History of Greece, Tom 8

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Harper & Brothers, 1859

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Strona 452 - ... an effort and a resolve, for the unprejudiced admission of any conclusion which shall appear to be supported by careful observation and logical argument, even should it prove of a nature adverse to notions he may have previously formed for himself, or taken up, without examination, on the credit of others. Such an effort is, in fact, a commencement of that intellectual discipline which forms one of the most important ends of all science. It is the first movement of approach towards that state...
Strona 329 - Never probably will the full and unshackled force of comedy be so exhibited again. Without having Aristophanes actually before us it would have been impossible to imagine the unmeasured and unsparing...
Strona 487 - Socrates to become a party in any breach of the law, — a resolution which we should expect as a matter of course, after the line which he had taken in his defence. His days were spent in the prison in discourse respecting ethical and human subjects, which had formed the charm and occupation of his previous life. It is to the last of these days that his conversation on the immortality of the soul is referred in the Platonic Dialogue called Phcedon. Of that conversation the main topics and doctrines...
Strona 465 - Socrates is guilty of crime, first, " for not worshipping the gods whom the city worships, " but introducing new divinities of his own ; next, for "corrupting the youth. The penalty due is — death.
Strona 354 - ... meaning, and were altogether distinct from, though grafted upon, the vague sentiment of dislike associated with it. Aristotle, following the example of his master, gave to the word sophist a definition substantially the same as that which it bears in the modern languages ; ' "an impostrous pretender to knowledge ; a man who employs what he knows to be fallacy, for the purpose of deceit and of getting money.
Strona 486 - ... how he confidently (as the event proved, mistakenly in the letter, truly in the spirit) predicted that his removal would be the signal ' for ' numerous apostles putting forth with increased energy that ' process of interrogatory test and spur to which he had ' devoted his life, and was doubtless to him far dearer and
Strona 407 - ... seen in the market-place at the hour when it was most crowded, among the booths and tables, where goods were exposed for sale : his whole day was usually spent in this public manner. He talked with any one, young or old, rich or poor, who sought to address him, and in the hearing of all who chose to stand by : not only he never either asked or received any reward, but he made no distinction of persons, never withheld his conversation from any one, and talked upon the same general topics to alL
Strona 488 - Elenchus, which he not only first struck out, but wielded with such matchless effect and to such noble purposes, has been mute ever since his last conversation in the prison ; for even his great successor Plato was a writer and lecturer, not a colloquial dialectician. No man has ever been found strong enough to bend his bow, much less sure enough to use it as he did.
Strona 492 - Socrates," so speaks the impartial voice of the modern historian, " was the reverse of a sceptic: " no man ever looked upon life with a more positive " and practical eye : no man ever pursued his mark " with a clearer perception of the road which he was " travelling : no man ever combined, in like manner, " the absorbing enthusiasm of a missionary, with the " acuteness, the originality, the inventive resource, and " the generalizing comprehension of a philosopher.
Strona 452 - In entering upon any scientific pursuit, one of the student's first endeavors ought to be to prepare his mind for the reception of truth, by dismissing, or at least loosening his hold on, all such crude and hastily adopted notions respecting the objects and relations he is about to examine, as may tend to embarrass or mislead him...

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