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DRUMMOND, J., Moral Influence of the
Christian Pulpit, 161.
ODGERS, J. E., Westcott and Hort's
Fox, C., Memories of Old Friends, 43
Grein and Wülcker's Bibliothek der
A.-S. Poesie, 867.
Bain, A., James Mill. A Biography.
-- John Stuart Mill. A Criticism,
Becket, Sir E., Should the Revised New
Testament be Authorised ? 414.
Browning, Oscar, Introduction to the
History of Educational Theories, 200.
Burrows, M., Wiclif's Place in History,
Hartmann, E. von, Das Religiöse
Hensel, S., "The Mendelssohn Family,
Holmes, O. W., Poetical Works, 223.
Chadwick, J. W., The Man Jesus, 196.
Kennedy, Canon, Ely Lectures, 414.
d'après La Bible, 617.
Davidson, S., Introduction to the Study
of the New Testament, 409.
Relation Between Ethics and Reli.
Farrar, Canon, Mercy and Judgment,
Morley, H., English Literature in the
Reign of Victoriu, 436.
Newton, R. H., Studies of Jesus, 195.
Oates. F., Matabele Land, 437.
Shorthouse, J. H., Introductory Essay
to Herbert's “ Temple,” 865.
Christian Church, 199.
l'Egypte et des Peuples Sémitiques,
of the Middle Ages, 419.
Vignoli, T., Myth and Science, 429.
Renan, E., L'Ecclésiaste, 614.
New Testament, 645.
of Epicte!us, 204.
testant Commentary on the New
the Ethics of Evolution, 627.
to Hegel, 625.
in 8. verhält, zu Buddha Sage, 620.
of Thomas Carlyle, 222.
Wallace, W., Kant, 623.
Risen Lord, 417.
Edited by Prof. Knight, Vols. I. and
Shorter Notices 655.
THE MODERN REVIEW.
THE CHURCHES ESTABLISHED AND
T ought to be known more widely than it probably is
that the word Church, in the New Testament, is the representative of an original term which, in its earliest use, had no religious signification, but denoted an assembly of citizens called together for a political or municipal purpose. The religious complexion which the term assumed was of comparatively late appearance. In this sense, it must be admitted, the Church, even from its earliest birth, was the child of the State. Indeed, as a recent Bampton lecturer (1880) has well shown, the offices of bishop and deacon, with other supposed essentials of Church life, had their commencement, not in any divine appointment, but from the force of circumstances, and in the natural turn of growth taken by certain ordinary institutions and usages in the early Christian ages; just as, according to a great authority, the copes and chasubles of high Ritual are only survivals from the common garments of the every-day use of ancient times.
But however this may be, the word under notice, in the earliest instances of its employment by Christian writers, was applied to the little groups or congregations of believers