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churches without the authority of the Maire of the Commune; but two comnunes have chosen priests from this sect. Only yesterday, a curious letter appeared in the papers, from the Minister of the Interior, addressed to the Prefect, discountenancing meetings in communes for deliberating upon these matters.

6. Numerous persons, mostly labour-people. The priests of this species of ing men, were archbishop's palace, prisoners to La Force; but I suppose it was to them a matter of indifference, though the prisons are not so conducted as to be very desirable residences. Some accounts are published of the treatment of the persons arrested in December, which make one's hair stand on an end! That poor wretches were formerly subjected to the vilest suffering in the Bastile, 8. The workings of the priests have where those sufferings could be kept a certainly been curious altogether, since secret, is not surprising; but, who the revolution. On New Year's day, would imagine that there should be when persons of all denominations go impudence enough in the world, for the to Court, no Catholic priest except the very achievers of the revolution, for Pope's nuncio went to the Palais-Royal. those who sacrificed most to obtain it, Up to this time, the Archbishop had and have suffered most by it, to be indeed not been heard of; but, the openly kept in the prison with thieves, question of his salary making a part of made to eat à la gamelle (all out of one the budget, the season for the latter bowl or trough) with thieves, and to be seems to have drawn him out of his treated in every respect as thieves! hole, and he has recently made several Amongst the persons arrested in De- visits to the Palais-Royal, where he is cember, and who have never been ex-not, I believe, badly received. He had amined for two months, and who are just caused his palace to be put in redetained without sentence, there is a pair, and re-furnished, when lo! the Monsieur AUGUSTE BELLIN, a young priestly temerity of yesterday snrashed man of seventeen years of age, who all again. The Government had inhimself received a wound, his father tended to pull down the palace, rather several wounds, and whose mother had than make the repairs rendered neboth her thighs shot off while in her bed, cessary, after the holy seignieur had where she had retired in fright, and in caused the people to be fired upon in consequence of which she died next July; but he preferred to make the day. The crime of this young man is, repairs out of his own revenue. So at having flung a stone at a lamp, after least it is said, and he had accordingly the trials of the murderers of his mother! again taken up his residence in it. This fact alone, and the rides which the 9. It is surprising (if any-thing could heroes of July have had in the sallad-now be surprising), with the acknow basket, and their companions with the ledged queer character of this man, that ilch, will figure curiously in history it should be said, against the priests of with the best republic." Yet, so the new church, that they aim at being long as people choose to be duped, and allowed to marry, to dispense with conto be persuaded that there is something fession, and also to dispense with other or other in a democratic government forms and ceremonies. These, I believe, unsuited to France, they must applaud are recommendations with them in the these proceedings. If the manners of eyes of the people; as, indeed, the cauFrance are monarchical," as such peo- tion of the Minister of the Interior ple say, I suppose it is in La Force and sufficiently shows. The people regard in the sallad-basket, obalu 30 en them as honest men, who are ready to practise all they preach; and they areno longer disposed to place faith in pretenders to extraordinary piety, who are nothing more than actors or jugglers, making a mockery of the saints.

7. I have before mentioned to you, the new French Church, which is establishing principally under the direc tion of the Abbé Chuttel, and which appears to be much approved of by the

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10I have just understood, that work-specting the events at Paris, what the progress men are now employed in taking down is of the movement which has manifested it the crosses from the tops of the self, and by what dangers France is in reality" churches. These crosses were placed threatened. there by the arrogance of the late priestly king, and I suppose are now removed to save the churches themselves. As one of the Scotch reformers, I believe, said, Tak awa the nest an the crows will flee awa;" and the French would be very likely to take the most effectual measures to get rid of their


Alam, Sir, your obedient servant,


P. S. There is an "intense" avidity for news and newspapers now.. told it resembles the anxiety and cuI am riosity which prevailed a few days before the revolution. Not that I think there will be another revolution here, for. I think the Government have too much sense.

"Order of the day addressed to the Troops of the first Military Division. fidious insinuations of the enemies of the "Soldiers,-Do not listen to the perKing and of liberty. Philip the First will know how to defend it, as he will the The criminal attempts of the partizans of Crown which he has received from the nation. absolutism and of Charles the Tenth will be frustrated by your firmness. You will be faithful to those oaths to which the French people have sworn, and the King will keep his. are as much those of the King as they are The enemies of the glorious revolution of July destroy them, if such adversaries can make ours; and he will put himself at your head to up their minds to fight. "The Lieutenant-General, (Signed)


his sons, by Marshal Gerard, General Pajol,
(From the Moniteur of Thursday)
"The King, accompanied by the Princes,
and several General officers, went at half past
nine o'clock this morning to the Place de
Carousel to review twelve battalions of the
National Guard of Paris and the suburbs, two`
the garrison.
detachments of the Line, several detachments
of the Cavalry of the National Guard, and of

to the troops which had defiled before him:
"The King delivered the following address

"THE crisis is at hand-we can now say so. Paris, 17th Feb. But for the National Guard the Republic would have been proclaimed yesterday in Paris; and what a Republic, great God!such an one as would have commenced in the France, always devoted to my country, it is "My dear Comrades,-Always faithful to devastation of the churches, the tearing down for her-it is alone for her interest-that I of the cross, and violence against the clergy. have accepted the Throne, to which I have We must say, however, the Republican move-been called by the voice of the people. I ment has gained ground in these latter days; for they have delivered up to it the insiguia of religion, and the emblems of royalty.

"We can assure our readers that the National Guard has been deeply afflicted by he character of these recent days, and by the acrifices made to disorder.

"The following letter was sent yesterday y the Minister of the Interior to the Etat Jajor of the National Guard:

shall guard loyally this honourable trust, tô defend it against all our enemies, whoever our laws, our liberties; to sustain the nationthey may be; to maintain our institutions, ality which my French heart has suffered so much to behold so frequently forgotten in who they may be who should dare to insult these late years. I shall defend it, no matter our glorious national colours, by attempting 'Intelligence, entitled to credit, and whether obscure attempts be made in the to oppose to them openly the white flag, or hich reaches me from hour to hour, apprises dark to rehoist it, such as that which has e that a certain number of young men in-now excited the just indignation of the public nd this morning to attempt to collect the ultitude of the Fauxbourgs, and to assemble arms at the garden of the Luxemburg to deavour to proclaim a Republic.

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to punishment are delivered over to the hands "Those who have made themselves liable of justice, and they will be punished in (Signed) +265 “MONTALIVET., suance of the rigour of the laws; but when purThe Etat Major, in transmitting an off-which was by disorders and shameful devasta that indignation ceases, the manifestation of al copy of the letter, adds, "The chiefs de ion, in communicating this letter to the cers of battalions and companies, invite m to take the necessary measures to preat the disorders, giving them, at the same e, full power to execute it.'

This letter of M. de Montalivet will make -ear, better than all that could be said re.

tions, of which yesterday has given such a sad
spectacle to France and to Europe, do not for
get that neither liberty nor government” is *
possible where public order is not constantly
maintained.97 yd
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us deprive our enemies of every pretext under
Let us put an end to these agitations let
which they dare to screen themselves, fu order kam


achieve their objects, to the | asworu Magistrate presented himself the other detriment of our national cause, day in his hat a white "It is for the National Guard to second cockade. 'Why do you carry a white me in this patriotic undertaking-it is to it said some one to him. I have that that I entirely confide myself."

From the Constitutionnel of Thursday.)

A considerable crowd went yesterday to Conflans, where the Archbishop of Paris resides, but he was absent. Thanks to the assistance of the National Guard of Charenton and the National Guard of Berey, the project of burning the house, which appeared to have been formed, was not executed, but bis furniture and pictures were destroyed. The plate and linen were saved by the efforts of M. Michel, jun.

protect it,' replied the other, and he drew a poignard from his pocket, 12

The Carlists in our city have adopted several rallying signs.

"The Chamber of Peers met yesterday in Bureaux. It was thought that there would have been a public sitting, but none took place. It is thought that the assemblage which w had been formed in the garden of the Luxembourg, and which was almost immediately dispersed by the National Guard, was the cause of the adjournment of the Chamber.

Place St. André des Arts. The guard who seized upon their persons was commanded by M. Schonen, chief of the legion,

Towards 7 o'clock crowds formed before the Yesterday, at seven o'clock, several indichurch Sainte Marguerite, and the mob loudly viduals were arrested, upon whom arms were demanded that it should be pulled down, and found. It was said they were the same perthat a stone, which had at its angles fleurs- sons who had attempted to disarm the posts de-lis, should be broken to pieces. M. Jacque-of the National Guard of Petit Pont, and the min, Commissary of Police of the faubourg St. Antoine, gave orders to this effect, and the cross and the stone soon disappeared. A few minutes afterwards, information came, that "M. l'Abbe Borequeau de Villevray, one of the Seminary of Picpus had been attacked, the Envoys from the Belgian Congress, was and delivered up to pillage; the same com- insulted yesterday in the Rue du Bac, whilst missary of police went there immediately with going forth from the hotel of the deputation. a large detachment of the National Guard, But as soon as the people recognised his chaand succeeded in clearing it of the mob, and racter by the cockade, and the national coin conducting to the Prefecture, several indi-lours of Belgium, he was treated with respect viduals, upon whom were found stolen articles. and regard, which proved the regret experi"Yesterday at one o'clock, by order of the euced at such a mistake. authorities, scaffolding was put over the beau- (From the National of Thursday.) tiful arch of the Carousel; and workmen with "The Chamber of Deputies continues to hatchets destroyed the bas-relief of the Tro-be surrounded by numerous detachments of cadero, and the emblems of the victories of troops. The precincts to the Palais Bourbon the Duke d'Augouleme. General Pajol, ac-were guarded to-day in a manner to make companied by his staff, was present..y

(From the Journal des Debats of Thursday.) "One of the Colonels of the National Guard arrested and conducted by himself, to the Prefecture of Police, seven individuals, who had assisted yesterday in disarming the two posts of the National Guard.

"It appears certain, that while the National Guard of Berey, and of the environs, was en tering Paris to aid in the maintenance of order and tranquillity, a considerable crowd of persous proceeded to the country house of the Archbishop of Paris, at Conflaus, and entirely plundered it. :

(From the Courier Francais of Thursday.) «Opinion gives the following news, which may afford an idea of the state of feeling at Bordeaux:

"Active searches were made yesterday. We are assured that several individuals have been arrested belonging to the working classes, Warrants have been issued against persons who are known. Two young men yesterday incited to revolt the workmen engaged at the Jardin Publique, by reproaching them with working at twenty sous per day. They have been arrested, and conducted to prison by the Cannoniers of the National Guard. The son of

the passage of carriages, and even of pedes-
trians, difficult. We are ignorant, up to the
Present moment, how far these precautions
of the curious.
are necessary for dispersing the assemblage

"In all cases these military demonstrations must appear a little surprising, when it is recollected that they are destined to protect a power which calls itself popular, an assembly which pretends to represent the country, a strange power, which puts an end to the railleries of the press, and to the jokes of lithography; a strange power, to which the students send back their eulogiums, and whose diguity cannot come to the assistance of the bayonets.


Feb. 17.

"The public attention was attracted by the alterations made in the Chamber. Almost all the fleurs-de-lis had been effaced, there only remaining twenty-four in the ceiling. These changes excited general attention.

"The order of the day was the continuation of the proposition relative to the municipal organization.

M. VIENNET then explained the modifi cations which had been made by the Commis


sion, and some Members having demanded liberty. The Government ought to have fore-
that the articles which had been changed seen these events. With a King so beloved
should be printed,
and so devoted to our institutions, with a Na-
tional Guard so full of zeal with an army
animated with the best sentiments, why does
not all go well?

M. de CAUMARTIN moved an amendment, which excited some discussion, but which was eventually rejected."

"Various other articles were then put to the vote. Upon one of them,

Why does the distress of the industrious and commercial classes increase? Because of "M. BENJAMIN DELESSERT rose to move the weakness of the Government, because the an amendment. The hon. Deputy, after tak- authorities have shown too much indulgence ing a general review of the municipal law, towards the partizans of another political expressed his regret that Paris had been order, who advocate the Republic, because exempted from the operation of the law, for they do not know the inconveniences of it. Let the capital, more than the provinces, required the Ministry act with vigour against these two a municipal administration which was equally parties, who understand each other too well, firm and moderate, and which was able to and who join in their efforts to overthrow order guarantee the security of the citizens. On and the present state of things. Let them act seeing the events which have afflicted the against the Carlist party, by placing an incapital,' continued the hou. Deputy, can we surmountable barrier between France and the help lamenting the blindness of the Ministry, deposed family, by taking from that family all which could not foresee what it was so easy to hope of returning to France, by ordering it prevent? How can we imagine that the Au-immediately to sell its estates. thorities which were able to prevent the fune ral service at St. Roche, could not do as much at St. Germain l'Auxerrois, as they were informed of it beforehand? Why did they allow this service, which had not taken place for several years, in so ill-chosen a spot, and before the tombs of the victims of July? The "If these measures be adopted, tranquillity -conquering people were roused to insurrection and confidence will be restored, and we may on thinking of this outrage. Why did not enjoy the advantages of the Revolution of July the Ministry calculate upon the consequences There is still time; but if there is delay, disof this pretended religious scene, which occa-order will spread every-where. When the sioned the events that have afflicted the churches have been pillaged, they will go to friends of order." the chateau, to the palaces, and to the houses. Civil war will then be lighted up in the departments; and Frenchmen will no longer know how to act. I hope that the Ministry will profit by the advice of a friend of the pub lie prosperity, who has no object but the hap piness of his country. (Applause.)

"Let them act with vigour against all the fomenters of troubles. Let them not suffer those who have been arrested to languish in prison, but let them be promptly either discharged or condemned, and let care be taken that the guilty do not escape.


"The President observed that the honour

able Deputy had strayed from the question.

"It was impossible, in spite of the efforts of the National Guard, to prevent the disasters which have taken place; disasters, which, in France and in foreign countries, will give a false idea of the Parisian population. Paris, like the whole of France, detests hypocrisy and fanaticism, and all superstitious practices; but it respects religion and its ministers, when they are worthy of respect. If it has over- " M. DE MONTALIVET then rose and said, stepped the bounds of resentment, it is be-Some questions have been addressed to the cause it was stirred up by the enemies of our institutions, who made it believe that there was no longer any police; because the sign revered for so many ages had been attacked with impunity. These men wished to attack the national representatives. How many times has not the Chamber of Deputies been menaced, and the Chamber has to lament that it is too often forced to deliberate whilst surrounded with military. (Marks of adhesion.) One of our colleagues, distinguished by his hatred to anarchy and hypocrisy, and who at every period has given to liberty the support of his talents, has seen his house invaded by a furious mob, and only owed his safety to the National Guard, which has every-where re-established tranquillity. (True, true, from the left.)

"How have the leaders of these miscreants continued to escape from all the researches made after thein? Have not the leaders of the National Guard a right to complain that several persons who had been arrested for iusulting that guard, were immediately set at

Ministers, and grave charges, I must so call
them, have been brought against them. Their
general principles have been attacked, and
specific facts inentioned. If principles only
were in question, we might have made an ex-
planation immediately. But facts have been
advanced. Commerce, it is said, has not been
protected; there has been a violation of domi-
cile, and arrests have taken place. To explain
these circumstances documents are necessary,<
and in order to give our words the force which
they ought to have, we must call those docu-
ments to our aid. We beg the Chamber to
allow us till to-morrow." (Yes, yes.) ·

M. BAUDE attempted to speak, but was in-
terrupted by cries of To-morrow, to-morrow,
and the Chamber decided that the explanations £
should take place on the morrow, e

Great tumult arose in the assembly. Many of the Deputies left their places and formed

before the tribune and the Ministerial ♬

benches, fill Ew ads ont als auf s

M. Barthe appeared much agitated, and~

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"M. LAFITTE replied from the centre with muct violence-The Government is strong; it is stronger than the Chamber, and it will prove it when necessary,,',

"The Deputies appeared astonished at these words. Attention was directed towards Cassimir-Perrier, who, on seeing his brother engaged in argument, appeared troubled ; and when the discussion upon the municipal law was resumed, his voice was so much paralysed, that not a word of what he said could be beard.

"The first and second section of the left joined in this tumultuqus discussion, and so many persons spoke at once that it was impossible to collect the different exclamations which fell from them.

to the virtue of your family: it cements the natural union of the two nations without con founding them. It reconciles their wishes and their natural interests with the interests and the peace of Europe, and by giving to the in,, dependence of Belgium a new support, that of the French honour, it ensures to other States: a new element of force aud tranquillity.

"The constitutional compact on which the Crown of Belgium rests is finished, The nation whose independence is recognised expects with impatience both the sovereign of, its choice, and the benefits of the constitution to which he will take the oath. The answer of your Majesty will fulfil its well-founded expectations, and our just hopes. Your accession has proved that you know all the power of a truly national wish, and the sympathy of France is a pledge to us of its ready assent to the suffrages of Belgium.


"We deliver into your hands, Sire, the offi-
cial decree of the election of his Royal High-
ness the Duke of Nemours, and a copy of the
constitution decreed by the Congress.
The President of the Congress then read the
act of the Congress in the following terms
"In the name of the Belgic nation,




"I swear to observe the Constitution and the laws of the Belgian people, to maintain the national independence, and the integrity

of the territory.'

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Many of the Deputies then retired to the Anti-chamber, or the Hall of Conferences, and communicated their conjectures as to Philip d'Orleans, Duke of Nemours, is pro"Art. 1. His Royal Highness Louis Charles what was meant by the observation of Mclaimed King of the Belgians, on condition of Lafitte. The greater part of them coutended that it meant the Chamber was about to be accepting the Constitution, such as it shall be decreed by the National Congress. dissolved. The Ministers then retired from the assembly, and it was said they were going till after having solemnly taken, in the pre"2. He is not to take possession of the Throne to hold a Conucil.-The Chamber then pro-sence of the Congress, the following oath :ceeded with ordinary business, after which it was adjourned till the next day (Friday). Paris, Feb. 17. To-day, at noon, the deputation of the National Congress of Belgium repaired to the Palais Royal. Two of his Majesty's aides-decamp received it at the top of the grand staircase, to conduct it into the first saloon, where it was received by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who conducted it into the Presence Chamber. His Majesty received it sitting on the throne, having on bis right the Duke of Orleans, and on his left the Duke of Nemours. Her Majesty the Queen was present, as well as the Princes and Princesses, and the Princess Adelaide, the King's sister. The Ministers and Aides-de-camp of the King surrounded the throne. The President of the congress delivered the following speech

Sire: The legal organ of the Belgiau people, the sovereign Congress, in its sitting of the 3d of February, elected and proclaimed King bis Royal Highness Louis Charles Philip d'Oricans, Duke of Nemours, your Majesty's younger son, and has intrusted to us the mission to offer the crown to his Royal Highness in the person of your majesty as his guardiau and King. bits outlet silt andad ange "This election, which was hailed by the adriamations of a free people, is a homage rendered to the popular royalty of France, and

"Brussels, Palace of the Nation,
Feb. 3, 1831.

"The Secretaries, Members of the Congress.


The President of the Congress

"E SURLET CHOKIER." The King answered to the deputation :→ "Gentlemen-The wish which you are commissioned to lay before me in the name of the Belgic people, ou presenting me with the act of the election which the National Congress bas just made, of my second sou, the Duke of Nemours, for King of the Belgians, fills me with sentiments which I request you to express to your generous nation. foundly affected that my constant devotedness to my country has inspired you with this wish. I shall always be proud that one of my sons has been the object of your choice.

am pro

"If I listened only to the inclination of my very sincere desire to yield to the wish of people whose peace and prosperity are equally dear and important to France, I should readi

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