Obrazy na stronie

the Kings of that Country, was attended only with Two of his Friends, and Seven Slaves in his Train... But now our Equipages about the Streets at Home, are more immoderately splendid, to maintain our Grandeur. Our gaudy Trains are extraordinary, and our proydy Followers innumerable: more Foot-Men, Waiting-women, or Servant-Maids in our Families, than faithful Friends, to fhew our Greatness, and expofe our Ambition Abroad. I would not be thought too cynical, or fingular in censuring our Nen Fafloions, but these were the Vanities which the Ancient Authors of Morality complain’d of, with the greatest Severity. We affect all the Glories of the Peacock's Tail, and Colours of the Rain. Bow, fometimes, in our modern Dreffes among young people. But as there is no Reason for People's going naked, or living like the fancy'd Pre-Adamites on the one Hand; so there is no Neceflity, on the other, for dressing-up with so much fashionable Splendovr, nor Room left for fuch vain Gaudinefses of Affectation.

DISCRETION over-rules all a good provident motherly Woman's Actions; either in Dress, Habit, or Diftin&ion of Modesty, which deserves the greatest Panegyrick. Thus she is not afraid of the Snow, or wetting her Feet, and fouling her Hands, in the Service of cloathing her Houshold well : so that we may justly repeat the Commendation of her officious Conduct, Courage and Carefulness, in this point of good House wif'ry. She tears no Colours of the Rain. Bom, or the lowring Heavens, let them look never fo gloomy or threat’ning; neither discouragod from her domestick Concerns, by the Heat in the Height of Summer, nor by the Cold in the Depth of Winter ; but goes on boldly still, chearful

[ocr errors]

in the Performance of her Duty, and doing her Bufiness effectually in all Weathers.

1. SHE does not fear the Cold for her self, nor dread her own Security in such airy Hard. fhips; but makes her Constitution more hardy,

by inuring it to the bleakest Blasts of Wind, and chilleft Drifts of Snow that fly Abroad in the most pinching Seafon. By constant Practice, she renders her felf able to endure any Hardships of Weather for the Advantage of her Houfhold, without pampering her Genius, sparing her Carcafe, or favouring her owní State of Health. She is not a tender Mother in that Refpe& ; so as to indulge her self in Eafe, Indolence or Idleners. She feldom affe&ts fitting in a foft Chimney-Corner, or by a warm FireSide ; but rather loves to get her self a Heat by busting Exercises, and prefers the natural Warmth of her Constitution, excited by active Motion and stirring Businefs, far before all the artificial Calefa&tions, acquir'd by modifh Cordials, or Çustoms of drinking Cold-Tea, Chocolate, Coffee-Royal, and such like falfe Refreshments: which only pall the Appetite, poach the Stomach, and parboil Nature. But her Cloathing is always made of the best Scarlet or warmelt Wooll, fit for undergoing the Dangers, or preventing the Disasters of the coldest Climate. And as she eats, drinks, or sleeps with Moderation, only sufficient to satisfy Hunger, quench Thirst, and support her natural Strength; so she never becomes Weather-wise by any ill Habie of Body. Thus she appears, as it were, TempestProof at last, without tendering her Constitution. The Sharpness of the North-wind cadnot terrify her Hardiness, shrink her Power, or shock her Virtue. In short, the Greatness of her stead fast

[ocr errors]

Faith and streñvous Perseverance, does not ftag, ger in any violent Storins; but is able to stand the Telt of the moft blustering and tempestuous Euroclydon of State, with undaunted Courage, either in a natural, moral or religious Sense.

II. SHE likewise does not in the least fear the Cold for her Houshold, being both well-fed, and well-clad to their Hearts Content: tor she always furnishes them with good homely Cloathing, as well as strengthening vi&uals, that they need not be unwilling to venture out of Doors for Fear of the Worit. They are in no great, Danger of being hurt, by any Extremities of the Weather ; neither in Dread of being frozen, like Statues of Snow, by the Northern, nor meloed like Wax or Butter in the Sun, by the Southern Influences, at different Seasons of the Year: they are so well provided for accordingly, against Both the One' and the, Other, by our careful and judicious House-Keeper. They cannot complain of their Cloarbs either in Winter or Suma mer, through too much Heat or extreme Cold, as voseasonable and unsuitable to the Rigours of either Change. They have no Reason to fear either Calentures by the One, or Consumptions by the Others considering the cautious Preparatie ons that are made, both for their convenient Apparel and Nourishment, requisite for their Welfare, according to their respe&ive Necessities. But, besides, they have no Room left, neither to find Fault with their proper Habits or Lis veries, as mean, volgar and ordinary; for, by the Purport of the Text, they are cloathed in Scarlet : That is, in good strong useful Garments, it is no great Matter for the Colour, conveni. ent for keeping out the Cold, as well as covering their naked Bodies ; made for Service, as


well as Decency; not superficial, not gaudy, not foppish ; 'nor like the Fool's Coat of all Co. lours, to draw the ludicrous Eyes of Admirers, rather than preserve their living Corps from starving almost to Death a-cold.

THE Government of the Body with Modesty, - Discretion, or good Manners, is a Matter of great

Moment. To keep our Bodies in Subjection to + the Mind, and Obedience to Health, is the best

Entertainment of them in Prudence. They ought to be well provided for, but not wholly serv'd. Meat to lay Hunger, Drink to help Thirst, Cloaths to keep-in Warmth, Lodging to shelter us from Weather, and such like moderate Indulgences to keep out the Cold, are sufficient in all Réafon. Every Thing is a superfluous Snare above a discreet and decent Competency. Our Apparel and Dress require the strictest Regulation and Neatness. People's Humours may sometimes be shrewdly guess'd at, by their Gar

, ments. We may almost know a Fool by his Coat. Dirty Shoes, foul Linen, or a greasy Doublet, may perhaps give Offence in publick Company. We were born naked, and must return so, notwithstanding our Shropods. We dress up'our dead Bodies sometimes with too much funeral Pomp. No rich Attire can immortalize the Living, nor save them from being Worms-meat. We

must All come at last to our cheap Flannels, or e homely Woollens. But the original Mark of our

shameful Guilt, is now become a Badge of our Honour and Dignity. Our gay Cloaths, Garbs, and Garments in Fashion, are made more ornamental than neceslary Coverings. Our Trimming is illustrious to the last Degree of Foppery. Ladies may dress fine to please their Lords ; but what is a delicate well-dress'd Woman, as the



[ocr errors]

Moralist says, but an elaborate Piece of Luxury ? However, it is the greatest Absurdity for a Man to spend his Hours, Morning or Evening, betwixt the Comb and the Glass ; and must al. ways be deem'd a most scandalous Efeminacy. What signifies so many Laces for the Back, where Virtue is lodg'd in the Mind ? That internal Array appears most splendid, and needs no external Set-offs. Native Beauty is the best, without any Arts or Fucuses. Virtue is fo glo rious in it felf, that outward Jewels only ferve it for a Foil. To glory in Gold-Chains or Watches, can neither redeem our precious Time, nor affert our natural Liberty. Undressing our selves of all such gaudy Appearances, as either hurt or hinder Virtue, is the best way to recover that Freedom. Some vain People load themselves with all their Riches on the Outfide, and have but little left within Doors. They sometimes carry their whole Estates upon their Backs, like the poor Savoyards, for a Raree-fhoid. Some again are Princes in one Metal, and Slaves in another. Some also are shackled, as it were, with their Money; and others faftend, nail'd-down and riveted to it. In some People's Ears you may, perhaps, see a whole Patrimony hanging in a Pendent; or a House and Land contracted into the Compass of one large Diamond, only fit for a Crown. Some e. gregious Fops, in fine, take more Pains in setting off their beavish Attire, than adorning their undressd Minds ; or in ordering their full Pee rukes, than cultivating their empty Heads. Folly has prevaild so far by Fashion, that we fet a greater value upon the modish Vanities of the Body, than the Virtues of the Understanding, And what are the finest Gaieties of Dressing,


« PoprzedniaDalej »