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10 In this 2 the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil : " whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother. 11 For this is the message 3 that ye

heard w from the beginning, that we should love one another.

12 Not as » Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him ? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

13 Marvel not, my brethren, if the world

- hate you

14 a We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death.

2 by this. Ham. 3 commandment. A. V. 4 of the wicked. Co. Ma. Bi. Gen. 5 are translated. Wi. Co, Ma. Cr. Bi. Gen. Rh.

ul John, ii. 29.
v1 John, iy. 8. See on Joan, xiii. 34.
w 1 John, ii. 7. See on do. i. 5.

x Ver. 23. 2 John, 5: And now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a new commandment unto thee, but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another. See on John, xiii. 34.

y Gen. iv. 4, 8: And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock, and of the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering. It came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. Heb. xi. 4: By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts : and by it he being dead yet speaketh. JUDE, 11: Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward.

z Pro. xxix. 27 : An unjust man is an abomination to the just: and he that is upright in the way is abomination to the wicked. See the words on ver. 1. JOHN, xvii. 14: I have given them thy word ; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 2 Tim. iii. 12: Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution,

a 1 John, ii.9ll. See on John, xiii. 34.

15 Whosoever bhateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

16 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid 6 down his life for us : and we ought to e lay down our lives for the brethren.

17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother 'have need, and shutteth up

his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

18 My little children, 5 let us not love in word, neither in tongue ; but in deed and in truth. 19 And hereby we know that we

that we are of the truth, and shall assure 8 our hearts before him.

20 For if our heart condemn us, "God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.

6 Hereby we know love, because Christ laid. Ne. 7 his heart. Co. 8 Gr. persu ade. A. V.

• MAT. v. 21, 22 : Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill.-But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry

with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. 1 John, iv. 20.

. c See on 1 Cor. vi. 9.

« 1 John, iv. ll. Eph. v. 25: Christ also loved the Church, and gave himself for it. See on John, xv. 13.

e See on 2 Tim. iv. 6.
f 1 John, iv. 20. See on LUKE, iii. 11.

& EZEK. xxxiii. 31: With their mouth they show much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness. Rom. xii. 9: Let love be without dissimulation. Eph. iv. 15: Speaking the truth [or, being sincere] in love. James, ii. 15, 16 : If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food-notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body ; what doth it profit? 1 Pet. i. 22 : Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren.

h John, xviii. 37: Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. ] John, i. 8: If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

il Cor. iv. 4: I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.



21 Beloved, kif our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God.

22 And whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandinents, and m do those things that are pleasing in his sight.

23 And this is his commandment, That we should n believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment.

24 And he that P keepeth his commandments !' 9 dwelleth in him, and he in him. And "hereby

we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

* Job, xi. 15:[If thou put iniquity far away], then shalt thou lift up thy face without spot; yea, thou shalt be stedfast, and shalt not fear. do. xxii. 26 : [ If thou return to God], then shalt thou have thy delight in the Almighty, and shalt lift up thy face unto God. do. xxvii. 69: My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go : my heart shall not reproach me so long as I live. Ps. ci. 2: I will behave myself wisely in a perfect way. O when wilt thou come unto me? I will walk within my house with a perfect heart. LUKE, xxi. 36: Watch ye

therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man. HEB. X. 22: Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. 1 John, ii. 28 ; do. iv. 17.

See on Mat. vii. 7,8; and on John, ix. 31.

John, viii. 29: He that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone ; for I do always those things that Rot please him. do. ix. 31: Now we know that God heareth not : Sprei sinners : but if any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth 6:1 his will, him he heareth.

n See Deut. xviii. 15-19. John, xiv. 1 : Let not your heart be troubled : ye believe in Goil, believe also in me. See on John, iii. 16; and on do. xvii. 3.

• Ver. 11. See on John, xiii. 34.
p 1 John, iv. 12. See on John, xiv. 15.

9 John, xvii. 21, &c: That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me, &c.

1 John, iv. 13. See on Rom. viii. 9, 14.

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CHAP. IV. I He warneth them not to believe all teachers, who boast of the Spirit,

but to try them by the rules of the Catholic faith : 7 and by many reasons exhorteth to brotherly love. BELOVED, a believe not every spirit,

but try the spirits whether they are of God:2 because o many false prophets are gone out into the world.

2 Hereby know ye’ the Spirit of God: "Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ 4 is come in the flesh is of God :

3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh 5 is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof 6 ye have heard that it should come, and even now already is it in the world.

4 & Ye are of God, little children, and have

'prove. Rh. Pu. 2 of God or not. Ma. Cr. Bi. 3 is known. Rh. 4 Jesus Christ who. Ham. Whit. 5 that confesseth not Jesus Christ, who is come in the flesh. Dod. We. 6 which. Pu.

CHAP. IV. a See on MAT. xxiv. 4. • 1 Cor. xii. 8, 10: To one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom.-To another discerning of spirits. do xiv. 29 : Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge. See on I Cor. ii. 15.

c1 John, ii. 18: Little children, it is the last time: and as ye

have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. See on 2 Pet. ii. 1.

d 1 Cor. xii. 3 : No man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. 1 JOHN, v. 1. e See on 1 John, ii. 22.

2 Thes. ii. 7: The mystery of iniquity doth already work. 1 John, ii. 18, 22: Even now are there many

antichrists. He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.

8 1 John, ii: 13 : I write unto you, little children, because ye

have known the Father. do. iii. 1,9: Behold, what manner of love the Father bath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God. Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him : and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. do. v. 4: For whatsoever is born of


overcome them : because greater is he that is in you,

than h he that is in the world. 5 They are of the world : therefore speak they of the world, and k the world heareth them.

6 We are of God: he that 'knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God heareth not us.

Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.

7 Beloved, let us " love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.

8 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for P God is love.

9 In this was manifested the I love of God toward us, because that God sent his only beGod overcometh the world : and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith. b See on JOHN, xii. 31.

JOHN, iii. 31 : He that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth : he that cometh from heaven is above all.

k See on John, xv. 19.

1. John, viii. 47 : He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God. do. 27: My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.

1 Cor. xiv. 37 : If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord. Ž Cor.' x.7: If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's.

mJsa. viii. 20: To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. John, xiv. 7: If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.

n 1 John, iii. 10, 11. See on John, xiii. 34. • See on i John, iii. 6. P Ver. 16. 2 Cor. xiii. 11 : The God of love and peace shall


be with you.

9 Rom. viii. 32: He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things ? 1 John, iii. 16. See on John, xv. 13.

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