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Whose reverence the head-lugg'd bear wouldich, The Duke of Albany's Palace.
Most barbarous, moft degenerate! have you
Could my good brother suffer you to do it? ded. Enter Goneril, and Edmund.
A man, a prince, by him so benefited ? Gon. Welcome, my lord : I marvel, our mild if that the heavens do not their visible ípirits husband 1
[ter: Send quickly down to tame these vile offences, Not met us on the way :-Now, where's your mar- 'Twill come, humanity must perforce prey on Enter Steward.
Itself, like monsters of the deep 5. Sicw. Madam, within ; but never man so Gon. Milk-liver'd man ! chang'd :
That bear'lt a check for blows, a head for wrongs; I told him of the army that was landed ;
Who hast not in thy brows an eye discerning He smild at it: I told him you were coming ; Thine bonour from thy suffering; that no knout, His answer was, The worfe: of Gloster's treachery, Fools do those villains pity, who are punith'd And of the loyal service of his ion,
Ere they have done their mischief. Where's the When I inform'd him, then he call'd me sot ;
drum And told me, I had turn’d the wrong side out : France spreads his banners in our noiseless land; What most he should dislike, seems pleasant to him; With plumed helm thy flayer begins threats ; What like, offensive.
Whilst thou, a moral fool, fitt'it still and ayil, Gom. Then thall you go no further. [To Edmund. Alack! why does be so ? It is the cowish terror of his spirit,
Alb. See thyself, devil! That dares not undertake : he'll not feel wrongs, Proper deformity seems not in the fiend Which tie him to an answer : Our wishes on the So horrid as in woman 6. way, [ther ; Gon. O vain fool !
theme, May prove effects. Back, Edmund, to my bro Aib. Thou changed and self-cover'd thing , fu Haften his musters, and conduct his powers ; Be-monster not thy feature. Were it my finets I must change arms at home, and give the distaff To let there hands obey my blood, Into my husband's hands. This trusty servant They are apt enough to dislocate and tear Shall pa's between us : ere long you are like to Thy flesh and bones :-Howe'er thou art a ficad, If you dare venture in your own behalf, [hear, A woman's shapé doth shield thee. A mistress's command. Wear this ; spare speech ; Gon. Marry, your manhood now ! [Giving a favour.
Enter Mellenger. Decline your head : this kiss, if it durft speak,
Alb. What news?
(dezd ; Would stretch thy spirits up into the air ;
Mef. O, my good lord, the duke of Cornwal's Conceive, and fare thee well.
Slain by his fervant, going to put out Edm. Yours in the ranks of death.
The other eye of Glofter. Gon. My most dear Glofter! [Exit Edmund. Alb. Glofter's eyes !
(morle, O, the difference of man, and man!
Mef. A fervant that he bred, thrill'd witb reTo thee a woman's services are due ;
Oppos'd against the act, bending his sword My fool usurps my body.
To his great master ; who, thereat enrag'd, Slow. Madam, here comes my lord.
Flew on him, and amongst them felld him dead: Enter Albany.
But not without that harmful stroke, which funce
Alb. This shows you are above,
Loft he his other eye?
Mef. Both, both, my lord.
This letter, madam, craves a speedy answer ;
Gon. (4fide.] One way I like this well ;
But being widow, and my Gloster with her, Alb. Wisdom and goodness to the vile seem vile : May all the building in my fancy pluck Filths savour but themselves. What have you done? Upon my hateful life : Another way, Tygers, not daughters, what have you perform'd? The news is not so tart.—I'll read, and answer. A father, and a gracious aged man,
1 It must be remembered that Albany, the husband of Goneril, disliked, in the end of the fi act, the scheme of oppression and ingratitude. 2 This expression is a proverbial one. lain, for within the bounds that nature prescribes. 4 Alluding to the use that witches and exchanics are said to make of wither'd branches in their charms. A fine infinuation in the speaker, that the *** ready for the most unnatural mischief, and a preparative of the poet to her plotting with the batteagainst her husband's life. 5 Fishes are the only animals that are known to prey upon cicit Species. O j. c. Diabolic qualilies appear noi lo horrid in the devil to whom they belong, as a woman who unnaturally assumes them. 7 By felf-corer'd our author probably means, ibou i bait difowifid nülure by wickedness; thou that hait hid the woman under the fiend.
Alb. Where was his son, when they did cake Else one self mate and mate 4 could not beget his eyes?
Such different issues. You spoke not with her, Mes. Come with my lady hither.
(fince ? Alb. He is not here.
Kens. Was this before the king returr.'d ? Mef. No, my good lord; I met him back again. Gent. No, since.
[town: Alb. Knows he the wickedness?
Kent. Well, fir; the poor distressed Lear is i'the Mif. Ay, my good lord ; 'twas he inform's Who sometimes, in his better tune, remembers against him;
[ment What we are come about, and by no means And quit the house on purpose, that their punish- Will yield to see his daughter. Might have the freer course.
Gent. Why, good sir?
[unkindness, Alb. Glofter, I live
Kent. A sovereign shame so elbows him: his own To thank thee for the love thou shew'dst the king, That stripp'd her from his benediction, curn'd her And to revenge thine eyes.—Come hither, friend ; To foreign casualties, gave her dear rights Tell me what more thou knowelt. [Exeunt. To his dog-hearted daughters, these things sting SCENE 111.
His mind io venomously, that burning shame s
Detains him from Cordelia.
Geni. Alack, poor gentleman !
Keni, Of Albany's and Cornwall's powers you Kini. Why the king of France is so suddenly
[Lear, Know you the reason ?
Kent. Well, sir, I'll bring you to our master Gent. Something he left imperfect in the state, And leave you to attend him : some dear cause Which fince his coming forth is thought of; which Will in concealment wrap me up awhile ; Imports to the kingdom so much fear and danger, When I am known aright, you shall not grieve That his personal return was most requir'd and Lending me this acquaintance. I pray you, go necellary. Along with me.
[Exeunt. Kent. Who hath he left behind him general ?
S CE N E IV.
A Tent in the Camp at Dover,
Enter Cordelia, Physician, and Soldiers.
With harlocks, hemlock, nettles, cuckoo-flowers, Keni. O, then it mov'd her.
Darnel, and all the idle weeds that grow Gent. Not to a rage : patience and sorrow strove In our sustaining corn.-A century send forth; Who should express her goodliest. You have seen Search every acre in the high-grown field, Sunshine and rain at once : her smiles and tears And bring him to our eye.-What can man's Were like a better day'. Those happy smiles,
wisdom do, That play'd on her ripe lip, seem'd not to know In the restoring his bereaved sense : What guests were in her eyes : which parted thence, He, that helps him, take all my outward worth. As pearls from diamonds dropt. In brief, sorrow Phy. There is means, madam : Would be a rarity most belov'd, if all
Our foster nurse of nature is repose, Could so become it.
The which he lacks; that to provoke in him, Kent. Made fhe no verbal questiou ?
Are many simples operative, whose power Gent. Yes ; once, or twice, the heav'd the Will close the eye of anguish. name of faiber'
Cor. All blest secrets, Pantingly forth, as if it preis'd her heart ; All you unpublish'd virtues of the earth, Cry'd, “Sifters ! fitters !--Shame of ladies ! fisters! Spring with my tears ! be aidant, and remediate, • Kent ! father! liters! What? i'the storm ? In the good man's distress !--Seek, seek for him; i'the night?
Leit his ungovern'd rage diffolve the life
Enter a Mellenger.
The British powers are marching hitherward.
Cor. 'Tis known before; our preparation stands The stars above us, govern our conditions ; I In expectation of them.- dear father,
1. A better day is the best day, and the bejt dry is a day molt favourable to the productions of the carth. Such are the days in which there is a due mixture of rain and funshine. 2 i.e. Let noc Such a thing as pity be supposed to exift! . 3 i. e. her out-cries were accompanied with tears. 4 The lame husband and the same wife. s The metaphor is here preserved with great knowledge of napure; the renom of poisonous animals being a high cauitic lalt, that has all the effect of fire upon the pari. 0i.e. the realon which should guide it.
It is thy business that I go about ;
| What party I do follow. Therefore great France
Reg. Fare thee well.
[Exem My mourning, and important ' tears, hath pitied. No blown ambition 2 doth our arms incite,
SCENE VI. But love, dear love, and our ag'd father's right :
The Country near Dauer. hear, and see him !
Enter Gloster, and Edgar as a pea'ant. SCENE V.
Glo. When thall we come to the top of the same bill?
[labo. Regan's Palace.
Edg. You do climb up it now: look, how we
Glo. Methinks, the ground is eren.
Hark, do you hear the sea ?
Glo. No, truly.
ffect Stew. Madam, with much ado:
Edg. Why, then your other senses grow imper. Your fifter is the better soldier. [at home? By your eyes' anguish.
Reg. Lord Edmund spake not with your lady Glo. So may it be, indeed :
[him Methinks, thy voice is alter'd; and thou speak'it Reg. What might import my sister's letter to In better phrase, and matter, than thou didit. Stew. I know not, lady.
[ter. Edg. You are much deceiv'd; in nothing an I Reg. 'Faith, he is posted hence on serious mat
chang'd It was great ignorance, Gloster's eyes being out, But in my garments. To let him live ; where he arrives, he moves Glo. Methinks, you are better spoken. All hearts against us : Edmund, I think, is gone, Edg. Come on, fir: here's the place :-flad In pity of his misery, to dispatch
still. How fearful His nighted life3 ; moreover, to descry And dizzy 'tis, to cast one's eyes so low! The strength o'the enemy.
The crows, and choughs, that wing the midway is, Stew. I must needs after him, madam, with my Shew scarce lo gross as beetles : Half way down letter.
[us; Hangs one that gathers samphire 7; dreadful trade! Reg. Our troops set forth to-morrow; stay with Methinks, he seems no bigger than his head: The ways are dangerous.
The fishermen, that walk upon the beach, Stow. I may not, madam ;
Appear like mice ; and yon' tall anchoring bark, My lady charg'd my duty in this business. Diminith'd to her cock 8; her cock, a buos, Reg. Why should the write to Edmund ? Might Almost too small for sight: The murmuring furg,
That on the unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes, Transport her purposes by word ? Belike, Cannot be heard so high :-I'll look no more ; Something I know not what—l'll love thee much, Lest my brain turn, and the deficient light Let me unseal the letter.
Topple 9 down headlong. Stew. Madam, I had rather
[band; Glo. Set me where you stand. (a frot Reg. I know your lady does not love her huf Edg. Give me your hand : You are now within I am fure of that : and, at her late being here, Of the extreme verge : for all beneath the moga She gave (trange æiliads 4, and most speaking looks Would I not leap upright to. To noble Edmund : I know, you are of her bofom. Glo. Let go my hand. Slow. I, madam!
[it: Here, friend, is another purse; in it, a jewel Reg. I speak in understanding ; you are, I know well worth a poor man's taking : Fairies, and gods, Therefore, I do advise you, take this notes : Prosper it with thee ! Go thou further art i My lord is dead ; Edmund and I have talk'd; Bid me farewel, and let me hear thee going. And more convenient is he for my hand,
Edg. Now fare ye well, good sir. (Seems to Than for your lady's :-You may gather more 6. Glo. With all my heart. If you do find him, pray you, give him this; Edg. Why do I trifle thus with his despair And when your mistress hears thus much from you, 'Tis done to cure it. I pray, defire her call her wisdom to her.
Glo. O you mighty gods ! So, fare you well.
This world I do renounce; and, in your lights, If you do chance to hear of that blind traitor, Shake patiently my great affliction off: Preferment falls on him that cuts him off. If I could bear it longer, and not fall Stow. 'Would I could meet him, madam ! I To quarrel with your great opposeless will, would shew
My snuff, and loathed part of nature, should
» Important for importunate. 2 j. e. no inflated, no swelling pride. 3 i, e. his life made dark as night by the ex inction of his eyes. 4 Oeillade, Fr. a caft, or significant glance of the cit. S Nole means in this place not a letter, but a remark. 6 i. c. You may infer more than I have di rectly told you. 7 * Samphire grows in great plenty on most of the sea-cliffs in this country: is terrible to see how people gather it, hanging by a rope several fathom from the top of the is pending rocks as it were in the air.” Smith's Hil. of Waterford. & i. c. her cock-boat. To is to tu mole.
10 Upright has the same sense as the Latin supinus.
Burn itself out. If Edgar live, o, bless him! Tbe fiend, the fiend: he led me to that place.
Edg. Bear free and patient thoughts.But [He leaps, and falls along.
wbo comes here? Edg. Gone, fir ? farewell.
Enter Lear, fantastically dreft up with flowers. And yet I know not how conceit may rob The safer sense will ne'er accommodate The treasury of life, when life itself
His master thus. Yields to the theft!: Had he been where he thought, Lear. No, they cannot touch me for coining ; By this, had thought been part.-Alive, or dead? I am the king himself. Ho, you, fir ! friend !--Hear you, fir --speak ! Edg. O thou side-piercing fight! Thus might he pass 2, indeed : -Yet he revives. Lear. Nature's above art in that respect. There's What are you, sir?
your press-money. That fellow handles his bow Glo. Away, and let me die. [feathers, air, like a crow-keeper ?: draw me a clothier's yaru.
E4g. Hadit thou been aught but gotlomer 3, Look, louk, a mouse ! Peace, peace ;-this piece So many fathom down precipitating, [breathe ; of toasted cheese will do’t There's my gauntlet ; Thou had'st thiver'd like an egg : but thou dost I'll prove it on a giant.—Bring up the brown Halt heavy substance; bleed'it not ; speak’It ; art bills-0, well fown, bird !-;' the clout, i' the found.
clout : hewgh! Give the woru . Ten masts 4 at each make not the altitude,
Edg. Sweet marjoram. Which chou hast perpendicularly fallen ;
Lear. Pass. Thy life's a miracle : Speak yet again.
Glo. I know that voice. Glo. But have I fallen, or no? [bourn 5 : Lear. Ha! Goneril !-with a white beard !
Edg. From the dread fummit of this chalky They flatter'd me like a dog; and told me, I had Look up a-height ;-the Thrill-gorg'd lark to far white hairs in my beard, ere the black ones were Cannot be seen or heard : do but look up. there. To say ay, and no, to every thing I said ! Glo. Alack, I have no eyes.
Ay and no too was no good divinity. When the Is wretchedness depriv'd that benefit,
rain came to wet me once, and the wind to make To end itself by death ? 'Twas yet some comfort, me chatter ; when the thunder would not peace When misery could beguile the lyrant's rage, at my bidding; there I found them, there I smelt And frustrate his proud will.
them out. Go to, they are not men o' their Edg. Give me your arm :
(stand. words : they told me I was every thing ; 'tis a Up:-50:-How is t? Feel you your legs? You lie; I am not ague-proof.
(ber : Glo. Too well, too well.
Glo. The trick 9 of that voice I do well rememEdg. This is above all strangeness.
Is't not the king ?
When I do stare, see, how the subject quakes. Glo. A poor unfortunate beggar.
I pardon that man's life : What was the cause ? Edg. As I 1tood here below, methought, his eyes Adultery. Were two full moons ; he had a thouland noses, Thou shalt not die: Die for adultery! No: Horns welk'd, and wav'd like the enridged sea ; The wren goes to't, and the small gilded Aly k was some fiend : Therefore, thou happy father, Does lecher in my sight. Think that the clearest gods, who make them Let copulation thrive, for Gloster's bastard for honours
Was kinder to his father, than my daughters Of men's impoflibilities, have preserv'd thee. Got 'tween the lawful sheets.
Glo. I do remember now : benceforth I'll bear To't, luxury 10, pell-pell, for I lack Soldiers. Afiction, 'till it do cry out itself,
Behold yon' fimpering dame, Enough, enough, and, die. That thing you speak of, Whose face between her forks 'I presageth snow; I took it for a man ; often 'twould say, That minces virtue, and does shake the head
ij. e. when life is willing to be destroyed. 2 Thus he might die in reality. We fill use the word pulling bell. 3 Golfomore, the white and cobweb-like exhalations that fly about in hoc funay weather. Skinner says, il signifies the down of the fow-thirtie, which is driven to and fro by the wind. 4 In Mr. Rowe's edition it is, Ten mujis at leatt. s Dr. Johnson says,
" Boxin feems here to signify a hill. Its common lignification is a brook. Milton in Comus uses bosky bourra in the fame feníc perhaps with Shakipcare. But in both authors it may mean only a boundary. o i. e. the purelt, the molt free from evil. 7 In leveral counties to this day, they call a stuffcd figure representing a man, and armed with a bow and arrow, set up to trighe the crows from the fruit and cora, a crow-keeper, as well as a scare-crow. 8 Lear luppotes himtelt in a garrilon, and, before he lets Edgar país, requires the watch-word. 9 Trick (lays Sir Tho. Haumer) is a word frequently used for the air, or that peculiarity in a fuce, voice, or gesture, which distinguifies it from sihers. We ftill say " -- he has a trick of winking with his eyes, of lpeaking loud, &c." ary was the ancient appropriate term for incontinence. " That is, according to Dr. Warburton, her hand held before her face in sign of modesty, with the fingers spread out, forky, Dr. Johnfon believes, that the forks were two prominences of the ruff riling on each side of the face.
To hear of pleasure's name ;
Through tatter'd cloaths small vices do appear ; The fitchew', nor the foyled horse 2, goes to't Robes, and furr'd gowns, hide all. Plate fin s With a more riotous appetite.
gold, Down from the waist they are centaurs, And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks : Though women all above :
Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce Le But to the girdle do the gods inherit, [ness, None does offend, none, I say, none ; I'll able 'em *; Beneath is all the fiends'; there's hell, there's dark- Take that of me, my friend, who have the power There is the fulplıurous pit, burning, scalding, stench, To seal the accuser's lips. Get thee glais eyes;
consumption ;-Fie, fie, fie ! pah! pah! And, like a fcurvy politician, feem (now, now: Give me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, To see the things thou doit noi.-Now, ba, To sweeten my imagination ! there's money for thee. Pull off my boots ;-harder, harder ; so. Glo. O, let me kiss that hand !
Edg. O, matter and impertinency mixt! Lear. Let me wipe it first; it smells of mortality. Reason in madness !
Glo. O ruin’d piece of nature ! This great world Lear. If thou wilt weep my fortunes, take my es. Shall so wear out to nought.-Dost thou know me? I know thee well enough ; thy name is Gloiter :
Lear. I remember thine eyes well enough. Dort Thou must be patient ; we came crying hither. thoy squiny at me ? No, do thy worst, blind Cu- Thou know'ft, the first time that we smell the as, pid ; I'll not love.—Read thou this challenge ; We wawle, and cry:-I will preach to thee; mak mark but the penning of it.
Glo. Alack, alack the day! Glo. Were all the letters suns, I could not see one. Lear. When we are born, we cry, tha we ze Edg. I would not take this from report ;-it is,
[blocks And my heart breaks at it.
To this great stage of fools ; This a good Lear. Read.
It were a delicate stratagem, to shoe Glo. What, with the case 3 of eyes ?
A troop of horse with felt : I'll put it in proof; Lear. O, ho, are you there with me? No eyes And when I have stolen upon these ions-in-law, in your head, nor no money in your purse ? Your Then kill, kill, kill, kill, kill, kill. eyes are in a heavy case, your purse in a light : Enter a Gentleman, with attendants. Yet you see how this world goes.
Gent. O, here he is ; lay hand upon him-ST, Glo. I see it feelingly.
Your most dear daughterLear. What, art mad ? A man may see how Lear. No rescue ? What, a prisoner? I am eren this world goes, with no eyes. Look with thine The natural fool of fortune. Use me well; ears : see how yon' justice rails upon yon' simple You shall have ransom. Let me have a furgeon, thief. Hark, in thine ear : Change places; and I am cut to the brains. handy-dandy, which is the justice, which is the Gent. You shall have any thing. thief --Thou hast seen a farmer's dog bark at a Lear. No seconds ? All myself? beggar?
Why, this would make a man, a man of falts,
To use his eyes for garden water.pots,
Lear. I will die bravely, like a bridegroom ; what?
Gent. You are a royal one, and we obey you Thou hotly lust'st to use her in that kind
Lear. Then there's life in it. Nay, come, a For which thou whipp'st her. The usurer hangs
you get it, the cozener.
You fall get it by running. Sa, sa, fa, fa. (Exis
I A polecat. 2 Soyled horse is a term ufed for a horse that has been fed with hay and corn in the stable during the winter, and is turned out in the spring to take the first Aush of grass, or has it cat and carried in to him. This at once cleanses the animal, and hills him with blood. 3 The is of eyes is the socket of either eye. 4 This is an old phrase, fignifying to qualify, or uphold them. Š Dr. Johnson proposes to read, a good flock. “ Flocks (he adds) are wool moulded together. It is very common for mad men to catch an accidental hint, and strain it to the purpose predominant in their minds. Lear picks up a flock, and immediately thinks to surprize his enemies by a trocy of horse shod with flocks or felt
. Yet block may stand, if we suppose that the sight of a block pai him in mind of mounting his horse.”-Mr. Steevens thinks Dr. Johnson's explanation is very 12genious ; but believes there is no occasion to adopt it, as the speech itself, or at least the action that Ihould accompany it, will furnilh all the connection which he has fought from an extraneous curcumstance. Upon the king's saying, I will preach to thce, the poet seems to have meant him to pall off his hat, and keep turning it and secling it, in the attitude of one of the preachers of broke times (whom Mr. Steevens has seen so represenied in ancient prints), till the idea of felt, which ebe good hat or block was made of, raises the stratagem in his brain of shoeing a troop of herfe with a substance soft as that which he held and moulded between bis hands. This makes him start frog his preachment.- Plock anciently signified the head part of the hat, or the thing on what formed, and sometimes the hat 'itleit. s Mr. Malone believes a man of falt is a man made w