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"That your petitioners are mostly agriculturists; some of whom live on their oNH lands, an soinen on landse rented of other persons.edu vilutton 1297 29 “That they have in common with all classes connected with them felt the burdens attached to the land of late years grow more and more oppressive; but of all grievances most intulerable to be borne, that of the tithe system is the worst.


“That your petitioners undoubtedly consider the poor'strates as a very important part of their burdens, but at the same time cannot help reflecting, that when the tithes were first instituted, they were intended not only to support the poor, but to repair churches, both of which are now pail by your petitioners in addition to the tithe, of which they now complain, He 1991 tyre

"That the mode of paying the clergy by a forced collection of a tenth or other portion of the prod see of the land, is one most destructive to all religion and even to morality, inas much as it, tends to litigation and dispute, thereby preventing that cordial friendship which ought to subsist between the clergyman and those under his care, and creating, in its place, hostility and bitter feeling, contrary to the dictates of the established Christian religion; and, in uneducated minds, producing even a contempt for the doctrines taught by the clergy.

That your petitioners have a full proof thereof in their own parish, in a continued system of law-suits, begun and carried on by their vicar, during a period of twenty-one years down to the present time, and not even yet terminated: nor do your petitioners expect them to end so long as the present system of tithe remains.

"That seventy-five persons in this parish have, at this present time, suits pending against them, at the instigation of the vicar were your to into consi

they, and ex

deration the vexation, pense thereby created, t quite certain that equal to one-fifth part of the produce of the land is thus swept away and taken from them..

"That your petitioners have to boast of their loyalty and attachment to the King, laws, and government, as a proof whereof they adduce, that during the late eventful times, not a single disturbance has taken place in their parish ; and the whole-body of yeomanry, labourers, , amounting

ze 127 persons came forward in and were sworn in to oppose any breach of the peace.

** Your Petitioners, therefore, bumbly, he seech your honourable House to take such measures as in your wisdom you may deem fit and proper, for the purpose of doing away with the present odious system of tithes, and substituting instead thereof an annual allowance to the clergy, or other persons iuterested in the receipt of tithes, to be paid by

all classes of persons and property receiving spiritual assistance.

And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, &c. hod. That, Sir Berkeley William Guise, one of the county Menibers, be requested to present the same to the House of Commous, and that the petition to the House of Lords he forward ed to Colonel Berkeley, with a respectful request that he will select some Peer to present the same. He

Resolved also, that a subscription he im inediately entered into to defray the expenses of advertisements, &c.

That these resolutions, with a copy of the petition, be published in the Gloucester Journal aud Bristol Mirror.

That the petitions lie for signatures at the Offices of Messsrs. Croome and Smith, Attorneys, Berkeley, till Thursday next,

That the thauks of this Meeting be given to William Cornock, Esq., for the trouble he has taken with the petition,

EDWARD ANDREWS, Chairman. The Chairman having left the Chair, thanks were voted to him for his kindness is taking the same.

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At a numerous and highly-respectable Meeting of the owners and occupiers of laud, and other inhabitants of the parish of Old Sodbury, in the county of Gloucester, held on the 19th instant, Mr. Dutfield, seur. in the chair:

A petition to both Houses of parliament, of which the following is a copy, was most curdially and unanimously agreed to; and that the right hon. Lord King be requested to present and support the same in the House of Lords, and Sir B. W. Guise, M. P. for the county, in the House of Commons; and the thanks of the Meeting were given to the Chairman, for his able conduct on the occasion.

"To the honourable the Cominous of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ire & land, in parliament assembled 197

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great measure, your petitioners believe, by Bourbons and Polignac; though one the injurious effects of the tithe system. "That your petitioners presume not to in-might be surprised at their impudence struct your honourable House in the history - in avowing it, of their country, but with due deference, beg all aware, that base men, with full skins, were it not that we are swere to remind your honourable House, sthat the are always impudent and insolent. With tithe-system, now, is very different from what these proceedings at the Draper's Comit was at its first institution in England, as the country was, probably, at that time, thinly Pany those at Ne York, relating to the inhabited, uniuclosed and imperfectly cubi same event, form a fine contrast! Here vated; and prior to the era of the Reforma we have a fair specimen of the different tion, the poor, &c. were supported out of the light in which acts of tyranny are tithes as well as the clergy but so extremely heavy are the expenses of agriculture silice AS403 321 that period, owing unquestionably, to the freement viewed by ý guzzling slaves and by sober overwhelming weight of taxation which the people of this country have to bear, that on poor arable land, from which the great tithes are taken in kind, as is the case in this parish, by a lay impropriator, the only individual benefited by its cultivation since the value of agricultural produce has been so greatly depressed, is the lithe-owners but your petitioners trust that the dawn of that day is about to arise, when a patriotic king and an enlightened administration, will re lieve the country from this grevious impost. "That your petitioners beg to assure you honourable House, that they are not actuated by the slightest feeling of hostility towards. the clergy, but are fully persuaded that hu. man ingenuity could scarcely have devised a system for the support of the ministers of the Gospel, more, destructive of the peace and harmony which ought to exist between the pastor and his flock, than the tithe-system. "Your petitioners, therefore, humbly pray your honourable House speedily to repeal the tithe-laws, and that your honourable House, may, in its wisdom, substi ute some other support for the established clergy, more conducive to the temporal and eternal welfare of the community,

"And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, &c.!!





are again crawling forth. In an obscure thunder-storm being p being passed, the insects place, as announced in The Star one Mr. Warden Wrench informed the of Tuesday, tlemen!) that they were honoured with the Drapers Company (Right W Worshipful Genthe ex King of France Baroti Dudon), on which a Mr. Wyborn made a long speech in presence of one of the Cabinet Ministers of honour and glory of King Charles the Tenth and the Ultras, concluding with a Jeremiad, deploring

Patriotic endeavours were not crowned with That their honest, loyal, and rash and reckless gentlemen beware. The the success that they merited.” Let these English people have exhibited wonderful forbearance towards the refuse of France, when, after the vile attempts to enslave their own country, they flew for an asyluni to ours. But they must not obtrude either themselves or their doings upon the notice of Englishmen. They must make no perilous experiments upon our patience.-Their friends had better just now pocket up obliviously all their lauda

tion of the Bourbons.

that we lay it entire before our readers:The account it such a curiosity in its way,


City, Jan. 29.

At the Annual Dinner of the Drapers this day, Mr. Warden Wrench informed the aspresence of one of the Cabinet Ministers of sembly that they were honoured with the the Ex-King of France, and after eulogizing his talent and amiable manners, proposed the which was received with every testimony of health of his Excellency Baron Dudon," satisfaction.

French language, which not being generally The BARON returned bis thauks in the understood,

THE following article, taken from the STAR (a good honest evening paper), will make my readers stare. They will De surprised that any-body, in England, hould have the audacity to applaud the Heeds of Charles X., and to lament, pubcly, that his designs failed of their inended effect. But, when one considers who these fellows are; when one consi-dressed the assembly as follows:-" In rising Mr. WYBORN (who accompanied him) aders what immense amount of public to interpret the sentiments of the eminent roperty they handle, and how soon a statesman whom you have just honoured with eal reform to leave them to guttle and such cordial expressions of generous hospitauzzle on their own earnings, one is not lity, I cannot refrain from begging you to acall surprised at their partiality for the that distinguished individual-with whose cept my owu thanks for your kindness towards

of reinforcing the executive are those Ministers who experienced the irresistible pressure of the rising force in the people, which, if not

confidence, intimacy, and friendship, I have been honoured for nearly twenty years, and in whose present and future welfare and happiness I as it my duty, the warmest most affectionate interest, and nothing, I am sure, he begs me to state, has given him more heartfelt delight (while it was quite unexpect ed), than your friendly evening-a reception resepion of him this of France herself. Lu: such a prediosperity


the history of all civilized nations, ancient society and to the British nation. Gentlemen, and modern (and of none more than the susI know and applaud those wise rules of this pension of the Habeas Corpus act by Mr. Corporation, which exclude all politics from Pitt), has shown, and established as an axiom, calia convivial meetings; but a per is that upon a Minister to preserve the State at the risk of a question of purely foreign politics, and the his own responsibility for a violation of esconsequences of which must, however, sooner tablished laws. Gentlemen, it is in vain to or later, and I fear speedily, come home to disguise, the fact the French people were the business and bosom of every gentleman impatient of their long repose; and I am far present, you will indulge me with ge me with your pa- from treating as criminal (except in a polititience for a few observations upon the recent cal sense) that noble aspiration of military revolution in France, and the present state of glory which warms the heart of every Frenchthe French capital, Upon that convulsion, man, but which has proved so pernicious to which has occasioned the temporary retire- their own permanent interests, and so fatal to ment from his native country of the nobleman the existence of so many neighbouring States. who sits beside me-of a man who, having It may be said, the present tranquillity of already in tender years endured the affliction France refutes the assertion of the necessity of seeing his father and grandfather perish for the Ordinances. This is an error. The upon the same scaffold, martyrs in the cause present Sovereign and Ministry were not the of loyalty to their King and the laws, is chiefs of that party which churled the exiled fain his turn, himself an exile with the legiti-mily from the throne,on the contrary,they seem mate inheritors of that ancient monarchy-a to have been placed in readiness by a special man who, I will now venture to assert, and providence to arrest for a moment the dangergiving full credit to the general principles of ous career of the republican movers, and the loyalty, patriotism, and talent in that gallant criterion of the real necessity for extraordinary nation, has not, on quitting France, left behind powers to the government of Charles X will him a truer Frenchman, a wiser or more ex- be the permanence of that King and that mipert statesman, a more sincere patriot, a better nistry. They have recently escaped from the friend of rational liberty, or a more enlight-attacks of an opposition so formidable, that, ened and amiable member of society than himself, be he whom he may; and I speak from an intimate knowledge of the French capital for more than twenty years, up to within a very few weeks since, when I last

France Dudon to the title of a true Frenchman, and a patriot; his property was confiscated by the Republic, and he served in the ranks of the republican armies, and rose by his courage, merit, and genius, to the post of Intendant, General, or Viceroy, of the northern kingdoms of Spain, during the campaigns of the British armies in the Peninsula. Until Napoleon abdicated, he was faithful to him, as he has since proyed himself to the restored dynasty, to whose Cabinet he was called in the moment of dan ger; and that after the promulgation of the fatal Ordinances. He was therefore no party to their promulgation, but he saw and felt the approaching necessity of a more vigorous system of internal policy. The temporary restriction on the press would, if executed, have spared many evils; that wise (only be cause necessary) precaution was rendered abortive by the errors in its execution. Prince Polignac, by deciding for himself upon the time and mode of its enforcement, incurred and has submitted to the consequences of its failure. Gentlemen, the fittest pledges of the necessity

those who now possess the reins of power, lington boots, and spurs. Each had á triprove strong enough to preserve inviolate coloured cockade in his hat, a badge on the the faith of treaties, aud to preserve the rights collar of his coat, and a cane decorated with of neighbouring states from infraction, then ribbous to his hand. Next came a platform will they admit that they have misjudged the draws by four bullocks dressed with ribbons; rising spirit of their gallant countrymen, that an ox-skin stuffed to imitate a living ox was they have prematurely curbed what they placed on the platform, supported by two dreaded for the sake of France, their effer young men, in, white dresses on each side the vescing ardour for military conquest, and sub-ox. After these came auother platform decomit in silence to the censure of the present rated with flowers and ribbous. On this platage and posterity. But should even the pre-form was placed a white lamb skin stuffed, sent highly-gifted Sovereign of the people's surrounded by six children about five years of choice, and his patriotic and experienced age, in white dresses. Then followed another Ministers, prove in their turn equally power- carriage with two live lambs eating grass, &c. less, as the late King and his Ministers, to Then four butchers, followed by a machine calm the popular storm; should Frauce a making sausage. On the standard was painted second time, and for twenty years to come, a beef-steak, placed on a dish, with a knife carry war and devastation into the bosom of and fork; and this motto underneath: To so lately peaceful, prosperous, and happy Eu- all we divide a portion:', After these caine the rope, to be again driven back by the despe- tanners, leather-cutters, &c. &c, I cannot rate combination of all Europe against her; tell you half; but figure to yourself the trithen, indeed, the Baron Dudon and his columphs of Rome and the celebrations of Greece, leagues will not regret, but glory in, the efforts and you may form soine idea of this magnithey ineffectually made to avert those evils ficent scene. Liberty and content were deand horrors from France and humanity, but | picted on every countenance. All trade was they will more deeply regret, and we, gentle-stopped for the day, and all classes of people men, shall all of us have good cause to deplore, that their honest, loyal, and patriotie endeavours were not crowned with the success they merited.


YORK, dated Dec. 13, 1830. .. "It is with pleasure I have to inform my much-esteemed friends at Laugham of our safè arrival at New York. We set sail from Liverpool on the 29th of September, 1830, in the ship Eugene, of Boston, New England, and after a somewhat dangerous passage, we landed at this port on the 4th of November, at 12 o'clock at noon. But, passing by many things, I shall now inform you a little concerning this country; and my time in it having been short, my observations on it of course must be very limited. I find that a day-labourer in New York can get more money than a first-rate tradesman in England. We never enjoyed life so much before. I would advise the almost broken-down farmers in your coun try to come to America, where there are neither parsons, tithes, nor burdensome taxes. Here they might live like gentlemen, and enjoy liberty. We return sincere thanks to Mr. Mantle for the active part he took to have us conveyed to this country. His kindness I never shall forget. But I must now describe to you a most gratifying scene which took place on the 25th of November; it was a grand procession in honour of the late revolution in France. The procession reached more than three miles. A light carriage drawn by four horses took the lead, carrying twenty black musicians, playing most exquisitely on almost all kinds of wind instruments. Next followed the butchers, 500 in number, all mounted on gray horses, dressed in blue coats with checked sleeves up to the elbows, white aprons turned to one side, blue trowsers, Wel

joined in the procession. The ministers of different denominations, dressed in their cossacks and gowns, full wed by the military, with their cannon and ammunition waggous. In short, nothing was wanting to heighten the grandeur of the scene,-cannon firing, bands of music playing, flags flying in all directions, with all the appropriate mottoes of liberty, &c. To describe the whole is not in my power!!! Tell M. be would get plenty of tobacco and snuff here for very little. I bonght 120 segars for one shilling. More in my next. Write soon,

"Yours, &c., "WILLIAM OSBAND, "New York, late of Langham, Rutland.”



Monday, Dec. 20th, 1830.

(Continued from col. 317 )

THE objection Mr. Bryan made to a second venture of provision was sufficiently descriptive of the state of the colony. He could not af ford to supply a starving population from charity and it already was out of their power to pay for their food. Their furniture, agricultural implements, all their preparations for comfort, are exposed to the weather, themselves are sheltered in huts formed of blankets. The country, for 100 miles round, is an arid sand or bare rock, no grass, no timber. Dr. Westbrook, who came from that place to this six months ago, told me he saw the grave for the first person who died there dug. It was nine feet deep, and the sand from the bottom was, when thrown up, fit for an hour-glass. The live-stock dies in general a few hours after landing, supposed to be poisoned by some

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herb or shrub, to avoid which certain loss, He hoped, however, that some plan of domestic most sheep taken there to be sold, or to breed colonization would be at last adopted; but, in from, are killed in the ships, and retailed as the meantime, he wished to know from the fresh provisions. The bush does not help noble Lord at the head of the Colonial Dethem, as here; for there are no kangaroos, partment, whether it was the intention of his noreven opossums. The place must be aban Majesty's Government to abandon the settledoned; and I suppose the number of people ment on the Swan River, and whether the rewill oblige the Government to remove them to ports and representations as to the wretched a more promising part of the coast. It is, in condition of the Colony were correct? fact, a second Poyais. What notice will be taken of Captain Stirling's misrepresentations remains to be seen. He might be supposed to have but a slight knowledge of the quality of the land; but the very roadstead is altogether may safely take the allegations contained unsafe for shipping, though described by him in this petition as applying to a large And what honest man as a fine harbour. Six vessels were ashore part of Ireland. when the Britannia was there; three of them were complete wrecks have seen several stout anchors broken on the coral rocks Be fore Freemantle. Mr. Bryan reports that there are not less than 200 females there, many of them used to more than the common comforts of life, and yet they must starve, if not relieved by the Government, as their own 3100371979 00 935 resources are exhausted." This was certainly a matter of deep and awful importance. Many people had barked the whole of their property in this speculation, and great responsibility had been incurred, and great blame appeared to rest somewhere. Of course he did not mean to say that any blame attached to the present Ministers; but if this representation was at all correct, Blame must attach to some of their predecessors, aud, at all events, it was highly desirable that some satisfactory on the sub explanation should be given o ject. Much had been said on the subject of emigration, which many had encouraged from a notion that this country was over-peopled. But from what he knew of some parishes in the county of Kent, they did not contain more than the usual numbers, nor a greater number

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After this, Mr. DAWSON began a debate upon the appointments made by the new Ministry, and Sir ROBERT PEEL made a longish speech in the tone of an aristocrat in trouble: cautioning the

O'GORMAN MAHON, though he wished not to treat with levity what fell from the hon. Member for Oxford, could not avoid noticing that that hon. Member seemed to think employing and accordingly, in his estimation, the people means of and their just complaints passed for nothing. was one It was not the land but the people who comIf he were to plained that they had to pay tithes to a Proindge from these instances of the state of the testant Church, though there was not a Proto conclude testant whole country, he would that there was no extraordinary superabundance of population. The expenses of these, emigrations were enormous, and perhaps it would be much better to colonize at home. A noble Lord, who had presented a petition on the subject, had stated that he had observed in a day's ride to town, 12,000 acres of waste land; and all this might probably be taken in Ministers against too much economy, with advantage, and afford employment to a too much reform, and so on. Then great body of the peasantry. There were came Mr. M. A. TAYLOR about the fifteen millions of acres of waste land in the Court of Chancery, and upon this no whole country, and the taking them in might be formed into a source of employment which one can help observing, that, if anywould make every peasant in the country thing be intended, it is as much talked happy. But no administration had taken this about and as much delayed, as little matter in hand, and the people of this country settled, as any of the Chancery suits that were left to purchase articles from foreigners which might be very well produced at home. have been held up to us as the reason

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