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He did not consider it of any consequence as they could cultivate by spade labour they whether the writ were suspended or not; could not earn sixpence a day. He should be and if it were the opinion of the House that it very happy himself to give land to the la should be suspended, he for one should not bourers of his own parish without the payment oppose the suspension. In doing this, cer- of rent, if there was a hope of their being able tainly it was his opinion that they would act to subsist upon it; for he would gain much against precedents, and it was neither desir-more from the relief afforded to the rates, able nor necessary that the House should than from the rent of the land. make any new precedents.
LAW. Two rather long discussions came after this upon alterations in the
Friday, Dec. 17.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
Nothing of consequence. Lord King presented petitions from several parts of the country, and he gave the House a summary of their prayers: "Cheap “Government, Cheap Law, Cheap Corn, Reform, and Free Trade."
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
- Mr. CURTEIS, in presenting a petition from Sussex, took
occasion to make some observations on the
state of the labouring poor, and declared be had conversed with many farmers, who one and all asserted that they never paid less than twelve shillings a week to any description of labourers, whether married or single. For his part, although it had been stated that he paid to his own labourers 1s. 9d. a day, he invariably paid 2s., with the option of their taking piece work if they pleased. The agricultural interests were, however, in such a state of destitution, that they must, would, and should be protected. (Hear, hear.)
Mr. BRISCOE, in alluding to the condition of the labourers, said he was satisfied the only remedy for their distress would be found in the extension of the system of spade labour in the cultivation of ground allotted to them for that purpose.
Mr. LONG WELLESLEY bore testimony to the efficacy of this system. In a part of the county of Essex, near Tilbury Fort, six or seven hundred of the labourers who had been in a state of insurrection were reduced to quietude and comparative comfort, by the immediate adoption of the system of spade labour. He deprecated, however, the discussion of these and other vitally important subjects on the mere presentation of a petition, and in the presence of so small a number of
Sir JOHN SERRIGHT said he had devoted a good deal of his attention to the subject of spade labour, aud actually allotted gardens to persons in his own parish, who were by no means connected with his property. He found, however, that all projects of that kind failed; and he was convinced, from his own experience, and from conversation with some of the most experienced of the class of labourers, that if they possessed as much land
Mr. Alderinan WAITHMAN observed, that it was not merely the agricultural interest that was distressed; all the interests in the country were in the same condition; leasehold property, especially in London, was utterly destroyed. No partial measure would be suffcient to meet the necessities of the time. Either taxation must be greatly brought down, or prices must be raised. He begged to give notice that on the 15th of February he would submit to the House a string of Resolutions, showing the destructive tendency of the present general depreciation of property.
Monday, Dec. 20.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
TEYNHAM brought forward the subject of the new settlement in the Swan River, a settlement of which we have heard so much. I shall insert a statement that he read to the House, as coming from the Settlement, and then I shall insert his subsequent observations. I have often raised my voice against these cruel delusions on emigration. I know myself what new settlements are, I know what the men are who project them, and I know the greedy and cruel knaves who carry the projects into execution. I therefor feel for every creature who is induce to submit himself and his family to th sore vexation, the certain ruin, and th probable consequent death, provided fo them by the greedy and heartless who thrive by schemes of emigration. never knew one scheme which, if succeeded at all, did not first produ misery and death to an amount would rend any heart but that speculator; and I insert this instance
failure in the hope that it may warn the industrious and frank, and therefore credulous, people of England, against listening to men whose selfishness makes them false, and whose habits of life have prepared them for practising cruelty without feeling compunction.
An extract of a letter on the condition of the Settlement had appeared in the Morning Chronicle, which, both on account of the high character of the Paper, and the importance of the subject, was well worthy of attention. He would read to their Lordships the notice in the Morning Chronicle, which was in these
"Distress in the Swan River Settlement.The following is an extract from a letter just received from one of the most extensive of the settlers in Van Dieman's Land:- The Swan River settlement is with us, just now, a constant subject of discourse. Messrs Bryan made a good speculation in the William there. Flour so'd for 601. per ton, potatoes for 157., and salt provisions for 8d. per pound; the whole of which was taken off their hands by the Governor. The live stock was unsaleable, till the Governor (Stirling) gave them a grant of 350,000 acres to put it on.
[To be continued.]
WALTON, D., Oldham, Lancashire, cottonspinuer.
WARD, G., Leeds, inn-keeper.
TUESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1831.
JAN. 21.-RUSSELL, G., Brownlow-street,
JAN. 22.-Woolbridge, J. and J., Birmingham, brass-founders.
JAN. 24.-COUSINS, C., Drummond-crescent, Somers-town, carman.
JAN. 25.-LARTER, D., High-street, Shoreditch, victualler.
JAN. 25. DESORMEAUX, D., Cole's-terrace, White Conduit-fields, chymist. BANKRUPTS.
BAUGH, J., Middle Wallop, Hampshire, vic
MARK-LANE, CORN-EXCHANGE, JAN. 24.In consequence of another very short supply, of English Wheat at market this morning, training-quality, at an advance in the prices since this our millers were free in their purchases of fine
BANKRUPTCIES SUPERSEDED. OLDLAND, J., Wootton-under-Edge, clothier. PEIRSE, T., Belle Isle, Yorkshire,
BROUGH, P., Boston, Lincolnshire, scrivener.
HEHIR, J., jun., Leigh, Worcestershire,
HOOPER, R., St. Philip and Jacob, Gloucestershire, malster.
IZON, T., Handsworth, Staffordshire, merchant.
PLUCKWELL, H., Old-street-road, potatoedealer.
BIDOUT, W., Ringwood, Hampshire, linendraper.
ROBERTSON, J., Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire, surgeon.
VINE, T., Brighton, taymau.
WILLIAMS, G., St. Paul's Church-yard, warehouseman.
day se'nnight of about 2s. per quarter: the middling and inferior sorts were also taken off upon somewhat better terms, and at the close tinues at last week's prices. Barley is very the stands were entirely cleared. Flour conheavy sale, at a reduction in the value of 2s. per quarter. Beans of both sorts are about 1s. per quarter higher. Oats are also rather Peas, or other articles, no variation. dearer than otherwise. In White and Grey
The supply to-day is very short, as compared with late markets; and the morning being fair and cool, there is an improvement in most things, and a tolerable free trade. For Beef we cannot go higher in our general currency than 4s. 4d.; but a few complete Scots may have made 4s. 6d. The best selling Lin
colns fetch 6d. a pound.
The prices for Mutton are supported; and think with a small There
is scarcely any difference per stone between little and big, the soundness being the chief consideration. Lincolns are stated at over 4s. 2d., but hardly reaching 4s. 4d. The top price for Downs continues at 4s. 6d. ; choice Veal readily obtains 6s.-Beasts, 2,298; Calves, 110; Sheep, 18,620; Pigs, 160.
THURSDAY, Jan. 28.-The spirit of the deceased Thursday's Cattle Market, to-day revisited its apparently devoted spot, in the shape of about a dozen useful steers, about as many lean and lusty townsend cows; a score of sheep, about as many calves, and a few
pigs, for none of which there appeared to be any buyers. It, however, had not quite
vanished at eleven a. m.
HEAP CLOTHING, 93, Fleet-street,
Co., Clothiers, Tailors, and Drapers, gratefully acknowledge the almost unprecedented support with which they have been honoured by the public; and beg to say that nothing shall induce them in any way to relax in their exertions to retain that patronage with which they have been so kindly favoured.
As Swain and Co. manufacture their own tlemen's Clothing at a much lower price than Woollen Goods they are able to supply Genthey can be procured for at any other house in the trade. The following is a List of those Prices, for Cash: Superfine Coats, of fashionable colours, from patent finished cloths, 21. 5s. to 31.; ditto, blue or black, 21. 10s. to 31. 5s.; Extra Saxony Wool, blue or black, 31. 10s. and upwards; Superfine Frock, with Silk Facings, 21. 18s. to 41.; ditto Trousers, 18s. to 17. 10s.; Cassimere Waistcoats, 10s. to 14s.; Marseilles ditto, 7s. to 10s.; Valencia ditto, 8s. to 12s.; Silk ditto, 14s. to 18s.; a Suit of Livery, 41. to 41. 4s. Ladies' Habits and Pelisses, Children's Dresses, Shooting Jackets, and Hunting Coats, Camblet and Plaid Cloaks, Witney Wrappers, and every other garment equally cheap. A large assort ment kept ready made. Export Orders executed with punctuality.
I recommend Messrs. Swain and Co. as very good and punctual tradesman, whom I have long employed with great satisfactiou. WM. COBBETT.
Engraving of the Liberator of Ireland,
executed on steel, will be presented, gratui tously, to the purchasers of CARPENTER'S POLITICAL LETTER, to be published on the 4th of February. Size of the Examiner; price, 4d.-The orders of Newsmen and Booksellers will be received from the 1st of Feb
ruary, and the deliveries will be made in the order in which the names stand on the list. Specimens at the Office, No. 21, Paternosterrow, and sold by all Newsman.
LESSONS on ARITHMETIC, in Principle Youth of both Sexes; and more especially for and in Practice, for the that of young Merchants, Tradesmen, Seamen, Mechanics, and Farmers. By THOMAS
London: Sherwood, Gilbert, and Co.; and Longman, Rees, and Co.
HE STOVES" from Mr.
TCOBBETT's Model are now ready packed
in Baskets, so that no delay in the execution of orders will take place: also, the "LONGITUDINAL CORN-SHELLER" from Mr. COBBETT'S Model, price 31. 10s.
H.S. W. JUDSON, Ironmonger, Kensing ton, the only Manufacturer.
Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court; and published by him, at 11, Bolt-court, Fleet-street,
VOL. 71.-No. 6.] LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5TH, 1831.
[Price 1s. 2d.
ANN, COUNTESS DOWAGER OF MORNINGTON, mother of Marquis Wellesley, of the Prince of Waterloo, of Lord Maryborough, of Lord Cowley, (now Ambassador at Vienna), and of another Wellesley, who has two or three great livings in the church; this Countess Dowager, the mother of all these, has a pension of 600l. a year, paid out of the taxes raised on the people. From the BLACK Book, just published by Mr. E. WILSON, Royal Exchange, p. 467.
The Poor Laws provide, that the children of every poor, old, blind, lame, or impotent person, not able to work, shall (if they have the means) relieve and, maintain such poor parent, according to the rate at which they shall be assessed by the Justices of the county where the parties live, in order to prevent parishes, being burdened with unnecessary charges.
"A petition," says the Morning Chronicle of the 31st Jan., " is in preparation,, "in the neighbourhood of BALLYDUFF, county of Waterford, Ireland, which will "be intrusted to Mr. Hume, praying that the invidious distinctions which at present exist between Parish and State Paupers may be abolished; and that "it may in future be a general rule, that all persons who depend on the public "bounty for subsistence shall be distinguished by a peculiar dress."
Kensington, Feb. 2, 1831.
on the part of the aristocratic borough"holders to resist reform, and, by com"bining to withhold their support, "when that great question comes on, to "force Ministers to resign, by driving. "them into a minority. Such a com-. "bination, for such a purpose, we con-, "ceive to be the greatest calamity that "could befall the nation. Its success. "would be equivalent to a declaration, "of hostilities, and dreadful will be, "their responsibility who hazard the reIn my last I remarked on the proba-" sult. If a war of vengeance is once, bility of the seat-people making a grand" provoked, no human foresight can push against reform; and I also re- predict the calamities that may-that, marked on the inevitable consequences, "must follow in the train of it. It is if the Ministers held firm, and resolved" madness to hope that the cause of is take the people by the hand. Ac corruption can be brought to prevail cording to the rumours that are afloat," against the cause of the people. Nothe combination against them and "thing can endanger the latter but the. the people is proceeding with great" apathy of the people themselves. If obstinacy. The case is pretty plainly" the reforming spirit of the Governstated in the Morning Chronicle of the" ment is backed by the united energy 31st January, in the following words," and active zeal of the great body of. which embrace, however, two distinct" the nation, there is no counteraction. subjects, and these I must treat of" that can defeat it. A Ministry strong separately when I have inserted the" in the strength of the people is irre"sistible. If the many are content to sow and reap for the few ; if they are content to dig and sweat, that the G
"Rumour speaks every day more "loudly of the efforts that are making
but, at any rate, it must necessarily have a LEADER in view, and that leader must be the Duke of Wellington. Now, then, let that subject rest for a minute, till I have observed on the latter part of the extract from the Morning Chronicle, which relates to Mr. SEDGWICK, the late president, or head commissioner, of the Board of Stamps,
rich borough-owners may riot in the "harvest, leaving to them the gleanings of the field, as matter of grace and "favour: were it so, our opponents "would have every-thing to hope, for "their confidence would be well justified. The powerful support of Lord "BROUGHAM Would be paralysed, and "the efforts of Lord ALTHORP be "brought to nought. But happily the Mr. SEDGWICK was dismissed from case is far otherwise, and the opening his office; the Board was broken up to of the campaign against reform will get rid of him; a large sum in retired only manifest the insane calculations allowances was thrown as a charge "of the Council of War by which it is upon the people, only because Mr. planned. The policy of our aristo- SEDGWICK did his duty towards that cratic rulers has ever been to guard people. He was a most clever, a most against admitting any one to office industrious, a most intelligent public who had not previously given good officer; he was civil and conciliating, "proof of his devotion to their views, and made it a pleasure to have to "and to their will. The instant any transact business with him. No charge thing like a sense of duty was seen to could be brought against him; but he oppose Εἶ itself to intrigue and jobbing, was known to be a man who detested and to side with the public, the of abuses; and he made strenuous efforts "fender becomes a marked man. case of Mr. Sedgwick, the chairman were his crimes; and for these crimes The to put a stop to those abuses. These of the late Stamp Board, whose let- every effort was made to inflict on him ters to Lord WALLACE appeared in degradation and pecuniary ruin. A goour paper, is a case in point. To act vernment would 'deserve overthrow for uprightly, was to act against all the nothing else than tolerating the abo"received notions of official subordina- minable proceedings against this gentle❝tion. Individuals, whose integrity man. and talents would be duly valued by hands of Lord GREY and Lord ALMr. SEDGWICK is now in the an administration like the present, THORP; and if they do not do him would, under its predecessors, have justice, it will, to me, be surprising ensured annoyance of every kind, and indeed. ultimate dismissal. Government is happily composed at present of men that the associators have got Now, as to the combination, it is said "who give an example of integrity in hundred and sixty votes to oppose their own persons, instead of visiting the ministers, if they propose "it on others with odium and resent- make a real reform of the Cominons' "ment; and no better pledge than this House, and that they are resolved to "can or need be given of their deter-vote them into a minority. I can hardly “mination to act up to the principles believe this. To be sure, a combinathey have so nobly proclaimed." tion with the Duke of WELLINGTON at
In the same paper there is the follow-its head may very well be supposed to ing paragraph :-"The Duke of WeL- be extremely bitter against the reLINGTON is at present entertaining a formers, and not to be, by any means, σ large party of the Ex-Ministers and overburdened with wisdom. "their political associates at Strathfield- a combination one may easily conSuch 66 say. Sir Robert Peel, from Drayton ceive to be so blinded by their resent"Park, arrived there on Saturday, and ment against the people; by their "Mr. Croker has been the Duke's habitual contempt of the people, and 'guest for some "days." Whether this by the flattering falsehoods to which assemblage be immediately connected they incessantly listen: they have seen with the COMBINATION I know not; the nation so long submit to such