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dealer.

COCKSHAW, A., Leicester, stationer. GERARD, W., Frome, Somersetshire, Grocer. GILL, G., Axbridge, Somersetshire, linendraper.

JACKSON, A. C., Horslydown, Southwark, coal-merchant.

NEALE, W., Leicester, wool-stapler. SEAMAN, G., St. John-street, Clerkenwell, livery-stable-keeper.

TUESDAY, JANUARY 4, 1830.

INSOLVENTS. JAN. 3.- PADDON, F. W., Plymouth, printer.

JAN. 4.—ELLIOT, J., Holloway, carpenter.

BANKRUPTCY ENLARGED. HUMFREY, J., Manningtree, Essex, winemerchant.

BANKRUPTCY SUPERSEDED. COUPLAND, C., jun., Leeds, spirit-merchant. BANKRUPTS.

BLINMAN, T., Bristol, brazier.
CRISP, J., Colchester, butcher.
HAYLLAR, J., Brighton, horse-dealer.
HOUGHTON, M., Ipsley, Warwickshire,

grocer.

JONES, D., Cynwyd, Merionethshire, vic

RETEMEYER, M., Bury-court, St. MaryAxe, and Park-road, Clapham-road, shipinsurance-broker,

STODDART, W., Freshford, Somersetshire, cloth-manufacturer.

STORRY, F. W., York, dealer.
WILSON, W., Mincing-lane, sugat-broker.

LONDON MARKETS.

MARK-LANE, CORN EXCHANGE, JAN. 3. We had a tolerably large supply of Wheat fresh in this morning from Kent, Essex, and Suffolk, when fine samples were taken off readily on the terms we noted last Monday; but all the middling and inferior surts were rather lower than otherwise, and the stands were not quite cleared. Flour remains at our last quotations. Fine Malting Barley is in demand at an advance of full 1s. per quarter since this day se'nnight. Beaus of both sorts, and Grey Peas are dull sale, at a reduction in the prices of 1s. per quarter. White Peas are rather dearer than otherwise. In Oats, or other articles, no variation.

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BOROUGH, Monday, Jan. 3.-There was a pretty good supply at market, and good old Hops met with a ready sale. Prices continue,, however, nearly the same as this day week..

New Sussex Pockets 71. 15s. to 81, 15s., Kent ditto, 81. 8s, to 14. 14s., Essex ditto, 81. 5s, to 101. 5s. Bags per cwt., Sussex ditto, 71. 7s. to 81., ditto Kent, 31. 3s. to 107. 18.-Farbham fine 161, 16s. to 201., ditto seconds, 9.9s. to 157, SMITHFIELD-Jan. 3.

We have to-day a larger supply than on this day se'nnight, and a better trade. Good Beef fetches more money in a few instances about 17. in twenty; and the whole is expected to be sold out, Sound Mutton is wanted; and the best of such, whether little or big, make 4s. or nearly, per stone. Good Downs are stated at 4s. 4d. but a few choice pens have made something more. Beasts, 2,216; Calves, 150; Sheep, 21,176; Pigs, 190.

THURSDAY, JAN. 6.-This day's supply was throughout exceedingly limited, there not having been at any time in the morning 40 good Beasts, and comparatively few good KEY, J., Great Prescot-street, Goodman's-Sheep and fat Calves in the market. The

tualler.

JONES, E., Canterbury, grocer.

fields, oilman.

trade with prime Beef, Mutton, and Veal was

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ADVERTISEMENTS.

128

tolerably brisk; with the two former at an
advance of from 2d. to 4d., and the latter
and inferior Beef and Mutton, or in thoseGATOR. By JUSTIN BRENAN.
6d. stone. In prices of middling

Just published, by EFFINGHAM WILSON,
88, Royal Exchange, in one vol. 12mo.,
Price 4s. 6d. boards,

HE FOREIGNER'S ENGLISH CONJU

of Pork, no alteration.-Prime Beef, from 3s. 4d. to 4s. 2d.; middling Beef, 2s. 6d. to 2s. 10d.; inferior Beef, 2s. 2d. to 2s. 4d.; prime exclusive of English, are here put in requisiNo fewer than seven different languages, Mutton, 3s. 10d. to 4s. 8d.; middling Mutton, tion, to illustrate our Conjugations, but most 2s. 8d. to 3s. 2d.; inferior Mutton, 2s. 2d. particularly SHALL and WILL, with their derito 2s. 4d; Veal, 3s. 8d. to 5s. 6d. ; Pork, 3s. 2d. vatives, SHOULD and WOULD, which have hito 4s. 8d.-per stone of 8lbs., to sink the offal.therto proved such stumbling-blocks to the -Sucking Calves, from 12s. to 36s.; and Foreigner. It is presumed that this work will quarter-old store Pigs, 12s. to 18s. each. Sup-much encourage strangers to learn our lanply, as per Clerk's statement: Beasts, 135;guage, as its chief difficulties are now explainSheep, 2,260; Calves, 120; Pigs, 90. ed in that clear and familiar manner for which the author is so distinguished.

MARK-LANE.-Friday, Dec. 24.

The supplies are still small, the demand moderate, and the prices the same as on Monday. English arrivals.

Irish.

Foreign.

Flour
Wheat
Barley

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Oats.

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Just published, and sold by Longman and Co.;
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Marsden, Chelmsford; and all Booksellers,
HE CATHOLIC ANNUAL for the Year

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R. O'CONNELL. A

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being over-burdened with popularity or respect.

33. The minister was most vehemently censured for this by the personal friends of the prince, who declared it to be an insult intended and contrived; and this it certainly was. Yet it was not easy to blame Pitt and his party for their conduct upon this occasion; for how was a minister, after the large sum paid for a similar purpose, in 1787, again to call upon

Ar the trials before the SPECIAL COMMIS-the nation for an immense sum to pay off the SION, at Winchester, it was stated by witnesses, that the labouring meu went to work with nothing but potatoes in their bags, and that the people, who were compelled from their wants, to go to the parish for relief, were set to draw carts like cattle; and that even OLD MEN and WOMEN were thus compelled to work; and, in one case, a man who was AN IDIOT!

No. II.
HISTORY

OF THE

prince's debts, without doing something that should amount to a censure on him by whom those debts had been contracted? The transactious of 1787 had left the prince no justification and no excuse for this new mass of debts. At that time he had had, from the time of his coming of age in 1783, an allowwo-ance from the king, out of the civil list, of 50,000l. a year; an allowance enormous, especially if we consider the then low price of all household expenses. Nevertheless, it required but four years to involve the prince in debts; a circumstance that reflected less credit on him than the friends of kingly government could have wished to see belong to so distinguished a branch of the royal family; a circumstance, in fact, which was, in itself,

REGENCY AND REIGN OF GEO. IV. no weak argument in favour of the French,

BY WILLIAM COBBETT.

(Continued from No. 2, col. 90.)

who were contending for a Republican go

vernment.

34. It was not, therefore, without some severe animadversions on his conduct, that the House of Commons entertained a proposi32. Taɛ minister, who liked well enough to tion to pay off the debts of 1787; and they did make this exhibition of the Prince, proposed, not pass the grant, until the king had given as the amount of his new settlement, 125,0007. them the strongest assurances, that a similar a year, besides the rents of the Duchy of application, for a similar purpose, would never Cornwall, valued at 13,000l. a year more, But again be made. In his message of the 21st of out of this 138,000l. a year, 73,0007. was to go May, 1787, the king, after expressing his wards the payment of his debts, and was to be great concern at being under the necessity of placed, for that purpose, in the hands of com- acquainting the House of the extent of the missioners! Thus leaving him 65,000l. a year prince's debts, and after observing how painful to live ou, a sum not equal to half of that it was to him to propose, on this account, an which he had annually expended for seven addition to the burdens of his people, proceeds years before. At the same time an act of par- thus: "His majesty could not, however, exfiament was passed" to prevent future princes" pect or desire the assistance of this House, of Wales from contracting debts,' an act" but on a well-grounded expectation that the which seemed wholly unnecessary, except for "prince will avoid contracting any debts in the purpose of conveying, in an indirect way, future. With a view to this object, and the censure of the parliament on the conduct" not from any anxious desire to remove any of the prince. As to "future princes of "possible doubt of the sufficiency of the Wales," this was, however, an act of flagrant" prince's income to support amply the diginjustice. It was an act to keep them, by "nity of his situation, his majesty has dilaw, in a state below that of what the law calls "rected a sum of 10,000l. per annum to be a femme covert, and, indeed, to keep them in" paid out of his civil list, in addition to the a state of infancy; a state little compatible" allowance which his majesty has hitherto with the sacredness of the person of the party." given him; and his majesty has the satisfacBut, as we shall all along perceive, it has beention to inform the House, that the Prince of the constant policy of the aristocracy to pre- "Wales has given his Majesty the fullest vent the kingly part of the government from" assurance of his determination to confine

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"his future expenses within his income, and "has also settled a plan for arranging those "expenses in the several departments, and for "fixing an order for payment under such "regulations as his majesty trusts will effec"tually secure the due execution of the prince's intentions."

35. Upon this message the minister proposed, and the parliament voted, the sum of 161,1097. to pay off the debts; a sum perfectly monstrous, if we consider the prices of things at the time, and if we also consider, that it must have been contracted within the short space of about three years and a half. The nation, however, always foolishly liberal, seems to have been willing to overlook the past, in consequence of the solemn assurances of the prince, conveyed to it under the hand of the king himself, that this should be the last application of the kind.

niary hopes. There were, indeed, added to the
annual sum, 27,0001. for expenses of the mar-
riage; 28,000l. for jewels and plate; and
26,000l. to finish the prince's palace of Carlton
House: but, there was a control as to the ex-
penditure of those sums, which were by no
means to be spent by the prince. So that in
fact, his pecuniary circumstances, his capacity
of spending money, became lowered, and
greatly lowered, by his marriage, which of
necessity augmented his household expenses.
40. It is very true, that 65,0001. a year, clear
of all taxes, undeducted from by house-rent,
furniture, repairs, and many other of those
outgoings which so largely deduct from other
men's incomes, was a sum so large, that one
can hardly imagine how it was to be disposed
of without an absolute throwing of it away.
But having seen, that, during the seven years
previous to the marriage, the prince had ex-
pended 140,000l. a year, we are not to be sur-
prised that he experienced deep mortification
at being reduced to less than half the sum
and especially when he saw his stipend placed
in the hands of commissioners, responsible to
the law for the distribution of the money.
41. This mortification was strongly expres-

36. When, therefore, another application of precisely the same kind was to be made, how could any minister advise the king to make it, without accompanying that application with a proposal to do a something in the way of security for the future, and of censure for the past? Accordingly the king recommended and the parliament adopted, in 1795, the ap-sed by his friends in parliament; and, certainpointment of commissioners to superintend the payment of the debts, and the passing of the act before-mentioned.

37. It is easy to conceive how disagreeable it must have been to the prince to have every debt, and the nature of every debt, canvassed before commissioners! And how very different this was from placing, at once, the 639,8901. at his own disposal. There was a commission to sit for at least nine years, as they were to pay only 73,0001. a year. All this time there must necessarily be a great many discontented creditors, who are by no means the most patient or most friendly of mortals. The prince was a debtor all the while; and, while the nation thought, and truly thought, his allowance very large, he found that what he was receiving was much too small for those purposes which he deemed his wants.

ly, any thing more mortifying, more humiliating, cannot well be imagined than the provisions of the act relating to the application of the new settlement of 140,000l. a year. The commissioners were to be, the speaker of the House of Commons; the chancellor of the Exchequer; the master of the King's household; the accountant-general of the court of Chancery; and the surveyor general of the crown-lands. They were to have complete power to examine all creditors on oath; to inquire into the origin and nature of every debt; to watch over the future expenditure; and, in short, to be absolute, as to all the pecuniary affairs of the prince, who was placed under a guardianship and control as severe as if he had still been an infant, or something even lower in the scale of intellectual capacity.

38. Thus this marriage, instead of affording the prince that relief from embarrassment, which bis friends said he had been led to expect from it, was, to him, a season of the deepest humiliation. Those friends were very loud in their reproaches against the minister; and the prince's brother, the Duke of CLARENCE (now WILLIAM IV.) said, in his place in the House" of Lords, that, "when the marriage of the « prince was agreed upon, there was a stipula-" "tion that he was to be exonerated from his "debts."

39. The marriage had failed, the forere, of a ccomplishing one of its apparent objects. In such cases personal affection is never much to be relied on. The thing is altogether an affair of state policy; and, under circumstances such as have here been stated, it is but too natural to suppose that the other party in the marriage would derive no advantage from the disappointment of the above-mentioned pecu

42. FRANCIS, DUKE OF BEDFORD, in adverting to these measures, in his place in parliament, vehemently censured the ministers. He said that a variety of circum"stances would occur to candid minds in "extenuation of the errors of the prince, "which were of a juvenile description, and did by no means call for asperity of censure." The EARL OF LAUDERDALE said, that it did not become so great and opulent a people to act with severity towards a "young prince, from whose virtues, abilities, "and accomplishments, they might justly ex"pect to derive so much contentment."

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43. The nation, however, does not appear to have thought that thirty-three years of age was a very "juvenile" stage of life. If it were such, however, in this particular case, the nation could see no objection to a guardianship, and control such as are usual in the "juvenile " state. And as to those virtues and abilities of which the Earl of Lauderdale

spoke, though no one was presumptuous enough to deny, or to express a doubt as to their existence; no one, on the other hand, appeared to be able to deduce a proof of them, from what had happened in 1787, or from the present exhibition of debts which had been contracted notwithstanding the solemn assurances given at the former period. 44. Harsh, severe, humiliating, as the measures of PITT certainly were, they met with the approbation of the nation at large, who, whatever they might think of the prince himself, had a very bad opinion of some, at least, of those who were regarded as being in his confidence and in his favour. Besides, the nation looked attentively at the causes of the debts. They looked at the list of claimants and of claims. They looked at the items; and in them they did not discover anything which seemed to form a compeusation, either in possession or in hope, for the immense sums which the Prince's indulgences bad drained from the fruit of their labour. Indeed, the princess seems to have been, in regard to this point, their only source of consolation. Concluding, from the experience of mankind, that matrimony would put an end to those things which had been so costly to them, and had so long filled them with alarm, they looked upon the princess as giving them much better security than they could have in commissionerships and acts of parliament.

treatment of the Prince in this case, was, in itself considered, most insulting; but before we say that a mau is insulted, we must consider what the man is: and not merely what his rank is, but what his character is, and what his conduct has been; and if we thus consider in this case, we cannot say that there could be an insult inflicted; for what, alas! was that character, and what had been that conduct?

CHAPTER II.

From the Marriage of the King, in April, 1795, to the commencement of his Regency, in July, 1811.

47. It was not in reason nor in nature to expect, that a marriage, a marriage of mere state-policy, and attended by circumstances so mortifying to the husband as those detailed in the foregoing chapter, should be happy, especially when that husband had at his nod scores of women, equal in point of accomplishments and far surpassing in personal charms, the lady with whom it was his lot to be united; that such a marriage should be happy was not to be expected; but, it might have led to a life free from scaudal, free from disgrace, free from cruelty to the disliked party, and free from measures throwing enormous burdens on the people; it might have been free from all these; it might not have been made the cause of taking from the labour of the people a million of pounds, or thereabouts, in measures bring disgrace and infamy on this unfortunate lady; and it might not have been the cause of keeping millions of Catholics out of the enjoyment of their rights for, at least, twenty-four years, and thereby producing troubles, commotions, and bloodshed without end; it might have been free from all these consequences, and, as the sequel will most amply prove, it was pro

45. The marriage had brought the prince a wife, but it had brought him none of those other things which his friends and partizans, at least, said he expected from it; and it had brought him worse than no fortune at all; for it bad, in fact, taken from him, as to the management of his pecuniary concerns, all sort of power, and even of influence. The reader will judge for himself, whether these immediate consequences of the marriage (so different from those that had been antici-ductive of them all. pated) were likely to operate in the mind of the husband favourably towards the wife. Precisely how they did operate we cannot pretend to know; but certain it is that domestic happiness was not long an inmate at Carlton House.

46. The mortification of the Prince seemed to admit of little addition: it seemed to be complete; but it did receive an addition in the conduct of the parliament towards the Princess, on whom, by an act passed on the same day with that which established a commission to manage the affairs of the Prince, they settled a jointure of 50,0001. a year, leaving the expenditure entirely under her own control! Thereby making by law a contrast between the husband and wife, to the disgrace of the former. Never did the Prince to the hour of his death forget this! Mr. GREY, who was in fact the beginner of the attack upon him, he never forgave; and this is the real cause of his unconquerable aversion to every arrangement that included the putting of Lord Grey into power. Certainly, the

48. When we behold such mighty and fatal effects, arising, as we shall see these did, from the mortification, the caprice, or the antipathy, from the mere selfish passions, and, almost, from the animal feelings and propensities, of one single man; when we see a whole community thus afflicted, and its peace and even greatness endangered by such a cause, must we not be senseless indeed, must we not be something approaching to brutes, if we do not seek for some means of protecting ourselves against the like in future? This king has, by his parasites (and enough of them he always had) been called the first gentleman in his kingdom." Gentleman is a very equivocal term; but if its meaning be to be interpreted by the conduct of GEORGE IV., it will hardly be greatly coveted by the majority of mankind. He had, in this case, two duties to fulfil, both of a sacred nature; one towards his wife, and another towards that virtuous, industrious, forgiving, and too generous people, from whose care and toil he had for thirty-three years, derived the means of

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