A Classical Dictionary: Containing an Account of the Principal Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors, and Intended to Elucidate All the Important Points Connected with the Geography, History, Biography, Mythology, and Fine Arts of the Greeks and Roman

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Excerpt from A Classical Dictionary: Containing an Account of the Principal Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors, and Intended to Elucidate All the Important Points Connected With the Geography, History, Biography, Mythology, and Fine Arts of the Greeks and Romans

Eng. Traml), was himself a very able plzsicisn. He was a soldier as' well as a physician. 0 was wounded dangeroual in the shoulder in a sally which the Trojans had ma e. Nestor immediately brought him back to his tent. Scarce are the entered there, before Machaon took a drink mix with wine, in which they had put the scrapings of cheese and bar lay-flour. (il, 11, 606, seqq.) What ill effects must not this mixture produce, since wine alone is very op site to the. Healing of wounds! The meats which achaon afterward used (il, 11, 629) do not appear in any way pauper for the state in which he found him self. In another part of the Iliad (4, 218) Menelaus is wounded with an amw: th, y make Machaon im mediately come to heal him. He son of Escula ius, after having considered the wound, sucks the b oed, and puts on it a dressing toa peace the pain. Homer does not specify what enter into that dressing. It was only composed, according to all appearances, of some bitter roots. This conjecture is founded on the following circumstance: in the description which the poet ives of the healing of such a wound, he says ex rasely that they applied to the wound the juice of a 'tter herb bruised (11, It appears that this was the only remedy which they knew. The virtue of these plants is to be styptic. To what is here said may be added the remarks of an eminent physician of our own country. It appears that the practice of Machaon and Podalirius was very much confined to the removal of the darts and arrows with which wounds had been indicted, and afterward to the a plication of fomentationa and styptics to the wound parts; for, when the heroes recorded by Homer were in other re s ts severely injured, as in the case of illness, whose t igh-hons was broken by a stone thrown by Diomede.

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