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owners, the opposition was more frequently grievance-it complained of the deprivation of on the part of lay impropriators than of the an important national right-the loss of which clergy. had occasioned much and serions discontent Lord KING had no doubt, that if tithe com- throughout many parishes of the Metropolis, position were carried into effect in Ireland and in various parts of the country. The upon fair terms, it would operate greatly to grievance of which the petitioners complained the advantage of the poorer classes in Ireland, was the existence in their parish of a selfwho would get rid of tithe-gathering and elected Vestry. He was anxious to take the proctors, and the whole harassing and ex- earliest opportunity of stating, that on the pensive machinery for the recovery of those very first day after the recess he meant to bring vexatious claims. He held in his hands do- in a bill, the object of which would be to cuments respecting the tithes in six parishes remedy the evils which formed the subject of of the county of Wicklow, of which the the present complaint. The bill be intended names were to him unpronounceable, occupy- to bring in would be modelled upon the former ing a surface of upwards of 40,000 acres. In bill, or rather would be an exact counterpart those parishes a meeting of 4,000 farmers was of it, in the form it had been presented before assembled to make a composition with Arch- it underwent the amendments of a committee. deacon Magee. The venerable Archdeacon He wished in an especial manner to call the not agreeing with the parishioners, resorted attention of the House to the prayer of the not to the Consistory Court, but to the Court present petition, for such was the indignation of Exchequer, as affording the most expen-which Select Vestries had excited, that he sive process for the recovery of his tithes. His Lordship then read the following account furnished by the Archdeacon to one of those farmers :
Varney Cooney, to Archdeacon Magee, debtor.
Out of the Laud's of Grange, To tithe of 47 tons of Hay,
Ditto of 197 brls. of Barley, at 16s.
Ditto of 88 brls. of Wheat,
Ditto of 193 brls. of Oats, at 15s.
This land contains 12 acres of wheat, 12 of barley, 11 of oats, and 20 of meadowing.
HOUSE OF COMMONS. SELECT VESTRIES.-When I was
could not answer for the tranquillity of parishes, if something speedy and decisive were not done with a view to the modification of the present system. He was informed that many of the parishioners of St. James's had expressed their determination not to pay rates unless the Select Vestry were abolished.
Sir F. BURDETT said that Select Vestries were one of the practical grievances of the present day, constituting not only a gross violation of every constitutional principle, but of every principle of common sense. There was something in them so preposterous, that an English House of Commons was called upon to get rid of them at once, and the mode of doing so was perfectly simple: it was by a recurrence to the ancient constitutional principle, that no man was to be taxed without his own
but precedents prevent Reform. What can we expect from Reformers like Lord John Russell.
The petition was then ordered to be printed BOROUGH OF EVESHAM.-I notice this in America, the infamous select Vestry-record. Corruption is clearly proved; in order to put sham-reformers upon bill was passed. I instantly wrote a Register, dated from Long Island, in which I proved its wickedness and its evil tendency. I was not listened to. And now I am to be quiet, am I, and hear it said in that same House of Commons that passed it, that it is "unconstitutional,"" preposterous," and repugnant to "common sense! Why was this not known then? Why was this not said then? The same man who sits and calls it by these names now was in the House when it was passed; and why did not he say these things of it then?
The Marquess of CHANDOS, in rising to make a motion on this subject, said, that the Committee appointed by the House had unseated the Members that were returned, on the ground of bribery; and with this charge before the House, he certainly thought that they were bound to consider whether a new election should be allowed to take place. The evidence before the Committee had not yet been printed; but, at all events, it was known that the Committee had decided against the two Members, on the ground of corruption; and this, he contended, was enough to call for the interference of the House, when it was Mr. HOBHOUSE presented a petition, which proposed to entrust the borough again with he had to state was most numerously and the right of returning members. All that he respectably signed-It was from the Free-at present asked was, that a short time should holders of tho parish of St. James, in the city be allowed for the printing of the evidence, in of Westminster. It complained of a great order that the House might judge for itself;
and he should therefore move, that the Speaker | being so frequently brought before the House, do issue his warrant to the Clerk of the Crown, se they were before that Act was passed. The to make out a supersedeas to the writ that had opinions of Election Committees were often, been issued for the election of two Members he thought, an obstacle to those inquiries for the Borough of Evesham. which the House was bound to make into Lord GEORGE LENNOX seconded the motion, cases of corruption. The question, however, and called the attention of the House to a before the House was not whether an inquiry paper signed Edward Protheroe, Jun., insbould now take place into the corruption of which that gentleman made the following the Borough of Evesham, but whether the ⚫ statement:- I plainly acknowledge my de-issuing of the writ should be suspended or sire to renew our connexion. There is no in- not? The circumstances of the case were consistency in this. With you, Gentlemen, these:-That after an inquiry by a Committee, I never had the slightest cause of dissatisfac- that Committee had not given the Chairman tion: it is with the old system of your borough, instructions to propose that no new writ with that unjust system which, after faithful should issue. The first thing the House had and diligent services, accompanied by manly to look at must be its own precedents. He had independence and disinterestedness in every looked at the precedents quoted by the speech and every vote, left me no hope of Honourable Member opposite (Mr. Ross), and being re-elected, unless I condescended to that Honourable Gentleman could not deny traffic for my seat with those who bartered that there were numerous precedents of the your privileges."-When such a declaration allegation of bribery made against Members, as this was made by a gentleman who was and yet the writs for those places had issued. well acquainted with the transactions of the There was no instance of a Committee reborough, he thought that the House had porting merely against the Sitting Members, pretty good evidence before it of what was and on that report the House suspending the the real state of the case; and he therefore writ. To justify that, there must be some trusted that Evesham would be disfranchised, special report agaust the electors. It was and the representation given to some more only said by some of the Members who comworthy place. He begged, however, to say, posed the Election Committee that the case that he himself personally knew nothing of implied further corruption; but that should Evesham, nor had he any acquaintance with be made a matter of special report before the the two gentlemen against whom the Com-House could be able to act upon it. The premittee had decided. cedents, then, were many in favour of issuing the writ.
Mr. Ross said, that the sitting of particular Members, and ulterior proceedings against a borough for bribery, were two questions of a totally distinct character. The honourable Member referred to the cases of Penrhyn aud Camelford, as precisely similar cases. In them bribery was proved, and the House was called on not only to suspend the writs, but to disfranchise the boroughs. In Evesham there was 426 voters, and of course they did not all vote for the sitting members; but it had been proved that every one of the non-resident voters who did vote were bribed. Every one of them actually received a bribe. On these grounds he would support the motion of bis noble Friend for superseding the writ, which would give the House an opportunity to inquire.
Lord ALTHORP agreed with his noble Friend and the right hon. Gentleman, that this question was to be decided on the narrow ground of precedent; but that precedents were not to be slavishly followed. The House must decide if precedents authorised the suspension of the writ, and it was a matter of some importance that the House should not make a new precedent without due consideration. He did not think that the precedents quoted by the right hon. Gentleman justified the suspension of the writ. He differed from him, because, in the two precedents he had quoted, both the Committees had reported against the election. In the present case, the Report of the Committee was confined to censuring the Members. The right hon. Gentleman said, that Members of the Com
Lord JoHN RUSSELL meant, in the few words he should address to the House, to con-mittee complained of the corruption being fine himself to the narrowest limits. He should extended to the Electors, but that was only not enter into the general question of Reform, the opinion of individual Members, as the ner assert that it would be improper to assent Committee decided against a special Report. to the motion, because the House had already In the other cases quoted by the right hon.. ordered the writ to issue. There were many Gentleman, the Committees had made Special nights to be considered before the House re- Reports; but in those cases where Special solved to suspend the writ. Au inquiry should Reports were not made, and ouly the sitting be instituted, and evidence received, to ascer- Members were unseated, the House had never tain if the Borough of Evesham were as cor- thought to suspend the writ. It was not nerapt as it was represented to be. There were cessary for him to quote precedents of the many points which the House ought to inves-kind from the Journals; they were so nume. tigate; for he had always been of opinion that rous, that every Member must know it was the Grenville Act, by the inquiries it instituted continually customary for sitting Members through Committees, frequently screened to be unseated by the Report of the Comcases of bribery, and prevented them from mittee, without the writ being suspended.
He did not consider it of any consequence as they could cultivate by spade labour they whether the writ were suspended or not; could not earn sixpence a day. He should be and if it were the opinion of the House that it very happy himself to give land to the lashould be suspended, he for one should not bourers of his own parish without the payment oppose the suspension. In doing this, cer- of rent, if there was a hope of their being able tainly it was his opinion that they would act to subsist upon it; for he would gain much against precedents, and it was neither desir-more from the relief afforded to the rates, able nor necessary that the House should than from the rent of the land. make any new precedents.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
- Mr. CURTEIS, in presenting a petition from Sussex, took state of the labouring poor, and declared be had conversed with many farmers, who one and all asserted that they never paid less than twelve shillings a week to any description of labourers, whether married or single. For his part, although it had been stated that he paid to his own labourers 1s. 9d. a day, he invariably paid 28., with the option of their taking piece work if they pleased. The agricultural interests were, however, in such a state of
occasion to make some observations on the
destitution, that they must, would, and should be protected. (Hear, hear.)
Mr. BRISCOE, in alluding to the condition of the labourers, said he was satisfied the only remedy for their distress would be found in the extension of the system of spade labour in the cultivation of ground allotted to them for that purpose.
Mr. LONG WELLESLEY bore testimony to the efficacy of this system. In a part of the county of Essex, near Tilbury Fort, six or seven hundred of the labourers who had been in a state of insurrection were reduced to
quietude and comparative comfort, by the immediate adoption of the system of spade labour. He deprecated, however, the discussion of these and other vitally important subjects on the mere presentation of a petition, and in the presence of so small a number of
Sir JOHN SERRIGHT said he had devoted a good deal of his attention to the subject of spade labour, and actually allotted gardens to persons in his own parish, who were by no means connected with his property. He found, however, that all projects of that kind failed; and be was convinced, from his own experience, and from conversation with some of the most experienced of the class of labourers, that if they possessed as much land
Mr. Alderinan WAITHMAN observed, that it was not merely the agricultural interest that was distressed; all the interests in the country were in the same condition; leasehold property, especially in London, was utterly destroyed. No partial measure would be sufficient to meet the necessities of the time. Either taxation must be greatly brought down, or prices must be raised. He begged to give submit to the House a string of Resolutions, notice that on the 15th of February he would showing the destructive tendency of the present general depreciation of property.
Monday, Dec. 20.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
WARD, G., Leeds, inn-keeper.
TUESDAY, JANUARY 25, 1831.
failure in the hope that it may warn the | WALTON, D., Oldham, Lancashire, cottonindustrious and frank, and therefore credulous, people of England, against listening to men whose selfishness makes them false, and whose habits of life have prepared them for practising cruelty without feeling compunction.
An extract of a letter on the condition of the Settlement had appeared in the Morning Chronicle, which, both on account of the high character of the Paper, and the importance of the subject, was well worthy of attention. He would read to their Lordships the notice in the Morning Chronicle, which was in these
"Distress in the Swan River Settlement. The following is an extract from a letter just received from one of the most extensive, of the settlers in Van Dieman's Land: The Swan River settlement is with us, just now, a constant subject of discourse. Messrs Bryan made a good speculation in the William there. Flour so'd for 607. per ton, potatoes for 157., and salt provisions for Ed. per pound; the whole of which was taken off their hands by the Governor. The live stock was unsaleable, till the Governor (Stirling) gave them a grant of 350,000 acres to put it on.
[To be continued.]
JAN. 21.-RUSSELL, G., Brownlow-street,
JAN. 22.-Woolbridge, J. and J., Birmingham, brass-founders.
JAN. 24.-COUSINS, C., Drummond-cres--
JAN. 25.-LARTER, D., High-street, Shoreditch, victualler.
RICHARDSON, J., Regency-place, Great
RODWELL, G. B., James-street, Covent-
WEBB, T., Seymour-street, Euston-square, boot and shoe-maker.
WILSON, J. and W., Whitehaven, Cu berland, plasterers.
MARK-LANE, CORN-EXCHANGE, JAN. 24.In consequence of another very short supply, of English Wheat at market this morning, quality, at an advance in the prices since this our millers were free in their purchases of fine day se'unight of about 2s. per quarter: the middling and inferior sorts were also taken off upon somewhat better terms, aud at the close tinues at last week's prices. Barley is very the stands were entirely cleared. Flour conheavy sale, at a reduction in the value of 2s.
per quarter. Beans of both sorts are about
HOP INTELLIGENCE. BOROUGH, Monday, Jan. 21.-There was a good supply at market this morning, and fine New Hops met with a ready sale. Prices remain the same as this day week.
Bacon, Middles, new, 42s. to 45s. per cwt.
Pork, India, new.. 112s. 6d.
Mess, new... 57s. 6d. to-s. per barl.
Cheese, Cheshire ....40s. to 70s.
Gloucester, Double.. 48s. to 56s.
42s. to 46s.
Hams, Irish........45s. to 56s.
The supply to-day is very short, as compared with late markets; and the morning being fair and cool, there is an improvement in most things, and a tolerable free trade. For Beef we cannot go higher in our general currency than 4s. 4d.; but a few complete Scots may have made 4s. 6d. The best selling Lin
colns fetch 6d. a pound.
The prices for Mutton are supported; and some think with a small improvement. There is scarcely any difference per stone between little and big, the soundness being the chief consideration. Lincolns are stated at over 4s. 2d., but hardly reaching 4s. 4d. The top price for Downs continues at 4s. 6d. ; choice Veal readily obtains 6s.-Beasts, 2,298; Calves, 110; Sheep, 19,620; Pigs, 160.
HEAP CLOTHING, 93, Fleet-street, near St. Bride's Church.-SWAIN and Co., Clothiers, Tailors, and Drapers, gratefully acknowledge the almost unprecedented support with which they have been honoured by the public; and beg to say that nothing shall induce them in any way to relax in their exertions to retain that patronage with which they have been so kindly favoured.
As Swain and Co. manufacture their own tlemen's Clothing at a much lower price than Woollen Goods they are able to supply Genthey can be procured for at any other house in the trade. The following is a List of those Prices, for Cash: Superfine Coats, of fashionable colours, from patent finished cloths, 21. 5s. to 31.; ditto, blue or black, 21. 10s. to 31. 5s.; Extra Saxony Wool, blue or black, 31. 10s. and upwards; Superfine Frock, with Silk Facings, 21. 18s. to 41.; ditto Trousers, 18s. to 17. 10s.; Cassimere Waistcoats, 10s. to 14s.; Marseilles ditto, 7s. to 10s.; Valencia ditto, 8s. to 12s.; Silk ditto, 14s. to 18s.; a Suit of Livery, 41. to 41. 4s. Ladies' Habits and Pelisses, Children's Dresses, Shooting Jackets, and Hunting Coats, Camblet and Plaid Cloaks, Witney Wrappers, and every other garment equally cheap. A large assort ment kept ready made. Export Orders executed with punctuality.
I recommend Messrs. Swain and Co. as very good and punctual tradesman, whom I have long employed with great satisfactiou. WM. COBBEtt.
Engraving of the Liberator of Ireland, [R. O'CONNELL.-A splendid quarto executed on steel, will be presented, gratuitously, to the purchasers of CARPENTER'S POLITICAL LETTER, to be published on the 4th of February. Size of the Examiner ; price, 4d.-The orders of Newsmen and Booksellers will be received from the 1st of February, and the deliveries will be made in the order in which the names stand on the list. Specimens at the Office, No. 21, Paternosterrow, and sold by all Newsman.
THURSDAY, Jan. 28.-The spirit of the deceased Thursday's Cattle Market, to-day revisited its apparently devoted spot, in the shape of about a dozen useful steers, about as many lean and lusty townsend cows; a score of sheep, about as many calves, and a few pigs, for none of which there appeared to beESSONS on ARITHMETIC, in Principle any buyers. It, however, had not quite
vanished at eleven a. m.
MARK-LANE.-Friday, Jan. 28. The supplies are still small, the demand moderate, and the prices the same as on Monday.
Youth of both Sexes; and more especially for and in Practice, for the Instruction of that of young Merchants, Tradesmen, Seamen, Mechanics, and Farmers. By THOMAS SMITH.
London: Sherwood, Gilbert, and Co.; and Longman, Rees, and Co.
HE "AMERICAN STOVES" from Mr. COBBETT'S Model are now ready packed in Baskets, so that no delay in the execution of orders will take place: also, the "LONGITUDINAL CORN-SHELLER" from Mr, COBBETT'S Model, price 31. 10s.
H. S. W. JUDSON, Ironmonger, Kensing
Fri. Sat. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thur ton, the only Manufacturer.
3 per Cent. 811 8181 21 80 80§ }
Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court; and published by him, at 11, Bolt-court, Fleet-street,