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Ived upon an independent Member of Parment. From this and other instances of a Kê nature he inferred the absolute necessity a Parliamentary office, and the obligation ter which all friends of freedom and of Reform lay, to aid in promoting that important shject.

The Resolution was then put by the CHAIRMAN, who observed, in reference to his name having been originally amongst those by whom the intended measure was to be carried into effect-that he did not desire

to withdraw his name from indifference to the

good cause he earnestly wished to promote any-thing calculated to advance Parliamentary Reform; but he scarcely hoped that even by that establishment any-thing very considerable could be effected. The people of England were almost in arms for their rights, and he feared that if the Government did not propose some most important change, peace would be at an end in England. He thought that matters were approaching to such a crisis, that an establishment of that nature could not He matured before its services would be unailing. In the course of these remarks he aplained of the neglect of the public press mafested towards Mr. O'Connell, Mr. Hume, d those other Members of the House of mmons who spoke the sentiments of the ople.

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Upon reading this, the first thing suggested by one's hopes is, that the whole is a hoax on the part of some place-hunting reporther, who sees that a Radical Reform would speedily snatch from him all chance of going to the colonies to swagger about (half his time drunk) at the expense of the industrious people of England. This is what hope would fain suggest to us; but upon inquiry, I grieve to find, that it is, alas! no hoax, but a melancholy reality. To be sure, that which is here related by Mr. LYNE is quite astounding. That Mr. HUNT "showed him, in the most satisfactory manner," that he could not get through the business," and that a PARLIAMENT one-fifth of ARY Office was "absolutely necessary to him; and that there lay an obligation on all the friends of freedom to AID in promoting this object! Let us still hope that Mr. LYNE has been misrepresented by the reporther: let us hope, at any rate, that the poor and publicspirited men and women of Preston will not have the mortification to hear those The question was then put and agreed to. Mr. CLEAVE, in moving another Resolution, sounds of sad foreboding; these falich is given underneath, stated that the tering accents of anticipated failure; Parliamentary Office in Ireland was sup- these sighs heaved up by conscious want pressed, and, therefore, the greater was the of ability, or want of something else recessity for some bond of union in England, the declaration of public opinion, before which it would, after all that has been Algerine Act should be passed in this coun- promised to us and hoped by us, break ty. He then moved that "This Meeting is one's heart to name : let us hope, that at of opinion that the friends of Radical Reform should make every possible exertion to any rate, these dismal tidings are not promote subscriptions, to cover the expenses destined to reach the ears of our spirited incurred at the recent election at Preston, in friends at Preston (especially the woorder_that_the_honest electors of that town men); and, if they must reach them at may be hereafter free to act with like inde-last, let us, oh! let us hope and pray, pendence and success at future elections." Mr. LYNE Seconded the above. that it will not be at the moment

Mr. MITCHELL by no means concurred in se opinion of the Chairman as to the efficiency rich an office.

Mr.BENBOW thought that Members of Par-
ment ought not to be employed in establish.
such an office.

In that suggestion the Chairman fully con-
Ted, and the names were omitted ac-

dingly as above stated.

Mr. MITCHELL rose for the purpose of con- when they are hanging about their adieting a misrepresentation which had gone necks the" image and superscription" road in the newspapers, respecting a pas-of him to whom a Page in a speech of Mr. Hunt's at Preston. Office" is" absolutely necessary!" As "Parliamentary had been attributed to Mr. Hunt that he aid support the rights of the Aristocracy to other matters, they must take the lot w his best blood. He said no such thing of human kind; but I pray God to he did say was, that as a Member of spare those excellent people this murZament, he was bound to support the rights derous mortification !-I need not add jefa even the just rights of the Aristocracy in maintaining the rights of the people, how happy I should be, after all, to as prepared to shed his best blood, and to find this whole thing to he boar

SIR,

FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

To the Editor of THE REGISTER.

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Paris, 18th Jan., 1831.

that he confined himself to the truth however, this is not believed, of course and the people are extremely glad to find that they can debate upon th reasons of state in the selection of thei kings: they like the "indiscretion" of M Rogier, and it is by no means likely tha he will be replaced by one who woul prevent them from peeping behind the curtain.

Nothing is now talked of but the necessity of going to war for the national honour, and the hopes of the people have never been so buoyant as at this moment, since the formation of the "Republic.' Until now, every thing has been retrograding and conforming into These exposures have been brough the worst possible state, in the name of forth by the Government itself, who hav "order"; this watch-word of the funding- shown their courtesy to the English interest, who call themselves the indus- Government, and their unwillingness to trious and respectable part of society, offend that which is the most hatefu is forced to give way to that of the na- thing existing in the eyes of the people tional honour, though it might make of these countries, namely, the English head against that of glory. And, now, aristocracy. For it does not appea after the exposures which have taken that there was any disposition to pr place of the tame sentiments of the go- into the negociations by the Congres vernment, the fear for this most essential of Brussels, until the coldness was dis point of all has fairly roused the whole covered on the part of this Governmen nation. The Press being first suppressed which it manifested towards the wish to such an extent as it is, the Chambers of the Congress after their rejection of th are working away in weeding out liberty plan for settling SAXE-COBOURG upo from all the institutions, with pretty them. The refusal of the second son much of security, and would inevitably the King, which appeared to them s persevere if they were not thwarted by palpably leaguing with the English Go the consequences of the favourite disposition of the nation being rallied by the alarm I have mentioned.

All last week the diplomatic conferences which had come to light with regard to Belgium were exciting all parties in various ways. The people felt indignant in common with the people of Belgium, at the answers given to M. Rogier, the Belgian Envoy, who has been here begging for a king, no matter whether young or old. And the Government have been splitting with rage that the communications held with him should be made public, and that all the bartering, haggling, hesitating, and gossipping about the various little Princes and Princesses to be Kings and Queens of Belgium, should be laid before the people, however "sovereign" they may be. Not being able to punish the Congress at Brussels for looking into these matters, some parties blame the diplomatic committee for laying the documents before them; but the parties most interested blame the poor Envoy for his indiscretion in writing all he knew. It has been denied'

ther

vernment, and so unreasonable, and a
the same time so cowardly, appears to
have provoked the provisional govern
ment and the Congress to appeal to
the people of both nations, and to rous
all their passions, by exposing, with th
refusal, the willingness to see
have a German Prince, to whom woul
be sent in three or four years' time, if h
behaved well, a French Princess, bot
Prince and Princess not old enough eve
to be married. The suggestion of th
Duke de Leuchtenberg seems to hav
been made as a hint, and the uncharita
ble sentence pronounced upon it by the
King has served to thicken the mess.

So that some parties now urge th Belgians to declare the Duke de Leuch tenberg, if not the Duke de Reichstadt others, to declare a republic. Th Buonapartists and Republicans bot cheer them on, in order to stimulat this government to become independer and discontented with the English which they know it must if Belgiu would prove independent of the French

On Saturday last a debate arose upc this subject, and upon the foreign polic

of the government generally, upon the convey the necessary assurances, and to presentation of a petition from an advo- be perfectly well understood. In Paris, cate at Mons, which was for the union these precautions were said to be taken of Belgium to France. Upon this oc- against the "Carlists," the "Austrians," casion two speeches were made, by tbe "Jesuits," and God knows what General Lamarque and M. Maugin, besides; now, I leave you to guess which have produced a great stir, and against whom they were taken, when are admired by every-body. In these you know that the National Guard speeches the foreign minister was in-were not supplied with cartouches! I vited to deny some of the sentiments attributed to him by M. Rogier, espetally those which show deference to he principles of the English Government; but the minister did not give the egative in satisfactory terms. These opinions, you should understand, of the distrust which should be entertained towards the English, were expressly onfined to the government, and not xtended at all to the people.

was surprised, in walking along, to see these pitch their muskets close to the fires which they had on the places where they bivouacked; but I found there was no danger, and that they were armed with bayonets only.

The manifesto of the Emperor of Russia, so taunting, not only to the l'oles, but to the principles entertained by this country, that it can hardly be associated with the recognition, and would rather show that the Autocrat had not sense to make it on the ground of danger; on the contrary, every thing confirms the supposition that there was an understanding upon the affair of Polignac, that the termination of that was to regulate the conduct of the Russian government.

I am, Sir,

The recognition received from Russia as also dwelt upon, as a thing which e government ought to be ashamed because it was not received, nor ent, till after the news had reached the autocrat of the revolution in Poland. It was maintained, therefore, that a ase desertion of Poland was to be the rice of this recognition, and the cause General Lafayette concluded the dethe Poles was held up to the sympa-bate, by comparing Russia and Poland by of this nation. Upon this subject, to England and Hanover, and supposed wever, the orators did not go the that English troops would never be sent ngth of the opinions which are gene- to maintain that kingdom. The governally entertained by the people, and ments, however, are as much to be comWhich are, that the government have pared as the nations, for Lord Grenville me ground for congratulating them- formerly declared Hanover as precious elves on the recognition, and that it as Hampshire. as not entirely owing to the affairs in Poland. The people ask whether, if Polignac had been executed, that recogstion would have been made, revoluon in Poland or no revolution; and Whether it would not have been, at all THE PRESS greats, after the news of the sentences I TAKE the following excellent article nd reached St. Petersburg? But, for from that most widely spread of alt government to reap satisfaction newspapers, BELL'S LIFE IN LONDON. fun the recognition, they must ascribe It is clever, acute, true, and publicto their management in the affair of spirited. GOODMAN, the poor rick-firing Pelignac; and for them to receive it so orphan, in Sussex, has, it is stated, now after the "happy" termination of been respited during the King's pleaaffair, it must have been known at sure. So that here is a real incendiary, -Petersburg that the affair would so who, I believe, acknowledged having inate. And the precautions which set five fires, who is not to die, while taken here, and which were pro- CooкE, who knocked down Bingham Lally known better at a distance than Baring, has been hanged! I am glad he spot, could not have failed to however, that this poor, friendless or

Your obedient servant,
WM. COBBETT, JUN.

AND THE FIRES.

minds, which is on a level with the knowle
ledge of the day, and which moves with the
progress of society, is in a state of open and a
avowed hostility to all stationary, unimproved
and unimprovable institutions; and we know
that the Press is made continually to feel in
its turn the anger and the vengeance of all
the patrons and organs of those institutions
such as Judges and hereditary legislators
We believe, therefore, that these remarks
liberal Press-to hold it up to obloquy in th
the Judge were intended to vituperate
minds of the public-and to bring readin

th

phan is to be spared, and exceedingly employed by the Press when he spoke glad that I have been the cause of it. citements used by wicked and des.. ing From the moment that his ACCU-ceal it either from ourselves or others, thats men. We know, and we never wish to cou SATION OF ME, certified by the the Press, particularly the liberal and en REVEREND Henry John Rush, CU-lightened part of the Press, which is the m RATE of Crowhurst, came forth, I servant of the tone and temper of men' saw that the poor lad was safe; for, to believe the accusation, and still to hang the accuser, would have been horrible indeed; so that, to hang the fire-setter, would have been to give the lie to his accusation against me; and yet, how to save him! How to spare the setter of five fires, while a man is hanged for knocking down BINGHAM BARING! The REVEREND Crowhurst curate was, I dare say, very little aware of the newspapers into discredit, as a source of tui dilemma that his certificate would cre-bulence and disorder. We mean, therefor ate. But in this story every man of sense saw the ground-work for an attack apon the freedom of the prcss generally; and this is what is ably shown in the following article:

to say a few words in vindication of the Pret
from the charge of having been instrument
in producing the late outrageous proceeding
of the ignorant unreading peasantry.

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We are far from wishing to shield the Pre from the imputation of having carried in every corner of the country the exposures About a fornight or three weeks ago, a have recently been made of the extravagan dad of the name of Goodman was found guilty of our Government; we acknowledge at the Sussex Assizes of setting fire to some charge, that it has nourished a growing stacks near Battle. After he was sentenced like to that dear law with which the pub to death, he made a confession, though how is mocked, under the name of the Administ it was procured is not known, that he had tion of Justice, reminding us of the disa been instigated to the atrocious act by a lec-pointment described by Milton, when wh ture of Mr. Cobbett's. He subsequently made seemed grapes turned to cinders in a second confession, varying from the first, mouth-to sinecures, peusions to Court Ladi but still connecting the lecture with the con- aud retired Ambassadors-to that sham syl ception of the crime of arson. Mr. Cobbett tem of representation which enables triumphantly refuted this confession, and Peers and the Government to nominate showed that it was false and absurd; that he majority of the so called representatives oft had never recommended the people to commit people: to this, and many more similar any such monstrous crime, nor any crime of cusations, we readily plead guilty, knowi the sort, and that the whole was a fiction got that such conduct will be reckoned to us as up for the purpose of throwing dirt upon him, merit by our countrymen; but we deny ti and through him upon the Press. That con- the Press has in any manner encouraged fession was, in fact, eagerly laid hold of to stimulated the ignorant peasantry to burn! abuse the Press, and all the commotions in barns and stacks of their masters. We ha the country were unhesitatingly attributed to never seen, in any one periodical, except i the writings of Mr. Cobbett, and of all those few lines for which Mr. Carlile is to be who honestly endeavour to expose abuses. In a nished, the least mark of approbation similar manner, and in a similar spirit, the arson. Never did we see a hint that Recorder said to Mr. Carlile, "If men such condition of the labourer could be impro as you are not checked in time, it is utterly by destroying the food and capital of impossible to say where the tumults, disorders, country. The Press, we admit, has, ou mi and burnings will have an end." He added: occasions, shown the inconsistency of t "Lives have been sacrificed to the laws of the language held, and the cruelty of the si country, owing to those excitements used by tences passed hy the Recorder; but, far fr wicked and designing persons to stir up the having any influence on the people in people to revolt and rebellion." There can be citing them to outrage against the Judge, no doubt, from the language generally held walks the streets by night and by day by Judges and by men in power, that all the harmed and unmolested. The Press 1 evils, all the riot and disturbance, which have frequently exposed the monstrous evils wh lately rendered our country less conspicuous the legislature has brought on all the for internal tranquillity than for many years dustrious classes by tampering with the c past, are ascribed by the upper classes to the rency, altering every contract and every influence of the Press; and there can be no gain in the kingdom, but its remarks ue doubt that the Recorder meant the language induce the suffering people to lay violent hai

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Sir Robert Peel. That ignorant author of Can those who vituperate the Press say so Untold mischief to the people is as secure in much? Has not the Legislature rung Session the midst of them as the Editor of Bell's Life, after Session with the complaints against the who is only known by contributing to farmers for paying wages out of the poor-rates? their weekly amusement. For months did Did not an Ex Judge, three weeks ago, conthe Duke of Wellington stand in the way demn the farmers for this practice, in the of Reform-for months was his conduct House of Lords? Did not the Duke of Welcondemned by the Press; but never was lington, in the teeth of all the Press conan insult offered to him till he had repeatedly demn the use of machinery last session outraged the people by denying their great of Parliament? All these things happensuffering, and at length crushing, by a too ed: the sentiments of our Ministers and lawnotorious declaration, their hopes that he makers were wafted to every corner of the would at length relent and listen to their country, and now we have the peasantry breakprayers. Repeatedly of late has the Press ing the machinery of the farmers and setting exposed the profligacy of Court Ladies-the fire to the property of those who pay wages mothers and daughters of Nobility living on out of Poor Rates. One man, who was parti| pensions wrung from the marrow of the cularly obnoxious on account of his petty oppeople. Even this day our paper contains an pression, was shot at. Is not this connection example of Crown jewels abstracted, and of more intimate than that between the obsera father giving his daughter's brilliants to his vations of the Press concerning Parliamentary mistress; enough, in all conscience, to rouse Reform and the acts of the peasantry? Again, the indignation of a long-suffering people; last session of Parliament, Mr. Littleton, and but we have never heard that an attempt has several other Members of Parliament, drew been made to give any of these profligate a frightful picture of the exactions of certain courtezans a good ducking under the pump. master manufacturers. He conjured up all Of late too, the liberal Press has been un- the horrors practised in all Staffordshire; and sparing in holding up to public opprobrium his speech, faithfully reported, is said to have the pluralities of the Bishops, their enormous been widely circulated in the manufacturing wealth, extorted from the people under false districts. This session he has renewed the pretences, and their gross neglect of duties, same species of warfare, and his tirades have for performing which they claim our been spread far and wide in the manufacturreverence and our tribute. We remembering districts. There, too, we have the men that one of these Bishops, a man in the full enjoyment of all the good things of life, about six months ago, denounced all the amusements, and even the healthful recreations of the people. For this he was most meritedly, but unmercifully censured by the Press. If the Press wished to excite the people to violence, it might probably have induced them to make a Dutch roast of the Bishop, or dress him in his own fat; but he yet lives, as sleek and comfortable as if he had never censured taking the air on Sunday, and never written a pamphlet abusing all other Sunday amusements but listening to the preacher. In fact, the Press is a generous opponent. It seems its enemies of their danger. It makes all its attacks in front. It never stabs its opponent in secret. It is opposed to violence of all kinds, under whatever pretext it may be used. Its arms are exclusively those of reason, and it leaves force to the judge, to the executioner, and to the war office. The only example we know, in which the popular opinions espoused by the Press have been connected with outrage, was the late attack on the Duke of Newcastle, at Newark. But, if there ever was a case in which a long-suffering aud ill-treated race of men, described as the property of this weakminded Duke, could find an apology for indignation, it was this. They, however, revenged private injuries, not public wrongs. We affirm, then, and we appeal to our readers for the correctness of our assertion, that the Press has never recommended violence or defended outrage, and that the opinions it has of late most warmly advocated have not in any manner been connected with violence.- shire, cotton-spinner.

quarrelling with their masters, and there we
find the hand of an assassin taking the life of
a master. Let our legislators and judges say
that their abundant vituperation of oppressive
masters is perfectly innocent of the murder of
Mr. Ashton; we can confidently exonerate
the Press from having, in any manner, ex-
cited the people to commit that atrocious
crime. We will say further, that the law-
maker and the judge know no other means of
obtaining their ends than violence and terror,
and we would fain learn from Mr. Recorder
Knowlys, or that wise man Mr. Trevor,
whether the peasantry have acted on their
principles, and imitated their examples, or
have been led by the Press, which uses only
soft words, and appeals only to reason? We
deplore, as much as the Recorder or Lord
Wynford, the present state of the country;
but we affirm, let who will be the author of
it, that the Press has been in no wise instru-
mental in bringing it about. We trust man-
kind, therefore, will not be scared by the
censure of judges or the vituperation of
parsons from the confidence which they now
repose in their daily and weekly instructions,
and which we honestly believe they well de-
serve.

From the LONDON GAZETTE,
FRIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1831.

INSOLVENT.

JAN. 13.-VOULES, J., New Windsor, cornmerchant.

BANKRUPTCIES SUPERSEDED.

HARROLD, E., Wolverhampton, Stafford

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