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Lent him our terror, dreft him with our love; Though it do well, I do not relith well
And given his deputation all the organs

Their loud applause, and Ave's vehement &
Of our own power: What think you of it? Nor do I think the man of safe discretion,
Escal. If any in Vienna be of worth

That does affect it. Once more, fare you well. To undergo such ample grace and honour,

Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes ! It is lord Angelo.

Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happiness! Exter Angelo.

Duke. I thank you: Fare you well. (Exit. Duks. Look where he comes.

Escal. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave ing. Always obedient to your grace's will,

To have free speech with you į and it concerns me

To look into the bottom of my place :
I conie to know your pleasure.
Duke. Angelo,

A power I have; but of what strength and nature There is a kind of character in thy life,'

I am not yet instructed.

[ther, That, to the observer, doth thy history

Ang. 'Tis so with me :-Let us withdraw togeFully unfold: Thyself and thy belongings

And we may soon our satisfaction have

Touching that point.
Are not thine own so proper', as to waste
Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee.

Escal. I'll wait upon your honour. [Exeunt. Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do ;

SCENE II. Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues

Tbe Street. Did not go forth with us, 'twere all alike

Enter Lucio and tivo Gentlemen. As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd, Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come But to fine ilues? : nor nature never 3 lends not to composition with the king of Hungary, The smallest scruple of her excellence,

why, then all the dukes fall upon the king. But, like a thrifty goddess, the determines

i Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the Herself the glory of a creditor,

king of Hungary's ! Both thanks and use. But I do hend my speech 2 Gent, Amen. To one that can my part in him advertise 4: Lucio. Thou conclud’st like the sanctimonious Hold therefore Angelo 5 :

pirate, that went to sea with the ten commandIn our remove, be theu at full ourself:

menis, but scrap'd one out of the table. Mortality and mercy in Vienna

2. Gent. Thou thalt not steal ? Live in thy tongue and heart: Old Escalus, Lucio. Ay, that he raz'd. Though first in question, is thy secondary.

i Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to comTake thy commission.

- mand the captain and all the rest from their funcAng. Now, good my lord,

tions; they put forth to steal : There's not a fol. Let there be some more test made of my metal, dier of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat, Before lo noble and so great a figure

doth relish the petition well that prays for peace. Be stamp'd upon it.

2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it. Duke. No more evasion :

Lucia. I believe thee; for, I think, thou never We have with a leaven'd 7 and prepared choice waft where grace was said. Proceeded to you; therefore take your honour's. 2 Gent. No ? a dozen times at least. Our halte from hence is of so quick condition, i Gent. What? in metre? That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd Lucio. In any proportion 10, or in any language, Matters of needful value. We shall write to you, i Gent, I think, or in any religion, As time and our concernings Thall importune, Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despight How it goes with us; and do look to kuow of all controversy : As for example; Thou thyself What doth befall you here. So, fare you well : art a wicked villain, despight of all grace. To the hopeful execution do I leave you

| Gent. Well, there went but a pair of Theers Of your commillions.

between us ir Ang. Yet, give leave, my lord,

Lació. I grant; as there may between the lists That we may bring you something on the way. and the velveț: Thou art the list. Duke. My harte may not admit it;

Gent. And thou the velvet : thou art gaod velNor need you, on mine honour, have to do *** Tvet; thou art a three-pil'd ricce, I warrant thee; I With any scruple : your scope 8 is as mine own ;, had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be pild, $o to inforce, or qualify the laws,

as thou art pil'd, for a French velvet. Do I speak As to your foul seems good. Give me your hand; feelingly now? I'll privily ayyay: I love the people,

Lucia. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most But do not like to stage me to their eyes : Spainful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of chinc

I That is, are not so much thy own property, 2. To great consequences. 3 Two negatives not used to make an affirmative, are common in Siakspeare's plays, 4 That is, one that can inforın kiin felf of that which otherwise it would be my purt to tell him. That is, continue to be Angelo. "Ö That is, first appointed. 9 A lcurened choice means a choice not haily, but confiderate. 9 That is, Your fullness of power. 9 There are metrical graces in the Primers, which probably were used in Shakspeare's time, 10° That is, in any forn. 11 Meaning, we are bath of the same piece.

eWs in confeffion, learn to begin thy health; but,! Clown. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. wirut I live, forget to drink after thee.

Bawd. What, is there a maid with child by him ? i Gal. I think, I have done myself wrong; have Clown. No; but there's a woman with maid by Inst

him: You have not heard of the proclamation, havo : Grai. Yes, that thou halt; whether thou art you? Tainted, or free.

Bard. What proclamation, man? Lid. Behold, behold, where malam Mitigation Clown. All houses in the suburbs of Vienna muft s! I have purchas'd as many diseases under her be pluck'd down.

[city? roof, as come to

Bawd. And what shall become of those in the 2 Gat. To what, I pray?

Clown. They shall stand for seed: they had gone i Gret. Judge.

down too, but that a wife burgher put in for them. 2 Gori. To three thousand dollars ' a year. Brwd. But shall all our houses of resort in the Gues. Ay, and more.

fuburbs S be pull'd down? Lacio. A French crown 2 more.

Clown. To the ground, mistress. 1 Gext. Thou art always figuring diseases ini me: Bawd. Why, here's a' change, indeed, in the bar thou art full of error; I am found.

commonwealth! What shall become of me? Latir. Nay, not, as one would say, healthy; but Clown. Come ; fear not you: good counsellors fo found, things that are hollow: thy bones are lack no clients: though you change your place, you How; impiety has made a feast of thee. need not change your trade; I'll be your tapster Enter Bawd.

still. Courage; there will be pity taken on you : 1 Gad. How now? Which of your hips has the you that have worn your eyes almost out in the ferpoft profound sciatica?

vice, you will be considered. Baad. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster ? and carried to prison, was worth five thousand of Let's withdraw.

1 Clown. Here comes fignior Claudio, led by the 1 Gani. Who's that, I pr'ythee?

provost to prison : and there's madam Joliet. Bawd. Marry, fir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio.

(Exeunt Bawd and Clown. i Gei. Claudio to prison! 'tis not so. Boud. Nay, but I know 'tis ío: I saw him ar

SC EN E III. tested; faw him carry'd away; and, which is Enter Promosi, Claudio, Fuliet, and Officers ; Lucia more, within these three days his head is to be

and iwo Gentlemen. chopp'd off.

Claud. Fellow, why doft thou show me thus to Laria. But, after all this fooling, I would not

the world? bare i to: Art thou sure of this?

Bear me to prison, where I am committed. Buod. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting Prov. I do it not in evil disposition, nadam Julietta with child.

But from lord Angelo by special charge. Lacio Believe me, this may be: he promised to Claud. Thus can the demi-god, authority, heet me two hours fince; and he was ever precise Make us pay down for our offence by weight. in promiso-keeping.

The words of heaven :-on whom it will, it will; 2 Gezi. Besides, you know, it draws something on whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis juft. par to the speech we had to such a purpose. Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio . whence comes

i Gess. But most of all agreeing with the pro- this restraint ? cartation.

1 Claud. From too much liberty,my Lucio, liberty: Lacis. Away; let's go learn the truth of it. I As surfeit is the father of much fast,

[Exeunt. So every scope by the immoderate use Maret Bawd.

| Turns to restraint: Our natures do pursue, Bowd. Thus, what with the war, what with the (Like rats that ravin down their proper bane) heat, what with the gallows, and what with po- A thirsty evil ; and, when we drink, we die. terty, I am custom-shrunk.-How now? what's

tom-lhrunk. How now? what's Lucio. If I could speak so wisely under an arrest, 2 news with you?

I would send for certain of my creditors: And yet, Enter Clown.

to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of Cirze, Yonder man is carry'd to prison | freedom, as the morality of imprisonment.-What's Dowd. Well; what has he done + ?

thy offence, Claudio ? Ce. A woman.

Claud. What, but to speak of, would offend again. Band But what's his offence?

Lurio. What is it? murder?

1 A quibble intended between dollars and dolours. 2 Lucio means bere not the piece of money Scald, but that venereal (cab, which among the furgcons is styled corona Veneris. 3 Alluding probably to the meth d of cure then used for the difcales contracted in brothels. 4 The verb to do, 13 sere ased in a sense now obsoleie, but which the reader will easily guess at from the modırn ap

ca son of the phrase of " undoing a woman," or "a woman's being undone.” Hence the name of {17-fon, which Shakspeare has in this play appropriated to the bawd. 5 Meaning all bawdy-houses, * Lung is an oblolcie word for prey.

Ciau..

Claud. No.

S CE N E IV.
Lucio. Lechery?

A Monastery.
Claud. Call it so.
Prov. Away, fir; you must go.

Enter Duke and Friar Thomas. Claud. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a word Duke. No, holy father; throw away that with you.

thought ; Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. Believe not that the dribbling dart of love Is lechery so look'd after

[tract, Can pierce a compleat bosom : why I desire thee Claud. Thus standsit with me.-Upon a true con- To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose I got poffeffion of Julietta's bed ;

More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends You know the lady ; she is fast my wife,

Of burning youth. Save that we do the denunciation lack

Fri. May your grace speak of it ? Of outward order : this we came not to,

Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you Only for propagation of a dower

How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd4; Remaining in the coffer of her friends ;

And held in idle price to haunt assemblies, From whom we thought it meet to hide our love, Where youth, and coft, and witless bravery keeps. Till time had made them for us. But it chances, I have deliver'd to lord Angelo The stealth of our most mutual entertainment, |(A man of strictures, and firm abstinence) With character too grofs, is writ on Juliet. My absolute power and place here in Vienna, Lucio. With child, perhaps ?

And he supposes me travell'd to Poland; Claud. Unhappily, even fo.

For fo I have strew'd it in the common ear, And the new deputy now for the duke,

And so it is receiv'd: Now, pious fir, Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness ' ; You will demand of me, why I do this? Or whether that the body public be

Fri. Gladly, my lord.

(laws, A horse whereon the governor doth ride,

Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting Who, newly in the seat, that it may know |(The needful bits and curbs for head-strong steeds) He can command, let's it straight feel the spur : Which for these nineteen years we have let neep; Whether the tyranny be in his place,

Even like an o'er-grown lion in a cave, Or in his eminence that fills it up,

That goes not out to prey: Now, as fond fathers I stagger in :--But this new governor

Having bound up the threat'ning twigs of birch, Awakes me all the enrolled penalties, (wall, Only to stick it in their children's fight, Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by the For terror, not to use; in time the rod So long, that nineteen zodiacks have gone round, Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd: so our decrees, And none of them been worn; and, for a name, Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead; Now puts the drowsy and neglected act

And liberty plucks justice by the nose ; Freshly on me :-'tis, surely, for a name. The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart

Lucio. I warrant, it is : and thy head stands fo Goes all decorum. tickle2 on thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if The Fri. It rested in your grace be in love, may sigh it off. Send after the duke, To unloose this ty'd-up justice, when you pleas'd: and appeal to him.

And it in you more dreadful would have seemid, Claud. I have done fo, but he's not to be found. Than in lord Angelo. I proythee, Lucio, do me this kind service: Duke. I do fear, too dreadful : This day my fister should the cloister enter, Sith 'twas my fault to give the people scope, And there receive her approbation :

|'Twould be my tyranny to strike, and gall them, Acquaint her with the danger of my state; For what I bid them do: For we bid this be done, Implore her, in my voice, that the make friends When evil deeds have their permiffive pafs, (father, To the stri&t deputy; bid herself affay him; And not the punishment. Therefore, indeed, my I have great hope in that: for in her youth I have on Angelo impos'd the office; There is a prone 3 and speechless dialect,

Who may, in the ambuth of my name, strike home, Such as moves men; beside, the hath prosperous art And yet, my nature never in the fight When she will play with reason and discourse, To do it slander : And to behold his sway, And well she can persuade.

I will, as 'twere a brother of your order, Lucio. I pray, she may : as well for the encou- Visit both prince and people : therefore, I prythee, ragement of the like, which else would stand un- Supply me with the habit, and instruct me der grievous impofition; as for the enjoying of thy How I may formally in person bear me Life, who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly Like a true friar. More reasons for this action, loft at a game of tick-tack. I'll to her.

At our more leisure shall I render you ; Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio. Only, this one :--Lord Angelo is precise ; Lucio. Within two hours,

Stands at a guard with envy; scarce confeffes Claud. Come, officer, away. [Exeunt. That his blood flows, or that his appetite

1 That is, whether it be the seeming enormity of the action, or the glare of new authority. 2 That is, ticklish. 3 Prone here feems to mean humble. 4 Meaning a life of retirement. s Stri&ture is probably here used for firi&ness. That is, stands on terms of defiance.

roses

Is more to bread than stone: Hence thall we see, Expresseth his full tilth and husbandry. Tuliet? It power change purpose, what our seemers be. | isab. Some one with child by him.-My cousia S CE NE V.

Lucio. Is the your cousin?

[names, Ijab. Adoptedly; as school-maids change their A Nunnery.

By vain though apt affection,
Enter Isabella and Francisca.

Lucio. She it is.
Tjab. And have you nuns no farther privileges ? | Isab. O, let him marry her!
Na. Are not these large enough?

Lucio. This is the point.
Ilah. Yes, truly : I speak not as defiring more; The duke is very strangely gone from hence;
But rather wishing a more strict restraint Bore many gentlemen, myself being one,
Upon the filter-hood, the votarists of faint Clare. In hand, and hope of action 4: but we do learn

Lacis. (Witbin.] Ho! Peace be in this place! By those that know the very nerves of state,
Ifat. Who's that which calls ?

His givings-out were of an infinite distance
Na. It is a man's voice : Gentle Isabella, From his true-meant design. Upon his place,
Tom you the key, and know his business of him; And with full lines of his authority,
You may, I may not ; you are yet unsworn : Governs lord Angelo: A man whose blood
When you have vow'd, you must not speak with Is very snow-broth; one who never feels
But in the presence of the prioress: (men, The wanton stings and motions of the sense;
Then, if you speak, you must not shew your face; But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge
Or, if you thew your face, you must not speak. With profits of the mind, study and fast.
He calls again; I pray you, answer him. | He (to give fear to use and liberty ,

[Exit Franc. Which have, for long, run by the hideous law, ijab. Peace and prosperity! Who is 'i that calls ? Exter Lucio.

Under whose heavy sense your brother's life Lucis. Hail, virgin, if you be ; as those cheek-Falls into forfeit: he arrests him on it;

And follows close the rigour of the statute, Proclaim you are no less! Can you so stead me, To make him an example: all hope is gone, As bring me to the fight of Isabella,

Unless you have the grace? by your fair prayer A notice of this place, and the fair lister

To soften Angelo: and that's my pith 8 To ber unhappy brother Claudio ?

of business 'twixt you and your poor brother, Tab. Why her unhappy brother ? let me afk; Ifaka Doth he so seek his life? The rather, for I now must make you know Lucio. Has cenfur'd 9 him I am that Isabella, and his filter. [greets you : Already; and, as I hear, the provoft hath

Lacio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly A warrant for his execution. Sa to be weary with you, he's in prison.

Ijab. Alas! what poor ability's in me
Lab. Woe me! For what?

[judge, To do him good?
Lacis. For that, which, if myself might be his Lucio. Allay the power you have.
He thould receive his punishment in thanks : Ijab. My power! Alas! I doubt,
He hath got his friend with child.

Lucio. Our doubts are traitors,
Tab. Sir, make me not your story.

And make us lose the good we oft might wing Lucia 'Tis true :-I would not (though 'tis my By fearing to attempt: Go to lord Angelo, familiar fin

And let him learn to know, when maidens fue, With maids to seem the lapwing, and to jest, Men give like gods; but when they weep and kneel, Tongue far from heart) play with all virgins fo : All their petitions are as truly theirs I bold you as a thing ensky'd, and sainted; As they themselves would owe to them. By your renouncement, an immortal spirit;

Isab. I'll see what I can do. And to be talked with in fincerity,

Lucio. But, speedily.
As with a faint...

Isab. I will about it strait;
Tab. You do blaspheme the good, in mocking me. No longer staying but to give the mother "

Lacis. Do not believe it. Fewness and truth, 'tis Notice of my affair. I humbly thank you:
Tour brother and his lover have embrac’d: (thus : Commend me to my brother: soon at night
As those that feed grow full; as blossoming time I'll send him certain word of my success.
* Ther from the seedness the bare fallow brings Lucio. I take my leave of you
To teeming foyfon 3; so her plenteous womb Ijab. Good fir, adieu.

I That is, in few words. 2 For that, we should probably read doth ; and instead of brings, bring. 3 That is, plenty, abundance. 4 The meaning is, he kept many gentlemen in expectation and cependance. That is, full extent. 6 That is, to intimidate pra&ices long countenanced by custom.

Taxt is, the power of gaining favour. & The principal part of my meliage. 9 That is, has fenEsced him. 10 To owe, here signifies, to pollefs, to have. 11 The abbels.

ACT

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· SCENE I.

| people in a common-weal, that do nothing but use Angelo's house. ,

their abuses in common houses, I know no law i

bring them away. Enter Angelo, Escalus, a Jufrice, Provost', and Ang. How now, fir! What's your name and Attendants.

what's the matters Ang ITTE must not make a scare-crow of the Elb. If it please your honour, I am the poor duke's ** law;

conftable, and my name is Elbow; I do lean upon Setting it up to fear the birds of prey,

justice, fir, and do bring in here before your good And let it keep one shape, till custom make it honour two notorious benefactors. Their perch, and not their terror.

| Ang. Benefactors? Well; what benefactors are Escal. Ay, but yet

they are they not malefactors? Let us be keen, and rather cut a little,

Elb. If it please your honour, I know not well Than fall, and bruise to death: Alas! this gentleman, what they are: but precise villains they are, that I Whom I would save, had a most noble father. I am sure of; and void of all profanation in the world, Let but your honour know, (whom I believe that good christians ought to have. To be most strait in virtue)

Escal. This comes ott well 7; here's a wise officer. That, in the working of your own affections,

Ing. Go to: What quality are they of? Elbow is Had time coher'd with place, or place with wishing, your name? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow? Or that the resolute acting of your blood . Clown. He cannot, fir; he's out at elbow 8. Could have attain'd the effect of your own purpose, Ang. He, fir? a tapster, sir; a parcel-bawd 9; one Whether you had not sometime in your life that serves a bad woman; whole house, fir, wa, as Errd in this point which now you censure him 3, they fay, pluck'd down in the suburbs; and now the And pull'd the law upon you..

profelles a hot-house 10, which, I think, is a very Ang. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus, ill house coo. . Another thing to fall. I not deny,

Escal. How know you that? The jury, paling on the prisoner's life,

Elb. My wife, fir, whom I detest before heaven May, in the sworn twelve, have a thief or two and your honour, Guiltier than him they try: What's open made to Esial. How! thy wife? That justice seizes. What know the laws, [justice, Elb. Ay, fır; whom, I thank heaven, is an honest That thieves do país on thieves? 'Tis very pregnant 4, woman; The jewel that we find, we stoop and take it, | Escal. Dost thou detest her, therefore Because we fec it; but what we do not see,

Eib. I say, fır, I will deteft myself also, as well as We tread upon, and never think of it.

fle, that this house, if it be not a bawd's houle, it is You may not so extenuate his offence,

I pity of her life, for it is a naughty house. s For I have had such faults; but rather tell me, Ekal. How doít thou know that, constable? When I that censure him do fo offend,

Elb. Marry, sir, by my wife; who, if she had Let mine own judgment pattern out my death, been a woman cardinally given, might have been And nothing come in partial. Sir, he must die. accused in fornication, adultery, and all uncleanness Efcal. Be it as your wisdom will.

there. Ang. Where is the provoft ?

Escal. By the woman's means ? Prov. Here, if it like your honour.

Elb. Ay, fir, by mistress Over-done's means : Ang. See that Claudio

but as she spit in his face, so the defy'd him. Be executed by nine to-morrow morning:

Clown. Sir, if it please your honour, this is not so. Bring him his confeffor, let him be prepar'd; Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou hoFor that's the utmost of his pilgrimage.

nourable man, prove it.

[Exit Provost. Esial. Do you hear how he misplaces? Escal. Well, heaven forgive him! and forgive us all!

To Angelo. Some rise by fin, and some by virtue fall:

Clown. Sir, she came in great with child; and Some run from brakes of vice", and answer none; longing (saving your honour's reverence) for And some condemned for a fault alone.

tew'd prunes "1 ; fir, we had but two in the house, Enter Elbow, Froth, Clown, Officers, &c. which at that very diftant time stood as it were, Eib. Come, bring them away: if these be good in a fruit-dith, a difh of some three-pence; your

1 The prozolt is usually the executioner of an army. 2 To affright, to terrify. 3 That is, for which you now hlame him. 4 Pregnant here means plain. 5 That is, because. That is, from the thorny paths of vicc. 7. Comes of well, when seriously applied to speech, imports a Story or tale to be well told or delivered. Escalus, however, here uses the phrase ironically. 8 The Clown quibbles on the word elbow ; meaning, he is out at the word elbow, and out at the elbow of his coat. The meaning is, he is half tapiter, half bawd. 10 That is, the keeps a bagnio, 11 A dish of liewed prunes in the window, wis the ancient mark or characteristic, as well as the constant appendage of a brothel.

honour

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