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instantly to the deepest gloom. After a moment's (SEE ENGRAVING.)

pause, however, they redoubled their exertions, and, in The regions bordering on our lakes present almost frowning silence, drove the light bark like an arrow over cvery variety of surface, whether wild or cultivated, the waters. They reached the shore in safety, and which nature or art can bestow. In some places are drew up the canoe, and the woman rallied the chief on vast reaches of level land, rich in forest wood of the his credulity. "The Great Spirit is merciful,' answered best species, or richer still in cultivated soils and teem- the scornful Mohawk; "He knows that a white woman ing products. In others are gentle and graceful undula- cannot hold her tongue.'' tions, rendering the scenery more varied and beautiful; The frontispiece represents a scene of placid beauty, while elsewhere the shores become broken into hills such as is calculated to remind one of the superstitious and mountainous elevations, presenting abrupt preci- reverence which the aboriginals were accustomed to aspices, aerial tints, gloomy vales, and rushing cataracts, sociate with Saratoga Lake. It seems like a region of diffusing over all the most wild and picturesque aspects perpetual serenity—a sabbath for the warring elements which can possibly be conceived. All this variety of of this creation which no fierce tempest would dare to scenery may be traced on our lake borders, and without invade or molest with its wrath. The engraving is well journeying beyond the limits of our own territory. On executed, and presents an apt show of nature in one of Lakes Champlain, Ontario, Erie, and the northern seas, her most comely forms and moods, not in her entire may be seen more of the bold and the tame, the rude solitude, but occupied prominently by two parents and and placid, the sublime and the beautiful of nature, than their child, whose attitude betokens ease and a high senin the whole world beside, if we except, as in truth wesibility to the charms which nature has prodigally scatmust, volcanic action and its results, which probably || tered around them. On the right, others linger in the exceed all other sublime forms and motions of nature same spirit of undisturbed observation and pleased enbelonging to our globe.

tertainment. Another feature in American scenery is our smaller lakes, varying in size from two to forty miles in circumference. The state of New York contains a great

Original. number of these beautiful sheets of water. They are

CHILDHOOD. generally bordered with picturesque scenery, and, on

“When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a their shores are often seen neat villages, or handsome

child, I thought as a child.” towns, adding life and variety to the prospect.

Wuen a child I was innocent, happy, and gay The engraving in this number is a view on Saratoga Lake. This body of water is about twenty miles in As a lamb in its sports on the meadows in May; circumference. It is three miles from the Springs, and And plucked the rich rose as it bloomed in the rain.

I gathered my boquet from flowers of the plain, ten miles from the Hudson, and communicates with that noble river by a stream called, at its head, Fish By the brook I have sat in the beautiful bower, Creek, but nearer its mouth Kayaderosseras river. And heard the glad sounds of the birds by the hour, The appearance of the lake is solitary, from which Whose strains were well suited my fancy to please, probably originated with the Indians an ancient super- Tho' they seemed to be sung to the listening trees. stition familiar to but few persons of the present generation. The Mohawks deemed it, in its unbroken quiet- With the pebbles I play'd in the bright sparkling rill, ness and stillness, a sort of dwelling place for the Great Or drank at the fount as it gushed from the hill; Spirit, and so sacred, on that account, that if a mortal Its ripples, though wordless, were music to me, should presume to speak, when sailing on its bosom, As they murmured adieu on their way to the sea. the craft which conveyed him would instantly go to the The woodlands I found an inviting retreat, bottom.

Where berries and flowers were strewed at my feet“A story is told of an Englishwoman, in the early days Where unbridled and free I could quietly roam, of the first settlers, who had occasion to cross this lake Nor feel the restraint I was under at home. with a party of Indians, who, before embarking, warned her most impressively of the spell. It was a silent, || All seasons I courted alike as they pass’dbreathless day, and the canoe shot over the smooth sur With the calm I was pleased, and was pleased with the face like a shadow. About a mile from the shore, near

blastthe centre of the lake, the woman, willing to convince With the sunshine delighted, and yet I admired the savages of the weakness of their superstition, ut- The storm in the sky, as it came and retired. tered a loud cry. The countenances of the Indians fell


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| be utterly regardless of our duty to God and to the riOUR COUNTRY.

sing generation, we should lose no time in taking effec

tual measures to put a stop to the progress of this overBY J. S. TOMLINSON,

whelming evil. President of Augusta College.

And, furthermore, in lamenting and bewailing our naIn enumerating those national sins, in the remem- tional sins, we should not fail to remember and deeply brance of which we should humble ourselves in the to regret that among our conspicuous public men there sight of God, on this solemn occasion, we cannot for- is not a more distinct and general recognition, both in bear to mention the degrading, wide-spread, and deso- | word and in deed, of the supreme authority of the Chrislating vice of intemperance. We complain of the tian revelation, and a more habitual and reverential conhardness of the times, and are startled at the indebted-formity to those sacred public institutions therein enjoinness of our state and national governments, amountinged, and especially that of observing the holy Sabbath, by in all, it is said, to the enormous sum of about two coming up to the house of worship, and there devoutly hundred millions of dollars; and yet it is estimated, by acknowledging the sovereignty and superintending good authority, that for the single article of intoxica- providence of God, and our great indebtedness to him ting drinks no less than one hundred and twenty mil. for the gift of his Son, in the redemption of our guilty lions of dollars are expended every year by the people and benighted world. The most of our public men are of this country. So that if the traffic in this abomi- so extremely cautious to prevent a union of Church and nable article alone were abandoned, and the amounts state, that there is too little Church in the state--there thus saved were applied to the liquidation of the claims are too many among us that are intrusted with the high against us, we might, in less than two years, present to and important functions of legislating for and governthe world the sublime and most enviable spectacle of a sing a Christian people, who are themselves the votaries nation, consisting of almost twenty millions of inhabi- of infidelity, either in principle or practice, or both. I tants, entirely free from debt. But, great as it is, the am happy to be able to say, on this occasion, that our pecuniary loss is one of the least of the many evils that late lamented Chief Magistrate formed a most conspicare entailed upon the country by the prevalence of the uous exception to this last remark--that he gave many vice of intemperance. It is the fruitful source of almost | gratifying proofs of his sincere attachment to our holy all the idleness and vagrancy, crime and pauperism Christianity, not in word only, but in deed and in truth. that are too prevalent among us, and of the numerous In language worthy of himself, and worthy of the glooutrages that disturb the peace of society, and break | rious theme, he has recorded his sentiments on this up the happiness of families. Incredible as it may ap- point in that imperishable document-his Inaugural pear to one who has not attentively considered the sub-Address. And, in this connection, allow me to repeat ject, it has been satisfactorily ascertained that no less his own words in relation to this matter: “I deem the than three-fourths of all the domestic misery in our land present occasion (says he) sufficiently important and is traceable, either directly or indirectly, to the intemper-solemn to justify me in expressing to my fellow citiate use of intoxicating drinks. And when we reflect | zens a profound reverence for the Christian religion, upon the numberless and nameless calamities that re- and a thorough conviction that sound morals, religious sult from this source, and when we behold this destruc- liberty, and a just sense of religious responsibility are tive poison administered from day to day (and that, too, essentially connected with all true and lasting happiunder the sanction of law) to every person that may | ness; and to that good Being who has blessed us by choose to call for it, not excepting the inexperienced the gifts of civil and religious freedom—who watched and inconsiderate youth, in what other light can we over and prospered the labors of our fathers, and hithview it than as a species of legalized murder-a specieserto has preserved to us institutions, far exceeding in of murder in which more than blood is spilt? And excellence those of any other people, let us unite in woe to that man that shall stand before the judgment fervently commending every interest of our beloved seat of Christ with the horrible crime upon his head of country in all future time.” having spent his time in the inexpressibly odious busi I rejoice to add, that we are furnished with corroboness of manufacturing drunkards, and thereby trans-rative evidence that these sentiments proceeded from a forming his fellow immortals into brutes ! It were in- | “ sincere heart.” We are told by the reverend gentlefinitely better for that man that he had never been born. man who attended him during his last illness, and had And fearful indeed must be the measure of responsibil- the mournful privilege of closing his eyes, after he had ity incurred by that people that gives the sanction of breathed his last, that the General informed him that it law, or even the connivance of civil authority, to any had, for sometime been his settled purpose to take the such employment as this. Ah! my friends, the ac- first suitable opportunity to identify himself, publicly, count which we, as a people, have to settle with the with the Church of God. The same gentleman also providence of God on this subject, is one of so much states that he had preached to several Presidents, (namagnitude that we have great reason to tremble while| ming them,) but that he (General Harrison) was the we reflect upon it. And unless we are determined to first of them all who worshiped God on his knees

meaning, of course, in the public congregation in the * Concluded from p. 7, vol. ii.

house of God. These and many other circumstances

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that might be mentioned go to show that he, whose tive dispensations that he may have been pleased to death we are now assembled to deplore, was by no send upon us, and particularly in the one which is so formeans neglectful of the duties of our holy religion. cibly brought to our minds by the solemnities in which And let us, my friends, all unite in fervent supplica- we are now engaged. We should contemplate this octions, at the throne of divine Mercy, that his example currence with a deep, and an adoring conviction, that in this respect may lead to a more general, healthful, “ the Judge of all the earth will do right.” And while and elevated tone of religious feeling than now exists we do this, we should not forget to ask our heavenly among our prominent public men-recollecting that Father, that the evidences of his displeasure may not when the righteous are in authority the people rejoice, be repeated and multiplied against us. But if, on the but that when the wicked are permitted to bear rule the contrary, the people will not turn away from the evil people will inevitably have cause to mourn.

of their doings, and humble themselves under the Before we pass from this part of our subject we would mighty hand of God, and sincerely deprecate his meralso include, by name, in the catalogue of our national | ited indignation, the afflictive bereavement which we sins, one of a very grievous, aggravated, and alarming now deplore may be only the beginning, as it were, of character. We refer, in this expression, to those shame- our national sorrows. Unless it is so sanctified as to less and daring exhibitions of mobocratic violence with produce a salutary effect upon the hearts and habits of which our land has been so frequently visited and cursed the people, it may be that it will be to us like that disduring the last few years. These flagrant outrages upon tant, awe-inspiring sound, that precedes the convulall the sacred obligations of law and order are very just- sions of an earthquake, or a frightfully desolating torly entitled to the appellation of national sins; because nado. It is for us to determine, by our conduct, whethwere it not for the culpable supineness of the greater this event, and the numerous difficulties and reverses mass of the people such abominable scenes would sel with which we are beset, shall be productive, to us and dom, if ever, be witnessed among us. If, on such oc- to our children, of wise and wholesome lessons, or only casions, the people stand by and look on with indiffer- conspire, with other causes, to precipitate us from that ence, or fail to exert themselves with becoming prompt- proud ond lofty position which, for so many years, we itude and energy, in the suppression of these things, have been permitted to occupy among the nations of the they are, in the eye of reason, and in the eye of God, earth. scarcely less criminal than the serocious and unprinci I know that there are those who are disposed to scoff pled perpetrators themselves. The blood of the victims at the idea that the God of the universe gives himself of mob violence will God require at the hands of that any special concern about the destinies either of nations people among whom they were sacrificed, and who or of individuals; and, consequently, such persons are cared not, or dared not to step forward in vindication accustomed to make themselves merry with what they of the insulted majesty of the laws, by bringing the of- would call the simplicity and superstition of those fenders to justice.

who feel it to be their duty to supplicate the Divine BeThere never was a truer declaration than that a coring for national as well as personal blessings. But rupt people make a strong mob, but a virtuous people athanks be to God, that such have not been the sentiweak, a powerless mob. These lawless proceedingsments of the wisest and best men that ever lived, wheth(like those bodily symptoms that indicate to the intel- er in Christian or in other countries; and still more ligent physician the real state of our physical health) | heartily, if possible, do I thank God, that such were not are only so many external, visible signs, which point the sentiments of that illustrious personage, in conseout, with too much precision, the internal condition of quence of whose death the whole nation is now covered the social, or political body. They manifest but too with the weeds of lamentation and woe; for the reverplainly that, in the language of the Bible, “the whole end gentleman, to whom we just referred, has announchead is sick, and that the whole heart is faint." Those ed to the American public, over his own signature, that excesses of which we are now speaking, I am happy to General Harrison, “in his first letter to his family after believe, are somewhat on the decline in this country;* his inauguration, observed, that upon his return from but should they continue, and, especially, should they the Capitol to the President's Mansion, as soon as he reappear among us, with all their former violence and could command any time, he retired to his room and frequency, I verily believe that it will not be long before fell down upon his knees before his Maker, thanking God, in his providence, will deprive us of those blood- him for his mercies, and supplicating his gracious guibought privileges, which, in this way, are so shamefully dance in the faithful discharge of the duties of his high trampled upon, and hold us up to the scorn and derision station, to his country and his God.” And I would of the whole civilized world, as utterly unworthy to be here take occasion to say, that if his footsteps are folintrusted with a deposit so inestimably precious. lowed, in this respect, by his constitutional successor,

I have also stated that, on this occasion, we should we may confidently trust that the fostering care of an humbly acknowledge the justice of God, in any aftlic- all-wise and merciful Providence will be abundantly

vouchsafed to this bereaved people. It was a contempt* I am sorry to say that, since the delivery of this discourse, uous treatment of such pious sentiments as those to there have been, in different parts of our country, several outbreaks of popular fury of the most astounding and alarming which we have just referred, that operated more than character.

any thing else to open the flood-gates of that terrible

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revolution among the French people, the progress of || him alive: he shall be blessed upon the earth, and shall which was characterized by scenes of confusion, vio- not be delivered unto the will of his enemies. The lence, and outrage, which, when taken together, consti- Lord will strengthen him on the bed of languishing, tute the “ bloodiest picture in the book of time.” I re- and will make all his bed in his sickness.” The man joice to believe that the leavening influence of that re- that, in view of all such powerful motives as these, can ligion which teaches, in the most explicit and impres- shut up the bowels of his compassion against the cries sive manner, the doctrine of a special, superintending of the needy, must have a heart that is harder than the providence, is spreading itself with unexampled rapidi- nether mill-stone. All such persons as these should ty throughout every department of society. And my never forget that with what measure they mete to othheart's desire and prayer to God is, that the time may ers, it shall be measured unto them again by the Judge soon come, when it shall have leavened the whole mass- of all the carth, in that solemn and eventful day, when when all our citizens, both public and private, shall be God shall try every man's work, of what sort it is, and brought to subscribe to and act upon the principle that shall execute judgment without mercy, upon those who no foe to God, and, by consequence, no foe to the Bible have shown no mercy. of God, was ever yet a real friend to man; or the still But having already detained you longer than we anmore authoritative principle, that, if in all our ways we ticipated, we must hasten to a close. While we reflect acknowledge him, he will direct our steps, and so direct upon the irreparable loss that we have been called 10 our steps as shall be most conducive to our individual sustain, in the death of our beloved and venerable good, and to our national prosperity and happiness. President, let us determine in our hearts that we will,

And, finally, on such an occasion as this, we should as far as possible, imitate those excellent and shining not fail to cultivate charitable feelings towards our qualities, by which his character was adorned-his arneighbors, and, as far as may be, to give substantial ev-dent patriotism—his readiness to do the bidding of his idence of our willingness to meliorate the condition of country, at any time, and in any way, that it night be the poor and the destitute. If we expect our offerings pleased to demand his services—his devotedness to his to be acceptable in the siglit of God, they should pro- friends—his magnanimity towards his enemies—his beceed from hearts that are actuated by feelings of benev- nevolence and bounty to the poor and the needy-his olence or good will, not only towards those of our own liberality of feeling and of conduct towards those with religious or political persuasion, but towards the whole whom he differed, cither ir politics or religion-his unof our fellow citizens, no matter of what particular sect obtrusive, sincere, and amiable virtues, in the various or party. And, indeed, our benevolent regards should endearing relations of parent and husband, brother and not stop here; but traveling beyond the limits of oui son; and, above all, let us endeavor to imitate his proown heaven favored countıy, they should be so compre- found reverence, both in principle and practice, for the hensive as to embrace within their range the whole of Christian religion, and especially as displayed towards the wide-spread family of man—sincerely desiring, as the latter part of his eventful life. the consummation of all human felicity, that the peace Though we know that he was by no means unconful and rightful dominion of our blessed Redeemer may cerned about his own eternal salvation, yet his dying soon be established in every heart, and acknowledged words were expressive of such an ardent and all-abby every tongue. And while we are bemoaning this sorbing love to his country, as to show that, for the overwhelming national bereavement, let us not be for- time being, at least, he had utterly lost sight of himself. getful of the poor and the destitute, by whom we are The words to which we refer, richly deserve to be insurrounded. God himself has expressly given it as scribed, as with a pen of iron, in every conspicuous one of the characteristic traits of an acceptable fast that place in the nation, that they may be read, remembered, we deal our bread to the hungry, and that we bring the and admired by our children, and by our children's poor that are cast out to our houses. “Then (says he): children, down to the latest generation. And with a shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine repetition of these words, and a single additional rehealth shall spring forth speedily, and thy righteousness mark, we will close what we have to say on the presshall go before thee, and the glory of the Lord shall be ent occasion: “Sir," said he, as if addressing himself thy rereward.” We may rest assured, that there is no to his constitutional successor, “I wish you to undersocial duty, the performance of which more effectually stand the true principles of the government; I wish conciliates the favor of God, than that of delivering them carried out; I ask nothing more.” The patriotic, “the poor and the fatherless, and them that have none the brave, the venerated Harrison spake these words to help.” For every such charitable contribution, or and expired. benevolent act, the God of the universe condescends to make himself our debtor; for we are told, upon the highest authority, that “he that hath pity upon the He that has never known adversity, is but half acpoor lendeth unto the Lord, and that which he hath quainted with others, or with himself. Constant sucgiven will he pay him again.” And on another occa cess shows us but one side of the world. For, as it sion it is said, with peculiar emphasis, “Blessed is he surrounds us with friends, who will tell us only our that considereth the poor; the Lord will deliver him in merits, so it silences those enemies from whom alone time of trouble. The Lord will preserve him and keep ll we can learn our defects.

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