Obrazy na stronie

absence of all adequate balances of representa-putation on the conduct and motives of the
tion with respect to the great manufacturing members of the Government; the certainly
and commercial towns, the great expense of should, for one, he hence forward to entertain
elections, and the very unequal and unjust less deference for his opinions than he had
distribution of the power of voting among bitlierto paid bim on subjects of greater weight
the middle and lower classes. The plan then than that they were now!considering He
before the house applied to all these defects, bad, however, a triumphants answer (for fall
and he was convinced that, if calmly and that had been said or insinuated on that sub-
dispassionately examined, there was not an [ject, for the borough of Tavistock had a popu
evil they generated, for which it did not pro-latiou by more than 1000 above the line they
vide a sure and effectual remedy. (Hear.) It had drawn as the standard of disfranchise-
was impossible to contend tact the principle
of returning members at the command of a
nominee was consistent with that theory of
the constitution by which that House was de-
clared the representative of the people of
England. He did not mean to deny that
some advantages were occasionally derived
from this most objectionable practice. Men
of splendid talents and great capacity had, he
admitted, entered that House through such
means, when no others were open to them,
and although elected under a system in which
popular rights had no share, he did not Lean
to deny that the people had suffered from
that circumstance, for many of those so nom-
inated had become their warmest champions
and their most distinguished supporters. He
admitted, therefore, the force of the inference
derived from this source; but when he found
how impossible it was to maintain in argument
the practice of such nominations as consistent
with the theory of a representative govern
ment, he was compelled to declare that no
plan of reform would be perfect or effective
without the thorough and effective disfran
chisement of all the boroughs which poses
sed this privilege. (Hear, hear.) Without
that disfranchisement, indeed, it would be
impossible to carry the plan of Reform into
effect, for how else were they to provide for
the great commercial and manufacturing
towns, those representatives, which all now
admitted it was necessary to concede to them?
That House was already sufficiently numer
ous, perhaps too numerous for the convenient
dispatch of public business, and unless they
took from the close boroughs the members
which they were about to bestow on the coun-
ties, and the large unrepresented towns, they
must add to the evil which is felt and acknow-
ledged. The hou. Member for Callington (Mr.
Baring) said that the principle of the plan was
bad, because it took population for its basis.
He denied that it did so. They took property
as the basis of the measure, and population as
the rule for disfranchisement. The Member
for Callington, in speaking of the rule arlopted
with respect to disfranchisement, and in ob
serving on the line which the Government had
drawu with respect to the population of the close
horoughs, seeined to intimate that what bad
been done was meant with a view to protect
particular boroughs, and to maintain un-
touched the political influence of certain
powerful families. (Hear, hear.) If he (Lord
Palmerston) thought the hou. member for
Callington really intended to cast such an im

ment; and, still further to relieve the mind
of his honourable Friend the Member for
Callington, from the suspicion that the Govern-
ment were guilty of sanctioning a proceeding
(to which he would not attach the proper ex-
pression,) he could inform him, that there
were twenty-five boroughs inferior to Tavis-
tock in point of population, but yet included
in the number of those which retained the
privilege of returning a Member to that House.
(Hear, hear) The object the Government
had in view in this disfranchisement was, first
to give Representatives to the great manufac-
turing towns; and next, to add to the respect-
ability of the electors, and to increase the
number of those who claim to enjoy the right
of choosing their representatives. In doing
so, they disclaimed any intention to sever the
ties which bind together the middle classes
and the aristocracy. (Hear.) On the contrary,
it was their earnest desire to increase, rather
thau to diminish, that influence an influence
arising from good conduct and propriety of de-
meanour on the one side, and respect and defer
ence on the other; and which was as honourable
to those who exercised it, as to those who ac
knowledged its authority. The measure bes
fore the House was not intended to affect this
power, for it give additional reasons for supe
porting and defending it; but it was intended
to destroy that corrupt influence, which de
stroys all public principle, and debases the
state of every class of society wherever it has
existence. When, however, the hon, member
for Callington contended that the measure
had in reality put an end to all the power of
the aristocracy, he (Lord Palmerston) was
not called on to answer him, for he had sup-
plied an answer to himself. The hon. Menie
ber seemed to forget, that in the arguments
he used to prove that the Duke of Bedford
would enjoy the same political influence as
he did before, he also asserted, as a proof of
the inefficacy of the working of the new sys
tem, that he would enjoy just the same extent
of nomination and authority in his borough of
Callington as he at present possessed. (Hear,
hear.) Now that was the true view of the
operations of the plan before the House. He
contended that property, rank, and respecta
bility would still maintain the same influence
in the representation-an influence of which
he should be the last man to deprive it, but
which was now not to be maintained in the
present state of society independent of good
conduct, morality, and intelligence. It was
the possession of those qualities, united with

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rank and station, which now commanded ad- of virtual representations was however, not -thiration and respect; and if the measure ex-suited to the times, nor to the question before eluded all influence not founded on this basis, the House. The advantage of the present so far from its being a ground of objection, method of representation did not consist in he thought it one of the greatest benefits they the fact that there were 658 Members of incould confer on that House and the country, telligence and ability, but that they were (Heart) 13The effect of the plan will be, by elected by a number of constituents as the admitting householders paying a certain rent, Representatives of a number of different to include alvast proportion of the more re-interests. If it were possible by any miracle spectable of the middle classes of the country; to collect together an equal number of even and although an hon and learned Friend of more able, and more intelligent men, still it bis (Mr Twiss) had been pleased to make would not be a House of Commons, because bimself exceedingly merry at the expense of its Members could not possess that sympathy these middle classes (bear), of shopkeepers of feelings, and that community of interests, and attorneys, and members of clubs at public which exist between the Representative houses(No; and hear) He did not quote and the Represented. Under the Reprefrom memory, he took down the words, and sentative System, if a House of Commons de repeated them.The hon. Member did not should by any means happen to bein explain in what repect the potwallopers and advance of the knowledge of the time and voters of the rotten burghs, whose rights he of public opinion, they are the more diswas so anxious to preserve, were superior to posed to submit to the decrees of those who the attorneys and the shopkeepers. (Hear,) | have previously been intrusted with their The hon. member for Callington had called confidence, from a full conviction of their the plan defective, because it admitted the honour and integrity. This state of connecpotwallopers to exercise their rights at that tion, indeed, infuses greater confidence on moment, and took them away some ten or the one side, and greater security of sway on twenty years hence His answer to that was, the other; and the more so, from the periudithat the goverument feared no danger which cal returns of the time when it is their duty could make it inexpedient to leave with those to give an account of the manner, in which persons the rights they at present enjoyed. they have performed their trust. The noble They included among the voters the great Lord then proceeded to observe, that the plan majority of the respectable among the middle now proposed went to restore to the landed classes and that; secure in the support interest that influence which he thought inwhich this will procure them, they do not dispensable to the safety and prosperity of feel it necessary to make the disfranchise- the country, by giving fifty-five menibers to ment more extensive than may be neces- the counties, and still further, by conferring sary to effect that object of binding closer votes on copyholders), and not permitting the ties which should bind the middle those who had votes for towns to enjoy the classes to the State; and he would add, same privilege in counties. He looked, in notwithstanding all the taunts with which deed, on the increase of the members for that class might be assailed, that there counties as the surest and most stable basis never was a time when it contained so many of representation; for, without meaning to men of intelligence and character when its disparage the manufacturing or commercial opinions were more entitled to confidence and interests, he must say, that he considered the respect (hear), br, its Members more distin, soil to be the country itself. The member guished by murality and good conduct by for Callington had observed that it was, nut obedience to the laws by the love of order... morality, or good conduct, or public spirit, by attachment to the throne, and the con, which governed these elections, but the stitution no case of need, densincerely be-length of t a purse (Hear) This was the lieved they would be equally distinguished by very evil the bill was intended to cure. Many devotion to their eduntry (hear), and this a man of integrity and intellect was com was one great reason with him for conceding pelled to retire in the middle of a county to them theirs political rights, of which they contest, because his fortune would not permit had been too long deprivedad After observing him to keep the poll opeu fourteen days, and that the Bill would put an end to all purchas, pay the expense of post-horses; band that ing of seats and trafficking in votes, the noble great practical grievance would new be res Lord proceeded to observes that the argument moved. The great merit of the billy in his used for refusing Representatives to some of opinion, was, that it altered the distribution of obe great towns was as he understood it, that political power, and restored the constitutions they were at presenti virtually represented, by placing the middle classes in that condition He would oppose that argument by the cous to which they were entitled, and, which was verse of thes proposition, and ask those who most likely to prove advantageous to thems contended that the large towns were virtually selves and to the community. (Hear) There represented slim thersmaller pads, bwby, the were men, he knew, họ thought that publiq small ones anight ut now content themselves opinion should be cast out of consideration an ivita simílárisadvantage Hear, he and if the management of the macbiuty of abe na that pbinowar pus to the vote) he believed botion, and who were, opposed th all change! should be sure of majority The doctrine because they believed that the House of Com?

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The dissolution of Chamber mothe rather a question, for the moment but I believe it will be dissolved before long, unless foreign a affaits take such a turn, as to make it dangerous for the tranquillity of the One country. It is not expected that the change which is to take place in the ministry will be favourable to the liberty of individuals and it is giving the new ministry too much credit beforehand to expect that their foreign policy will be either more open or more vigorous than that of the present. It is quite amusing to see the

have just heard, that about two hundred of the young men, enlisted inimediately after the Revolution, and who were sent to this part of France, and who have, during the winter, been very assiduous in their duties, and have been animated by the hopes of a cam paign for the spring, have returned to their homes. Their story is, that they Carlists complaining of violations of had been desired to sign their engage- laws, of domiciliary visits, and talking ment they said that as they were of the Habeas Corpus Act; however, volunteers, they would not sign; so they may congratulate themselves, that that, they had three sous per lieue the domiciliary visits, the rummaging given them to find their way back. of papers which take place in their They say that, as to billets on the road, houses, and the arrests of their persons or lodging, they got it in some places; and violations of seals of their letters, but that, in others, the maires had the or of those of their friends found upon drapeau blanc in the belly, and that them, are conducted with a degree of there they got nothing. These lads rigour which gives less cause for alarm think that they were got rid of, on ac- for the liberty of the subject, than that count of a no-great liking in their off-which is exercised against their declared cers to the epoch during which they opponents. I am, Sir, were enrolled. bAs to Hool anoisiq war, it is no 591104 Your obedient servant has qu longer talked of, they say.

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Yesterday was the day ofvmicarême," a great day, and something like a repetition of the carnival. As it happened, the news from Poland occu pied several hundreds of young men during this day of recreation, with mat ter for a solemn procession of mourning They carried several tri-coloured banners, covered with black crape, and visited the Palais Royal and other places. At the Palais Royal they uttered cries that they would go to Poland; several hard things were shouted re specting the deputies, and, what was more serious than words, it was f feared, I believe, that they would go to the prison St. Pelagie, to liberate the politi cal prisoners; at the same time, that these prisoners are said to have protested against the proceedings which were taking against them, on the score of their informality: be it as it will, anal sd 101 añoldoutent mot svig

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mot babes bas an99тg bas am w sdi bonor SEEDS ad diw For Sale at my Shop, Bolt-court, Fleet Lads 10 ngiz 902 ed ai doidw ellos vaA-street, London.

LOCUST SEED. Very fine and fresh, at 6s. a pound, received from America about two months ago. For instructions relative to sowing of these seeds, for rearing the plants, for making plantations of them, for preparing the land to receive them, for the after cultivation, for the pruning, and for the application of the timberep for all these see my "WOODLANDS" or TREATISE ON TIMBER TREES AND UNDERWOOD. 8vo. 14s. SWEDISH TURNIP SEED.-Any

quantity under 10lbs. 10d. a pound; any quantity above 10lbs. and under

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NORRIS, E. and T. W. Hodgson, Manches


WEBSTER, J., Leeds, dyer.



MARCH 12.DANSON, H. W., Bristol, merchaut.


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ANDREW, W., Shrewsbury, mereer.
BROWN, T., Kingston-upon-Hull, scrivener.
BLOXAM, T., Hinckley, Leicesters., surgeon.
DODS, W. and R. Moore, Percy-street, Tot-
tenham-court-road, linen drapers.
GEORGE, R., Parker-street, Drury-lane,
stage coach-maker.
HANCOCK, T. H., Brighton, inn-keeper.
HOLDEN, R., W. Vanhouse, & W.A.Hankey,
jun., Mincing-lane, West India brokers.
LAYZELL, W., Colchester, linen-draper. -
LUCK, T. P., West-lane, Walworth, laceman.
MORGAN, J., Moor-lane, Fore-st., victualler.
SHILLIBEER, G., Bury-street, Bloomsbury,
livery stable-keeper.
WAKEFIELD, J., Hinckley, Leicestershire,
WYTHES, R. and W., Birmingham, grocers.

ing and manngement and application of this corn should be glad to cause to be distributed, 200 ears of the 2 Corn amongst the labourers of each of the counties of Berks, Bucks, Wills, Hants, Sussex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex, Cambridge, Lincoln, Huntingdon, and Gloucester, as a mark of my wish to see them once more have bacon to eat instead of accursed potatoes, and 500 ears amongst those of the county of Kent, as a mark of my particular regard for the labourers of that famous county, the first that was trodden by the feet of the saints, and that never was trodden under the hoof of a conqueror. I do not know very well how to accomplish this 'distribution." If any gentleman, whom I know, in each of the aforesaid counties, will undertake the distribution, I will give him the ears for the purpose, and a Twopenny Trash (containing the instructions) along with each ear of corn. I SELL THE CORN MARK-LANE, Corn-Exchange, March 14. -We have a short supply of English Wheat, AT MY SHOP IN BOLT-COURT, AT 18. and there is a moderate demand at last week's A BUNCH OF FINE EARS, SIX IN prices for this article of Grain. Barley is NUMBER; and the Book, on the cul-heavy, and the quotation is generally from Is. tivation and uses of it, at 2s. 6d.; which is called a "TREATISE ON BETT'S CORN.

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FRIDAY, MARCH 11, 1831.




to 25. per quarter cheaper than we last quoted. Oats remain without any akeration from this COB-day week. In Beans there is rather more demand for old, but new Beans remain, with little inquiry, at last week's prices. White Peas may be quoted 2s. per quarter cheaper with a dull trade. Floar remains as we last quoted.

MARCH 10. BURRINGTON, G., Stock Exchange, stock-broker...

MARCH 10-COOPER, J. D. and C. K., Woodeaves, Derbyshire, cotton-spinners. MARCH 9.-GREASLEY, T. and C., West Smithfield, clothiers.

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74s. to 785.1 30s, to 34s.

36s. to 38s. 42s. to 46s.

Peas, White........ 38s. to 40s. "Boilers`....lorierna : 44s. to 48s.

Greyé. .. 36s, to 40s.




40s. to 42s.

32s) to 368.

Oats, Potatoe ....... 28s. to 31s.
Poland.rt...db. mod26s. to 27s.


Flour, per sack.


22s. to 24s.

60s, to 65s.

Bacon, Middles, new, 44s. to 48s. per cwt.
Sides, new... 43s. to 48s.

Pork, India, new.. 110s. Od.
Pork, Mess, new... 55s. to 57s. 6d. per barl.
Butter, Belfast ... 98s. to 100s. per cwt.

Carlow ...... 958. to 104s.
Cork.......97s. to 98s.

Limerick...978. to 92s.

Waterford..90s. to 94s.


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