Obrazy na stronie


The nursery,

The preacher (beg his pardon, the Various, of hill and dale, woodland and poet) then describes his Heaven. This falls into verse almost of its own ac- Rushing, and living fountains; with what cord.


Of bliss, and Sabbath scenes of peace ! “ Glorious bodies are not restored to the disporting righteous only to strike a harp, nor impe. A thousand forms of creatures, such as rishable bodies to the wicked only to suf- make fer and not die. To the righteous they All that the world hath witnessed seem like are given to renew the connexion between pictures spirit and matter, which is productive even Drawn gross, to catch the infant's roving in this fallen world of such exquisite de

eyes ! light ; and in order to meet the nicer ca- And the most rapt imagination pacities of these new-formed organs, a new Of Eastern poets, all the eastern tale world is created, fair as the sun, beautiful Romantic, like the ignorant prattle vain, as the moon, fresh and verdant as the gar- And those rude structures which at first de. den of Eden."

light Yet not unto the righteous are restored

and then ashame our riper Such glorious bodies, but to strike a harp,

years. Nor to the bad, bodies imperishable Mr Irving then draws an animated To suffer and not die. No—they are given picture of those exquisite enjoyments Unto the righteous, that may be renewed which will spring in the new " EstaThat union between matter and the spirit, blishment," from the heavenly loves Productive, even in this fallen world,

and friendships of domestic life. Of exquisite delight; and then to meet These new-formd organs' nice capacities,

“ The tongue shall be eloquent to dis. Fair as the sun, as the moon beautiful,

close all its burning emotions, no longer As fresh and verdant as was Eden's gar

labouring and panting for utterance. And den

a new organization of body for joining and Lo! a new world created !

mixing affections may be invented, more

quiet homes for partaking it undisturbed, The imagination of the new poet of and more sequestered retreats for barring Heaven and Hell now brightens and out the invasion of other affairs." expands, and yet exhibits proofs “ of a Then shall the tongue, no longer labouring, cool and reasonable spirit.

Panting for utterance, eloquent be to speak * Who knows what new enchantment

All its emotions burning; then a new of melody, what new witchery of speech,

Organization of the bodily frame what poetry of conception, what variety of May be invented ;-homes more quiet far,

For joining and for mixing the affections design, and what brilliancy of execution,

For undisturb'd partaking of the mixture, he may endow the human faculties withal -in what new graces he may clothe na

Retreats far more sequester'd, to bar out

The invasion of all different affairs, ture, with such various enchantment of hill and dale, woodland, rushing streams, and

The Poetical Preacher then attacks living fountains ; with bowers of bliss and all those persons who, from that desabbath-scenes of peace, and a thousand praved taste in human nature which forms of disporting creatures, so as to make delights in strife and struggle, “canall the world hath beheld, to seem like the gross picture with which you catch infants; a smile of scorn, or a ravenous lust to

not look upon innocent peace without and to make the eastern tale of romances, and the most rapt imagination of eastern

mar it;" and who, out of this “ fund poets, like the ignorant pratile and rude

of bitterness," pour forth epithets of structures which first delight the nursery, heaven. He observes, that these

derision upon the innocent images of and afterwards ashame our riper years.”

light and ignorant wits” laugh likewise Why was this done back into prose? at the pastoral simplicity of heaven, Surely in the original it will be found « and strive to be severe on the indothus written.

lence of the bowers of bliss.” Mr Ir-. Who knows what new enchanting melody, ving meets these gentry boldly. New witchery of speech, what poetry “ But that with all these accompaniOf new conception, what variety

ments it will be a scene of activity, I have Of new design, and oh ! what brilliancy no doubt. Activity both of body and of Of execution, new, he may endow

mind; that sensual and physical enjoy. The human faculties withal-in what new ments will be multiplied manifold ; that graces

affectionate attachments will yield a thouHe may clothe nature ; with what new en- sand times more enjoyment ; that schemes chantment,

of future good will occupy our thoughts,


and enterprizes of higher attainments urge And now, my brethren, I would meditate our being forward. Then will be the plea- With the same calmness and collectedness sure of the eye, but none of the weariness; Upon the dark side of futurity, the glow and glory of life, but not its pride; Praying you to suppress your idle fears, the thrilling joys of flesh and blood, but And listen with your reason and your judgnone of their odious lusts.” And yet, that with all these accompani. Within your minds, I do assure you all,

Alone! which are the only faculties ments

From which each several Discourse of "Twill be a stirring and an active scene,

Judgment I have no doubt; a great activity

Hath asked a verdict. Of body and of mind. I have no doubt That in the Heaven of the Christian's God, Mr Irving now goes to hell, “ in the Both sensual and physical enjoyments same cool and reasonable spirit” in Are multiplied, for ever manifold ! which he entered heaven. Affectionate attachments then will yield Thousand times more enjoyment; then

" It is most manifest to any one coolly will schemes

considering his own bosom, that if it were Of future good more occupy our thoughts; him, to the suggestions of malice and lust

to give a licence to the evil that is within Then enterprizes of more pith and moment Will urge our being forward. Then will be

and passion, he would become hateful to The pleasure of the eye, but all without

himself and horrible to all around. If the Its weariness; life's glow and glory,

fear of God were cast away, and the fear Without its pride—then all the thrilling of man; if the rewards that attend honesty joys

and chastity and peace were no longer Of flesh and blood, without their odious

known ; if one, in short, had nothing to lusts.

lose in life, no death, and no retribution

after death staring him in the face, the There does not appear to us to be lengths to which he would proceed are any want of warmth in such delinea- shocking to reflect upon. tions ; nothing particularly frosty, yet, “ Now this is precisely the state of certainly, nothing that is not sound things in the nether world. There is no and orthodox, and agreeable to the te

hope, there is no end, there are no good nets of the Presbyterian Church. Yet

beings to hold the balance against evil, and Mr Irving himself, although “ he has

there is no restraining providence of God. no doubt that heaven will be precise

Were there nothing more, I hold this to

be enough to constitute the hottest, cruel. ly as he has described it, seems to have

est hell. I ask no elemental fire, no furbeen uneasy lest his fair hearers should

nace of living flames, no tormenting deaccuse him of not handling the sub- mons, nothing but a congregation of the ject con amore, and makes something wicked, in the wicked state in which they like an apology, which, doubtless, was died and appeared at the tribunal, driven accompanied in the pulpit with a suit- together into one settlement, to make the able bow.

best or the worst of it they can. Let every

man arise in his proper likeness, clothed “ Thus coolly do I prosecute a subject which would sustain the loftiest flights,

in his proper nature, which he did not

choose to put off, but to die with ; let beau. and call into action the strongest enthusi. ty arise with the same pure tints which asm of the mind, because I would justify

death did nip, and wit with all its flashes these great truths of our religion by an ap- and knowledge, with all its powers and popeal to the cool reason and correct feelings

licy, with all its address ; let the generaof human nature, not by high-wrought

tions of the unrighteous gather together ; eloquence, or picturesque delineation. And

-and because of their possessing none of I would now meditate with the same calm

the qualities which God approves in his ness and collectedness the dark side of fu

volume, nor caring to possess them, let turity, praying you to suppress your fears, and listen with your reason and judgment

them be shipped across the impassable alone, which are the only faculties of your

gulf to some planet of their own, to carry

on their several intrigues and indulgences minds, from which these several discourses

for ever ;-then here were a hell, which of Judgment have asked a verdict.” neither fire nor brimstone, nor gnawing Thus coolly do I prosecute a subject

worm, are able to represent." Which might the loftiest flights sustain, To any one, coolly considering and rouse

His proper bosom, 'tis most manifest, The enthusiastic powers of all the mind, That were he to give licence to the evil Because that I do wish to justify

That is within him, and to the suggestions The primal truths of Christianity,

Of malice, lust, and passion, he would be By an appeal to reason calm and cool, To himself hateful, horrible to all. To human nature's most correct emotions,

If both the fear of God and fear of man And not at all by high-wrought eloquence, Were cast away ; rewards of honesty, Or by delineations picturesque.

Of charity and peace, no longer known :

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If one, in short, had nought to lose but life, Mr Irving says, leads a “ god-like No death, no retribution after death

life" among the mountains of WestStaring him in the face, the lengths that moreland, as distributor of stamps for he would go

that county. Are shocking to reflect on.

For our own parts, we were quite Now, my friends,

satisfied with the above, and really This most precisely is the state of things In the nether world. For there there is no

wished that the preacher would not hope,

push the matter any farther. But he There is no end, nor no good beings there despises that vain injunction, To hold the balance against evil, and there

mention hell 'fore ears polite ;" and, Is no restraining providence of God. to use his own language elsewhere, Now, were there nothing more, my Chris. (the language, too, of Dr Kitchiner, tian Friends,

and Mesdames Glasse and Rundle,) I hold that even this is quite sufficient being determined “ not to mince the To constitute the hottest, cruelest hell.

matter," he unfurls over the front of Observem I ask no elemental fire,

his pulpit, that all the spectators may No furnace heated with the living flames, Not even tormenting demons! Au I ask have a full view, quite a new scene, Is but a congregation of the wicked,

painted for the occasion, a PanoraIn the same wicked state in which they

mic View of Hell.” Exultingly he died

exclaims And stood at the tribunal, driven together Into one settlement, to make the best “ Here, then, I say, is hell enough out Or worst of it they can. Let every man

of the natural workings of such a populaRise in his proper likeness, and be clothed tion, without one interference of Almighty In his proper nature, which he did not

God. With what full swing power will choose

rage and havoc! with what fell swoop the To put off, but to die with. Let arise arm of revenge will bring its bloody Beauty, with all the self-same tints so pure stroke! Hosts encountering hosts in du. That Death did nip; and Wit, with all bious battle, wounds and bloodshed and its flashes ;

agony, and no relief of death! Knowledge Knowledge, with all its powers; and Policy, will invent systems of slavery and arts of With its addresses all; the generations

cruelty; and inventions for accomplishing Of the unrighteous gather all together,

the ends of wickedness, beyond aught reAnd because they possess no single quality corded of in history, will come forth from That in his volume God approves, nor care

thoughtful and malicious brains. All the About possessing them, then let them all cruel acts of man will be played off reBE SHIPPED ACROSS THE GULPH IM. morseless ; inquisitionary dungeons will PASSABLE,

arise anew, and racks and torments for the To planet of their own; to carry on body of men will ply their ancient work. Their several intrigues, indulgences The ferocity of Carribs and the dark cruel. For ever! Oh! my Christian Brethren, ty of Malays, and the torturing of AmeriHere were indeed a hell, which neither fire, can savages, and Sodom's lustfulness, and Nor brimstone-no, nor yet the gnawing Carthaginian fraud, and Rome's tyrant worm,

grasp, will all revive. And beauty will be Can represent !

there to light the cruel fires of jealousy,

and arm nation against nation as heretoDante! What is Dante, after that?

fore. And poetry will be there to compose Tasso is tame-Byron blank as a cy- revolts ; and civil warfare, with every form

the war.song.

And ambition to league pher—and the “

Pilgrimage to Kirk- of mischief this earth hath groaned bee of-Shotts,” an expedition to Paradise. neath, all embittered and exasperated ma

The minister of the Caledonian nifold. Church, Hatton-Garden, follows out “Now, tell me, brethren, could you his view of hell in the same “cool and endure such anarchy and confusion for a reasonable spirit ;” and although we life long-could you endure it for ever? must all agree with him in thinking, this carnival of every lust, and revelry of “ that upon the nature of these two every passion.” several estates, it is not easy to speak HERE, THEN, I SAY, IN HELL ENOUGH, correctly,” still we conceive the above passage, which we have, by a gentle Out Of THE NATURAL WORKINGS OF

MY BRETHREN, process, reduced to the original verse,

ITS PEOPLE, to be about as correct, and as spirited AND ALL WITHOUT ONE SINGLE INtoo, as the common run of the Recluse being a portion of the Excursion, a OF THE ALMIGHTY GOD. With what poem, by William Wordsworth, who,


fell swung

Power here will rage and havoc ! with what restless, dunning noises ; what, if the sun fell sweep

should smite with tropic fires, and suffoca. Revenge's arm will bring its bloody stroke! ting winds whirl the miserable natives to Brethren! behold here hosts encountering and fro; what, if the realities of all that is hosts

threatened should come to pass, and the In dubious battle, blood and wounds and mighty devils become our masters, and agony,

we their thralls, to be used and misused as And no relief of death. Knowledge here their beasts of labour; what, if God should Will frame new slaveries, and cruel arts ; put forth his power, and give the wicked, Inventions for the ends of wickedness, who set him at naught, their habitation Beyond the records of old history,

upon some burning star or fiery comet, to Come forth from thoughtful and malicious live like the salamander in everlasting fire ? brains,

-What, if all that Dante and Milton and All cruel arts of man will be played off Tasso have imagined in their several hells Remorseless ; dungeons inquisitionary -the physical torments of the one, the Will rise anew, and for the bodies of men mental anguish of the other, the deformed, Will racks and torments ply their ancient filthy, obscene forms of the third-should work.

concur; and the imagined picture of Belial There will the Carrib's wild ferocity be realized ! Meet the dark cruelty of the Malay, And savage tortures of America ;

Thus far, my friends, I have supposed There Sodom's lustfulness, the fraud of things Carthage,

No otherwise conditioned than on earth. And tyrant grasp of Rome, will all revive ; But if the ground should doubly be acAnd Beauty will be there to light the fire cursed Of Jealousy, and arm, as heretofore, Even for their sakes, brethren! I ask, Nation against nation. Poetry, (alas !

WHAT THEN? Divine no more) the war-song will compose, What, if the body should be liable Ambition will be there to league revolts, To tenfold racking pains; what, if the eye And Civil War, with every form of mis- Should only look upon unsightly things ; chief

What, if the ear should lose its faculty 'Neath which this miserable earth hath Of tasting melody, or, tasting still, grieved,

Should be invaded with strange dunning Embittered and exasperate manifold."

noises ; Now, TELL ME, BRETHREN, IF YOU What, if the sun should strike with tropic

fires, SUCH ANARCHY AND SUCH CONFUSION And suffocating winds whirl to and fro FOR A LIFE LONG? COULD YOU EN- The miserable

natives ; what, if all DURE'T FOR EVER ?

That ever has been threatened, come to ENDURE THIS CARNIVAL OF EVERY pass, LUST, &c.

And the all-mighty devils be our masters,

And we their thralls, ay, or their beasts of We take upon us to assert, that Mr labour, Irving's congregation, in the Caledo- To be used and misused ? Say what, if God nian Church, Hatton-Garden, would,

Should put forth all his power, and give

the wicked if allowed to speak out, have answered

Who set thus at naught their habitation this question in the negative, with one

Upon some burning star, or fiery comet,

Like salamanders in eternal fire ? But hitherto Mr Irving has "sup- SAY WHAT, IF ALL THAT MILTON, posed things no otherwise conditioned

DANTE, Tasso, than they are here on earth.” The Have all imagined in their several hells, reader, therefore, who shall stop short All, all the physical torments of the one, here, must be contented with a most All, all the mental anguish of the other, imperfect and inadequate idea of hell. And of the third, the obscene filthy forms So let him read on, for entire satisfac

Deformed, should all concur-and the tion.

imagined picture

Of Belial be realized, &c. “ Hitherto I have supposed things no otherwise conditioned than they are here

“ But of these things-coolly, coron earth. But what, if the ground should be doubly accursed for their sakes? What, rectly, and reasonably,” says our if the body should be liable to tenfold rack

Preacher and Poet, “ I make no haning pains; what, if the eye should look dle; wishing to address myself to imaonly upon unsightly things, and the ear gination no farther than is necessary should lose its faculty of tasting melody to embody the thing for the consideraor, perceiving it, should be invaded with tion of reason."



universal groan.

are won.

The “ judicious Irving,” (that epi- they be both engaged, solus cum solo,) thet should no longer be applied to or this long and elaborate description Hooker) says that “ we very much of hell from the Bramah-pen of Mr take the thing for granted, when we Irving, be most conducive to health of fancy the wicked creatures pinched and body and soul, we leave to the Chrisscorched alive by active ministers of tian world at large to determine, and God." His system, and we presume,

to this decision we shall bow. Howas he is a philosopher, that it is built ever, the two are not incompatible ; on a vast number of facts, carefully and, therefore, we shall quote and ascertained by induction-is thus de- cavil at one paragraph more from this cidedly stated :

powerful Preacher-and then 66 Their torture is the absence of the mi.

“ Shoulder our crutch, and shew how fields nistry of God. God comes not to their quarters, and therefore their quarters are so hot ; 66 Oh! when I think how near every for, where God is, there is peace and love,

man verges upon the confines of madness and where he is not, there is confusion and

and misery, and how the least shift in the every evil work. Alas! there come no warn.

fabric of our minds would send heavenly ing prophet nor ministering priest, no reason into howling madness—I see, I reformer, nor Saviour, to their world. It fancy a thousand powers resident in God, floats far remote from the habitations of by the smallest expense of means, to make holiness, and no emanations of the divine

a hell such as no earthly science or earthly Spirit shall visit it any more. They range language is able to represent. Bring me the wastes and wildernesses of sin, and

all the classes of men upon the earth, and build the fabrics of iniquity, and work the

let me have the sorting and the placing of works of darkness, and travel in the ways

them upon this earth, and I shall make of cruelty and wickedness. The murderous

hells for each one of them without further devil is their master, his emanations inspire

ado. I would send the poets to bear burthem, his powers of darkness rule them.

dens, and the porters to indite tuneful They aye toil like Vulcan and his slaves,

songs. The musicians I would appoint manufacturing thunderbolts for this their

over the kennels, and the roving libertines cruel Jove, to overwhelm themselves with. I would station over the watch and ward of al; and, as Etna, the fabled residence of

streets. I would banish the sentimentalists these workers in fire, conceives in her bowels

to the fens, and send the rustic labourers that flame and smoke which she afterwards

to seek their food among the mountains ; vomits to scorch the vegetation up, which each wily politician I would transplant into else would beautify her woody and verdant a colony of honest men, and your stupid sides-so these wretched men will aye con

clown I would set at the helm of state. ceive within their soul malicious, fiendish But, lest it may be thought I sport with a imaginations and purposes, which, being subject which I strive to make plain, I brought forth, will destroy all the good shall which else might flourish in their clime. of this wicked ingenuity ; for, sure I am,

stop short and give no further proof

I Who knows but there may be evidences, could set society into such a hot warfare even there, of a good God,-incitements to and confusion, as should in one day make meditation upon all the better alternatives half the world slay themselves, or slay each of being, which, by reason of abounding other, and the other half run up and down wickedness, are frustrated, and the people in wild distraction." tantalized with the sight and thought of good, which their own crazed and disjointed frames did aye hinder them from reali.

In this passage, Mr Irving does his zing.”

very best ; he has put forth all his

power in it; and it is meant to be, as As our readers must by this time he himself might say, " A clencher.” have formed their opinion on Mr Ir. He attempts no greater effort—the subving's versification, we shall not quoteject is exhausted—so, it may be reathis passage in the original, and perhaps sonably supposed, is the Preacher, and this article may be allowed to draw to- so, too, without rudeness be it spoken, wards a close. Mr Irving is much the audience in Hatton-Garden Calemore unwilling to turn his back on the donian Church. This passage, thereinfernal regions, than we are ; and on fore, may be taken as a text by which this fine day, (one of the very few to try the utmost of this Preacher's really delightful days we have had this power. Is it then a strong passage ? season,) we wish to take a stroll round İs the spirit proof, above or below it ? by Duddingstone, to get an appetite How many beads will it sink? Would for dinner, and enjoy the beauties of the members of the Celtic Society deexternal nature. Whether such a stroll, clare it “ a dram?” Could it be prein company with A or ODoherty,(or, if scribed as a “morning?” Is it pro

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