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refuse the profligate expenditure of public money in most disgraceful pensions and sinecures. An independent House of Commons would tear up by the roots every monopoly intended to enrich the few, who have more than enough and to spare, and to impoverish the multitude, who are earning their bread by the sweat of their brow. An independent House of Commous would, in short, consult the true welfare of the people, by diminishing the burdens they have to bear, by encouraging their industry, by uniting all their interests, and by establishing their liberties. (Great cheering.)

Mr. BAINES said, the persons who used to domineer over the people of England, who hallooed Mr. Pitt into war, and brought upon the nation the Income Tax and all the other mischiefs of that system, the persons who were the cause of a thousand millions of the public money being spent in an unnecessary war, and of all the distress and misery which the country has since suffered, that same party has sunk never more to rise. Peace be to their manes. (Loud cheers.) Most happy am I to say it; I saw this party rise, and I have seen it fall; that it may never again rear its crest is my wish, as I believe it will be yours. (Hear, hear.) I have nothing more to do at present than to move the Resolution, which I have no doubt will receive your cordial approbation. (Cheers.)

Mr. JOHN HEAPS, in seconding the resolu tion, felt himself in a dilemma. Some of his friends before him had endeavoured to prove the existence of a corrupt House of Commons; in his view there was no such place as a House of Commons. (Laughter.) The resolution which he had the pleasure to second, he supported with all his heart and soul. He had long been looking for a House of Commons. There were 87 persons in England and Wales who returned 218 members; 21 returning 31 members for Scotland; and 31 persons in Ireland, returning 57 members for Ireland and Englaud-so that it was evident that there was no Commons' House at all.

G.WAILES, Esq., then came forward and said, he would never vote for any candidate who would not promise to support the Ballot, contending that it was quite constitutional for them to require pledges of their representatives, notwithstanding some of the Members for Yorkshire had said they would vote according to their own notions, and would give no pledges.

Mr. JOSH. BOWFR had been a steady reformer ever since the present Prime Minister, as Mr. Grey, brought forward his famous Motion.. His sentiments had been the same at that time as those of the Whig interest (applause); but he began to fear that they would not go far enough, since some of them were also borough proprietors,

Mr. JOHN MARSHALL, jun. proposed the Mr. CHRISTOPHER HEAPS was afraid, judgthird resolution, and said, we have now a Mi-ing from the Civil List submitted to Parlia nistry pledged to bring forward a measure of ment by the present Ministry, that the hopes Reform; and though it cannot possibly be of the country, with respect to economy in such as will give universal satisfaction, I trust the public expenditure, would be disappointed. it will contain some real improvement in our He trusted, however, that his fears would not political system. (Hear, hear.)

Mr. J. CLAPHAM seconded the motion with great pleasure. He had long been a labourer in the field of Reform, but had not been able to effect any-thing. We must not allow the Ministers of the Crown, and his Majesty himself, to be borne down, but must support them to the utmost of our ability in effecting all those Radical Reforms.

be realised.

Mr. EDWARD BAINES, jun., said the advancement of knowledge, which some sneer at, because they dread it, has at length poured in a flood of light on the system; and as the people now both know their rights and value them, it may be expected that the monstrous abuses and absurdities of the system will vanish, as the visions and phantoms of night disappear at the approach of day.

Mr. JAMES RICHARDSON, said, is there aby objection to the Ballot that any upright man has ever beard? 1 have not heard one. (A voice: "And you never will.") The Ballot will overturn bribery; for, as Mr. Sykes said, no man will buy a pig in the poke, or rather, no man will buy the poke, it being a matter of doubt whether there is a pig in it or not. (A laugh and cheers.) It will prevent intimidation; it will not give a master an opportunity of saying to his servants: Go and vote for such a candidate, or I will deprive you of your daily bread. If the people do not back a reforming King and a reforming Administration, the result will be, that we must be delivered over again to the Castlereagh school of politicians (a voice: "Never"), and then we shall have corruption in perpe- BACON, R., Fenchurch-street, tea-broker. tuity, excessive taxation in perpetuity, and BROWN, J., Wednesbury, Stafford, dealer. degradation of the people, until public opinion, or, something worse, revolution, sets the BENSON, J. and J., Manchester, agents. matter right. (Applause.) BREEDEN, S., Birmingham, draper.

Mr. WATTS moved, that Mr. Hunt be requested to support the Petition (GENERAL HISSING and DISAPPROBATION).

Mr. SMITHSON thought, that any one who entertained a good opinion of Mr. Hunt, would believe him to be ready to support the petition without any such motion. (Cheers.)

Mr. WATTS, seeing that his motion was universally disapproved of, withdrew it. The meeting then separated.



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BAKER, E., Bristol, oil gas manufacturer.
BINDLEY, J., sen., Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Lei-
cestershire, glue-mauufacturer.
BROWN, P., Farnham, Surrey, upholder.
COLLINS, J. J., Islingtou, victualler.
ETHERIDGE, H.J.F. Broad-st. St. Giles,grocer
EWINGTON, W., Finsbury-sq., wine-merch.
GOODWIN, H., otherwise Goodwin, H. A.,
Milbank-street, Westminster, plaster of
Paris manufacturer.

JONES, R., Gracechurch-st., woollen-draper."
KILLERBY, J., White-street, Southwark,

straw hat manufacturer. LEE, J., York, haberdasher.

MARTIN, J. jun., Swindon, Wiltsh., currier.
POARCH, J., Cheltenham, grocer.
SHERRARD, E. Hart-st., Bloomsbury, tailor.
WILKINSON, N., Halifax, Yorkshire, straw
hat manufacturer.


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Waterford..92s. tos.
Dublin ....92s. to 94s.

Cheese, Cheshire ....40s. to 70s.
Gloucester, Double.. 48s. to 56s.
Gloucester, Single...44s. to 50s.
Edam .....40s. to 46s.
Hams, Irish.............. 45s. to 56s.

42s. to 46s.


Beef is cheaper to-day, 4s. 2d. to 4s, 4d. per stone being the last quotation. Mutton, for 4s. 8d. per stone, and Veal, for the best young prime young Downs, is quoted at 4s. 6d. to Calves, is 5s. 4d. to 5s. 8d. per stone. Dairyfed Porkers are 4s. fid. to 5s. per stone. Beasts, 2,313; Sheep, 17,030; Calves, 140; Pigs, 150. is very dull at Monday's prices. Wheat is Is.or MARK-LANE.-Friday, Feb. 18. The supplies are still small, but the market 2s. cheaper.

English arrivals.




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This day is published, Price 2s.,



CHURCH PROPERTY, and upon the LITURGY of the CHURCH, together with Archbishop of Canterbury, the Duke of Welsome Miscellaneous Letters, addressed to the lington, Earl Grey, and the Bishops of Loudon, Winchester, Bangor, and Bristol. By EXPOSTULATOR, author of the "Letters from Edinburgh, to the Bishops of England and Ireland."

MARK-LANE, CORN-EXCHANGE, FEB. 14.There is a very short supply of Wheat this morning, and the factors anticipate that the duties on foreign Grain will be, on Thursday, at 28. 8d. per quarter. Business in the Wheat trade is very dull, and this Grain, on anticipation of the reduced duties, is 2s. to 4s. per quarter cheaper. The new Wheat brought to market is in very bad condition. Foreign Wheat may be quoted at a reduction of 1s. 6d. per quarter. Barley may be quoted at last week's prices, as also may Oats, the latter Grain heavy sale. Beans HE

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change, and to be had of all Booksellers.
London: Effingham Wilson, Royal Ex-

Just Published, Second Edition, with Additions,
Price 2s.,


T of the whole of the present Property of the PREFERABLE to th CHURCH; or Reasons for making Sale Church in England and Ireland, for the Use of the State, and for rendering the Clergy more equal among themselves, less vexatious and onerous to the Laity, and more dependent on their Head, by subjecting them to the Exchequer for their Stipends, as practised in Holland; with a View of the Self-denying Conduct of the Popish Clergy, &c.

Reprinted from a Rare Tract, by JOHN DENLEY, Bookseller 24, Brydges St. Covent Garden. Removed from Catherine Street.

Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court; and published by him, at 11, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.

VOL. 71.-No. 9.] LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 26th, 1831.




To the Readers of THE REGISter.


Kensington, 22d February, 1831.

[Price 1s. 2d.

merable advantages to the people, which the English would see the French enjoying only in consequence of having destroyed a kingly government, and erected a republic in its stead. ·

That republic; that result of the heroic exploits of the three days of July, is now just upon the eve of taking place; and curious it is, that the decision of the Ministers and the Parliament in England is also just upon the eve of taking place. It is therefore now my duty, my friends, to submit to you my opinions upon these two sub-' jects, in order that, if you concur with me in opinion, you may, in your spheres of life, act agreeably thereunto. In another part of this Register IIn another part of the Register you will shall notice the INDICTMENT which find two letters from Mr. William Cobhas been so much talked of; but which, bett, written at Paris, and also extracts in point of importance to you and to the from the French newspapers, detailing country, is of consequence, beyond all the events subsequent to those letters. measure, inferior to the two subjects I beg you to look at paragraph 6, of placed as the title to this paper; the letter of the 15th of February, rela-namely the REPUBLIC OF FRANCE, tive to the atrociously cruel treatment which is manifestly upon the point of of some of the bravest of the men who being established; and that REFORM shed their blood in the month of July; in England for which every one is now but of this I shall speak more particulooking with a degree of anxiety not in larly by and by, it being my intention the power of me, or of any man, ade- first to give you my opinion, accomquately to describe. These two sub-panied with reasons, with regard to jects are so closely connected with each other; they bear upon each other so directly, and in a manner so forcible, Let me call to your recollection a that it is impossible to separate them in passage in the Register of the 18th of the mind; it is impossible that one September last. It was in an address to should be in the mind for a single mo- the brave people of Paris, in consement without the irresistible intrusion quence of the "citizen king" having of the other. In my arguments in fa- sent Talleyrand as Ambassador to Engvour of a real reform of the Parlia-land. In that address I stated all the ment; in my plan of that reform; in circumstances which made me believe every statement almost that I have that those who had succeeded Charles made upon the subject, since the month the Tenth in the governing of France, of July last, I have called upon the Mi- were, in fact, the friends of Charles, nisters to think of the danger that there and were secretly sorrowing for the would be to the whole frame of Go-events of July. I stated all these cirvernment in England if they persevered cumstances, concluding with the folin refusing to make a reform here, while lowing words: "It would have been the French proceeded to make a repub-" impossible to look well at these cirlican government, and in introducing" cumstances without perceiving that all that cheapness, and all those innu- the great object of most of the men

what is likely to take place in France in a very short space of time.




words, that kingly Government and Christianity were inseparable. Those who call the brave Parisians a mob, omit to notice this circumstance; and they omit to notice, also, that the

Archbishop of Paris, took all the gold and plate and jewels that they found, and scrupulously DELIVERED THEM UP TO THE PUBLIC AUTHORITIES, to be applied by them to the public use. This, then, is a sensible and honest, as well as brave, people; and such a people will never be enslaved.

"in power was to make no real change, "either in the government or the dy"nasty; and that, whatever might be "the intention of the Duke of Orleans "himself, the intention of others was, "that he should only keep the place" mob," who gutted the palace of the warm for the other branch of the "Bourbons, when circumstances might "favour their return! And, if to the weight of all these circumstances we "add the glaring, the unequivocal "proof afforded by the appointment of "Talleyrand as Ambassador to the "English Court, it is impossible not to "be convinced that foul play of sorne The truth is, that the whole of the "sort is intended towards the people of French nation, with the exception of "France. I am certain that this second those who lived upon the taxes, were plot will succeed no better than the for a republic in the month of July; "first; but it is necessary now to be and for that it was that the Parisians upon our guard, and to judge by ac-fought and bled and thousands of them ❝tions, and not by words."

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died. But they were then cheated. The second plot has not succeeded. They were then tricked by the taxIt has just been blown into air; and, eaters. The cry of generous forbearperhaps, before even the article that I ance, of public order, of peace: these am now writing shall come from the cries were set up, arms were put into press, news may arrive of the establish- the hands, as much as possible, of those ment of a real republic in France, go- who thought they had an interest in verned by a President, a Senate, and a preventing any great change. The House of Representatives. Look, I friends and advocates of republicanism pray you, at the works of the people of were marked out for, and made to enParis; look at their cutting out the dure the effects of, vengeance. The fleurs-de-lis (that great emblem of laws against the press were made, in royalty); look at their scratching them fact, harder instead of softer; and while off from the coach of the King; look, I the royalists were every-where favourpray you, at all their deliberate proceed-ed, the republicans were treated like ings against the very appearance of dogs and like mad dogs too. Pray look royalty. Our newspapers call these the at the 6th paragraph of Mr. William proceedings of a mob: they are the Cobbett's letter of the 15th of Februproceedings of the people of France. ary. What he means by the "salladThe people are represented as having basket" is, a caravan to convey malean enmity to religion; as being profli- factors in, the shaking of which is so gate and Atheists, because they have violent as to resemble the shaking of a pulled down the crosses from the tops salad in one of those baskets in which of the churches. Those who make this the French shake it, after washing, to charge against that brave and virtuous make it dry, previous to the application people, omit to inform us of that most of the oil and other ingredients. Into important circumstance, noticed in the these horrid things, in company with letters of Mr. William Cobbett; name- thieves and murderers, these gallant ly, that Charles X. had had the beastly young men were put, and carried and stupidity and insolence to cause a flower- lodged in the same prisons by the de-luce to be put at the end of each government of the citizen king; and arm and at the top of these crosses, this, too, while the partizans of Charles thereby asserting, in fact, that the ador-X. were permitted with perfect impunity ation of the Bourbons was to accompany to violate not only public decency but the the adoration of Christ; or, in other very letter of the law. In short, every

act of the Government, whether relat- for a republic. Their manners! What ing to affairs at home or abroad, clearly manners? They are industrious, inshowed that the new Government was,genious, enterprising, brave, love good as I had said in September, intended to eating and drinking and good dress. keep the place warm for the return of Just as the Americans are and just as the old one.. To this point tended all they do. If there be frivolity; if there the movements of foreign despots; to be dissipation; if there be shameless this pointed all the negotiation with prostitution; if there be profligate foreign States; to this point have tended squanderings; if there be gambling all the recent intrigues with the Con- hells without number; if there be gress of Belgium; but to this point the luxury without bounds existing by the thing has been prevented from arriving side of misery which no pen or tongue by the vigilance and valour of the peo- can describe, to what are these ascribaple of Paris. ble but to the example and to the fiscal There have been rumours, and there oppressions of that very Bourbon Go may be more before this goes to the vernment which is represented as the press, of the abdication of Louis-necessary effect, and not as the cause, of Take away PHILIPPE. Whether with or without these disgraceful evils? foundation, at present, I am convinced that Government completely; put in its that the fact will be such before many place a cheap government, by men of months have passed over our heads. I sense; and away would go in an inagree perfectly with the French cor- stant all the frivolity, all the stinking respondent of the Morning Chronicle, prostitution, all the corruption of that if he refuse to govern France as the morals, all the luxury and all the squalid chief of a republic, “France will most misery. respectfully invite him to retire." No Another objection is, the great extent man of common sense, not blinded by and population of France. Great as is some most powerful interest, can fail to the extent of France, it is not, after all, see that this last must and will be the one half so great as that of the settled, result; for as to his governing France the inhabited, the regularly governed, as an hereditary king, without an heredi-extent of the United States of America. tary aristocracy, and a priesthood paid The population of France is at present by the public, the thing is impossible; more than double that of the United and to suppose that the people of France States; but with the sole exception of will suffer these to exist is really very Paris, the great towns in France are little short of madness. In short, it has nothing compared with those of America, been manifest to me from the first hour in point of population; and who has that I heard of the defeat of Polignac, ever heard of a riot in an American that the establishment of a republic city? Who has ever heard of danger would be the result; and my opinion is, to the public peace in those immense that before many months have passed towns of America? Then again with over our heads, we shall see Belgium regard to commerce: all the foreign and France united in one republic, go-commerce of France put together, verned by a CONGRESS resembling that of the United States of America.

scarcely equals that which, under the scarcely heard of government of AmeAnd, WHY NOT? What are the ob- rica, is carried on through the single jections to this? All sorts of objections port of New York. Another objection are made by those who share in MoNs. is, that France being a continental LAFITTE'S Civil List of twenty-eight power, is surrounded by powerful neighmillions of francs a year; but not one bours, and therefore needs a governsingle objection that can be urged by ment capable of carrying on any man who desires to live upon his own property or his own earnings. The blood-sucking crew tell the people of France that their MANNERS unsuit them


And is not the American government capable of carrying on war? Have not the United States powerful neighbours, and such as hate them too; and is not

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