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CHARLES WETHERELL may crack his exulted in the everlasting fall of the Jokes upon the little paymaster, as he Reformers, and, in answer to their peti called him, as long as he pleases; but tions, referred them to the History of the country will be very much disposed the Battle of Waterloo ; and, when the to entertain some degree of gratitude former of these papers exclaimed, in the towards the instrument of the destruc- height of its intoxication of savager tion of such a monstrous evil. The joy: "The play is over we may now! anger of Mr. HORACE TWISS was go to supper;" I answered, “No, we much more natural than it seemed cannot go to supper yet; we must natural to the public that this ministry" first pay the reckoning for the play, should have left him any thing to be angry" and in order to pay that reckoning, we for the loss of. When this hero came" must first have Parliamentary Reinto parliament, he made his debut in a" form." We have got that now, and furious attack on the Parliamentary Re- therefore, we may prepare for the sup formers. I told him at the time, "Ah!|per; and, it seems that we are to have "HORACE, HORACE, you are of the it in grand style; for, the bloody Times, "true breed, and are upon the right scent, but you come into the pack too "late: the game will soon be all gone; "and, when that is the case, God Almighty only knows what is to become " of you!"
Amongst the consequences of this grand measure will be the complete exposure of all the sham patriots; of all the dirty souls, who, by professing that they wish for reform, thought to escape the vengeance of the people, if a convulsive Revolution should take place. These vile hypocrites, and some of them the basest of Boroughmongers too, always took special good care to exercise their corrupt power in such a way as to perpetuate, if possible, that corrupt power. which will now be blown up, and that too by their own apparent consent and good-will! The touchstone of these will be, when the separate question of the Ballot comes to be discussed. By every means in their power, except open means, they will oppose it. The Ministers will do well to propose it, and to maintain it to the athiost, to prevent the possibility of having insincerity ascribed to them. It will give them strength, too, against the implacable enmity of the boroughmonger crew. But it will do this, which is more than all the rest: it will leave nothing to be demanded; and that is the great thing of all. It will silence the boroughmongers; silence every enemy that the Ministry has upon the face of the earth. When, in 1815, the base COURIER, and the BLOODY TIMES
which called for the putting us into dungeons, in 1817, for having petitioned for Reform, now calls upon the cities of London and Westminster for a grand illumination to celebrate the passing of the bill. If this illumination should, as I hope it will, take place, all that I shall want, all that I shall lament the want of, will be the power of calling up the saucy CANNING and the venerable Major Cartwright to witness that illumination. The next thing to the having them in their proper persons, is that of having them in effigy: that of CANNING in a Dustman's cart drawn by an old rip horse, representing a fallen boroughmonger, the effigy clad in mourning, with the words, "a low, degraded crew" (the appellation which he gave the reformers in 1809) coming out of his lips; and the venerable MAJOR in a triumphal car, decked with laurel, the effigy itself furnished with a civic crown. At any rate, one of the very first acts of a reformed Parliament ought to be, the causing of a monument, in the most honourable of all the spots that can be found, to be erected to the memory of this wise and brave man, who spent fifty years of his life in endeavors to obtain that which has, at last, been accomplished.
THE following words which are put in italics is what is called the libel of which some mean wretch or other has
good, and that potatoes and salt d
and not the bodily force, that has prevailed. To attempt to persuade either farmers or la bourers, that the tithes do not do them any harm, is to combat plain common sense. They must know, and they do know, that whatever is received by the parson is just so much taken from them, except that part which he may lay out for productive labour in the parish: and that is a mere trifle compared with what he gives to the East and West ladies, to the wine-countries, to the footmen, short, the tithe-owners take away from the and to other unproductive labourers. In
actised ine. The whole, paragraph is & none of this taken from the Register of the eleventh Therefore this argument is not worth a straw. of December, and that is the one that Besides, they see and feel that the good comes, TREVOR barked about in the House of and comes instantly too. They see that they do Commons, according the report of in destruc the bloody Times. The part selected tion of part of the corn; and while they see for prosecution is the part marked by which they have done is wrong. And as to one you attempt in vain to persuade them, that that italics, leaving out the head and tail effect, that of making the parsons reduce their of the paragraph. The reader will see tithes, it is hailed as a good by ninety-ninewhat a base and contemptible proceed hundredths even of men of considerable proing this is. I am not sure, by any country who does not clearly trace the reduction perty; while there is not a single man in the means, that it is the Government which to the acts of the labourers, and especially has made this attempt. I shall, how-to the fires, for it is the terror of these, ever, get it out at last, and I should not be very much surprised if I were to trace it back to the very first instigator, or propagator of the affair of GOODMAN. In another Register, I will publish the result of my inquiries. Only think of the bloody TIMES putting forth a paragraph to cause it to be believed that it was a publication similar to that for which Mr. Carlile has been so severely punished; and then some other of the base Lon-agricultural parishes a tenth part of the don newspapers, sending it all over the Country that I was actually in Newgate already. However, TREVOR's seat will be taken from under him by about this day week; for Romney is amongst the boroughs to be scratched out. This reform brings all due revenges, and gives us protection for the future. The execrable monopoly of the press, and all its unpunished and infamous slanders, will be swept away amongst other crying evils. If I were proprietor of a newspaper, the proprietorship of which was. worth 20,000l. last Saturday, I should now be glad to sell it for five.
In the meanwhile, however, the parsons are reducing their tithes with a tolerablé degree of alacrity! It seems to come from them like drops of blood from the heart; but it comes; and it must all come now; or England will never again know even the appearance of peace. "Out of evil comes good." We are not, indeed, upon that mere maxim, " to do evil that good may come from it." But without entering at present into the motives of the working people, it is unquestionable that their acts have produced good, and great good too. They have been always told, and they are told now, and by the very parson that I have quoted above, that their acts of violence, and particularly the burnings, can do them-no good, but add to their wants by destroying the food that they would have to eat. Alas! they know better they know that one thrashing machine takes wages from ten men; and they
gross produce, which, in this present state of abuse of the institution, they apply to purposes not only not beneficial, but generally mischievous to the people of those parishes.
There is to be a COMMON HALL on Monday, to take into consideration the propriety of passing resolutions, pledging the City to support the Ministers in carrying into effect the Reform that they have brought forward. At that Hall, please God, I will be. I should be ashamed to be a Livery man of London and to be absent on this occasion. I do hope, that there will be a general illumination, as the Bill has been carried in the Commons. Let the HELLS, in St, James's Street, be in darkness and in mourning; but let the tax-paying peyple rejoice.
From the LONDON GAZETTE,
FEB. 25.-CHEESEMAN, J., Reading, baker.
JOYCE, R., Cambridge, boot and
FEB. 23,-SMITH, G. and R. Foulerton,
CHADWICK, B. Ashton-und.; Line,victualler.
POPE, C., St. Philip and Jacob, Gloucester-
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1831.
ASKIN, E., Lichfield, printer.
BARNARD, R., Hollingbourn, Kent, paper-to
BRITTEN, D., Breda, Holland, packer.
FOWLER, T., East Butterwick, Lincolnshire,
FRY, J., Liverpool, merchant.
GRIMSHAW, J., Rawden, Yorkshire, mercht. HEEL, T., Gateshead Low Fell, Durham, draper.
LEWIS, T., King's-road, Chelsea, builder. PHILLIPS, H. N., Edward-st. Regent's-park, tavern-keeper.
RIGMAIDEN, H., Liverpool, wine-merchant. WRIGHT, T., Manchester and Salford, tobacconist.
Beef, for prime young Scots, fetches from 4s. 6d. to 4s. 10d. per stone, and in the Mutton 5s. 6d. per stone. trade, prime young Downs are as high as 5s. In Veal, the price of the finest young Calves is 6s. to 6s. 4d. per stone, and dairy-fed Porkers sell at 5s. to 5s. 6d. per stone. Beasts, 2,407; Sheep, 14,860; Calves, 110; Pigs, 140.
WAIN AND CO., Tailors and Drapers,
public that, as they manufacture the whole of
0 12 0
Being, for a whole Suit, only 4 10 0
LONDON MARKETS. MARK-LANE, CORN-EXCHANGE, FEB. 28. We have a short supply of Wheat this morning, and the quotation for this Grain may be given the same as on last Monday. We have a largish supply of Barley, and the fine malt-Petersham Beaver Great Coats.... 2 15 0 ing qualities may be quoted at an improve- Talma Cloaks of Superfine Cloth. 300 ment of Is. per quarter from the price of this A Suit of Livery.... day week, but in other sorts there is no varia. tion. We have a very large supply of English Oats, and this Grain may be given at 1s. per quarter cheaper than on this day week. In Rye, Beans, Peas, and other articles of Grain, we can quote no variation.
76s. to 82s.
30s. to 34s.
40s. to 42s.
46s. to 49s.
42s. to 44s.
45s. to 49s. 36s. to 42s. .. 42s. to 45s.
Bacon, Middles, new, 44s. to 46s. per cwt.
VOL. 71.-No. 11.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 12th, 1831.
LABOURERS OF ENGLAND.
Particularly those of Kent, Sussex, Hants, Wilts, Dorset, Berks, Norfolk, and Suffolk.
On the Scheme now on foot for getting part of them away out of their Native Country.
Kensington, 1st March, 1831.
[Price ls. 2d.
to boast of by kings and governments, that the number of the people living under them increased. Nay, our own Government, only thirty years ago, stated in its public documents, that; the number of the people of England had increased under it, and that this was a proof of the goodness of the Government. Nay, further, in the year 1796, Mr. PITT, the then Minister, proposed to give rewards to the labouring people in proportion to the number of children that they brought up.
you, the laborious, virtuous, excellent How comes it, then, my good friends, labourers of England, that this same Government now wants to get rid of part of you? How comes it that THERE is a bill brought into Par- this same Government, which only liament by a man who is called Lord thirty years ago boasted of your increase Howick, and who is the son of Lord in numbers as a proof of its goodness, GREY, who is now the First Lord of the now regards this increase of its numbers Treasury, and the King's Prime Minis- as a great evil, and is devising means ter. The object of this bill, which is of getting you away from your native not yet become a law, and which I hope land? Before I speak to you upon the will not, is to get a part of you to go terrible daugers which will assail you away out of your country; and it is my if you consent to be sent away, let me : object to make you understand all this explain to you the reason of this change matter clearly; and to show you what in the language, views, and conduct of the consequences would be to you, and the Government; let me explain to you to the wives and children of such of you why it is that it now wishes to get rid as have wives and children, if you were of you. It wants to get you away beto consent to be sent away. But first cause you make so large a demand upon of all, let us ask what reason there can the poor-rates; because you are all bebe for sending you away out of your come what they call paupers; because, native country. It is not intended ab- in that character, you take away so solutely to force you to go, as men who much from the farmers, the gentlemen are transported are forced to go; but it and others, who own and occupy the is intended to get you to give your con-land; and they think that if they can sent to be sent away; and let us then make you smaller in number, they shall ask, how it comes to pass that the have less to give you. But they do Government of the country, that the not stop to inquire what it is that has Lords and the rich men who sit in Par-made you paupers; what it is that has liament, should wish to get rid of a part brought you into this miserable and of the people. You have read in the degraded state of poverty; or, indeed, Holy Scriptures, that amongst the great-they need not inquire, for they must est blessings which God has promised know the cause very well; they must to an obedient and good people is, a know that it is the taxes and the present multiplication of their numbers, an in-application of the tithes, and not any crease of them on the face of the earth; fault of yours, not any over-increase of and, until now, it has been a great thing your numbers, that have brought you
into that state of pauperism which plate the project for sending a part of makes you so burdensome to their house you out of the country. Now, mark and land. All of you who are sixty well what I am going to say: it is the years of age can recollect that bread taxes and the misapplication of the and meat, and not wretched potatoes, tithes, that have produced this terrible were the food of the labouring people; change. Fifty years ago; nay, only you can recollect that every industrious, forty years ago, the whole of the taxes labouring man brewed his own beer, for a year, amounted to fifteen millions and drank it by his own fire-side; you of pounds. They now amount to upcan recollect that, at every wedding wards of sixty millions of pounds. These and every christening, such labouring taxes take away so much from the man had a barrel of ale in the house owners and occupiers of land and provided for the occasion; you can houses, and from all persons carrying recollect when the young people were on trade, manufactures, or commerce, able to provide money before they were that they have not enough left to pay married, to purchase decent furniture the working people a sufficiency of for a house, and had no need to go to wages. Then again, when a working the parish to furnish them with a mise- man gets his wages, he has to pay, on rable nest to creep into; you can recol- his beer, his hops, his malt, his soap, lect when a bastard child was a rarity his candles, his tobacco, his tea, his in a village, and when husbands and sugar, on the calico that he wears in his wives came together without the dis- shirt, and that his wife wears in her grace of being forced together by parish gown, twice as much, on an average, officers and the magistrates; you can as he would have to pay for them if it recollect when every sober and indus- were not for these taxes. For instance, trious labourer, that was a married the sugar which costs seven-pence a man, had his Sunday-coat, and took his pound, he would have for three-pence; wife and children to church all in de- the tea which costs him five shillings a cent apparel; you can recollect when pound, he would have for eighteenthe young men did not shirk about on pence, if not for a shilling. This is the a Sunday in ragged smock-frocks, with cause of the great change in the cirunshaven faces, with a shirt not washed cumstances of the labouring people of for a month, and with their toes peep- England, and the country people have ing out of their shoes, and when a young been further greatly injured by that man was pointed at if he had not, on a misapplication of the tithes of which I Sunday, a decent coat upon his back, a shall speak more by-and-by, and which good hat on his head, a clean shirt, with is one of the crying sins of this nation. silk handkerchief round his neck, leather Now, the working people, being thus breeches without a spot, whole worsted borne down by the taxes and misapplistockings tied under the knee with a cation of the tithes; being, in the first red garter, a pair of handsome Sunday place, deprived of the wages which shoes, which it was deemed almost a they would receive if it were not for disgrace not to have fastened on his the taxes laid upon their employers; feet by silver buckles. There were and having, in the next place, to give always some exceptions to this; some one half of the wages which they get lazy, some drunken, some improvident to the tax-gatherer, in one shape or anyoung men; but I appeal to all those of you who are sixty years of age, whether this be not a true description of the state of the labourers of England when you were boys.
Well, then, my friends, why is it not so now? What has been the cause of the horrible change? We must ascertain this cause first; and then contem
other; being thus borne down, I say, by the taxes and the tithes, they are reduced to this choice; to lie down and die with starvation, or to obtain, something out of the poor-rates. By degrees, they have been stripped of the nice little furniture of their houses; by degrees, they have been brought down to have their bodies covered with