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John, Dukazu of Labato, } Soms eo :be King.
King Henry the Fourth.
Sir WALTER BLUNT. , of Wales,
Sir John FALSTAFF.
Poins. Earl of WORCESTER.
GADSHILL. Earl of NORTHUMBERLAND.
Lady Percy, wife to Hosspur, lifter 10 Mortimer. ARCHIBALD, Earl of Douglas.
Lady MORTIMER, daugbter to Glendower, and Owen GLENDOWER.
wife to Mortimer. Sir RICHARD VERNON.
QUICKLY, hostess of a tavern in Eaficheap.
S CE N E, England.
6 CE N E I.
To be commenc'd in (tronds afar remote.
No more the thirty entrance of this ioil
Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood; Enter King Henry, Earl of Wesmoreland, Sir Walter No more shall trenching war channel her fields, Blunt, and orbers.
Nor bruise her flowrets with the armed hoofs O shaken as we are, so wan with care, Of hostile paces : those opposed eyes,
pant, And breathe short-winded accents of new broils
All of one nature, of one substance bred,-
I The transactions contained in this historical drama are comprised within the period of about ten months; for the action cominences with the news brought of Ho:ipar having defeated the Scots under Archibald earl Douglas at Holmedon (or Halidown-hill), which battle was fought on Holyrood. day (the 14th of September) 1402; and it closes with the defeat and death of Hotspur at ShrewsbuTy ; which engagement happened on Saturday the 21st of July (the eve of Saint Mary Magdalen) in the year 1403:
Dr, Johnson remarks, that " Shakspeare has apparently deligned a regular connection of these dramatic histories from Richard the Second to Henry the Fifth. King Henry, at the end of Richard the Second, deelares his purpose to visit the Holy Land, which he resumes in this speech. The complaint made by king Henry in the last act of Richard the Second, of the wildness of his son, prepares the reader for the frolicks which are here to be recounted, and the characters which are now to be exhibited.” 2 Mr. Steevens says, it should be Prince John of Lancaster, and adds, that the persons of the drama were originally collected by Mr. Rowe, who has given the zile of Duke of Lancaster to Prince John, a mistake which Shakspeare has been no where guilty of in the first part of this play, though in the second he has fallen into the same error. K. Henry IV. was himself the last person that ever bore the title of Duke of Lancaster. But all his sons ('till they had prerages, as Clarence, Bedford, Gloucester) were distinguished by the name of the royal house, as John of Lancaflet, Humphry of Lancaster, &c. and in that proper Ityle, the present forn (who becaine afterwards so illustrious by the title of Duke of Bedford) is always mentioned in the play before us.
And furious close of civil butcher',
The earl of Douglas is discomfited ; Shall now', in mutual, well-beleeming ranks, Ten thousand bold Scots, two and twenty knights, · March all one way; and be no more oppos d Bilk'do in their own blood, did fir Walter ice Against acquaintance, kindred, and allies : On Hulmedon's plains: Of prisoners, Hotspur took The edge of war, like an ill-theathed kuife, Mordake tie earl of Fife, and eldest fon No more thall cut his matter. Therefore, friends, To beaten Douglas; and the earls As far as to the fepuichre of Chrift,
Of Attiol, Murray, Angus, and Menteith. (Illore scldier now, under wluse blefied cross And is not this an honourable ipoi!? We are impressed and engage to light)
Agollan' prize? h?, coutin, is it not?
mak'it me in
A fon, who is the theme of honour's tongue ;
That some night-tripping fairy had exchang : Weft. My liege, this hatte was hot in question, In cradle-cloths our children where they lay, And many limits 3 of the charge let down And call'd raine--Percy, his—Plantagenet ! But yesternight : when, all athwart, there come Then woull I have his Hairy, and he mine. A post from Wales, loaden with heavy news ; But let him from my thoughts : What think Whofe worst was,--that the noble Mortimer,
you, c62', Leading the men of Herefordshire to figlit Of this young Percy's pridle? The prisoners, Against the irregular and wild Glendower, Which he in this adventure hath surpriz’d, Was by the rude hands of that Welchman taken, To his own ufe he keeps?; and sends me word, ind a thousand of his people butchered :
I fhall have none but Mordike carl of Fife s. Upon whose dead corps there was such misuse, West. This is his uncle's teaching, this is WorSuch beastly, Ihameless transformation,
Malevolent to you in all aspects; [cetter, By those Welshwomen done, as may not be, Which makes liim prune 9 himself, and brittle up Without much thame, retold or spoken of. [broil The crest of youth againit your dignity.
K. Hinry. It seems then that the tidings of this K. Harry. But I have sent for him to answer this; Biake off our businets for the Holy Land. [lord; And, for this cause, awhile we must neglect
Weft. This, match'd with other, did, my gracious. Our holy purpose to Jerusalem.
Coulin, on Wednesday next mir council we
Than out of anger can be uttere..
Wijt. I will, my liege.
[Exeunt. Where they did ipend a sad and bloody hour; As by dicharge of their artillery,
S C Ε Ν Ε II. Ancima ne of likelihood, the news was told ;
An apa, tment belonging to the Prince. For hetrat brought it, in the very heat
Fnter llenry, Prince of Wales, and Sir John Falfief. And pride of their contention did take horse, Ful. Now, Hal, what time of day is ii, lad? Uncertain of the illue any way.
(friend, P. Henry. Thou art fo fat-witted, with drinking K. Hory. llere is a dear and true-industrious of old sack, and unbuttoning thee after supper, and Sir Walter Blunt, new lighted from his horie, Neeping upon benches after noon, that thou hart Stain'd with the variation of each foil
forgotten to demand that truly which thou would't Betwixt that Holmedon and this seat of ours; truly know. What a devil haft thou to do with And he hath brought us smooth and welcome news.the time of the day ? unless hours were cups of sack,
I Mr. Steevens proposes to read Icad for lery. 2 i. e, expedition. 3 Limits for eflimates. 4 Holinhed in his bli fery of Scotland days, “ This Harry Percy was surnamed, for his often pricking, Henry Forfpur, as one that seldom limea retted, if there were anie service to be done abroad." 5 Aichibald Donglas, earl Douglas. 6 A balk rigoifies a bank or hill. Balk'd in their own blood, may therefore mitan, lay in heups or hillocks, in their own blood. 7 Mir. Toilet observes, that by the law of arnis, cicy man who had taken any captive, whok redemption did not exceed ten ihousand crowns, had bin'clounts for binnfelt, either to a quit oi ranion), an his pleasure. 8 Whom (Mr. Sieevens adds) Percy could not refule toile kirg, as being a prince of the blood royal, (lon to the duke of Altany, brother to king Robert 111.) and whom Henry might juitly claim by his acknowledged wikiary prerogativc. 9 Dr. Johulon fays, fo prune and to fluwe, (poken of a bird, is the same.
and minutes capons, and clocks the tongues of thy quips, and thy quiddities? what a plague have bawds, and dials the signs of leaping-houses, and I to do with a buff jerkin ? the bletled sun himself a fair hot wench in flame P. Henry. Why, what a pox have I to do with colour'd tattata; I see no reason, why thou thould'st my huftess of the tavern ? be 10 superfluous to demand the time of the day. Ful. Well, thou hait calls her to a reckoning,
Fal. Indeed, you come near me now, Hal : for many a tine and oft. we, that take puries, go by the moon and seven P. Henry. Did I ever call thee to pay thy part? fars; and not by Pha:bus,--he, that wand'ring Fal. No; I'll give thee thy due, thou hast paid benigbe ja fuir. And, I pray thee, sweet all there. when thou art king,--as, God save thy grace, P. Henry. Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin (majetty, I should tay; for grace thou wilt have would ítretch ; and, where it would not, I have none.)
us'd my credit. P. Henry. What! none?
F:l. Yea, and so usd it, that, were it not here apFal. No, by my troth ; not so much as will parent that thou art beir apparent ---But, I pr’y, serve to be prologue to an egg and butter. thee, sweet wag, shall there be gallows itanding in
P. Henry. Well, how then ? come roundly, England when thou art king and resolution thus roundly.
fobb'd as it is, with the ruity curb of old father anFul. Mary, then, sweet wag, when thou art tick the law ? Do not thou, when thou art king, king, let not us, that are squires of the night's bo- hang a thief. dy, be call'd thieves of the day's beauty"; let us P. Henry. No; thou shalt. be Diana's forefters, gentlemen of the thade, Fal. Shall I ? O rare! By the Lord, I'll be a minions of the moon: And let men fay, we be brave judge. men o: good government; being governed as the P. Henry. Thou judgest false already : I mean, rea is, by our noble and chalte mistrets the moon, thou lhalt have the hanging of the thieves, and so under wliofe countenance weiteal.
become a rare hangman. P. Henry. Thou say it well; and it holds well Fal. Well, 11.il, well; and in some fort it jumps on : for the fortune of us, that are the moon's with my humour, as well as waiting in the court, men, doth ebh and flow like the sea ; being 90-I can tell you. vernd as the sea is, by the moon. As for proof, P. Henry. For obtaining of suits 5? nW: A purse of gold mott resolutely fnatch'd on Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits 5 ; whereof the Monday night, and inot diilolutely spent on Tues- hangman hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as day morning ; got with swearing-lay by ? ; and melancholy as a gib o cat, or a lugg’d bear. ipent with crying-bring in : now, in as low an P. Henry. Or an old lion ; or a lover's lute. ebb as the foot of the ladder; and, by and by, in Fol. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe. as high a flow as the ridge of the gallows.
P. llenry. What fav'st thou to a hare7, or the Fal. By the Lord, thou fay'ıt true, lad. And is melancholy of Moor-ditch s? net my hoftefs of the tavern a moft sweet wench? Fal. Thou haft the most unfavoury fimilies; and
1. Henry. As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of art, indeed, the moit comparative", rascalliest,the castle 3. And is not a buff jerkin a most sweet tweet young prince,--But, Hal, i pr’ythee, trouble rubeuf durance +
me no more with vanity. I would to God, thou Fal. How now, how now, mad wag? what, in and I knew where a commodity of good names
1 Mr. Stevens is of opinion, that our poet, by the expression thieves of the day's beauty, meant only, - Le: news uw are body fruires to the night, i. e. adorn the night, be called a difruie to the day.” He afterwards adds, that a squire of the body fignificd originally, ihe attendant on a knight; the perfon 310 bore his head-piece, (pear, and lhield ; and that it becaine afterwards the cant terw for a piapa 2 i. e. ficar.ng at the passengers they robbed, l.ly by your eins; or rather, lay by was a prisale li at then in ribed jiand fill, andrelied to those who were preparmy to ruih forward.
3 Wuiburton, in comuninn upon this pailuge, says, “ This alludes to the name Shakspeare first gave to this buttoon character, which was in jobin Oldcanile; and when he changed the name he forgot to strike out this.xpreflion that alluded to it. To reason of the change was this: One fir John Oldcastic having futtered in the cine of Henry the fifth for the opinions of Wickly, it gave offence, and thercor. th: poet aliused is to Falítitf." Mr. Steevens, however, has, we think, very fully and satis'act sily proved that fir John Oldcaitle was not a character ever introduced by Shakípeare, nor did he ever occupy the place of Falitaff. The play in which Oldc aftli's name occurs, was not, according to Mr. Sieeveas, the work of our poei, but a de picable piece, prior to that of Shaklpcare, full of libelry and impicty from the beginning to the end ; and was probably the play freeringly alluded to in the epilogue to the Second Part of Henry IV.- for Oldcajtle died a martyr. 4 The thes nil's oficers of thor, cimes were ciud in buil! The meaming therefore of this answer of the Prince to kaiital's question is, " whether it will not be a sweet thing to go to prison by running in debe to this in copt wench." s Shakspeare here qnibbles upon the word fuit. The prince ulus it to mran a por:192.1; Falitaff, io imply a fuit of ilichs. 6 i. e, an old he-cat, Gilbert, on lih, beiro the name for rly appropriated to a cal of the male species. 7 Dr. Johnson lays, that “a hari inay be condused as melancholy. because he is upon her form always folitary; and accurding to live phynck of the times, the flin of it was supposed to generate melancholy. 8 Alluding, periaps, 10) inc melancholy appearance of its laquant water. 9 i. c. ike most quicé et comparisons.
were to be bought': An old lord of the council good fellowship in thee, nor thou cam'it not of rated me the other day in the street about you, fir ; the blood royal, if thou dor'st not stand for ten but I mark'd him not : and yet he talk'd very Thillings. wisely; but I regarded him not: and yet he P. Henry. Well then, once in my days I'll be a talk'd wisely, and in the street too.
mad-cap. P. Henry. Thou didst well; for wisdom cries out Fil. Why, that's well said. in the streets, and no man regards it.
P. Herry. Well, come what will, I'll tarry at Fal. thou hast damnable iteration'; and art, home. indeed, able to corrupt a faint. Thou hast donc Ful. By the Lord, I'll be a traitor then, when much harın upon me, Hal,--God forgive thee for it! thou art king. Before I knew thee, Hal, I knew nothing; and P. Hlenry. I care not. now am I, if a man should ípeak truly, little bet:er Prins. Sir John, I pr’ythee, leave the prince than one of the wicked. I must give over this and me alone; I will lay him down such ieaions life, and I will give it over; by the Lord, an I do for this alventure, tilat he fall go. not, I am a villain ; I'll be damn'd for never a Fal. Well, may'st thou have the spirit of perking's fon in Christendom
fuasion, and he the ears of profiting, that what P. Henry. Where shall we take a purse to-thou lịcak It may move, and what he hears may morrow, Jack
be belie:ed, that the true prince may (for recreaFai, Where thou wilt, lad, I'll make one; an Iftione fake.) prove a false thief; for the poor abuses do not, call nic villain, and hifile 2 me.
of the time vant countenance. Farewel : You P. Henry. I see a good amendment of life in thall find me in East-cheap. thee; from praying, to purse-raking.
P. linry. Farewel, chou latter spring! farewel, Fal. Why, Hal, 'tis my vacatioii, Hul; 'tis no All-hallown 3 summer! sin for a man to labour in his vocation. Poins ! Poins. Now, my good sweet honey lori, ride Now shall we know, if Guus-hill have set a match. with us to-morrow'; I have a jett to execute, that O, if men were to be sav'd by merit, what hole in I cannot manage alone. Faltlatt, Bardolph, Peto, hell were hot enough for him?
and Gads-hill, mall rob those men that we have Exter Poins.
already way-laid ; yourself and I will not be This is the most omnipotent villain, that ever cry'd, there : and when they have the booty, if you and Stand, to a true man.
I do not rob thiem, cut this head from my P. Ilenry. Good morrow, Ned.
Thoulders. Poins. Good morrow', swect Hal.-What says P. Henry. But how shall we part with them in monsieur Remorse? What says Sir John Sack-and- setting forth? Sugar? Jack, how agrees the devil and thee about Poins. Why, we will set forth before or after thy foul, that thou foldett him on Good-Friday them, and appoint them a place of meeting, wherelalt, for a cup of Madeira, and a cold capon's leg ? in it is at our pleasure to fail; and then will they
P. Henry. Sir John hands to his word, the de: il adventure upon the exploit themselves : which Mhall have his bargain ; for he was never yet a they shall have no sooner atchieved, but we'll set breaker of proverbs, He will give the devil his due. upon them.
Poirs. Then art thou damnd for keeping thy P. Henry. Ay, but, 'tis like, that they will word with the devil.
know us, hy our horses, by our habits, and by P. Hen y. Else he had been damn'd for cozening every other appointment, to be ourfclves. the devil.
l'oins. Tut! our horses they fall not see, I'll Poins. But my lads, my lulu, to-morrow morn- tie them in the wool; our visors we will change, ing, by four o'clock, early at Gad!s-bull: There are after we leave them; and, forralı, I have cales of pilgrims going to Canterbury with rich offerings, buckram for the nonce ", to imrak our auted and traders riding to London with fat puries: 1 outward garments. have visors for you all, you have hories for your P. bieny. But, I do:ht, they will be too bird selves : Gads-hill lies to-night in Rochester; I have for us. bespoke supper to
morrow night in East-cheap ; Po: till, for two of thein, I know thein to we may do it as secure as deep: If you will go, 1 he as true-bra?cover is as ever burnou back; and will stuff your purfes full of crowns; if you will for the third, it he fight longer i'an die fees reaton,
l'l! fortiter arms. not, tarry at home, and be hang'd.
The virtue of this jest will be, Fal. Jlear ye, Yedward; if I tarry at home, the incomprehenfitie lies that this time fat rogue and go not, I'll hang you for going.
will tell us, when we meet at lupper: fcu' thirty, Poins. You will, cheps ?
at leait, he fought with ; wht wurd, what blows, Ful. Hal, wil: tlou make one?
what extremities he endured; and in the reproofs P. Henry. Who, 1 rob? I a thief ? Not I, by of this lies the just.
P. Henry. Well, I'll go with thee: provide us Fal. There's neither honesty, manhvad, norlali tiings necefry, and meet me tomorrow night
1 The meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is, thou hast a wicked trick of repeating and apply. ing holy': exis; alluding to the prince having said in the preceding (peech, wilcom cries wit, &c. pie 2, p. 415.
3;. 6. til-junis' day, which is the first of November. Shakipeare's allusion is de igned to ridicule an old man with youthful pallioos. 41. & feribe occasion. si c. conful...it'!.
in East-cheap, there I'll sup. Farewel. Were, as he says, not with such strength deny'd
Poins. Farewel, my lord. [Exit Poins. As is deliver'd to your majesty :
P. Henry. I know you all, and will a while up. Either envy, therefore, or misprision The unyok'd humour of your idleneis: Chola is guilty of this fault, and not my ton. Yet herein will I imitate the lun;
Hoi. My liege, I did deny no prisoners. Who doth permit the base contagious clouds But, I remember, when the night was done, To ímother up his beauty from the world, When I was dry with rage, and extreme tuil, That, when he please again to be himself, Breathless and faint, leaning upon my sword, Being wanted, he may be more wonder'd at, Came there a certain lord', neat, and irimly dress d, By breaking through the foul anu ugly milts Fresh as a bridegroom; and his chin, new reap'd, Of vapouis, that did seem to 1trangle him. Shew'd like a stubbie land at harvest-loine : If all the year were playing holidays,
He was perfumed like a milliner ; To ipuit would be as tedious as to work ; And 'twixt his finger and his thumb he held But, when they feldom come, they with d-for come, A pouncet-box 4, which ever and anon And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents.
He gave his note, and took 't away again ;So, when this loose behaviour I throw off, Who, therewith angry, when it next came there, And pay the debt I never promised,
Took it in snuff 5 ;---and still he smil'd, and talk'u; By how much better than my word I am, And, as the soldiers bore dead bodies by, By so much thall I falsify men's hopes';
He call'd them--antaught knaves, unmannerly, And, like bright metal on a fullen ground, To bring a flovenly unhudiome corle My reformation, glittering o'er my fault, Betwixt the wind and his nubility. Shall Thew more goodly, and attract more eyes, With many holiday and lady terms Than that which hath no foil to set it off.
He question d me; among the rett, demanded I'll fo offend, to make offence a skill;
My priioners, in your majetty's behalt. Redeeming time, when men think least I will. I then, all fiarting, with my wounds being cold,
(Exit. To be to patier'd with a popinjavo,
Out of my grief and my impatience,
Aníuer'il, ncgluetingly, I know not what ;
He should, or he flouid not;--for he made me mad, Erter King Henry, Northumberland, Worcijfer, Hot To see him inine 10 bulk, and imell iv iweet, jpur, Sir li ulter Blunt, indochers.
And ta like a vuiting-geratie womai, mark!) K. Henry. My blood hath been too cold and Of guns, and drums, and wounds, (God take the temperate,
And telling 1.2, the tovereigni'lt thing on earth Unapt to itir at there indignities,
Was prm.city, for an in word bruise ; And you have found ine; for, accordingly, rind, that it was great pity, 10 it was, You tread upon my patience : but, be sure, That villainous fuit-petre inould be disg'd I will from henceforth rather be myself,
Out of the buvels or the burluis earth, Mighty, and to be fear'd, than my conuitiva? ; Whicin many a žux Wool felluis had destroy'd Which hath been smooth as oil, iuft is young town, So covardiy; and, but for these vile guns, And therefore lost that title of rcfpect,
Tie would hintelf have been a foldier.
H’or. Our house, my sovereigirlieze, lit:le deterves lántiver'd indirectly, as i said ;
Buiwixt m; love and your high rinjelty. [lord, North. My lord,
Bin. The circum:tance consider'd, good my K. Henry. Worcester, get thice gone, for I do fee Whatuver Harry Percy chen had said, Danger and disobedience in thine eye :
To fuch a perion, and in such a place,
My reatonably die, and never risc
you. Ki Henry. Why, yet he doth deny his prisoners;
[Exit Horcefier. But with provilo, and exception,-You were about to speak, [To Noribumburlund. That we, at our own charge, thall ransom straight Norib. Yea, my good lord.
His brocher-in-law, the fwith Mortimer; Those prisoners in your highness' name demanded, Who, on my toul, hatla waitully betray'd Which Hirry Percy here at Holmeuon took, The lives of thote, that he did lead to tight
1 i. e. exceed men's expectations. 2 i. e. I will from henceforth rather put on the character that becomes me, and exert the relentment of an injured king, than full continue in the inactivity and milducís of my natural difpofition. 3 Moody is angry: Frontier was anciently used for foreneud. 4 A small box for mulk or other perfumes then in tathion; the lid of which, being cut with open work, gave it ita nome; from goinfuner, to prick, pierce, or engrave. s Snuff is equivocally utca for anger, and a powder taken up ihe note. ont popinjay is a partus.