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Lent him our terror, dreft him with our love; Though it do well, I do not relin well
Their loud applause, and Ave's vehement s'
That does affect it. Once more, fare you well. To undergo fuch ample grace and honour,
sing. The heavens give safety to your purposes ! It is lord Angelo.
Ffcal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happiness! Exter Angelo.
Duke. I thank you: Fare you well. [Exit. Duke. Look where he comes.
Escal. I Ihall desire you, sir, to give me leave
To have free speech with you s and it concerns me ring. Always obedient to your grace's will, I conie to know your pleasure.
To look into the bottom of my place : Duke. Angelo,
A rower I have; but of what strength and nature There is a kind of character in thy life,'
I am not yet inftructed.
(ther, That, to the obferver, doth thy history
Ang. 'Tis so with me :-Let us withdraw togeFully unfold: Thyself and thy belongings
And we may foon our satisfaction have Are not thine own so proper', as to waste
Touching that point. Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee.
Escal. I'll wait upon your honour. (Exeuni. Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do ;
S CE NE II. Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues
The Street. Did not go forth with us, 'twere all alike
Enter Lucio ard tvo Gorelemen. As if we had theni not. Spirits are not finely touch'd, Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come But to fine ilues: nur nzure never 3 lends not to composition with the king of Hungary, The smallest feruple of her excellence,
why, then all the dukes fall upon the king. But, like a thrifty goddess, the determines
i Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the Herself the glory of a creditor,
king of Hungary's ! Both thanks and use. But I do hend my speech 2 Gent, Amen. To one that can m; part in him advertise 4 : Lucio. Thou conclud'st like the sanctimonious Hold therefore Angcio ó :
pirate, that went to sea with the ten command. In our remove, be thou at full ourself:
ments, but scrap'd one out of the table. Mortality and mercy in Vienna
2. Gent. Thou shalt not steal ? Live in thy tongue and heart: Old Escalus,
Lucio. Ay, that he raz'd. Though first in question“, is thy secondary. i Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to comTake thy commitsion.
mand the captain and all the rest from their funcAng. Now, good my lord,
tions; they put forth to steal : There's not a sol. Let there be fome more test made of my metal, dier of us all, that, in the thankigiving before meat, Before jo noble and so great a figure
doth relith the petition well that prays for peace. Be stamp'd upon it.
2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it. Duke. No more evafion :
Lucia. I believe ibee; for, I think, thou never We have with a leaven'd 7 and prepared choice waft where grace was said. Proceeded to you; therefore take your honour's. 2 Gint. No? a dozen times at leaft. Our hafte from hence is of so quick condition,
I Gent. What ? in metre? That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd Lucio. In any proportion !0, or in any language. Matters of ncedful value. We shall write to you,
i Girit, I think, or in any religion, As time and our convernings Thall importune, Lucio. Ay! wliy not? Grace is grace, despight How it goes with us; and do look to kuow of all controversy: As for example; Thou thyself What doth befall you here. So, fare you well: art a wicked villain, despight of all grace. To the hopeful execution do I leave you
i Gent. Well, there went but a pair of theers Of your commiilions.
between us !! Ang. Yet, give leare, my lord,
L:<ció. I grant; as there may between the lists That we may bring you something on the way. and the velvet: Thou art the lift. Duke. My hafte may not admit it;
i Gért. And thou the velvet : thou art gaod velNor need you, on mine honour, have to do vet; thou art a three-pil'd picce, I warrant thee; I With any scruple : your scope S is as mine own; had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be pild, So to inforce, or qualify the laws,
as thou art pil'd, for a French velvet. Do I speak As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand; feelingly now? I'll privily away: I love the people,
Luig. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most But do not like to Itage me to their eyes : painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thing
I That is, are not so much thy own property, 2 To great consequences. 3 Two negatives not used to make an affirmative, are comm in in Slakpeare's plays. 4. That is, one that can inform kiafily or that which otherwise it would be my part in tell him. $ That is, continue to be
Ő That is, first appointed. ? A louered choice means a choice not haiły, but confi. derate. g Tiiat is, Your fullocs of power. 9 There are meirical graces in the Primers, which probably were used in Shakspeare's cinc, 10. That is, in any fora,
"! Meaning, we are bath of the same picce.
on confeffion, learn to begin thy health; but, Clown. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. WTH. Ilive, forget to drink after thee.
B.swd. What is there a maid with child by him ? I Gear. I think, I have done myself wrong; have Clown. No; but there's a woman with maid by I not?
him: You have not heard of the proclamation, havo :Gsi. Yes, that thou haft; whether thou art you? taireed, or free.
Barud. What proclamation, man? Lu. Behold, behold, where madam Mitigation Clown. All houses in the suburbs of Vienna mult Cons! I have purchas'd as many diseases under her be pluckd down.
[city? To, come tom
Bawd. And what shall become of those in the 2 Gost. To what, I pray?
Clown. They shall ítand for seed: they had gone iG.4. Judge.
down too, but that a wife burgher put in for them. 26.1. To three thousand dollars ' a year. Bard. But shall all our houles of rcfort in the i Guet. Ay, and more.
suburbs S be pull'd down? 2. A French crown 2 more.
Clown. To the ground, mistress. 1 Grut. Thou art always figuring diseases it me: Bawd. Why, here's a' change, indeed, in the bat thou are full of error; I am found.
commonwealth! What shall become of me? Li. Nay, not, as one would say, healthy; but Clown. Come ; fear not you: good counsellors In cund, as things that are hollow: thy bones are lack no clients: though you change your place, you Elbow; impiety has made a feaft of thee. need not change your trade; I'll be your tapiter Eater Bawd.
itill. Courage; there will be pity taken on you : I Gz. How now? Which of your hips has the you that have worn your eyes almost out in the ferna profound sciatica?
vice, you will be considered. Baad. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster ? ad carried to prison, was worth five thousand of Let's withdraw.
Clown. Here comes signior Claudio, led by the 1 Gart. Who's that, I pr’ythee?
provost to prison : and there's madam Julet. Brood. Marry, fir, that's Claudio, lignior Claudio.
[Exeunt Bawd and Clown. I Gezi. Ciaudio to prison! 'tis not so.
S CE N E III. Bad Way, but I know 'tis so: I saw him arSeited; saw him carry'd away; and, which is Enter Prowoli, Claudio, Juliet, and Oficers ; Lucio core, within these three days his head is to be
and two Gentlemen. chopped off.
Claud. Fellow, why doit thou show me thus to Laz. Bui, after all this fooling, I would not
the world? e to: Art thou sure of this?
Bear me to prison, where I am committed. But I am tvo sure of it: and it is for getting Prov. I do it not in evil disposition, Cum julietta with child.
But from lord Angelo by special charge. 29. Believe me, this may be: he promised to Claud. Thus can the demi-god, authority, Tret me two hours fince; and he was ever precise Mike us pay down for our ottence by weight. in promise-keeping.
The words of heaven :-on whom it will, it will; : Gezi. Belides, you know, it draws someching On whom it will not, so ; yet still 'tis jutt. en to the speech we had to such a purpose. Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio . whence comes
i Ges. But most of all agreeing with the pro- this restraint ? duration
Claud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty: Lasia. Away; let's go learn the truth of it. As surfeit is the father of much fast,
[Exeunt. So every scope by the immoderate use Manet Bawd.
Turns to restraint: Our natures do pursue, Bowl. Thus, what with the war, what with the (Like rats that ravino down their proper bane) Rets, what with the gallows, and what with po- A thirsty evil ; and, when we drink, we die. tary, I am cultom-lhrunk.-How now? what's Luvio. If I could speak fo wisely under an arrest, Le news with you!
I would send fur certain of my creditors: And yet, Enter Clown.
to tay the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of Cz. Yonder man is carry'd to prison freedom, as the morality of imprisonment.-What's b. Well; what has he done 4 ?
thy offence, Claudio ? C. A woman.
Cloud. What, but to speak of, would offend again Bad But what's his offence ?
Lurie. What is it? murder?
" A quibble intended between dollars and dolours, 2 Lucio means bere not the piece of money 651d, but that venereal icab, which among the surgeons is styled corona Veneris..
3 Alluding pour to the meth d of cure then uled for the dilcales contracted in brothels. 4 The verb to do, 3 used in a fenfe now oblok ie, but which the reader will easily guess at from the modırn ap
son of the phrase of “ undoing a woman," or“ a woman's being undone.” Hence the name of ***, which Shakspeare has in this play appropriaied to the bawd. s Meaning all bawdy-houtes, 23 is an oblolcie word for prey.
SCENE IV. Lucio. Lechery?
A Monastery. Claud. Call it fo.
Enter Duke and Friar Thomas. Prov. Away, fir; you must go. Claud. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a word Duke. No, holy father; throw away that
thought ;Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. Believe not that the dribbling dart of love Is lechery fo look'd after?
[tract, Can pierce a compleat bolom : why I desire thee
More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends
Fri. May your grace speak of it?
Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you Only for propagation of a dower
How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd 4; Remaining in the coffer of her friends ;
And held in idle price to haunt assemblies, From wbom we thought it meet to hide our love, Where youth, and coft, and witless bravery keeps. Till time had made them for us. But it chances, I have deliver'd to lord Angelo The stealth of our most mutual entertainment, (A man of strictures, and firm abstinence) With character too gross, is writ on Juliet. My absolute power and place here in Vienna, Lucia. With child, perhaps ?
And he supposes me travellid to Poland;
For so I have strew'd it in the common ear,
Fri. Gladly, my lord.
[laws, A horse whereon the governor doth ride,
Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting Who, newly in the seat, that it may know (The needful bits and curbs for head-strong steeds) He can command, let's it straight feel the spur : Which for these nineteen years we have let Neep; Whether the tyranny be in his place,
Even like an o'er-grown lion in a cave, Or in his eminence that fills it up,
That goes not out to prey: Now, as fond fathers I stagger in :--But this new governor
Having bound up the threat'ning twigs of birch, Awakes me all the enrolled penalties, (wall, Only to stick it in their children's fight, Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by the For terror, not to use; in time the rod So long, that nineteen zodiacks have gone round, Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd: so our decrees, And none of them been worn; and, for a name, Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead; Now puts the drowsy and neglected act And liberty plucks justice by the nose ; Freshly on me :-'tis, surely, for a name. The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart
Lucio. I warrant, it is : and thy head stands fo Goes all decorum. tickle2 on thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if the Fri. It rested in your grace be in love, may sigh it off. Send after the duke, To unloose this ty’d-up justice, when you pleas'd:, and appeal to him.
And it in you more dreadful would have seemid,
'Twould be my tyranny to Itrike, and gall them,
Who may, in the ambulh of my name, strike home, Such as moves men; beside, the hath prosperous art And yet, my nature never in the fight When she will play with reason and discourse, To do it Nander : And to behold his sway, And well she can persuade.
I will, as 'twere a brother of your order, Lucio. I pray, she may : as well for the encou- Visit both prince and people : therefore, I pr'ythee, ragement of the like, which else would stand un- Supply me with the habit, and instruct me der grievous impofition; as for the enjoying of thy How I may formally in person bear me life, who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly Like a true friar. More reasons for this action, lost at a game of tick-tack. I'll to her.
At our more leisure shall I render you ; Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio. Only, this one :--Lord Angelo is precise ; Lucie. Within two hours,
Stands at a guard with envy; scarce confesses Claud. Come, officer, away. [Exeunt. That his blood flows, or that his appetite
1 That is, whether it be the seeming enormity of the action, or the glare of new authority. 2 That is, ticklish. 3 Prone here seems to mean humble. 4 Meaning a life of retirement. Stricture is probably here used for fri&ness. 6 That is, stands on terms of defiance.
Is more to bread than stone : Hence shall we see, Expresseth his full tilth and husbandry. (Juliet? If power change purpose, what our seemers be. Ijab. Some one with child by him :-My cousin S CE NE V.
Lucio. Is the your cousin?
(names, Ijab. Adoptedly; as school-maids change their A Notery.
By vain though apt affection,
Lucio. She it is.
Lucio. This is the point.
Lacis. [Wurbin.] Ho! Peace be in this place! By those that know the very nerves of state,
His givings-out were of an infinite distance
[Exit Franc. Which bave, for long, run by the hideous law, Ijab. Peace and prosperity! Who is'i that calls ? As mice by lions) hath pick'd out an act, Enter Lucio.
Under whose heavy sense your brother's life Lais. Hail, virgin, if you be ; as those cheek- Falls into forfeit: he arrests him on it; roíes
And follows close the rigour of the statute, Prodaim you are no less! Can you so stead me, To make him an example: all hope is gone, As bring me to the fight of Isabella,
Unless you have the grace 7 by your fair prayer A norice of this place, and the fair lister To soften Angelo: and that's my pith To ber unhappy brother Claudio ?
Of business ’twixt you and your poor brother. l'ab. Why her unhappy brother ? let me ask; Ffaba Doth he so seek his life? The rather, for I now must make you know Lucio. Has censur'd 9 him I am that Isabela, and his sister. [greets you : Already; and, as I hear, the provost hath
Lacio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly A warrant for his execution. Sot to be weary with you, he's in prison.
Isab. Alas! what poor ability 's in me 1f3b. Woe me! For what?
(judge, To do him good ?
Lucio. Our doubts are traitors, 125. Sir, make me not your story.
And make us lose the good we oft might win, Lucia 'Tis true :-I would not (though 'tis my By fearing to attempt: Go to lord Angelo, familiar sin
And let him learn to know, when maidens fue, Wh mads to seem the lapwing, and to jest, Men give like gods; but when they weep and kneel, Tungua far from heart ) play with all virgins fo: All their petitions are as truly theirs i nid you as a thing entky'd, and sainted; As they themselves would owe lo them. By your renouncement, an immortal fpirit; Ijab. I'll see what I can do. And to be talked with in sincerity,
Lucio. But, speedily. As with a lain..
Isab. I will about it strait;
Luis. Do not believe it. Fewness? and truth, 'tis Notice of my affair. I humbły thank you:
I That is, in few words. 2 For that, we should probably read doth; and instead of brings, kring. 3 That is, plenty, abundance. 4 The meaning is, he kept many gentlemen in expectation and cosesdance. That is, full extent. 6 That is, to intimidate practices long countenanced by custom.
Toat is, the power of gaining favour. & The principal part of my metsage. 9 That is, has fena aced tuim. 1. To owe, here signifies, to poless, to have. 11 The abbels.
S CE N E I.
people in a common-weal, that do nothing but use Angelo's house.
their abuses in common houses, I know no law :
bring them away. Enter Angelo, Escalus, a fuffice, Provost', and
Ang. How now, sir! What's your name and Attendanti.
what's the matter? E must not make a scare-crow of the Elb. If it pleale your honour, I am the poor duke's Jaw;
conftable, and my name is Elbow; I do lean upon Setting it up to fear the birds of prey,
justice, sir, and do bring in here before your good And let it keep one shape, till custom make it honour two notorious benefactors. Their perch, and not their terror.
Ang. Benefactors? Well; what benefactors are Escal. Ay, but yet
they · are they not malefactors? Let us be keen, and rather cut a little,
Elb. If it please your honour, I know not well Than fall, and bruise to death: Alas! this gentleman, what they are: but precise villains they are, that I Whom I would save, had a moft noble father. am sure of; and void of all profanation in the world, Let but your honour know, (whom I believe that good christians ought to have. To be most strait in virtue)
Efcal. This comes ott well 7; here's a wise officer. That, in the working of your own affections, ring. Go to: What quality are they or ? Elbow is Had time coher'd with place, or place with withing, your name? Why duit thou not speak, Elbow? Or that the resolute acting of your blood
Clown. He cannor, sir; he's out at elbows. Could have attain'd the effect of your own purpose, Ang. He, fır? a tapiter, fir; a parcel-bawdo; one Whether you had not sometime in your life that serves a bad woman; whole house, sir, wn, as Err'd in this point which now you censure him 3, they fay, pluck'd down in the suburbs; and now the And pull'd the law upon you.
profelles a hot-house 19, which; I think, is a very Ang. 'Tis one thing to he tempted, Escalus,
ill house too. Another thing to fall. I not deny,
Ffoal. How know you that? The jury, paning on the prisoner's life,
Elb. My wife, fir, whom I detest before heaven May, in the sworn twelve, have a thief or two and your honour,Guiltier than him they try: What's open made to Efial. How! thy wife? That justice seizes. What know the laws, (justice, Elb. Ay, fir; whom, I thank heaven, is an honest That thieves do pass on thieves ? 'Tis very pregnant+, woman ;The jewel that we tinkl, we atoop and take it, Ejcal. Dort thou detest her, therefore? Because we see it; but what we do not see, Eib. I say, fır, I will deteit myself alív, as well as We tread upon, and never think of it.
flie, that this house, if it be not a bawd's houle, it is You may not to extemate his oftence,
pity of her life, for it is a naughty houte. s For I have had iuch faults; but rather tell me, Ekial. How dost thou know that, constable? When I that censure him do fo oflend,
Elb. Marry, sir, by my wite; who, if Ine huid Let mino own judgment pattern out my death, been a woman cardinally given, might have been And nothing come in partial. Sir, he must die. accused in fornication, dultery, and all uncleanness Escal. Be it as your wisdom will.
there. Ang. Where is the provost?
Escal. By the woman's means? Prov. Here, if it like your honour.
Elb. Ay, fır, by mítreís Over-done's means : Ang. See that Claudio
but as the spii in his face, so the defy'd him. Be executed by nine to-morrow morning:
Clown. Sir, if it pleate your honour, this is not so. Bring him his confeflor, let him be prepar'd; Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou hoFor that's the utmost of his pilgrimage.
nourable man, prove it.
[Exit Provoft. Ejal. Do you hear how he misplaces? Escal. Well, heaven forgive him! and forgive us all!
[To Angelo. Some rise by fin, and some by virtue fali:
Clown. Sir, she came in great with child; and Some run from brakes of vice", and answer none; longing (saving your honour's reverence) for And fome condemned for a fault alone.
itew'd prunes "T; sir, we had but two in the house, Enter Ilbow, Froth, Clown, Oficers, &c. which at that very diftant time itood as it were, Eib. Come, bring them away: if these be good in a fruit-dith, a dith of some three-pence; your
1 The protaff is usually the executioner of an army, 2 To afright, to terrify. 3 That is, for which you now blame him. 4 Pregnant here means plain. S That is, because. 6 That is, from the thorny paths of vice. 7. Comes off will, when seriously applied to speech, iinports a story or tale to be waliold or delivered. Elcalus, however, here uses the phrase ironically. *8 The Clown quibbles on the word elbow ; meaning, he is cut at the word elbow, and out at the elbow of his coat. 9 The meaning is, he is half rapiter, halt bawd. 10 That is, the keeps a bagnio. 11 A difh of secured prunes in the window, wis the ancient mark or characteristic, as well as the constant appendage of a brothel.