Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

KING HENRY IV!

PERSONS REPRESENTED,

King Henry the Fourtb.

Sir Walter BLUNT. HEYRY, Prince of Wales, I come to the Kine.

Sir John FALSTAFF. John, Duke 2 of Lancaster. { fons to the King,

Poins. Earl of WORCESTER.

GADSHILL. Earl of NORTHUMBERLAND.

Peto.
HENRY Percy, furnamed HOTSPUR.

BARDOLPH,
EDMUND MORTIMER, Earl of Marche
SCROOP, Srebbishop of York.

Lady Percy, wife to Hosfpur, Sister to Mortimer. ARCHIBALD, Earl of Douglas.

Lady Mortimer, daugbter to Glendower, and Owen GLENDOWER.

wife to Mortimer. Sir RICHARD VERNON.

QUICKLY, boftejs of a tavern in Eaficheap. Earl of WESTMORELAND. Sheriff, Vintner, Chamberlain, Drawers, two Carriers, Travellers, and Attendants, &c.

SCE N E, England.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

8 CENE I.

To be commenc'd in (tronds afar remote.

No more the thirsty entrance of this ioil
The Court in London.

Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood; Erler King Henry, Earl of Westmoreland, Sir Walter No more shall trenching war channel her fields, Bluns, and others.

Nor bruise her flowrets with the armed hoofs K. Henry. Co shaken as we are, so wan with care, Of hostile paces : those opposed eyes,

Find we a time for frighted peace to Which,---like the meteors of a troubled heaven, pant,

| All of one nature, of one substance bred, And breathe short-winded accents of new broils | Did lately meet in the intestine shock

1 The transactions contained in this historical drama are comprised within the period of about ten months; for the action commences with the news brought of Ho:spur having defeated the Scots under Archibald earl Douglas at Holmedon (or Halidown-hill), which battle was fought on Holyrood, day (the 14th of September) 1402 ; and it closes with the defeat and death of Hotspur at Shrewsbu. ry ; which engagement happened on Saturday the 21st of July (the eve of Saint Mary Magdalen) in the year 1403. Dr, Johnson remarks, that " Shakspeare has apparently deligned a regular connection of these dramatic histories from Richard the Second to Henry the Fifth. King Henry, at the end of Richard the Second, deelares his purpose to visit the Holy Land, which he resumes in this speech. The complaint made by king Henry in the last act of Richard the Second, of the wildness of his son, prepares the reader for the frolicks which are here to be recounted, and the characters which are now to be exhibited.” 2 Mr. Steevens says, it should be Prince John of Lancaster, and adds, that the persons of the drama were originally collected by Mr. Rowe, who has given the title of Duke of Lancaster to Prince John, a mistake which Shakspeare has been no where guilty of in the first part of this play, though in the second he has fallen into the same error. K. Henry IV. was bimself the last person that ever bore the title of Duke of Lancaster. But all his sons ('till they had peerages, as Clarence, Bedford, Gloucester) were distinguished by the name of the royal house, as

John of Lancaster, Humphry of Lancaster, &c. and in that proper Ityle, the present fohn (who became afterwards so illustrious by the title of Duke of Bedford) is always mentioned in the play before us.

And And furious close of civil butcher,

The earl of Douglas is discomfited ; Shall now, in mutual, well-beseeming ranks, Ten thousand bold Scots, two and twenty knights, March all one way; and be no more opposid Balk'd 6 in their own blood, did fir Walter see Against acquaintance, kindred, and allies : On Holmedon's plains: Of prisoners, Hotspur took The edge of war, like an ill-theathed knife, Mordake the earl of Fife, and eldest son No more thall cut his master. Therefore, friends, To beaten Douglas; and the earls As far as to the fepulchre of Christ,

Of Athol, Murray, Angus, and Menteith. (\Vhose soldier now, ander whose blefied cross And is not this an honourable spoi!? - We are impressed and engag'd to fight)

Agollant prize! ha, cousin, is it not!
Forthwith a power of English Inell we levy'; Weft. 'Faith, 'tis a conquest for a prince to boast of.
Whose arms were moulded in their mothers' wombs K. Henry. Yea, there thou mak'It me sad, and
To chase these pagans, in those holy fields,

mak'ít me fn.
Over whose acres walk'd those bleired fect, In envy that my lord Northumberland
Which, fourteen hundred years ago, were naild, Should be the father of so blest a fon:
For our advantage, on the bitter cross.

A fon, who is the theme of honour's tongue ; But this our purpose is a twelve-month old, Amongst a grove, the very straitest plant; And bootless 'tis to tell you-we will go,

Who is sweet fortune's minion, and her pride : Therefore we meet not now :-Then let me hear Whilft I, by looking on the praise of him, Of you, my gentle coufin Westmoreland,

See riot and cithonour ftain the brow What yesternight our council did decree, Of my young Harry. O, that it could be provid, In forwarding this dear expedience 2.

That some night-tripping fairy had exchang'd Weft. My liege, this haste was hot in question, In cradle-cloths our children where they lay, And many limits 3 of the charge fet down

And call'd roine-Percy, his-Plantagenet ! But yesternight : when, all athwart, there come Then would I have his Harry, and he mine. A post from Wales, loaden with heavy news ; But let him from my thoughts : What think Whose worst was that the noble Mortimer,

you, coz, Leading the men of Herefordshire to fight of this young Percy's pride? The prisoners, Against the irregular and wild Glendower, Which he in this adventure hath surpriz'd, Was by the rude hands of that Welchman taken, To his own use he keeps 7; and sends me word, And a thousand of his people butchered :

I shall have none but Mordike earl of Fife 8. Upon whose dead corps there was such misuse, Weft. This is his uncle's teaching, this is WorSuch beastly, shameless transformation,

Malevolent to you in all aspects; (cefter, By those Welshwomen done, as may not be, Which makes him prune 9 himself, and brittle up Without much thame, retold or spoken of. broil The crest of youth against your dignity.

K. Henry. It seems then that the tidings of this K. Henry. But I have sent for him to answer this; | Brake off our business for the Holy Land. [lord; And, for this cause, awhile we must neglect

Weft. This, match' with other, did, my gracious Our holy purpose to Jerusalim.
For more uneven and unwelcome news

Coufili, on Wednesday next mur council we
Came from the north, and thus it did import. Will hold at Windsor, fo inform the lords :
On Holy-rood day, the gallant Hotípur + there, But come yourself with speed to us again ;
Young Harry Percy, and brave Archibald 5, For more is to be said, and to be done,
That ever-valiant and approved Scot,

| Than out of anger can be uttered. At Holmedon met,

Weft. I will, my liege.

(Exeant. Where they did ipend a sad and bloody hour; As by diícharge of their artillery,

S CE NE II. Andhape of likelihood, the news was told;

An apartment belonging to the Prince. For he that brought it, in the very heat

Enter llenry, Prince of Wales, and Sir Ybn Falff. And price of their contention did take horse, Fal. Now, Hal, what time of day is it, lad? Uncertain of the issue any way.

[friend, P. Henry. Thou art fo fat-witted, with drinking K. Hory. Here is a dear and true-industrious of old fack, and unbuttoning thee after fupper, and Sir Walter Blunt, new lighted from his horse, neeping upon benches after noon, that thou hast Stain'd with the variation of each soil

fórgotten to demand that truly which thou would'st Betwixt that Holmedon and this seat of ours; truly know. What a devil haft thou to do with And he hath brought us smooth and welcome news. the time of the day ? unless hours were cups of fack,

i Mr. Steevens proposes to read lead for ledy. 2i. e. expedition. 3 Limits for eflinates. 4 Holinshed in his History of Scotland says, “ This Harry Percy was surnamed, for his often pricking, Henry Hotfour, as one that seldom times refled, if there were anie service to be done abroad.” S Aichibald Douglas, earl Douglas. 6 A baik signifies a bank or hill. Balk'd in their own blood, may therefore mean, lay in heaps or hillocks, in their own blood. 7 Mr. Toilet observes, that by the law of armis, cicly man who had taken any captive, whose redemption did not exceed ten thousand crowns, had him clound; for himselt, either to a €uit or ransom, at his pleasure. 8 Whom (Mr. Steevens adds) Percy could not refuse to the king, as being a prince of ihe blood royal, (son to the duke of Albany, brother to king Robert III.) and whom Henry might juitly claim by his acknowledged m iary prerogative. 9 Dr. Johusón fàys, to prune and to flume, Ipoken of a bird, is the same.

And and minutes capons, and clocks the tongues of thy quips, and thy quiddities? what a plague have bawds, and dials the signs of leaping-houses, and I to do with a buff jerkin ? the blefied sun himself a fair hot wench in flame- P. Henry. Why, what a pox have I to do with colour'd taffata; I see no reason, why thou should'ft my hofters of the tavern ? be fo fuperfluous to demand the time of the day. Ful. Well, thou hast call'd her to a reckoning,

Fal. Indeed, you come near me now, Hal : for many a time and oft. we, that take purses, go by the moon and seven P. Henry. Did I ever call thee to pay thy part ? Pars; and not by Pha:bus,-he, that wand'ring Fal. No ; I'll give thee thy due, thou hast paid knigbi jo fair. And, I pray thee, tweet wag, all there. when thou art king,--as, God save thy grace, P. Henry. Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin (majefty, I should lay ; for grace thou wilt have would stretch ; and, where it would not, I have none.)-

usd my credit. P. Henry. What! none ?

Ful. Yea, and so usd it, that, were it not here apFal. No, by my troth ; not so much as will parent that thou art heir apparent,-But, I prv, serve to be prologue to an egg and butter. thee, sweet wag, shall there be gallows standing in

P. Henry. Well, how then ? come roundly, England when thou art king ? and refolution thus roundly.

fobb’d as it is, with the rafty curb of old father an Fal. Marry, then, sweet wag, when thou art stick the law ? Do not thou, when thou art king, king, let not us, that are squires of the night's bo-hang a thief. dy, be call'd thieves of the day's beauty '; let us P. Henry. No; thou shalt. be Diana's foresters, gentlemen of the Thade, Fal. Shall 1 ? O rare! By the Lord, I'll be a minions of the moon : And let men say, we be brave judge. men of good government; being governed as the P. Henry. Thou judgest false already : I mean, sea is, by our noble and chalte mitress the moon, thou shalt have the hanging of the thieves, and so under whole countenance we- steal.

become a rare hangman. P. Henry. Thou say'st well; and it boids well! Fal. Well, Hal, well; and in some fort it jumps con : for the fortune of us, that are the moon's with my humour, as well as waiting in the court, men, doth ebb and flow like the sea; being so- I can tell you. vernd as the sea is, by the moon. As for proof, P. Henry. For obtaining of suits 5? now: A purse of gold most refolutely snatch'd on Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits s; whereof the Monday night, and moft diffolutely spent on Tuef- hangman hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as day morning ; got with swearing-lay by 2 ; and melancholy as a gib cat, or a lugg'd bear. spent with crying-bring in : now, in as low an P. Henry. Or an old lion ; or a lover's lute. ebb as the foot of the ladder; and, by and by, in Fal. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe. as high a flow as the ridge of the gallows. I P. Henry. What fay'st thou to a hare7, or the

Fal. By the Lord, thou fay'st true, lad. And is melancholy of Moor-ditch 8? not my hoftefs of the tavern a most sweet wench? Fal. Thou hast the most unfavoury fimilies; and

P. Henry. As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of art, indeed, the most comparative, rascalliest,the castle 3. And is not a buff jerkin a most sweet sweet young prince,But, Hal, I prythee, trouble robe of durance 4?.

me no more with vanity. I would to God, thou Ful. How now, how now, mad wag? what, in and I knew where a commodity of good names

1 Mr. St’evens is of opinion, that our poet, by the expression thieves of the dry's beauty, meant only, 6 Let no! us who are body Squires to the night, i. e. adorn the night, be called a diszraie to the day.” He afterwards adds, that a squire of the body fignified originally, the attendant on a knight; the perfon, who bore his head-piece, spear, and thield; and that it became afterwards the cantierm for å pirap. 2 i. e. fwcar.ng at the passengers they robbed, lay ly your arms; or rather, lay by was a potafé lindo then hgnhed jiand fill, addretled to those who were preparing to rush forward. 3. Warburton, in om n ing upon this pailuge, says, “ This alludes to the name Shakspcare first gave to this buftoon character, which was in John Oldcaille; and when he changed the name he forgot to strike out this expression that alluded to it. T reason of the change was this : Onc fir Joha Oldcastle having futtered in the one of Henry the Fifth for the opinions of Wicklii, it gave offence, and therctir: the poet altered it to Falstaff.” Mr. Steevens, however, has, we think, very fully and satisfactorily proved that fir John Oldcastle was not a character ever introduced by Shakspeare, nor did he ever occupy the place of Falltaff. The play in which Oldcaftle's name occurs, was not, accordin; to Mr. Steevens, the work of our poci, but a defpicable piece, prior to that of Shakspeare, full or ribaldry and impicey from the beginning to the end ; and was probably the play sneeringly alluded to in the epilogue to the Second Part of Henry IV.- for Oldcastle died a martyr.. 4 The ines rill's officers of thorasimes were ciud in buff! The mcaming therefore of this answer of the Prince to falllati's question is, " whether it will not be a sweet thing to go to prison by running in debt to this swept wench." S Shakspeare here quibbles upon the word fuit. The prince uses it to mean a petition; Falstaff, ao imply a suit of clouchs. 61. e. an old he-cat, Gilbert, 'or Gib, being the name form.lv appropriated to a cat of the male species. 7 Dr. Johnson lay's, that "a hurt may be conldused as melancholy, because she is upon her form always folitary; and accordi; to tie phyfick of the times, the flc in of it was supposed to generate melancholy. & Alluding, perliaus, '.) ine melancholy appcarance of its fagnant water. 9 i. c. the most quick atcomparisors.

were

were to be bought : An old lord of the council good fellowship in thee, nor thou cam'ft not of rated me the other day in the street about you, fir; the blood royal, if thou dar'st not stand for ten but I mark'd him not : and yet he talk'd very thillings. wisely; but I regarded him not: and yet hel P. Henry. Well then, once in my days I'll be a talk'd wisely, and in the street too.

mad-car. P. Henry. Thou didst well; for wisdom cries out Fal. Why, that's well said. in the streets, and no man regards it.

1 P. Henry. Well, come what will, I'll tarry at Fal. O, thou hast damnable iteration'; and art, hoine. indeed, able to corrupt a faint. Thou hast donc Fal. By the Lord, I'll be a traitor then, when much harın upon me, Hal,--God forgive thee for it! thou art king. Before I knew thee, Hal, I knew nothing; and P. Henry, I care not. now am I, if a man should speak truly, little better Poins. Sir John, I pr’ythee, leave the prince than one of the wicked. I must give over this and me alone; I will say him down such reasons life, and I will give it over ; by the Lord, an I do for this adventure, that he shall go. not, I am a villain ; I'll be damnd for never a Fal. Well, may'st thou have the spirit of perking's fon in Christendom

suasion, and he the ears of profiting, that what P. Henry. Where shall we take a purse to thou speakest may move, and what he hears may morrow, Jack ?

be belie:ed, that the true prince may (for recreaFal. Where thou wilt, lad, I'll make one; an Istion fake) prove a false thief; for the poor abuses do not, call me villain, and baffle 2 me.

of the time want countenance. Farewel: You P. Henry. I see a good amendment of life in thal} find me in East-cheap. thee; from praying, to purse-taking.

1 P. Ilenry. Farewel, chou latter spring! farewel, Fal, Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal; 'tis no All-hallown 3 summer!

[Frie Falliaffi fin for a man to labour in his vocation. Poins !~ Poins. Now, my good sweet honey lord, ride Now shall we know, if Gads-hill have set a match. with us to-morrow; I have a jett to execute, that 0, if men were to be (ar'd by merit, what hole in I cannot manage alone. Faltaff, Bardolph, Peto, hell were hot enough for him?

and Gads-hill, shall rob those men that we have Enter Poins.

already way-laid ; yourself and I will not be This is the most omnipotent villain, that ever cry'd, there : and when they have the booty, if you and Stand, to a true man.

I do not rob them, cut this head from my P. llenry. Good morrow, Ned.

Thoulders. Poins. Good morrow, sweet Hal.-What says P. Henry. But how shall we part with them in monsieur Remorse? What says Sir John Sack-and-setting forth? Sugar ? Jack, how agrees the devil and thee about Poins. Why, we will set forth before or after thy foul, that thou soldest him on Good Friday them, and appoint them a place of meeting, wherelast, for a cup of Madeira, and a cold capon's leg? in it is at our pleasure to fail ; and then will they

P. Henry. Sir John stands to his word, the desil adventure upon the exploit themselves : which Mall have his bargain ; for he was never yet a they shall have no sooner atchieved, but we'll set breaker of proverbs, He will give the devil his due. upon them.

Poins. Then art thou damnd for keeping thy P. Henry. Ay, but, 'tis like, that they will word with the devil.

know us, by our horses, by our habits, and by P. Heny. Else he had been damn'd for cozening every other appointment, to be ourselves. the devil.

1 Poins. Tut! our horses they shall not see, I'll Poins. But my lads, my las, to-morrow morn- tie them in the wood; our visors we will change, ing, by four o'clock, early at Gads-hill : There are after we leave them; and, firrah, I have cases of pilgrims going to Canterbury with rich offerings, buckram for the nonce“, to imrask our noted and traders riding to London with fat purtes: I outward garments. have visors for you all, you have horses for your- P. Henry. But, I do:ht, they will be too hard felves : Gads-hill lies to-night in Rochester ; I have for us. bespoke supper to-morrow night in East-cheap ;! Poui l, for two of them, I know them to we may do it as fecure as leep: If you will go, I be as true-brol cowards as ever curn'a back; and will stuff your purses full of crowns; if you will for the third, if he fight longer than he fees reason, not, tarry at home, and be hang'a.

I'll forfwear arms. The virtue of this jest will be, Fal. Jlear ye, Yedward; if I tarry at home, the incomprehensible lies that this lime fat rogue and go not, I'll hang you for going.

will tell us, when we meet at fupper: tow thirty, Poins. You will, chups ?

at least, he fought with ; what wards, what blows, Fal. Hal, wilt thou make one?

what extremities he endured; and in the reproofs P. Henry. Who, I rob? I a thief ? Not I, by of this lies the just. my faith.

P. Henry. Well, I'll go with thee: provide us Fal. There's neither honesty, manhood, norlall things neceffary, and meet me to-morrow night

I The meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is, thou hast a wicked brick of repeating and applye inz haly'i exis ; aliuding to the prince having said in the preceding speech, wiluoma cries out, &c. 2 See pole 2, p. 415. 31. e. 41-funis' day, which is the first of November. Shakspeare's allusion is designed to ridicule an old man with youthful pallious. Hic Spribe occasion. fic. confuluion.

in East-cheap, there I'll fup. Farewel.

Were, as he says, not with such strength deny'd Poins. Farewel, my lord.

(Exit Poins. As is deliver'd to your majesty :
P. Henry. I know you all, and will a while up- Either envy, therefore, or misprision
The unyok'd humour of your idleneis: (hold is guilty of this fault, and not my son.
Yet herein will I imitate the sun;

Hoi. My liege, I did deny no prisoners.
Who doth permit the base contagious clouds But, I remember, when the fight was done,
To smother ap his beauty from the world, When I was dry with rage, and extreme toil,
That, when he please again to be himself, Breathless and faint, leaning upon my sword,
Being wanted, he may be more wonder'd at, Came there a certain lord, neat, and trimly dress d,
By breaking through the foul and ugly mists Fresh as a bridegroom ; and his chin, new reap'd,
Of vapours, that did seem to 1trangle him. Shew'd like a stubble land at harvest-home :
If all the year were playing holidays,

He was perfumed like a milliner ;
To sport would be as tedious as to work; And 'twixt his finger and his thumb he held
But, when they feldom come, they with'd-for come, A pouncet-box 4, which ever and anon
And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents.

He gave his nose, and took 't away again ;-
So, when this loose behaviour I throw off, Who, therewith angry, when it next came there,
And pay the debt I never promised,

Took it in snuff 5 :--and still he smild, and talk'd ; By how much better than my word I am, And, as the soldiers bore dead bodies by, By so much thall I falsify men's hopes ;

He call'd them-untaught knaves, unmannerly, And, like bright metal on a fullen ground, To bring a slovenly unhandsome corse My reformation, glittering o'er my fault, Betwixt the wind and his nobility. Shall fhew more goodly, and attract more eyes, With many holiday and lady terms Than that which hath no foil to set it off.

He question'd me; among the reft, demanded I'll fo offend, to make offence a skill;

My pritoners, in your majesty's behalf. Redeeming time, when men think leat I will. I then, all smarting, with my wounds being cold,

[Exit. To be so pelier'd with a popinjay , S C Ε Ν Ε ΙΙΙ.

Out of my grief and my impatience,

| Answer'd, neglcctingly, I know not what ; An Apartment in the Palace.

He should, or he should not ;--for he made me mad, Enter King Henry, Northumberland, Worcester, Hot. To see him thine io brisk, and linell 10 sweet,

Spur, Sir li alter Blunt, and others. And talk so like a waiting-gentlewoman, (mark!) X. Henry. My blood hath been too cold and Of guns, and drums, and wounds, (God take the temperate,

And telling me, the fovereign't thing on earth Unapt to ftir at these indignities,

Was prmacity, for an inward bruile; And you have found me ; for, accordingly, And, that it was great pity, so it was, You tread upon my patience : but, be sure, That villicous fit-petrc ihould be digg'd I will from henceforth rather be myself,

Out of the bowels or the durmless earth, Mighty, and to be fear'd, than my conuition ; Which many a gudil fellow had destroy'd Which hath been smooth as oil, soft is young cown, So cowardly; and, but for these vile guns, And therefore lost that title of respect,

le would hinself have been a soldier. Which the proud soul ne'er pa's, but to the proud. This bald unjointed chat of his, my lord,

Wor. Our house, my sovereign lege, little deserves I unfuer'd indirectly, as I said ;
The scourge of greatneis to be us'd on it; And, I beseech you, let not huis report
And that same greatnets too which our owa hands Come current for an accusation,
Have holp to make so portly.

Bitwixt my love and your high majesty. ! (iord, North. My lord,

Biuni. The circum:tance consider'd, good my K. Henry. Worcester, get thee gone, for I do fee Whatever Harry Percy then had said, Danger and disobedience in thine eye :

To fuch a person, and in such a place, O, sır, your presence is too bold and puremptory, At such a time, with all the reft retold, And majesty might never yet endure

May reatonably die, and never risc The moody frontier 3 of a servant brow.

To do him wrong, or any way impeach You have good leave to leave us ; when we need What then he said, lo he unfay it now. Your use and counsel, we shall send for you. - K. Henry. Why, yet he doth deny his prifoners;

[Exit Worcester. But with proviso, and exception, You were about to speak, [To Northumberland. That we, at our own charge, thall ransom straight Nortb. Yea, my good lord.

(His brocher-in-law, the foolish Mortimer; Those prisoners in your highness' name demanded, Who, on my soul, hath wilfully betray'd Which Hirry Percy here at Holmedon took, 'The lives of those, that he did lead to fight

Ti. e. exceed men's expellations. 2 i. e. I will from henceforth rather put on the character that becomes me, and exert the resentment of an injured king, than still continue in the inactivity and milducís of my natural disposition. 3 Moody is angry. Frontier was anciently used for forehead. 4 A (mall box for musk or other perfumes then in fashion; the lid of which, being cut with open work, gave it its name; from toinfoner, to prick, pierce, or engrave. Snuff is equivocally uicd for anger, and a powder taken up the note. A popizijay is a parroi.

Against

« PoprzedniaDalej »