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said this, for I never saw it, and did not dream that cruelty had been carried to this extent. A female, and an idiot too, made to draw a cart, like a horse or an ass! And this in England; and yet rascally Scotch blood-suckers say, that the English labourers are, and have recently been, as well treated as they ever were! They will be as well treated, you greedy and lazy vagabonds; they will be as well treated as they ever were; and that, too, in spite of ali that you can do to the contrary.
"(Cries of "Oh! oh!" and much" IDIOT! And I have exaggerated, laughter.") have I! And the rascally Scotchmen Now, I do not ascribe any of this stuff have the audacity to say, and the rasto the persons, whose names are put cally loan-mongering and stock-jobbing against it. It is a publication, and, the writers along with them; they have the first part of it a stupid string of lies and audacity to say, that THE ENGLISH calumnies on me. In my next Register, LABOURERS ARE AS WELL OFF I shall, perhaps, (though it is hardly AS THEY EVER WERE! I have worth while) find room for a laughing exaggerated, have I! I never said old commentary on this bundle of blunder-men and women were made to draw ing lies. In the meanwhile, I express carts, like beasts of burden. I never my hearty contempt of the base publication; and I will make the rascally author of it, whoever he may be, feel, that he will gain nothing by such attacks upon me. These mercenary wretches of the hireling broad-sheet are really half mad; they know what immense power I have; and they know that I beat them all; they know well that I labour for the good of my country; but they also know that that good cannot be effected without their overthrow they know, that the restoration of the people to their rights would drive them to do that which would be to them worse than death; namely, GO TO WORK. This is what the rascals are afraid of; they would shed the blood of half the people, rather than be compelled to sweat for their bread. They will come to that, however; or, to those potatoes, on which they are now striving to make the English labourers continue to live, but in which they will not succeed; and in which, God granting me life, they shall not succeed.
One of the great charges that this vagabond author of this stupid and lying publication brings against me is, that I have told the labourers that if they cannot obtain the means of existence in any other way, they have a right to take them where they find them. This is true enough in substance; and so far am I from denying it, that I glory in having maintained the doctrine, if there can be any glory in having truly stated the law of the land. But is this a new thing with me? I The case of the labourers is said to maintained the doctrine in a most have been exaggerated by me; and, at elaborate manner in my publication the opening of the Special Commission called THE POOR MAN'S FRIEND, at Winchester, Baron VAUGHAN said several editions of which have been pub"their distresses had been greatly ex- lished, and there is one new one now, aggerated." What did he hear on price Sd. This work consisted of four Tuesday last? Why, this: that at Numbers, which were published monthly, FAWLEY the ASSISTANT (hired under in 1826-7. Three thousand copies of Sturges Bourne's Bill) OVERSEER kept each number (3d each) were sent as a A CART, and WOMEN, as well as men and present from me to the electors of Presboys, DRAW IT, like cattle. The ton, and distributed to them by Mr. witness, JOSEPH BUNDY, told the Judge EAMER, at my expense. The Numbers that many of the men had ONLY A were all published in the Register. It "FEW POTATOES IN THEIR is a regular and sober and learned legal "BAG WHEN THEY CAME TO argument, which has never been an"WORK; that he had seen OLD swered, nor attempted to be answered, "MEN and WOMEN "draw the nor can the conclusion be controverted "cart; particularly JANE STEVENS, an with any show of fact or reason by any
man living. But what will this base and stupid and rascally author of the publication say when he finds that a barrister has had the spirit to hold this very doctrine before the judges at Winchester, who are now sitting on the SPECIAL COMMISSION there? I read, and with inexpressible delight, that Mr. SEWELL, in defeuding some of the prisoners, said, that a man with five or "six children, necessitated to support "his family on wages of 9s. a week! "Could the Jury for a moment suppose "that sum sufficient to supply the com66 mon wants of nature? If a man saw "his family in distress, his children starving the law of nature then be came paramount to the laws of man. "Laws were made for the benefit of "society; but society never required "that one class should starve and others "revel in luxury and wealth."
of deception, fraud and infamy; which cannot exist but by that system which drives the people to madness. They read these infamous vehicles, and thus they are blinded to the true state of the people. As an instance of the infamy of these papers, the Bloody Old Times of the 29th Dec. promulgated, that DYKE (at Maidstone)" had confessed his guilt." This is an atrocious lie. The MAIDSTONE JOURNAL contains a full account of the execution; and he not only did not confess his guilt; but denied it with his last breath, and said, that the witnesses against him "would have their Christmas dinner on his flesh and blood." Cannot the authors of this bloody Old Newspaper be punished for this infamous lie? I want this Number of the MAIDSTONE JOURNAL. I beg some friend at that place to send it to me by post. I could not get it for a length of time sufficient for the printing from it. The neighbours of DYKE took his body, buried it in the church-yard, and, as he had been a soldier, they fired over his grave in honour to his remains! What effect, then, will this man's death have?
But the grand question is, What is NOW to be done; for, though prayers are good and proper, we never forget Jupiter and the Wagoner. The first step of all is to listen to prayers like the following:
This is the doctrine for which I have always contended, and for it I now contend. The thanks of every just man are due to MR. SEWELL. He has the spirit of a man in him; and I beg him, in a special manner, to accept of MY THANKS: I have lived to hear an English lawyer boldly state this to the face of the Judges, and that too in times like these. It is stated, too, in support of those who can never reward Mr. SEWELL, even by their thanks. It is a disinterested, a noble act, and marks this gentleman out as a man to be ho- Englishinen, and English ministers noured. In the next Register, I will particularly, read; read with pride that state the whole of this argument, and you can call the petitioners your counagain challenge, not only the base and trymen; and, let me implore you to stupid author of this publication, but FOLLOW their example.—I take the all the time-serving lawyers in England, following from the TYNE MERCURY of to controvert any part of it. In the the 28th of December, "The followmeanwhile any one can get it in the ing petition, which will lie for signa POOR MAN'S FRIEND, which, if it had "ture at the places here referred to,* been attended to by the Government, "will speak for itself as to the merits would have prevented all the scene" of the case. Afford yourselves the that we now behold. gratification of doing right, by signIn the meanwhile, however, the go- "ing it; but remember that the case vernment may be assured, that SEVE-" admits of no delay, and sign immeRITY IS OF NO USE. The great misfortune is, that the government do not know, and never have known, the true state of the country. They read the London monopoly-newspapers, which are falsehood itself; which are a mass
At Mr. Mackenzie's, Pilgrim-street;
At the Tyne Mercury Office.
"diately, as the petition must be for-" more strictly (though mistakenly) "warded to London in a few days.
I have the honour to be,
Your devoted, humble servant,
"Blessed are the merciful, for they
Matthew, chap. 5, v. 7.
"from public motives; and that in the
present disturbed, not to call it con"vulsed, condition of your Majesty's "dominion, your humble petitioners do "hope that it will appear to your Ma"jesty not less consonant to enlight"ened policy to dismiss with mitigated "and admonitory punishment, than it
To the King's Most Excellent Majesty," is, they are persuaded, at all times "native to your royal generosity to par
"We, your Majesty's sincerely duti-" don. In addition to the considerations "ful and loyal subjects, inhabitants of" which your Majesty's petitioners have "Newcastle upon Tyne and the neigh-" already ventured to suggest, they "bourhood thereof, approach your" would humbly crave leave to add, "Majesty with feelings deeply interest-" that they are anxious that a new ad"ed on behalf of certain individuals, "ministration, pledged, under your Ma"fellow-subjects of your Majesty's "jesty's royal sanction, to redress of "petitioners, some of whom have un-" grievances, should not commence "happily been convicted of, whilst their rule, with evil auspices, by mea"others are about to take their trials "sures of severity; that whilst conspirafor, acts of incendiarism, and of riot-" tors are expected to be spared, even by "ous violence and depredation; but "the violence of revolution, in a neighacts, may it please your Majesty," bouring land, some leniency may "committed under the influence of "still more consistently be extended to "popular excitement, arising out of" the less deeply guilty of our own; "extreme and long-continued public" and, finally, that your humble peti“sufferings, such as it has rarely been "tioners feel they do but echo the feel"the lot of any people to endure, and "ings of your own royal bosom, in "never before, as in the present case, wishing that the sword of your Ma"arising out of erroneous legislation, "jesty may never be reddened by one " inefficient and perverted iustitutions," single drop of your people's blood, "the virtual subversion of public rights," shed under any form or modification " and the total annihilation of all genu-❝ of civil contest. And now that your "ine popular weight and influence in the "Majesty, and your royal consort, may "Commons House of Parliament. "long enjoy the happiness of that re"We know full well, may it please" flection, along with the devoted and your Majesty, the capital severity dé-" cordial affection of your Majesty's "nounced by law on such offences, and" most loyal, though deeply burdened "do not question, in the abstract, the" people, your Majesty's most dutiful "propriety of such severity; but we" petitioners, as they are in duty bound, "humbly submit, and beseech your "will ever pray, &c. "Majesty mercifully to consider, that "the moral character of the acts in a question is greatly modified, and to a "profound degree extenuated, by their “connexion with the intolerable private “ sufferings and public wrongs of the "class whence they emanate; that " even in cases where the distress "of the convicted individual may per"chance have been comparatively in"conside able, he may possibly be "found in the sight of Heaven less "criminal on that account, as acting
This is the first step. The next is to repeal the new game laws awarding transportation for night-poaching, and also the new trespass law, and, above all things, repeal Sturges Bourne's two Vestry Acts. My real opinion is, that these measures, which may be adopted in twice 48 hours, would, and especially if done at the recommendation of the King, do more to quiet the country people than a special commission permanently sitting in every county in the kingdom. There are other measures,
to be sure; but these would produce quiet at once; and that would give time for other measures.
"And whereas we have also received information upon oath, that language of a highly inflammatory nature has been used by some of the persons who have signified their intention of attending the said meeting:
MR. O'CONNELL, having returned to "We, therefore, the Lord Lieutenant Ireland, has, very laudably, recomGeneral and General Governor of Iremenced his endeavours to unite the land, deeming the said meeting to be people in their legal efforts to obtain a repeal of the Union, a measure which I dangerous to the public peace and safety, have always maintained would be for and being resolved to prohibit the same, do hereby accordingly prohibit the said the peace and happiness of both countries; meeting; and being determined and and this I am able to prove at any time. resolved strictly to enforce the law and In consequence of Mr. O'CONNELL'S the penalties thereof against all persons efforts, however, a proclamation, under the new law, has been issued; and Mr. offending in the premises, do charge and O'Connell has answered it by a pub- of the Peace, and all other Magistrates, command all Mayors, Sheriffs, Justices lished letter. I take the two documents Officers, and others whom it may confrom the Morning Chronicle. They cern, to be aiding and assisting in the will speak for themselves. execution of the law, in preventing the
By the Lord Lieutenant General and meeting of the said assembly or body General Governor of Ireland.
"Whereas, by an Act passed in the tenth year of his late Majesty's reign, intituled, An Act for the suppression of dangerous associations or assemblies in Ireland,' a power is vested in the Lord Lieutenant, or other Chief Governor or Governors of Ireland, by his or their Proclamation or order, to prohibit the meeting of any assembly or body of persons in Ireland, which he or they shall deem to be dangerous to the public peace or safety:
"And whereas it hath been made known to us that a meeting of an assembly or body of persons, under the name of the Tradesmen of Dublin,' is about to take place on Monday next, the 27th instant, at the hour of eleven o'clock, at Phibsborough, in the county of Dublin, and when there marshalled, to proceed in regular array, and in great numbers, through the streets of the city of Dublin:
of persons, and in the effectual dispersion and suppression of the same, and in the detection and prosecution of those who, after this notice, shall offend in the respects aforesaid.
"Given at his Majesty's Castle of Dublin, this 25th day of December, 1830.
By his Excellency's command,
TO THE TRADES OF DUBLIN.
Merrion-sq., Monday morning, Dec. 27, 1830.
"FELLOW CITIZENS-MY FRIENDS!He who thinks he is, and calls himself, but alas! is not, the friend of Ireland, has availed himself of the most despotic statute that was ever passed by a ruling State, to extinguish to the very ashes the spark of liberty in a subject realm. Lord Anglesea, with the aid of Mr. William Gregory! has declared that it would be dangerous to the public peace to allow the Orangemen and the Catholics to "And whereas we have received in unite the hitherto adverse colours-to formation upon oath, that the said meet-cheer for the memory of King William ing is calculated to lead to a disturbance the Third, and for the Throne of King of the public peace, and hath excited William the Fourth-to bury, at length, serious apprehensions thereof in the in eternal oblivion, past feuds, and to ceminds of his Majesty's peaceable sub-ment, in adamant, recent, but I trust jects: perpetual friendship-to combine Irish
men together in the service of their
people will follow a legal and constitutional course. The only thing that could give the Union continuance would be turbulence, riot, or other violation of "Such is the sagacious discovery which the law. It is so clear to every human the advisers of Lord Anglesea have being that the repeal must be useful to made, and which he and William Gre-Ireland-it is so manifest, that without
gory have celebrated by their joint and several proclamation.
"Whilst you were at variance the public peace was secure! Whilst you allowed yourselves to be distracted by dissensions and criminal hatred to each other, there was, forsooth, no danger to the state! The moment you agree to join hand and heart in mutual affection, the exhibition of your combined but peaceable strength is, in sad truth, dangerous to the national peace!!!
a domestic Legislature absenteeism cannot be terininated or native industry fostered-it is so perfectly capable of demonstration that Ireland would receive, instead of paying away, from seven to eight millions sterling every year, if the Union were repealed; all this is so apparent, that every man in Ireland would declare for the repeal of the Union if some were not frightened for the safety of their persons and property, and if others were not terrified by "This, alas! is sad mockery. If you the bugbear fears of revolutionary viohad met in countless myriads to pay sy-lence. We have only to show by our cophantic adulation to the mighty and peaceable, orderly, and loyal conduct, the great of the land, you might assem- that we scorn turbulence and detest disble in full quietude. When you meet in a peaceable, orderly, and harmless way, to express your sense of the propriety of the repeal of the Union, by paying a compliment to an humble, powerless individual-that moment the Algerine Act is put in force, and you are proclaimed, as if it were a matter of course to use the despotic powers of an Act of Parliament.
affection, and then indeed the cry for the repeal will become nearly unanimous and altogether irresistible.
"I am quite convinced my advice will be taken-that there will not be any meeting or procession this day, but that the Proclamation, however unjustifiable and ridiculous, will be obeyed, simply because it is law.
"I will not for the present deplore "Fellow-countrymen-You will, I the miserable state of our wretched am sure, obey this Proclamation; let country, which is liable to be trampled your obedience be prompt and entire. on by every stranger invested with a Give this day entirely and without little brief authority. This state of reserve to the Proclamation; prove things cannot last much longer. While how utterly groundless were the timid the law sanctions it we will obey-but fears which dictated that Proclamation, we treasure up in our secret hearts the by the simple fact, that even the issuing of so insulting a document excites only your tranquil pity and contempt, with out provoking you into any tendency to a breach of the peace, riot, or disturbance.
burning shame and bitter sorrow that Ireland should be the only country on the face of earth having even a shadowy semblance of free institutions, where such fantastic tricks can be played with impunity by persons in authority.
"If I thought it were possible that "Let us obey the law, but let us not any one man who seeks honestly for forget that we owe this further infringethe repeal of the Union could be be-ment on our liberty to a Whig Admitrayed into any violation of the law in nistration! Bless the mark! When Looking for that measure, I declare the Whigs are out of office, they are the solemnly that the moment my appre-most liberal and enlightened of the hensions were realised I would at once friends of human freedom; the moment abandon the pursuit of that repeal. they get into office, that instant they "The Union must be repealed if the become the readiest champions of de