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sion, and some Members having demanded liberty. The Government ought to have forethat the articles which had been changed seen these events. With a King so beloved should be printed, and so devoted to our institutions, with a Na-' tional Guard so full of zeal, with an army animated with the best sentiments, why does not all go well?
M. de CAUMARTIN moved an amendment, which excited some discussion, but which was eventually rejected.'
"Various other articles were then put to the vote. Upon one of them,
"Why does the distress of the industrious and commercial classes increase? Because of "M. BENJAMIN DELESSERT rose to move the weakness of the Government, because the an amendment. The hon. Deputy, after tak-authorities have shown too much indulgence ing a general review of the municipal law, towards the partizans of another political expressed his regret that Paris had been order, who advocate the Republic, because exempted from the operation of the law, for they do not know the inconveniences of it. Let the capital, more than the provinces, required the Ministry act with vigour against these two a municipal administration which was equally parties, who understand each other too well, firm and moderate, and which was able to and who join in their efforts to overthrow order guarantee the security of the citizens. On and the present state of things. Let them act seeing the events which have afflicted the against the Carlist party, by placing an incapital,' continued the hou. Deputy, can we surmountable barrier between France and the help lamenting the blindness of the Ministry, deposed family, by taking from that family all which could not foresee what it was so easy to hope of returning to France, by ordering it prevent? How can we imagine that the Au-immediately to sell its estates. thorities which were able to prevent the funeral service at St. Roche, could not do as much at St. Germain l'Auxerrois, as they were informed of it beforehand? Why did they allow this service, which had not taken place for several years, in so ill-chosen a spot, and before the tombs of the victims of July? The "If these measures be adopted, tranquillity conquering people were roused to insurrection and confidence will be restored, and we may on thinking of this outrage. Why did not enjoy the advantages of the Revolution of July the Ministry calculate upon the consequences There is still time; but if there is delay, dis➡ of this pretended religious scene, which occa-order will spread every-where. When the sioned the events that have afflicted the friends of order. "
"Let them act with vigour against all the fomenters of troubles. Let them not suffer those who have been arrested to languish in prison, but let them he promptly either discharged or condemned, and let care be taken that the guilty do not escape.
churches have been pillaged, they will go to the chateau, to the palaces, and to the houses.· Civil war will then be lighted up in the departments; and Frenchmen will no longer know how to act. I hope that the Ministry will profit by the advice of a friend of the pubhic prosperity, who has no object but the hap piness of his country. (Applause.)
"It was impossible, in spite of the efforts of the National Guard, to prevent the disasters which have taken place; disasters, which, in France and in foreign countries, will give a false idea of the Parisian population. Paris, like the whole of France, detests hypocrisy and fanaticism, and all superstitious practices; "The President observed that the honourbut it respects religion and its ministers, when able Deputy had strayed from the question. they are worthy of respect. If it has over- "M. DE MONTALIVET then rose and said, stepped the bounds of resentment, it is be-Some questions have been addressed to the cause it was stirred up by the enemies of our Ministers, and grave charges, I must so call institutions, who made it believe that there them, have been brought against them. Their was no longer any police; because the sign general principles have been attacked, and revered for so many ages had been attacked specific facts inentioned. If principles only with impunity. These men wished to attack were in question, we might have made an exthe national representatives. How many timesplanation immediately. But facts have been has not the Chamber of Deputies been menaced, and the Chamber has to lament that it is too often forced to deliberate whilst surrounded with military. (Marks of adhesion.) One of our colleagues, distinguished by his hatred to anarchy and hypocrisy, and who at every period has given to liberty the support of his talents, has seen his house invaded by a furious mob, and only owed his safety to the National Guard, which has every-where re-established tranquillity. (True, true, from the left.)
advanced. Commerce, it is said, has not been protected; there has been a violation of domicile, and arrests have taken place. To explain these circumstances documents are necessary, and in order to give our words the force which they ought to have, we must call those docu- . ments to our aid. We beg the Chamber to allow us till to-morrow." (Yes, yes.) jalg
M. BAUDE attempted to speak, but was interrupted by cries of To-morrow, to-morrow,” and the Chamber decided that the explanations' should take place on the morrow.
"How have the leaders of these miscreants continued to escape from all the researches "Great tumult arose in the assembly. Many made after thein? Have not the leaders of of the Deputies left their places and formed the National Guard a right to complain that groups before the tribune and the Ministerial a several persous who had been arrested for iubenches. fed now docw,non, sbɔ andrs sulting that guard, were immediately set at **M. Barthe appeared much agitated, and
Awoice→→→You want a republic, it is well
ff Most of the Deputies, upon this, rushed to the Ministerial bench, where this incident took place. Tranquillity › having been re-established, a Deputy in the centre, was heard to say the Ministers must govern, or they must go out.
spoke to M. Augustin Perrier with some vio-to the virtue of your family: it cements the lence. Several other Deputies also appeared natural union of the two nations without con in great agitation. founding them. It reconciles their wishes and their natural interests with the interests and the peace of Europe, and by giving to the in-, dependence of Belgium a new support, that of the French honour, it ensures to other States a new element of force aud tranquillity. "The constitutional compact on which the Crown of Belgium rests is finished, The nation whose independence is recognised expects with impatience both the sovereign of, its choice, and the benefits of the constitution to which he will take the oath. The answer of your Majesty will fulfil its well-founded. expectations, and our just hopes. Your accession has proved that you know all the power of a truly national wish, and the sympathy of France is a pledge to us of its ready assent to the suffrages of Belgium.
"M. LAFITTE replied from the centre with much violence--The Government is strong; it is stronger than the Chamber, and it will prove it when necessary.
"The Deputies appeared astonished at these words. Attention was directed towards Cassimir-Perrier, who, on seeing his brother engaged in argument, appeared troubled; and when the discussion upon the municipal law was resumed, his voice was so much paralysed, that not a word of what he said could be heard.
"We deliver into your hands, Sire, the official decree of the election of his Royal Highness the Duke of Nemours, and a copy of the constitution decreed by the Congress. The President of the Congress then read the of the Congress in the following terms :--"In the name of the Belgic nation,
The first and second section of the left joined in this tumultuqus discussion, and so many persons spoke at once that it was im-act possible to collect the different exclamations which fell from them.
"THE NATIONAL CONGRESS
Many of the Deputies then retired to the Anti-chamber, or the Hall of Conferences, "Art. 1. His Royal Highness Louis Charles and communicated their conjectures as to Philip d'Orleans, Duke of Nemours, is prowhat was meant by the observation of Mclaimed King of the Belgians, on condition of Lafitte. The greater part of them contended accepting the Constitution, such as it shall be that it meant the Chamber was about to be decreed by the National Congress.
dissolved. The Ministers then retired from
the assembly, and it was said they were going to hold a Council-The Chamber then proceeded with ordinary business, after which it was adjourned till the next day (Friday).
Paris, Feb. 17. -To-day, at noon, the deputation of the National Congress of Belgium repaired to the Palais Royal. Two of his Majesty's aides-decamp received it at the top of the grand staircase, to conduct it into the first saloon, where it was received by the Minister of Foreigu Affairs, who conducted it into the Presence Chamber. His Majesty received it sitting on the throne, having on his right the Duke of Orleans, and on his left the Duke of Nemours. Her Majesty the Queen was present, as well as the Princes and Princesses, and the Princess Adelaide, the King's sister. The Ministers and Aides-de-camp of the King surrounded the throne. The President of the congress delivered the following speech ;-
Sire-The legal organ of the Belgiau people, the sovereign Congress, in its sitting of the 3d of February, elected and proclaimed King bis Royal Highness Louis Charles Philip d'Oricans, Duke of Nemours, your Majesty's younger son, and has intrusted to us the mission to offer the crown to his Royal Highness in the person of your majesty as his guardiam and King. 17 106 saglit zárovoda.
"This election, which was hailed by the adrlamations of a free people, is a homage rendered to the popular royalty of France, and
till after having solemnly taken, in the pre"2. He is not to take possession of the Throne sence of the Congress, the following oath :
"I swear to observe the Constitution and the laws of the Belgian people, to maintain the national independence, and the integrity of the territory.'
"Brussels, Palace of the Nation,
Feb. 3, 1831.
"The Secretaries, Members of the Congress.
"H. DE BROUCKERE.
The President of the Congress
"E SURLET CHOKIER." The King answered to the deputation:→
"Gentlemen-The wish which you are commissioned to lay before me in the name of the Belgic people, ou presenting me with the act of the election which the National Congress has just made, of my second sou, the Duke of Nemours, for King of the Belgians, fills me with sentiments which I request you to express to your generous, nation. I am profoundly affected that my constant devotedness to my country has inspired you with this wish. I shall always be proud that one of my sons has been the object of your choice.
"If I listened only to the inclination of my very sincere desire to yield to the wish of a people whose peace and prosperity are equally dear and important to France, I should readi
ly accede to it. But whatever may be my regret, whatever may be the affliction which I feel in refusing you my son, the strictness of the duties which I have to fulfil imposes upon me this painful obligation; and I must declare, that I do not accept for him the crown which you are commissioned to offer him.
Monday, Feb. 14.
HOUSE OF LORDS, NATIONAL FAITHUST The DUKE My first duty is to consult, above all things, of BUCKINGHAM asked the Minister if the interest of France, and cousequently not it were still the intention of the Goto endanger that peace which I hope to preserve vernment to lay a tax ou the funds, as for its happiness, for that of Belgium, and he should consider that a breach of nu- ga for that of all the States of Europe to which it is so invaluable and so necessary: exempt myself from all ambition, my personal wishes agree with my duties. It will never be the thirst of conquest, or the honour of seeing a crown placed upon the head of my son, that will lead me to expose my country to the renewal of the evils which war brings in its train, and for which the advantages we might derive from it, however great they might otherwise be, caunot compensate. The example of Louis XIV. and Napoleon would suffice to LORD GREY said, that it appeared to preserve me from the fatal temptation of erec-"him both fair and equitable and just, ting thrones for my sons, and to make me prefer the happiness of having maintained peace, to all the splendour of the victories
which in case of war French valour would not fail again to secure to our glorious standards.
tional faith. LORD GREY was under the disagreeable necessity of cat once announcing that the scheme as mooted by LORD ALTHORP in his budget-speech Ministry of the charge of dishonest inwas abandoned, and of clearing his tentions towards the "public creditor.' LORD BROUGHAM had to do the same.
"May Belgium be free and happy! Let it" never forget that it is to the concert of France with other great powers of Europe that it
that the fundholders should begin to contribute something to the relief of the burdens which pressed on their fellow-subjects, and he could not of any breach of faith to one class agree that, in doing so, he was guilty more than to the other.' It is, The words
owes the speedy acknowledgment of its nation- curious to hear this al independence; and let it always rely with " confidence on my support to preserve it from ly like "equitable adjustment,” equitable and just” sound monstrousevery external attack, or from all foreign intervention; but let Belgium also secure itself only wants the ment; and we shall hear against the scourge of internal agitations, and it before long, but not till it is much too let it preserve itself from them by the organ-late. ization of a Constitutional Government, which tively denied that the tax on the LORD BROUGHAM “most "posimay maintain a good understanding with its transfer of stock would have been neighbours, and protect the rights of all by insuring the faithful and impartial execution of the laws. May the Sovereign whom you any breach of public faith towards shall elect consolidate your internal security, that ground that it was abandon"the fundholders, and it was not on and may the choice of him be, at the same ed." "Most positively denied!" Yes, time, a pledge to all the Powers of the con but there required a reason, LORD tinuance of peace and general tranquillity! May he be fully sensible of all the duties that BROUGHAM; however, all I say, is, as he will have to perform! and may he never Lumpkin says, in Goldsmith's play, forget that public liberty will be the best foun-Stick to that, mother!" dation of his throne, as respect for your laws, Oh, how the maintenance of your institutions, and fide- much gall would you have spared yourlity in observing his engagements, will be the selves if you had abused me less ! best means to preserve it against every attack, Lords and to save you from the danger of new con- and FARNHAM, regretted that the mea every attack, Lords WINCHILSEA, LONDONDERRY sure had been abandoned all thought that the fundholder should be compelled to contribute his share." of hefur
"Tell your countrymen that such are the wishes I form for them, and that they may depend upon the entire affection which I bear to them. They will find me always eager to manifest it to them, and to maintain with them those relations of friendship and good neighbourhood which are so necessary to the prosperity of the two States...... odle groq va guenots milz
26TH FEBRUARY, 1831.
TZEMALJAZI now doing. That he shows a want of respect for religion in showing that parsons all over the country have neglected their religious duties, while that they have taken especial care not to abandon their tithes ! The scandalous neg lect of religion is one great cause of the people's hatred to the church parsons; and the only cause of the country being overrun by all sorts of sectarians.
LORD KING rose to submit the motion of which he had given notice, for returns of the resident and non-resident clergy, with an account distinguishing between the living of non-residents in lay, and those in ecclesiastical patronage. Returns of such a kind had often been made to the Privy Council, and some times to parliament. His motion was for an abstract of the last returns made on this subject to the Privy Council. A Right Reverend Prelate had, on a former occasion, said that the great cause of non-residence was owing to the lay impropriators of tithes having the patronage of livings, because the incomes they allowed to the clergyman who did the duty was so small not
here was an Ecclesiastical Living in Yorkshire where the allowance to the officiat and there was another in Oxfordshire where ing Clergyman was only thirty pounds a-year; the allowance was only 307. a year, although that was made up by subscriptions among the parishioners to 701, a-year. These were cases Church. It still remained in the Ecclesiastiin which the property still remained in the cal Corporations, and had not been abstracted from the Church in the manner so much complained of by the right rev. Prelate. So that where the property still remained in the Church, the incomes of the officiating Ministers were sometimes worse than in livings where the property and patronage were in the hands of others. But as to the abstraction of property from the Church-the right of the Church to all the property which had ever belonged to the Church, had been put by the right rev. Prelate the other night on much higher ground than he had ever heard it placed before by any of the most high-flying of the High Church party. Even Bishop Horsley, who, it would be admitted, was a great stickler for the hierarchy and the property of the Church, had not placed the claim on such high grounds, as he saw from looking at a of rev. clergy. Bishop Horsley's views were moderate and reasonable, compared with those of the right rev. Prelate who spoke on the subject the other night. He concluded by moving for an Abstract from the last Returns made to the Privy Council of Resident and Non-resident Clergymen, with an Account distinguishing those Livings which were in the gift of lay-impropriators, and those which there were pl. 88. 4d. each, But were in the gift of Ecclesiastical Corporations. whose average inThe Bishop of LONDON did not mean to come was 6457. His main object, however, oppose the motion of the noble Baron. He was to show that non-residence was not con rose merely for the purpose of saying a few fined to the livings in the patronage of lay words in reference to the gross misrepresentaimpropriators of
residence, the best
an end to non
he' so if the non-residence had been confined to livings of small income. But the great cause was pluralities and he should was a sincere desire to put best plan would be to above a certain value from being held in plurality. In a certain book to which the had been referred, he bad found it stated, that on an average the church livings 5 were only
in ecclesiastices, but extended to those tions which had been made on this subject in
patronage. He found it stated in a provincial publication of the 12th of the present month of February, that the rich living of Wisbeach, estimated to be worth 5,4231.
a Mr. Farriday-and it
some of the public prints, and more particularly in a certain book which had been lately published. When he spoke of lay impropriations as being a great cause of non-residence,
the Bishopen given to a near relation of he did not mean the remotest allusion to the was stated that at this rev. possession of several other ecclesiastical preferments. It was also stated that the rev. to resign a living in favour of
present lay impropriators. He spoke only of
which had been to make the income of many livings so small that it formed a great obstacle to residence. He hoped, therefore, that this
Gentleman of the Bishop of Ely; but he would be held to be a complete explanation
a second son
once for all, and that he would have no occathe concurrence of the Lord Chancellor.sion to trouble, their Lordships further op ich Lord Chancellor Farriday had not been subject. was appointed to the living of Wisbeach. The he wished to say a few words. It had been 3004. or 3651. a year. He had
eev. Gentleman, however, had five other ap- from 3501. to pointmental (No, not had been stated investigated
that besbadend here might be considera- adverted toe subject minutely since he had
on a former occasion; and the
but multies in preventing pluralities; noble Baron himself would probably be sur it would appear that to the officiating Clergyman comes allowed prised at the result;
were as in Ecclesiastical Livings us those where the par tronage was in the hands of lay-impropria
r. that been said about the enormous property of the Church, he had found that, taking every thing into account, the value of the livings, on an
average, did not
at 8,000,000l., and am confident that I am under the. inark.
Corporations, and the incomes of livings did not amount, in the whole, to 2001. on an average. He stated this in answer to the gross and scandalous misrepresentations in some of the public prints, and particularly in the book to which he had alluded, in which there, was the grossest misrepresentation on this subject that could well be put forth. The incomes of Archdeacons, for the discharge of their important duties, were very smallsmall that they could not perform them at all without the aid of livings held by them in addition to their Archdeaconries.
HOUSE OF COMMONS. BREACH OF FAITH. A long debate on the proposed tax on the funds, in which Lord ALTHORP defends himself from the imputation of wishing to break the public faith. He is rated by some, and consoled by others;
he will not
his project. I knew that if I lived I resign his opinions," but he resigns should see this; and if I live but a little longer I shall see bitterer draughts than these swallowed by those who have abused me.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
REFORM. Several petitions in fa
Lord KING. It would be easy to send the order to the Secretaries of the Bishops, and to the Deans and Chapters, who could, without difficulty, make out the account of such livings as were in lay, and such as were in ecclesias-vour of this, but particularly one from tical patronage. As to what the right reverend Prelate had said as to his statement, he had Birmingham, signed by 21,000 persons, and styled a veral petitions also against tithes, petition of right." Se
not had his information from the black book to which the right reverend Prelate alluded, but from a book called The Revenues of the Church no Burden on the Public-abook which was favourable to the Church Establishment rather than otherwise. He should feel great pain if the average income of livings were so low as 1851. each, as the right reverend Prelate had stated; and lie hoped that the right reverend Prelate had fallen into some mistake in his
Earl GREY did not see how the Returns
HOUSE OF COMMONS. ALDERMAN WAITHMAN'S motion about trade and manufactures.-BUCKINGHAM
PALACE and WINDSOR CASTLE. A pretty exposure of the manner of carrying on public works was made as to these two places, which have cost already called for by his noble Friend could be pro- 639,000l., and are, before they are comcured in the manner which he had proposed. pleted, to cost 121,000l. more; in all, He should have no objection to such Returns 760,000l. Be it observed that all this being laid on their Lordships' table; but he money is laid out for building that great requested his noble Friend to consider whether it would not be better to withdraw his unfinished thing in the corner of St. motion for the present, in order to see whether James's Park, which, on all hands, is it might not be afterwards brought forward in declared to be an ugly, ill-shaped, and a shape more calculated to attain the object. unfit thing, and for furnishing WindHis own belief was, that great inconvenience resulted from this mode of incidentally discusssor Castle; and the excuse given by the ing particular parts of the subject, on occasion of presenting petitions. He did not mean so far exceeding the estimate, is stated trades-people for the cost of this latter to question his noble Friend's siucerity; but by Lord ALTHORP to be, he did say, that the course which he had niture was so extraordinary and so un"that the furadopted was any-thing but favourable to the attainment of the object which his noble usual." No less than 203,960l, for furFriend himself had in view. He was fully nishing one Palace, while the country persuaded that there existed among the heads is in such a state of destitution, that of the Church a most sincere desire to remedy men, young working men, have been The "" known to die of pure want, and with: Extraordinary Black Book" nothing inside of them but sour referred to by the BISHOP of LONDON Sorrel ! and Lord KING (the book is published by Mr. E. WILSON, Royal Exchange), is, it seems, to be repealed in great part; states the whole revenues of the but I remarked on this in my last Rechurch establishment at 9,459,5651. Igister, so I need not do it again. Quali
the abuses in the establishment.
GAME-LAWS. This terrible code