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Gent. A sight most pitiful in the meanest wretch ; Siew. Slave, thou hast Nain me :-Villain, take Part speaking of in a king I-Thou hast one my purse ; daughter,
If ever thou wilt thrive, bury my body ; Who redeems nature from the general curse And give the letters, which thou find'st about me, Which twain have brought her to.
To Edmund earl of Glofter ; seek him out Edg. Hail, gentle fir.
Upon the English party : -0, untimely death, Gent. Sir, fpeed you : What's your will ?
[Dies. Edg. Do you hear aught, fir, of a battle towards Edg. I know thee well : A serviceable villain ;
Gent. Most sure, and vulgar: everyone hears thar, As duteous to the vices of thy mistress, Which can distinguish found.
As badners would desire. Edg. But, by your favour,
Glo. Whar, is he dead ? How near's the other army
Edg. Sit you down, father ; rest you.Gens. Near, and on speedy foot; the main descry Let's see his pockets: these letters, that he speaks of, Stands on the hourly thought".
May be my friends.--He's dead ; I am only forry Edg. I thank you, sir : that's all. (here, He had no other death's-man.-Let us fee :
Genl. Though that the queen on special cause is Leave, gentle wax, and, manners, blame us not : Her army is mov'd on.
To know our enemies' minds, we'd rip their hearts; Edg. I thank you, fir.
[Exit Gent. Their papers are more lawful. Glo. You ever-gentle gods, take my breath
Reads the letter. from me;
u Let our reciprocal vows be remember'd. Let not my worfer fpirit tempt me again “ You have many opportunities to cut him off: To die before you please !
“ if your will want not, time and place will be Edg. Well pray you, father.
“ fruitfully offered. There is nothing done, if he Gl.. Now, good sir, what are you? [blows ;“ return the conqueror : Then am I the prisoner,
Edg. A molt poor man, made tame to fortune's " and his bed my gaol; from the loath'd warmth Wło, by the art of known and feeling forrows ?," whereof deliver me, and supply the place for Am pregnant to good pity. Give me your hand,” your labour. I'll lead you to some biding.
“ Your (wife, so I would say) affectionate Glo. Hearty thanks :
GONERIL." The bounty and the benizon of heaven
undistinguish'd space of woman's will! To boot, and boot !
A plot upon her virtuous husband's life ;
And the exchange, my brother !-Here,in the sands, Stew. A proclaim'd prize! Most happy!
Thee I'll rake up”, the most unsanctified
Of murderous lechers : and, in the mature time, That eyeless head of thine was first fram'd flesh To raise my fortunes.—Thou old unhappy traitor, With this ungracious paper strike the fight Briefly thyfelf remember 3 :-The sword is out Of the death-practis'd 10 duke : For him 'tis well, That must destroy thee.
That of thy death and business I can tell. Glo. Now let thy friendly hand
[Exit Edgar, removing the body. Put strength enough to it. [Edgar opposes.
Glo. The king is mad: How stiff is my vile Srew. Wherefore, bold peasant,
sense, Dar'it thou support a publish'd traitor ? Hence ;
That I stand up, and have ingenious feeling "I Left that the infection of his fortune take Of my huge sorrows! Better I were distract: Like hold on thee. Let go his arm.
So should my thoughts be sever'd from my griefs ; Edg. Chill not let go, zir, without vurther 'casion. And woes, by wrong imaginations, lose Siew. Let go, Nave, or thou dy'st.
The knowledge of themselves. Edg. Good gentleman, go your gait 4, and let
Re-enter Edgar. poor volk pass. And ch'ud ha' been zwagger'd out
Edg. Give me your hand : of my life, 'twould not ha' been zo long as 'tis Far off, methinks, I hear the beaten drum. by a vortnight. Nay, come not near the old Come, father, I'll bestow you with a friend. man; keep out, che vor'yes, or ise cry whether
[Exeunt. your costard o or my bat7 be the harder : Ch’ill
S CE N E VII. be plain with you.
A Tent in the French Camp. Stow. Out, dunghill !
Enter Cordelia, Kent, and Physician. F.dg. Ch’ill pick your teeth, zir : Come ; no Cor. Othou good Kent, how shall I live and matter vor your foyns 8. [Edgar knocks him down.
work, i The main body is expected to be defcry'd every hour. 2 i. e. sorrows past and present. 3 i. e, quickly recollect the past offences of thy life, and recommend thyself to heaven. your gate is a common expression in the North. Si. c. I warn you. Edgar counterfeits the western dialect. 6 i. c. head. 7 i. e. club. 8 To foyn is to make what we call a thru in fencing. 9 i. c. I'll cover. In Staffordshire, to rake the fire, is to cover it with fuel for the night. 10 The duke of Albany, whose death is machinated by practice or treason. nious feeling signifies a feeling from an understanding not disturbed or disordered, but which, representing things as they are, makes the sense of pain the more exquisite.
To match thy goodness ? My life will be too short, Do scald like molten lead.
Cor. Sir, do you know me?
Cor. Still, still, far wide ! Nor more, nor clipt, but so.
Pbys. He's scarce awake; let him alone awhile. Cor. Be better suited 2 :
Lear. Where have I been? Where am I?These weeds are memories 3 of those worser hours;
Fair day-lightI pr’ythee, put thein off.
I am mightily abusid 8.-I should even die with Kent. Pardon me, dear madam ;
pity, Yet to be known, shortens my made intent 4 : To see another thus.--I know not what to fayMy boon I make it, that you know me not, I will not swear, these are my hands :-let's see ; Till time and I think meet.
I feel this pin prick. 'Would I were allur'd Cor. Then be it so, my good lord.
Of my condition ! How does the king ?
[To the Physician. Cor. O, look upon me, fir, Phys. Madam, sleeps still.
And hold your hands in benediction o'er me :Cor. O you kind gods,
No, fır, you must not kneel. Cure this grcat breach in his abused nature ! Lear. Pray do not mock me : The untun'd and jarring senses, O, wind up I am a very foolish fond old man, Of this child-changed s father!
Fourscore and upward; Phys. So please your majesty,
Not an hour more, nor less : and, to deal places, That we may wake the king ? he hath Nept long. I fear, I am not in my perfect mind. Cor. Be goveru'd by your knowledge, and pro. Methinks, I should know you, and know this man; ceed
Yet I am doubtful : for I am mainly ignorani, . l' the fway of your own will. Is he array'd ? What place this is ; and all the skill I have Lear is brought in in a chair.
Remembers not these garments ; nor I know sot Gint. Ay, madam ; in the heaviness of his Neep, Where I did lodge last night : Do not laugh at me; We put fresh garments on him. [him ; For, as I am a man, I think this lady
Phys. Be by, good madam, when we do awake To be my child Cordelia. I doubt not of his temperance.
Cor. And so I am, I am. (weep not: Cor. Very well.
[sic there! Lear. Be your tears wet? Yes, 'faith. I pray, Pbys. Please you, draw near.-Louder the mu- If you have poison for me, I will drink it.
Cor. O my dear father! Restoration, hang I know, you do not love me ; for your fifters Thy medicine on my lips ; and let this kiss Have, as I do remember, done me wrong: Repair those violent harms, that my two sisters You have some cause, they have not. Have in thy reverence made !
Cor. No cause, no cause.
Cor. Had you not been their father, these white Kent. In your own kingdom, fir.
Pbxj. Be comforted, good madam : the great
To make him even o'er the time he has lot Of quick, cross lightning! to watch (poor perdu !) Desire him to go in; trouble him no more, With this thin helm ?? Mine enemy's dog, 'Till further secoling. Th gh he had bit me, should have stood that Cor. Will't pleate your highness walk ? night
Lear. You must bear with me : Against my fire; And waft thou fain, poor father, Pray you now, forget and forgive : I am old and To hovel thee with swine, and rogues forlorn,
foolish. In short and musty straw? Alack, alack ! [Excuni Lear, Cordelia, Pbyfciar, and asteeds 'Tis wonder, that thy life and wits at once
Gent, Holds it true, fir,
Keni. Most certain, fir.
[grave : Kone, As it is said, the battard son of Glofte. Lear. You do me wrong, to take me out o' the Gent. They say, Edgar, Thou art a foul in bliss ; but I am bound His banth'd ion, is with the earl of Kent Upon a wheel of fire, that mine own tears In Germany.
' i.e. All good which I Mall allot thee, or measure out to thee, will be fcanty. 2 i. e. Be beriet drest, put on a better luit of cloaths. 3 i, e memorials, remembranceis. 4 An intent tout is an intent formed. So we say in common language, to make a desgr, and to make a njaat si.e. changed to a child by his years and wrongs. Restoration is recovery personified. allusion, Dr. Warburton says, is to the forlorn-hope in an army, whicb are put upon desperait ** ventures, and called, in French, enfans perdus ; the therefore calls her father, pour perdu. Atrangely imposed on by appearauces; I am in a itrange miit of uncertainty. 2. e. to reconc it to his apprehension.
Kent. Report is changeable.
***!! PExit. 'Tis time to look about ; the powers o' the king Kent. My point and period will be tħro.ighly Approach apace.
wrought, Gent. The arbitrement is like to be bloody. Tor well, or ill, as this day's battle's fouglit. [Exit.
Alb. Let us then determine
With the ancient of war on our proceedings.
Edm. I shall attend you presently at your tent.
[us. NOW of the duke, if his last purpose
Reg. 'Tis most convenient ; pray you, go with
Gor. [Afideo] O, ho, I know the riddie: I will Or whether since he is advis'd by aught
go. To change the course : He's full of alteration, As they are going out, enter Edgar disguised. And self-reproving :--bring his constant pleasure'.
Edz. If e'er your grace had speech with
Hear me one word.
Alb. I'll overtake you. Speak.
[Exeunt Edm. Reg. Gon. and Attendants. Tell me,-hut truly, -but then speak the truth, Edg. Before you fight the battle, ope this letter. Do you not love my sitter?
If you have victory, let the trumpet found
[way For him that brought it : wretched though I seem, Rez. But have you never found my brother's I can produce a champion, that will prove To the fore-fended 2 place?
What is avouched there : If you miscarry,
Reg. I am doubtful that you have been con- And machination ceases. Fortune love you!
Edg. I was forbid ir. Reg. I never shall endure her : Dear my lord, When time shall serve, let but the herald cry, Be not familiar with her.
And I'll] appear again.
[Exit. Edm. Fear me not :-
Alb. Why, fare thee well; I will o'erlook She, and the duke her husband,
thy paper: Enter Albany, Goneril, and Soldiers.
Re-enter Edmund. Gon. I had rather lose the battle, than that sister Edm. The eneniy's in view, draw up yoðr Should loosen him and me.
powers. Alb. Our very loving fitter, well be met. Here is the guess of their true strength and forces 3 Sir, this I hear, The king is come to his daughter, By diligent discovery ; but your halte With others, whom the rigour of our state Is now urg'd on you. , Fore'd to cry out. Where I could not be honest, Alb. We will greet the time.
[Exit. I never yet was valiant : for this business,
Edm. To both these sisters have s sworn my It toucheth us as France invades our land,
love ; Not holds the king + ; with others, whom, I fear, Each jealous of the other, as the stung Mot just and heavy causes make oppose.
Are of the addler. Which of them hall I cake Edm. Sir, you speak nobly.
Both ? one? or neither ? Neither can be enjoy'd, Res. Why is this reason's ?
If both remain alive: To take the widow, Gn. Combine together 'gainst the enemy : Exasperates, makes mad her filter Goneril; For these domestic and particular broils
And hardly Thall I carry out my side 5, Are not to question here.
Her husband being alive. Now then, we'll use
I His fetil d resolution. 2 Fore-fended means prohibited, forbidden. 5 The meaning of this speech 1s, The king and others whom we have oppofed are come to Cordelia. I could never be Valiant hut in a juit quarrel. We must distinguish ; it is just in one sense and unjust in another. As France invades our land, I am concerned to repel him; but as he holds, entertains, and supports the king, and ethers whom I frar many jujt and heavy causes make, or compel, as it were, to oppose us, I citecm it unjust to engage against them. 4 This businefs (lays Albany) louches us as France invades 047 land, not us it bolu's the king, &c. i.e. emtoldens him to affert his former title. si. e. bring my purpose to a fuccessfui tue, to completion. Side feems here to heve the sense of the French word purtie, in prendre partie, to take his resolution.
His countenance for the battle ; which being done, Edm. Take them away.
Lear. Upon such sacrifices, my Cordelia,
thee? The battle done, and they within our power, He, that parts us, shall bring a brand from berita, Shall never see his pardon : for my state
And fire us hence, like foxes *. Wipe thine eyes ; Stands on me to defend, not to debate 1, [Exit. The goujeer, 5 thall devour them, fleth, and fell“, S CE N E II.
Ere they shall make us weep : we'll see then
starve first. A Field between the two Camps.
[Fxcur:t Lear, and Cordelia, szarée. Alarum within, Enter, with drum and colours, Edm. Come lsither, captain ; hark.
Lear, Co: delia, and Soldiers over ibe lingv; and Take thou this note; go, follow them to prison : Excunt.
One step I have advanc d thee ; if thou doft Enter Edgar, and Gioler.
As this instructs thee, thou doft make thy way Edg. Here, father, take the lhadow of this tree To poble fortunes : Know thou this,-i mea ..For your goodi hoft; pray that the right may thrive: Are as the time is : to be tender-minded If ever I return to you again,
Does not become a suord :---Thy great employmer! I'll bring you comfort.
Will not bear question ?; either say, tbou'll do Glo. Grace go with you, fır ! [Exit Edgar. Or thrive by other means. [Alaruni, and retreat within.
Capt. I'll do't, my lord.
Edm. About it; and write happy, when tisa Edz. Away, old man, give me thy hand, away ;
haft done. King Lear hath loft, he and his daughter ta’en : Mark,--1 say, instantly; and carry it so, Give me thy hand, come on.
As I lave set it down. Glo. No further, sir ; a man may rot even here. Cupt. I cannot draw a cart, nor eat dry i cas; Edg. What, in ill thoughts again? Meu must If it be man's work, I will do it. [Ex Cote endure
Flouih. Enter Albany, Goneril, Rrgar, ard Selina Their going hence, even as their conuing hither : Alb. Sir, jou have thewn to-day your vaias Ripeneis ? is all : Come on.
strain, Gło. And that's true too.
[Exeunt. And fortune led you well: You have the copes S CE N E
"Tho were the opposites of this day's ftriée : 111.
We do require them of you ; so to use them, Enter, in conquest, with drum and colours, Eduard; As tre thall find their merits and our safety Lear, and Cordelia, as prisoners; Soldiers, Captain. May equally determine.
Edm. Some officers take them away: good guard ; Edm. Sir, I thought it fit
To fome retention, and appointed guard ;
Whose age has charms in it, whose citle more, Who, with best meaning, have incurr'd the worst. To pluck the common botom on his side, For thee, oppressed king, am I cast down ; And turn our impreft * lances in our eyes Myselfcould elleout frown false fortune's frown. - Which do command them. With him I sent the Shall we not see these daugbters, and these fitters?
queen ; Lear. No, no, no, no! Come, let's away to My reason all the same ; and they are ready prison :
To-morrow, or at a further space, to appear
Alb. Sir, by your patience,
Reg. That's as we list to grace him. si1 Dr. Johnson uticks that for does not fand in this place as a word of inference or causality. The - meaning is rather : Such is my dutermination concerning Lear; as for my itate it requires not, se delibe
tation, but defence and support. 21. 6. To be ready, prepared, is all. Packs is used for combinatioasa colletion, as is a pack of cards. Foi fects, fets might be more commodiously read. Thus we say, afara now managed by a new let, 4 It is usualto smoke foxes out of their holes. si. e. Morbus Gallicus. Gouge, F:. Signifies one of the common women atiending a camp; and as that disease was first difperted over Europe by the French army, and the women who followed it, the firit name it obtained among a svasche yongeries, i.e. the disease of the gouges. 0 Flesh and skin. 7 The meaning is, that the is poriant bulineis he now had in hand, did not admit of debate : he must instantly resolve to do is 8 1. c. turn the launcemen which are press'd into our service, against us.
Methinks, our pleasure might have been demanded,
Enter a Herald. Ere you had spoke so far. He led our powers ; Alb. Trust to thy single virtue ; for thy soldiers, - Bore the commillion' of my place and person ; All levied in my name, have in my name
The which immediacy 2 may well stand up, Took their discharge.
Reg. This sickness grows upon me.
Alb. She is not well; convey her to my tent. In his own grace 3 he doch exalt himself,
[Exit Regan, led. More than in your advancement.
Come hither, herald, Let the trumpet found, Reg. In my rights,
And read out this. By me invested, he compeers the best.
Capt. Sound trumpet. [A trumpet founds. Alb. That were the most, if he should husband you.
“ If any man of quality, or degree, within the Gon. Holla, holla!
“ lists of the army, will maintain upon Edmund, That eye, that told you so, look'd but a-squint. “ supposed earl of Glofter, that he is a manifold
Reg. Lady, I am not well; else I should answer“ traitor, let him appear by the third sound of the From a full-flowing stomach.-General, “ trumpet : He is bold in his defence.” Take thou my soldiers, prisoners, patrimony ; Edm. Sound.
[1 trumpet. Dispose of them, of me; the walls are thine 4 : Her. Again.
(2 trumpet. Witness che world, that I create thee here
[3 trumpet. My lord and master.
[Trumpet answers, witbin. Gon. Mean you to enjoy him?
Enter Edgar, armed. Alb. The let alone lies not in your good will 5. Alb. All him his purposes, why he appears Edm. Nor in thine, lord.
Upon this call o' the trumpet. Alb. Half-blooded fellow, yes.
Her. What are you? Reg. Let the drum strike, and prove my title Your name, your quality ? and why you answer thine.
[thee This present summons ? Alb. Stay yet ; hear reason :-Edmund, I arrest Edg. Know, my name is loft ; On capital treason ; and, in thy arrest,
By treason's tooth bare-gnawn, and canker-bit ;
[Pointing to Goneril. Yet am I noble, as the adversary This gilded serpent :--for your claim, fair filter, I come to cope withal. I bar it in the interest of my wife;
Alb. Which is that adversary ? (of Gloster ? 'Tis she is sub-contracted to this lord,
Edg. What's he, that speaks for Edmund earl And I, her husband, contradict your banes.
Edm. Himself ;-What say'st thou to him? If you will marry, make your love to me,
Edg. Draw thy sword ; My lady is bespoke.
That, if my speech offend a noble heart, Gon. An interlude!
Thy arm may do thee justice : here is mine. Alb. Thou art arm'd, Gloster :- Let the trum- Behold, it is the privilege 6 of mine honours, pet sound:
My oath, and my profession :-1 protest.-If none appear to prove upon thy person Maugre thy strength, youth, place, and eminence, Thy heinous, manifest, and many treasons, Despight thy victor sword, and fire-new fortune,
There is my pledge; I'll prove it on thy heart, Thy valour, and thy heart, thou art a traitor : Met Ere I taste bread, thou art in nothing less False to thy gods, thy brother, and thy father ; Than I have here proclaim'd thee.
Conspirant 'gainst this high illustrious prince ; Reg. Sick, O, fick !
And, from the extremest upward of thy head, Gon. If not, I'll ne'er trust poison. [Afide. To the descent and duit beneath thy feet, Edm. There's my exchange: what in the world A moft toad-spotted traitor. Say thou, No, he is
This sword, this arm, and my best spirits, are bent That names ine traitor, villain-like he lies :
To prove upon thy heart, whereto I speak,
But, since thy out-fide looks so fair and warlike, Alb. A herald, ho!
And that thy tongue some say 7 of breeding breat hes Edm. A herald, ho, a herald !
What safe and nicely I might well delay
i Commiffion, for authority. 2 Immediacy implies fupremacy, in opposition to fubordination. 3 Grace here means accomplishments, or honours. A metaphorical phrase taken from the camp, and fignifying, io surrender at discretion. s Whether he shall not or shall, depends not on your
6 The charge he is here going to bring against the Bastard, he calls the privilege, &c. to understand which phra:eology, we must conlider that the old rites of knighthood are here alluded to ; a whole oath and profession required him to discover all trcasons, and whose privilege it was to have
his challenge accepted, or otherwile to have his charge taken pro confefju. Tor if one who was no knight accused another who was, that other was under no obligation to accept the challenge. On
his account it was necessary, as Edgar came duguised, to tell the Bastard he was a knight. oreley, some lhew or probability,