logan is believed to have possessed, it is by no means which many innocent families were sacrificed to sat- wonderful that he appeared to Robinson (as he afterisfy the vengeance of an incensed and injured people. wards said) the most powerful orator he ever heard. The warriors now made ready for open conflict; and But commanding as his eloquence might have been, it with Logan at their head, were prepared to meet the seems not to have prevailed with the council; for LoBig Knives, (as the Virginians were called, from their gan had to interpose otherwise than by argument or long swords,) in their own way.

entreaty to succeed in the attainment of his object. “ •On the 12th day of July, 1774,' says Mr. With-Enraged at the pertinacity with which the life of Robers, 'as William Robinson, Thomas Hellen, and Cole-inson was sought to be taken, and reckless of the conman Brown were pulling flax in a field opposite the sequences, he drew his tomahawk from his belt, and mouth of Simpson's Creek, Logan and his party ap- severing the cords which bound the devoted victim to proached unperceived, and fired at them. Brown fell the stake, led him in triumph to the cabin of an old instantly, perforated by several balls; and Hellen and squaw, by whom he was immediately adopted. Robinson unscathed, sought safety in flight. Hellen " • After this, so long as Logan remained in the town being an old man, was soon overtaken and made captive, where Robinson was, he was kind and attentive to him. but Robinson with the elasticity of youth ran a consider. Robinson remained with his adopted mother until he able distance before he was taken; and but for an un was redeemed under the treaty concluded at the close toward accident might have effected an escape. Be- of the Dunmore campaign.' lieving that he was outstripping his pursuers, and anx “The Virginia Legislature was in session, when the ious lo ascertain the fact, he looked over his shoulder; news of Logan's depredations was received at the seat but before he discovered the Indian giving chase he ran of government. Gov. Dunmore immediately ordered with such violence against a tree that he fell stunned out the militia to the number of three thousand men, with the shock and lay powerless and insensible. In half of whom, under Col. Andrew Lewis, were ordered this situation he was secured with cord, and when re- towards the mouth of the Great Kanawha, while the vived was taken back to the place where the Indians Governor himself with the other half marched to a had Hellen in confinement, and where lay the lifeless point on the Ohio, to fall upon the Indian towns in the body of Brown. They then set off to their towns, ta- absence of the warriors drawn off by the approach of king with them a horse which belonged to Hellen. the division under Col. Lewis. The Indians met this

“«When they had approached near enough to be dis- division at a place called Point Pleasant, at the mouth tinctly heard, Logan (as is usual with them after a suc of the Great Kanawha, where a very bloody battle encessful scout) gave the scalp halloo, and several war- sued. A detachment of three hundred men first fell riors came out to meet them, and conducted the pris in with them, and were defeated with great slaughter; oners into the village. Here they passed through the but the other division coming up, the battle was protractaccustomed ceremony of running the gauntlet, but with ed during the whole day. Never was ground mainfar different fortunes. Robinson, having been previ- tained with more obstinacy. Every step was disputed ously instructed by Logan, (who, from the time he made until the darkness of night closed in upon the scene. him his prisoner, manifested a kindly feeling towards “ The Indians slowly retreated; and while the Amerihim,) made his way, with but little interruption, to the cans were preparing to pursue, an express arrived from council-house; but poor Hellen, from the decrepitude Gov. Dunmore that he had concluded a treaty with the of age, and his ignorance of the fact that it was a place Indian chiefs. In this battle above one hundred and of refuge, was sadly beaten before he arrived at it; and forty Americans were killed or wounded. Among the when he at length came near enough, he was knocked slain were Col. Charles Lewis, brother of Andrew, and down with a war club before he could enter. After he Col. Field. These officers led the first division. Of had fallen they continued to beat and strike him with the number of Indians destroyed we are ignorant, such unmerciful severity that he would assuredly have though very probably they were many, as their numfallen a victim to their barbarous usage, but that Robbers were said to have been 1500. inson (at some peril for the interference) reached forth “It was at the treaty held by Gov. Dunmore, before his hand and drew him within the sanctuary. When mentioned, with the principal men of the Mingoes, he had however recovered from the effects of the vio-Shawnese, and Delawares, that the far-famed speech of lent beating which he had received, he was relieved | Logan was delivered—not by himself in person; for



although desiring peace, he would not meet the Amer- || ally the first impulse? Revenge. Such was the imicans in council, but remained in his cabin in sullen si-pulse by which Logan acted. He appealed to no umlence, until a messenger was sent to him, to know | pire to redress his wrongs. He trusted to his tact in whether he would accede to the proposals on which achieving ways and means for carrying his revenge occasion Logan, after shedding many tears for the loss into effect. Although he felt the softer sensibilities of his friends, made the speech to the messenger, who and sympathies of human nature, and wept for the well understood his language."*

death of his friends, yet with the next breath this noble This messenger was the notorious renegado, Simon savage proudly boasted, “I have killed many—I have Girty, who was the principal guide of Gov. Dunmore's fully glutted my vengeance!" as much as to say, “I army to the Pickaway town on the Scioto river. Girty have caused the white man to mourn in grief and sortook with him Simon Kenton, (a name known to fame row for the injuries he has heaped upon me. I have in our border wars,) who had been an inmate at his not wept alone. My vengeance has caused aching house in Fort Pitt for sometime previous. They went heads and throbbing hearts. My revenge being satiato Logan's wigwam, and there delivered their message, ted, I am now willing to sheath the scalping knife, requesting him to meet Gov. Dunmore at Camp Char-bury the tomahawk, and live in peace.” This is the lotte, to treat of peace. He refused; but said if they | language of nature.* would remain with him over night he would send his From this date (1774) we cannot learn that Logan answer to Gov. Dunmore in the morning. This pro- engaged in war. The next official account we have of position being agreed to, in the course of the night he him, he is found performing an act of humanity and impressed his answer on Girty's mind, who immedi benevolence, by being the instrument, in the hand of ately returned to Camp Charlotte, and delivered Lo- Providence, of saving the life of that illustrious piogan's speech to the Governor and the Indian chiefs in neer, Gen. Simon Kenton—an account of which can council. This account of the matter I had from Gen. be found, beginning at page 230 of the Life of Kenton, Kenton in 1830. The speech was as follows: by the writer of this article. In the year 1778 Gen.

“I appeal to any white man to say if ever he entered Kenton being taken captive by the Indians, a grand Logan's cabin hungry, and he gave him no meat—if council was convened at Wapatomika (now Zanesville) ever he came cold and naked, and he clothed him not. | to determine on the life or death of the prisoner. SevDuring the course the last, long, bloody war, Logan eral chiefs spoke in succession on this important subremained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace.ject; and with the greatest apparent deliberation the Such was my love for the whites that my countrymen, council decided, by an overwhelming majority, on his pointed as they passed, and said, Logan is the friend death. After the sentence of this grand court was anof white men. I had even thought to have lived with nounced, Girty went to Kenton, wept over and emyou, but for the injuries of one man. Col. Cresup the braced him very tenderly, said that he very sincerely last spring, in cold blood, and unprovoked, murdered sympathized in his forlorn and unhappy situation, and all the relations of Logan—not even sparing my wow that he had used all the efforts in his power to save his men and children. There runs not a drop of my blood life, but in vain, for it was now decreed that he must in the veins of any living creature. This called on medie, and he could do no more for him. for revenge. I have sought it, I have killed many It will be recollected that this was in the year 1778, I have fully glutted my vengeance. For my country I in the midst of the American Revolution. Upper Sanrejoice at the beams of peace. But do not harbor the dusky was then the place where the British paid their thought that Logan's is the joy of fear. Logan never i western Indian allies their annuities; and as time might felt fear. He will not turn on his heel to save his life. effect what his eloquence could not, Girty, as a last reWho is there to mourn for Logan? Not one." sort, persuaded the Indians to convey their prisoner to

Thus ended those times of calamity commonly called Sandusky, as there would collect vast numbers to reCresup's war.f The foregoing sublime address of the ceive their presents, and the assembled tribes could there illustrious Mingo exhibits all the internal evidence of witness the solemn scene of the death of the prisoner. its savage paternity; although it is doubted by some if To this proposition the council agreed, and the pris the production is not from one highly skilled in oratory.oner was placed in the care of five Indians, who forth

Revenge is probably one of the strongest passions of with set off for Upper Sandusky. As the Indians passthe human heart. Where all the arts of civilization and Christianity, with its solemn sanctions, operate as * This shows how impure and hurtful all human passions are, a check to this passion, we see it burst forth. Perhaps and how needful religion is to quench in what are called “genit is more difficult to restrain than any other passion of

erous bosoms" the fires of hell; for revenge is diabolical, and the human heart. Although men, in a state of civili- l the Savior of the world. The former holds the reeking toma

has its origin with devils. Place such an one as Logan beside zation, generally submit their grievances to the arbitra-hawk in his hand, and exultingly exclaims, “I hare fully glutment of law, yet we find that in many cases it is with || ted my vengeance!" The latter bows his head in crucifixion, the greatest reluctance. When we find ourselves in crying, Father, forgive them!” As to the tears of Logan for

his friends, they were as meritorious as that instinct of the tiger jured in character, person, or property, what is gener- which impels it to feed and guard its young. Christian philan,

thropy is another thing. It mourns not only for murdered * Samuel G. Drake's Indian Biography. † Ibid. friends, but it weeps and prays for their murderers.--Ed.

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