Obrazy na stronie

those who now possess the reins of power lington boots, and spurs. Each had a triprove strong enough to preserve inviolate coloured cockade in his hat, a badge on the the faith of treaties, and to preserve the rights collar of his coat, and a cane decorated with of neighbouring states from infraction, then ribbons to his hand. Next came a platform will they admit that they have misjudged the drawn by four bullocks dressed with ribbons ; rising spirit of their gallant countrymen, that an ox-skin stuffed to imitate a living ox was they have prematurely curbed what they placed on the platform, supported by two dreaded for the sake of France, their effer. young men, in, white dresses on each side the vescing ardour for military conquest, and sub-ox. After these came auother platform decomit in silence to the censure of the present rated with flowers and ribbons. On this platage and posterity, But should even the pre-form was placed a white lamb skin stuffed, sent highly-gifted Sovereign of the people's surrounded by six children about five years of choice, and his patriotic and experienced age, in white dresses. Then followed another Ministers, prove in their turn equally power carriage with, two live lambs eating grass, &c. less, as the late King and his Ministers, to Then four butchers, followed by a machine calm the popular storm; should Frauce a making sausage. On the standard, was painted second time, and for twenty years to come, a beef-steak, placed on a dish, with a knife carry war and devastation into the bosom of and fork; and thus motto underneath: To so lately peaceful, prosperous, and happy Eu- | all we divide a portion:'. After these came the rope, to be again driven back by the despe- tauuers, leather-cutters, &c. &c. I cannot rate combination of all Europe against her; tell you half; but figure to yourself the trithen, indeed, the Baron Dudon and his columphs of Rome and the celebratious of Greece, leagues will not regret, but glory in, the efforts they ineffectually made to avert those evils and horrors fron France and humanity, but they will more deeply regret, and we, gentle-stopped for the day, and all classes of people men, shall all of us have, good cause to deplore, that their honest, loyal, and patriotic endeavours were not crowned with the success they merited.


and you may form some idea of this magnificent scene. Liberty and content were depicted on every countenance. All trade was

joined in the procession. The ministers of
different denominations, dressed in their cos-
sacks and gowns, followed by the military,
with their cannon and ammunition waggons.
In short, nothing was wanting to heighten
the grandeur of the scene, cannon firing,
bands of music playing, flags flying in all
directions, with all the appropriate mottoes of
liberty, &c. To describe the whole is not in
my power!!! Tell M. he would get plenty of
tobacco and snuff here for very little.
bought 120 segars for one shilling. More in
my next.
Write soon.

"Yours, &c.,


WILLIAM OSBAND, "New York, late of Langham, Rutland."



Monday, Dec. 20th, 1830.

(Continued from col. 317 )

YORK, dated Dec. 13, 1830. "It is with pleasure I have to inform my much-esteemed friends at Laugham of our safe arrival at New York. We set sail from Liverpool on the 29th of September, 1830, in the ship Eugene, of Boston, New England, and after a somewhat dangerous passage, we landed at this port on the 4th of November, at 12 o'clock at noon. But, passing by many things, I shall now inform you a little concerning this country; and my time in it having been short, my observations on it of course must be very limited. I find that a day-labourer in New York can get more money than a first-rate tradesman in England. We never enjoyed life so much before. I would advise the almost broken-down farmers in your country to come to America, where there are neither parsons, tithes, nor burdensome THE objection Mr. Bryan made to a second taxes. Here they might live like gentlemen, venture of provision was suthiciently descripand enjoy liberty. We return sincere thanks tive of the state of the colony. He could not afto Mr. Mantle for the active part he took to ford to supply a starving population from charity have us conveyed to this country. His kind- and it already was out of their power to pay for ness I never shall forget. But I must now their food. Their furniture, agricultural imdescribe to you a most gratifying scene which plements, all their preparations for comfort, took place on the 25th of November; it was a are exposed to the weather, themselves are grand procession in honour of the late revolu- sheltered in huts formed of blankets. The tion in France. The procession reached more country, for 100 miles round, is an arid sand than three miles. A light carriage drawn by ur bare rock, no grass, no timber. Dr. Westfour horses took the lead, carrying twenty brook, who came from that place to this six black musicians, playing most exquisitely on months ago, told me he saw the grave for the almost all kinds of wind instruments. Next first person who died there dug. It was nine followed the butchers, 500 in number, all feet deep, and the sand from the bottom was, mounted on gray horses, dressed in blue coats when thrown up, fit for an hour-glass. The with checked sleeves up to the elbows, white live-stock dies in general a few hours after aprons turned to one side, blue trowsers, Wel- | landing, supposed to be poisoned by some

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herb or shrub, to avoid which certain loss, He hoped, however, that some plan of domestic most sheep taken there to be sold, or to breed colonization would be at last adopted; but, iu from, are killed in the ships, and retailed as the meantime, he wished to know from the fresh provisions. The bush does not help noble Lord at the head of the Colonial Dethem, as here; for there are no kangaroos,partment, whether it was the intention of his nor even opossums. The place must be aban Majesty's Government to abandou the settledoned; and I suppose the number of people ment on the Swan River, and whether the rewill oblige the Government to remove them to ports and representations as to the wretched a more promising part of the coast. It is, in condition of the Colony were correct? fact, a second Poyais. What, notice will be taken of Captain Stirling's misrepresentations HOUSE OF COMMONS. remains to be seen. He might be supposed to TITHES IN IRELAND. The reader have but a slight knowledge of the quality of the land; but the very roadstead is altogether may safely take the allegations contained unsafe for shipping, though described by him in this petition as applying to a large as a fine harbour. Six vessels were ashore part of Ireland. And what honest man when the Britannia was there; three of them


O'G MAHON presented a petition,

were complete wreck. I have seen several can say that such a thing ought to be? stout anchors broken on the coral rocks be- Not one it ought! fore Freemantle. Mr. Bryan reports that there are not less than 200 females there, complaining of tithes and church-rates, from many of them used to more than the common Clondegud, in the county of Clare. The comforts of life, and yet they must starve, if petitioners complained that they were called not relieved by the Government, as their own resources are exhausted."

on to pay tithes and rates to the Protestant Church though there was no Protestant Church in the parish, nor a Protestant Clergy man, nor even one Protestant inhabitant. Of all this, the inhabitants being Catholics, complained, and complained justly, when' the Protestants of England were also complaining of the same exactions. They were. the causes here of outrage, and in Ireland they were the causes of much of the discontent which prevailed. 11 69%

Sir R. INGLIS reminded the hon. Member that tithes were paid exclusively by the land,, and if the Church did not receive them, a sum equal to them would go to the landlord, aud the people would not be benefited.

O'GORMAN MAHON, though he wished not to treat with levity what fell from the hon. Member for Oxford, could not avoid noticing that that hon. Member seemed to think that the land produced wealth without labour, and accordingly, in his estimation, the people and their just complaints passed for nothing. It was not the land but the people who complained that they had to pay tithes to a Protestant Church, though there was not a Protestant in the parish.,

This was certainly a matter of deep and awful importance. Many people had embarked the whole of their property in this speculation, and great responsibility had been incurred, and great blame appeared to rest somewhere. Of course he did not mean to say that any blame attached to the present Ministers; but if this representation was at all correct, blame must attach to some of their predecessors; and, at all events, it was bighly desirable that some satisfactory explanation should be given on the sub ject. Much had been said on the subject of emigration, which many had encouraged from a notion that this country was over-peopled. But from what he knew of some parishes in the county of Kent, they did not contain more than the usual numbers, nor a greater number than might have been employed to advantage, if the farmers had the means of employing them. But the farmers bad not the means of employing them at present, and that was one great cause of the distress. If he were to judge from these instances of the state of the whole country, he would be led to conclude that there was no extraordinary superabundance of population. The expenses of these, After this, Mr. Dawson began a deemigrations were enormous, and perhaps it bate upon the appointments made by would be much better to colonize at home. the new Ministry, and Sir ROBERT PEEL A noble Lord, who had presented a petition on made a longish speech in the tone of an the subject, had stated that he had observed in a day's ride to town, 12,000 acres of waste aristocrat in trouble: cautioning the land; and all this might probably be taken in Ministers against too much economy, with advantage, and afford employment to a too much reform, and so on. Then great body of the peasantry. There were came Mr. M. A. TAYLOR about the fifteen millions of acres of waste land in the whole country, and the taking them in might Court of Chancery, and upon this no be formed into a source of employment which one can help observing, that, if anywould make every peasant in the country thing be intended, it is as much talked happy. But no administration had taken this about and as much delayed, as little matter in hand, and the people of this country settled, as any of the Chancery suits that were left to purchase articles from foreigners

which might be very well produced at home. have been held up to us as the reason

for some great change which is, to all who have a passion for new-fangled appearance, as far off as ever.

Tuesday, Dec. 21. HOUSE OF LORDS. Lord WYNFORD brought in a bill for making life interests in real property subject to the payment of debts. No body can doulit the justice of this. It would defeat the roguery of the roguish part of the aristocracy.

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HOUSE OF COMMONS. THE MIDDLESEX PETITION. HUME presented this petition, which was agreed to at a county meeting held at Hackney, and in which retrenchment, reform, economy, and the vote by ballot, were prayed for. It also recommended to the House a reformation of the poor laws, and an alteration in the tithe collection; 66 but," said Mr Hume, "at "the same time that it prayed the House "to look into these things, it expressed "its opinion that it was hopeless to expect any amendment till, there was a "reform in Parliament, such as should give a voice to every one who paid rates and taxes in the country; nor "did the Meeting believe that even this "mode would prove effectual unless the "vote by ballot was added to it. With respect to the retrenchment that was "prayed, he had long thought that "without that taking place on a most "extensive scale, it would be impos"sible for the country to retrieve itself "from the difficulties of its present situHe had seen and heard of nothing that had tended to change "his opinion on this point. He was "likewise bound to state before he sat "down, that the Meeting had been "unanimously of opinion, that, it was impolitic in the highest degree to add "to the present military force of the country; and that the alteration of "the Corn Laws and the reduction of "the expenditure would have been "much more effective in checking the "discontent of the people.".




Shortly after Mr. HUME came Sir ROBERT WILSON, upon the ballot. He has been answered all over the country in all manner of ways; but, not by doctrinaires, WILSON; not by a class

things, but by the middle classes of men, by trades-people of all descriptions, who feel now that they have been ruined, because they could not give honest votes without danger of ruin for honest voting, and who wish for the ballot in order that they may not be compelled to vote for fellows who eat taxes. Do you know how many officers of the army we have now in pay, WILSON? Why 16,000 (sixteen thousand) Sixteen thousand officers, mind; OFFICERS. Not men, but OFFICERS! What, would there be sixteen thousand officers, if there were voting by ballot? No! not sixteen hours after the assembling of a house so elected. This is your "monarchy," WILSON; and a goodly monarchy it is for you. You have felt it, and, God knows, the people have too! To be sure you wish to live. under such a monarchy; who can doubt you!

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Sir R. WILSON agreed with the petition as far as reforin and economy was concerned, but he disagreed with the petition on the subject of ballot. He had before referred to America, and some other states where the ballot was in existence, and had shown that it had not answered expectations there. He had since received a letter from a person of the highest respectability, who had been informed by a merchant of America, "That America had experienced the greatest evils from the election by ballot; there was a ge neral impression in that country that it would be found necessary to abolish it altogether, and he expected that a measure would soon be proposed to effect it." In Virginia, lately, where a convention had met to consider what changes it was necessary to make in the existing institutions, including the legislature, it was proposed to adopt the ballot, but that proposition was completely rejected. It was requisite that the representative should know the opinions of those who delegated their power to him, he should know all their opinions, and he could not do this if they voted by ballot. He should know the feelings of the different parties among the electors. He further objected to the ballot that it did not necessarily preserve secresy. He knew that the question was gaining in favour with the people, owing to the example of France; but it ought to be recollected, that in France there were only 80,000 voters, and in France it was of great use in protecting the voters against the power of the government. But, as the ballot existed in France, would members wish to have it here? Would the hon. Member for Middlesex have the House of

which could be applied

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Commons vote by ballot, as the Chamber of laugh. Laugh out; not stifle it, but,
Deputies voted? Would the hon. Member
be contented that his vote should be unknown? laugh out; move their bodies back-
Would he like to bave to say, "Oh! I assure ward and forward in the attitudes of
you I voted for that question;" instead of laughter; shake their sides, and hold
were now circulated? It was p House, and
seeing his name in those printed lists that their foreheads would this be a posi-
tive infringement of six acts, or, would
it be a conspiracy to evade" six acts?
have thought of this a good deal,
Wednesday, Dec. 22, 1830.
LORD FARNHAM made a string of ob-
servations upon the state of Ireland.
Nothing done.

was therefore plainly imperfect. It was a
new-fangled passion of a certain class of doc. I
trinaires, who imagined that they had found
cut, in the nineteenth century, a remedy for
all abuses. If it were introduced into that
House, it would overthrow the monarchy, and
to such a proceeding he would be no party
He was born auder a monarchy, and so he
wished the country to remain, and he should
always oppose the introduction of the ballot,

Mr. D. W. HARVEY declared, that when he was convinced that the feelings of the great body of the people were as much in favour of ballet, as they wild, never oppose it by his re in favour of reform,

be, for one,

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December 23, 1830.
Nothing important.


vote. When it could be shown to him that HOUSE OF COMMONS. the respectable body he represented were TREVOR. TREVOR comes in here; but friendly to the Ballot, he would yield his in, I have dispatched Trevor in the Regis dividual opinion to th the general opinion, ters of the 25th of December and 1st The feelings of the great body of the of January. That is, in No. 26, Vol. people seem to be more in favour of the LXX. and No. 1, Vol. LXXI. ballot than of reform. In short (and reader will turn to these numbers, thereit is one of the most awful things that fore, if he should want to refer to we have lately witnessed), the cry for TREVOR'S pranks. But I do not rememthe ballot proceeds more from the middle ber that I thanked Trevor for this eulothan the labouring classes. It is clear, gium on me; at least, for this formal then, that these want to vote for other acknowledgment of my power, my immen than they have been accustomed mense power (for who can deny it now, to vote for; and this desire is produced without calling Trevor liar?) namely, by their finding themselves ruined by "The publication" (dear little Registheir present representative. Nothing ter!) to which he referred was one can be clearer than this. So, yield, that was circulated very extensively, Mr. D. W. HARVEY. "and that laboured unceasingly in ef'forts of excitation-efforts that, if not arrested in their progress, would, sooner or later, destroy that and the other House of parliament ! There, you vile wretches that pretend to despise me! There's a sixpenny pamphlet for you! A sixpenny pamphlet that can I am sorry to do any-thing "tending destroy the "collective wisdom of the "to bring either House of Parliament nation," that can destroy the "noblest "into contempt," because it is contrary assembly of free-men in the world! to law to do so; but, for the life o' me, What, and the other place too, Trevor! I can't help laughing now-and-then. Why, I never thought of that! I reBy-the-by, suppose a parcel of men, a member hearing of some lady who said hundred, for instance, were to go down that the handsomest compliment ever and plant themselves opposite the paid her she received from the lips of a House of Commons; in that square, drunken coal-heaver, who came reeling (now I forget the name of it) near out of a pot-house, and seeing her Abingdon Street; and suppose they sitting in her carriage drawn up close were to stand and do nothing, but to the curb-stone, in the carelessness of

MR. CURTEIS denied that the tithes were felt by the agriculturists as a burden; and maintained that if a vote by ballot, were conceded, it would involve the country in all the horrors of a civil war. He allowed that the gr. majority of people were favourable to Parliamentary Reform; but he denied that they were favourable to the ballot.

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drunkenness, exelaimed, "God bless you, let me light my pipe by your eyes!" And, accordingly, as this lady always felt grateful to the drunken coalheaver, so, TREVOR, I shall always feel grateful to you; for, say what you may; Frevor, as that pair of eyes which could seem to the drunken coal-heaver bright enough to light his pipe must be very bright indeed, so that pen which could seem to Trevor powerful enough to destroy two Houses of parliament (and such Houses!) must be indeed powerful!

JOBS.-Mr. HUME gave notice, that, on the second Thursday in February, he should move for a Select Committee to inquire into the office of King's Printer in England and


Lord ALTHORP asked whether the hon. Member might not add the King's Printer for


Mr. HUME said that he thought that office had been abolished that, in fact, the Goverument had been beforehand with him, but be should be happy to adopt the noble Lord's suggestion. He would take that opportunity of asking the noble Lord whether it were true, that unless the patent was challenged before the 1st of January in the ensuing year, it would become free from further objection?

He understood that the patent was at an office somewhere in the Adelphi, and had lain there for nearly a year, and at the end of that time would be valid.

Lord ALTHORP knew nothing of such a law, but would inquire about it.

PENSIONS.—Mr. GUEST, in moving that

there be laid before the House the Warrant or

upon which such pension had been granted.
ment of those pensions would be applied for,
It would be his duty, when the funds for pay-
to divide the House (if he stood alone) on
every pension which might not appear to have
been granted for actual service.
hon. Friend, would say, that although it was
Mr. HUME, in seconding the motion of his
extremely unpleasant, in the discharge of his
duty to his constituents, to be compelled to
bring forward the case of an individual, yet
there was no other mode of putting a stop to
viduals out of the taxes, but by taking up and
the practice of improperly pensioning indi-
bringing before the House individual cases.
(Hear.) He concurred in the opinion ex-
pressed by his hon. Friend, that when the wife
of a Member of that House received a pension,
it was in direct violation of the spirit of the
Act of Parliament for such a Member to re-
tain his seat in the House. (Hear.) The
whole of the Peusion List ought to be inves-
tigated by a Committee of the House. The
manner in which that list was accustomed to
be filled up for some reigns past, was one of
the main causes of the present distressed state
of the country.

How many years have I been at these pensions, sinecures and grants! All my readers know how fond I am of country affairs. Country occupations, country amusements, all things appertaining to country life, are enticing to me. But, when even a boy, I had my scruples at Who has some of its amusements. followed in a hare-hunt; seen her started from her seat of tranquillity and innocence, and flee before six-and-thirty blood-thirsty and roaring dogs, and other Document, of date 5th January, 1823, perhaps as many hollowing boys and whereby a certain Pension was granted to men, without thinking to himself, Mrs. Harriett Arbuthnot, read to the House What has she done to deserve this? the particulars of numerous other Pensions, the details of which we could not correctly Who has seen her, in the course of the ascertain, in consequence of the extremely hunt, soaked in mud and wet, stopping low tone of voice and rapid utterance with and pricking up her ears to find if her which the hon. Gentleman spoke. He con- double have defeated her pursuers, Kr tended that Members of that House obtaining pensions for any members of their family, es- eyes starting from her head with terror, pecially for their wives, virtually vacated their every muscle quivering, and her heart seats in that House, as much as if they had beating so as even to be heard three or themselves accepted them by name. He could four yards off; who has seen this, withnot but think, that as the reigning King had himself but a life-interest in the revenues of out, at least, wishing her safe from her the Crown, he could only dispose of them for foes? But who, on' seeing her after his own life, as in law a subject can transfer all her amazing exertions to save her life to others only the interest which he himself by law possesses. He (Mr. Guest) thought, by flight, and by many dexterous arts to therefore, that the pensions granted during deceive; who has seen her give up all any reign ought to terminate upon the demise hope and run half the length of the last of the Crown, unless Parliament should ap- field uttering the most appalling shrieks prove of their continuance. He was desirous of death; who has seen and heard this that each particular pension in the present List should be laid before the House, for the and not felt that hare-hunting has its purpose of an examination of the grounds alloy ? I cannot; and were it not for

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