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Hurra! old blade, we ride apaco Quadrupedante putrem sonatu quatit singula Dost fear to ride with me?

campum.-VIRGIL. We have cut them off with a shil- At that moment the enemy's maling; now summon them all to surgazine blew up; the route became gerender. “ Gentlemen, you are taken neral; and being now somewhat thirsty prisoners, dismount and pile arms." with my oration, I beg leave to sit (Tims would fain treat upon terms down, with the most perfect contempt - No-surrender at discretion, on pain for the Reverend Edward Irving, and of instant death !”—“ That we will admiration of Patrick Robertson. never do wile our orses can obble.” Mr Ambrose, a pot of porter-From the fresh tap, sir," swifter than medita

tion on the wings of love." THE GENERAL QUESTION, No. II., WILL BE PUBLISHED ON THE FIRST OF

- NOVEMBER.

BITS. BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL.

Painters seem to iufest periodical literature at present, and the public is bored with long accounts of picture. galleries, which it may be very pleasant and delightful to visit, but rather a dry lounge to read about, especially to those who have never been there. Now, here are two children's books full of pictures, one entitled “ Scenes in Africa,” and the other “ Scenes in England," by the Rev. Isaac Taylor. Let us see if the pictures in them will not describe just as well as those in the gallery at Petworth.

No. 14. Druidical Rocking Stones. -A ghastly light, that seems to come neither from heaven, earth, nor hell, flickers over a pile of loose hanging rocks, that might have been flung into their present form in the battle of the Titans. The pile is crested by a grotesque and grim block of granite, in the shape of a cocked hat, but without a feather for all is bare, blasted, and herbless. “Not even a vernal bee is heard to murmur there.” Behind is the sullen sea—without a sail - not a flying fish skims its surface. There is a mortal deadness—a putrefaction in spite of salt-a depth beyond reach of plummet—" of the old sea a reverential fear"-a something profounder than the ocean of Byron or Barry Cornwall. Was there ever such a sea --such a sky-such an earth! Terrific union of the three kingdoms of the universe! A large flat stone is lying on the foreground—the stone of sacri.

8 fice-incarnadined and encrusted with the blood of victims, ghastly as a cloud in a stormy sunset-a gore-stone-a blood-petrifaction-a hebetated horror -a piece of the masonry of murder

a chip of the old block on which Abel fell, «Beneath the spirit of the first-born Cain." What a knife! tempered in Tartarus -hafted in hell-steeped in Styxwhetted on the stony heart of despair. And there is the victim-cowed, convulsed, contracted into a shivering and shuddering lump of inanition. He sees, hears, tastes, smells, touches nothing, yet all things-a death-in-life! a kneeling swoon ! a conscious curse! a ghost at the hither end of the dark passage of eternity! a spectre that has swindled the swathing-sheet of its horror, and antedated the moment of its own doom, rendering the brink of the grave more horrible than the bottom, and shewing the triumph of the bloodless living carcase, in the struggle for mastery of hideousness over the worm-eaten bones and fleshless stink of a buried anatomy! There stands the Druid, with a beard like a comet-Saturn seems, in comparison, a smooth-chinned younker. Time flows down the “hoar antiquity,” as if it were a river. What a cataract of old old hair! A silent Niagara, streaming for ever and ever from that broad, still, deep lake-his face! The Misletoe! -but go, go to the picture-gaze upon it morning, noon, and night, “ from morn to dewy eve;" dream of it-ay, dream of it, if you dare; and then you will be as wise as I amand that's “ stark nought;" for the world is revolving on its own axis, and

" They that creep and they that fly Just end where they began.” No. 78. Skiddaw. The power of this picture cannot be fully felt under

&c. ;

the half-hour. · It deepens upon the tish navy contemptible as a cock-boat eye of the soul like the hush of even- dredging for oysters. He is not a bird ing. We stand on the mountain-top. of prey-not he indeed-only a bird It is indeed an imaginative length of Aight. There he goes-sugh-sugh The idea of the possibility of a level sugh-ventilating the universe, winfades away, and is lost in the intensity nowing space, and driving on before of the feeling of everlasting ascension his wings the current of time into the and declension.

frozen sea of eternity. My friend Daw

painted a picture, where an eagle was Here we go up, up, up,

carrying off a child, and its mother And here we go down, down, down,

scaling the cliff to storm his eyry. And there we go round about, round about,"

Why, this here eagle would, at “ one

fell swoop,” brush down a regiment of but never on a level-clouds, rack, cavalry, like nine-pins ; nor so much mist! the only perpetual motion, the as feel the standard of England among eternal turmoil, the commonwealth of his talons. Ay, such a bird does inchaos, where Ruin has himself been deed dignify ornithology. But were dethroned, and brought to the block he shot by heaven's artillery-struck by chimeras, his subjects; no pros- down by the thunder-stone--shivered pect for the legitimates : here a re- by the forked lightning-where is the storation could not be. This is your man to stuff him? where the glass-case true Unholy Alliance. Talk of divine big enough to hold him ? and in what right here, and a blast from the dread- museum could the “ secular bird of ful NOWHERE sends you howling. ages” be entombed ?

“Oh!'tis a passionate work!" Yonder eagle is like a condor—a roc—for Scenes in Africa.—No. 26. Mumboall is mighty, monstrous, vast, im- Jumbo. measurable, infinite, eternal. The ark No. 59. Alligator swallowing a Bufmight rest between the wings of the falo. bird, safe as on Mount Ararat. As he " The History of African Superstition sails on the roaring ocean of heaven, is--(We beg your pardon, Pygmahe makes the largest ship in the Bri- lion—but we can stand this no longer.)

PRIZE DISSERTATION ON THE AGE OF HOMER, &c. * We are right simple people, and lia- being presented with a hundred gold ble to be imposed upon, but we hope guineas. Why, a hundred gold guito get wiser as we grow older, and es- neas will purchase him a house in cape being quizzed during the closing Grub-Street, with all the old furniture, years of life. If this humbug about a wife, donkey-cart and donkey, and Homer be intended seriously, and if several complete suits of “old cloes.” the Royal Society of Literature did He is absolutely set up in life for all award to the author his Majesty's pre- the rest of his days, and unless, in the mium of one hundred guineas, then pride of wayward genius, he launch we just venture to hint, with all the out into all' manner of extravagance, humility in the world, that a set of he will never be able to run through more egregious idiots are not at pre- his fortune. How unequally are the sent extant in the dominions of our good things in this world distributed ! gracious Sovereign George the King, Here is one of the weakest and most than the highly respectable gentlemen unproductive of mankind suddenly whose names we some time ago read in raised to affluence by a single Essay; the newspapers as forming the Council, and yet we remember seeing a great and so forth, of the Society. The de- agriculturist, at a public meeting, replorable dunce of the Dissertation de- wardaman and his wife with thirty shilserved to be set in a corner with a pa- lings, for having respectably brought per cap on his numskull, instead of up, without parish assistance, eleven

* A Dissertation on the Age of Homer, his Writings and Genius; and on the State of Religion, Society, Learning, and the Arts, during that period. Being the Prize Question proposed by the Royal Society of Literature, for his Majesty's Premium of One Hundred Guineas, for the best Dissertation on the above Subject. London: G. and W. B. Whittaker. 1823.

children. Why, a hundred guineas, in already fifteen centuries. Herodotus made the hands of a man of judgment, would no mention of the Jews in his history; purchase a sufficient quantity of pickled for the Greeks desired to be informed of pork to feed and fatten the families of such nations only as were famous for a hundred paupers for a whole Anne their wars, their commerce, and grandeur, Domini. A hundred guineas is as much

so that as Judea was then but just rising as was ever paid for any one single ar- from its ruins, it did not excite the attenticle in Blackwood's Magazine. It is tion of that people.' seldom that more than a reward of

“ From this passage in Rollin, I would hundred guineas is offered for the ap

infer that the Greeks could not at that prehension of a murderer. Give us a

period relate anything new of the Jews, hundred guineas, and we will publish

as they would well know that under their the name of the writer of the Chaldee

own wonderful allegories, the Iliad and MS.

Odyssey, they possessed a most surpriThe ninny in hand holds Homer and

sing antitype of Jewish history and cus

toms; in fact, they seem to have comMoses to be one flesh. Part of his proof piled 'a

piled a complete heathen Scripture (if I may be given.

may be allowed the term) out of the sa« One of the great beauties ascribed to cred inspired writings; and the very sithe Homer by his critics and historians, lence of Herodotus upon the Jewish hisis, the keeping, or classical exactness of tory confirms me in my opinion. his descriptions of the customs supposed

“Now, as it is very evident the Greeks to be in use at the epoch of the Trojan either could not or would not elucidate war. I would ask those critics or histo_ their poet and his works, how can a morians from whence could they judge of dern critic do it by referring to them? It his being correct, unless they drew their is impossible! I therefore repeat again, knowledge of his correctness from the there is no prototype for those Grecian writings of Moses, there being no heathen poems but the sacred writings; and it author anterior to the Homer : and the will be most flattering to the Author of earliest after him is Herodotus, of whom this Essay, if, at any subsequent period, Wakefield says, “ We find from Herodo

the hypothesis advanced in it should be tus, the first Greek historian, that no found worthy of further investigation.” more was known of this Homer or Ho

Many other circumstances, however, merus, nor so much in his day, which

shew Homer to have been the Jewish might be (2-3-4-500) years after the event,

lawgiver. Jacob's daughter, Dinah, as in our own.'

was carried off while he was sojourn“ I now select a passage from Rollin's Ancient History, which I think applica

ing in Shalem in the land of Canaan ; ble to this subject. When Esdras was

and Helen was carried off by Theseus. in power, as his chief view was to restore

Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, religion to its ancient purity, he disposed were particularly active in the war the books of Scripture into their proper

against Hamor and Shechem, and Casorder, revised them all very carefully, and tor and Pollux rescued their sister from collected the incidents relating to the Theseus and his party, as is well people of God in ancient times, in order known to most classical Cockneys. The to compose out of them the two books of next prominent event in the Iliad is Chronicles, to which he added the his the anger of Achilles, and his withtory of his own times, which was finished drawing himself from the Grecian arby Nehemiah. It is their books which my. In like manner, David withdrew end the long history which Moses had from the army and the presence of begun, and which the writers who came Saul. after them continued in a direct series, " I shall not touch upon his justifiable till the repairing of Jerusalem. The rest provocation, that is not needful here; but of the sacred History is not written in I beg to observe, David had his followers, that uninterrupted order. Whilst Esdras who are thus described :and Nehemiah were compiling the latter « ' And every one that was in distress, part of that great work, Herodotus, whom and every one that was in debt, and cvery profane authors call the father of history, one that was discontented, gathered thembegan to write. Thus, we find that the selves unto him, and he became a captain latest authors of the books of Scripture over them; and there were with him flourished about the same time with the about four hundred men.' first authors of the Grecian history; and “I do not think, when it is considered when it began, that of God's people, to of what David's followers were composed, compute only from Abraham, included that it derogates from their respectability to say they have a parody in the myrmi- filled with wisdom, and understanding, and dons of Achilles, who are thus descri- cunning, to work in all works of brass.' bed :

There also is the King of Tyre's letter to « « Achilles speeds from tent to tent, and warms

Solomon, wherein he particularizes that His hardy myrmidons to blood and arms;

* Hiram was skilful to work in gold and in All breathing death, around their chief they stand, silver, in brass, in iron,' &c. The molten A grim, terrific, formidable band, Grim as voracious wolves that seek the springs,

sea is described to be round; the words When scalding thirst their burning bowels wrings."" are, 'round all about.' Farther, it stood

Jonathan. Saul's son, and David's upon twelve oxen,' three looking tofriend, is killed in battle, and passion. wards the north, three towards the west, ately lamented. Achilles has his friend three towards the south, and three toPatroclus, loses him in battle, and in

wards the east.' Achilles's shield is dedulges in unbounded grief.

scribed round, supposed to represent the

world; it is surmounted with twelve com“ I will instance another point of re- partments, representing cities in different semblance in the characters of David and situations of civilization--some in peace, Achilles.

others in war. “ It appears derogatory to the spirited “ The description of those twelve cities high-wrought character of Achilles, that appear to me to bear strong resemblance he should be found by the ambassadors of to various situations the twelve tribes of Agamemnon playing the harp ; David Israel were in during their progress to played the harp—there is the coinci- the promised land. I will select such as dence; but what, in the inspired royal appear most prominent. In the third comPsalmist, strikes as sublime, in the hea- partment of the shield, mention is made then general appears trivial and effemi- of two judges, and two talents of gold; nate.

those two judges, or elders, I think may “ Paris touching the lyre, is classical, be taken for Moses and Aaron, and the as being the Grecian instrument; but two talents of gold is certainly applicable Achilles at the harp can only be account to the Israelites; as rating gold by talents ed for as a copy of David.

was peculiar to them. The fourth and fifth “ The horses of the heroes of the Iliad compartments are very descriptive of the are variously described : Achilles's, as advance of the Israelites; more particubeing fleet as the winds; but Job's war- larly the fifth, in which the account of the horse, which is the poetry of Moses, is two spies bears strongly upon the descripcertainly superior. Achilles's horse Xan tion of the two spies sent out by Joshua, thus spoke; Balaam's ass spoke, and no before the taking of Jericho. If we sedoubt was its prototype.”

lect the eighth compartment, we there We can afford, as Mr Jeffrey says,

find a perfect representation of Boaz and

his reapers; and in the ninth, the vintage, one other quotation.

which may be traced to the account of the « The second subject is the classing of Syrian vine, with its cluster, which was the army and ships; in the Iliad it is cut down by the men sent out by Moses quite in the style of the counting orer the to view the promised land. twelve tribes of Israel. And if I inquire “ It may be suggested that this shield no further than the song of Deborah, the could bear no resemblance to Solomon's words are—' Why did Dan remain in molten sea, inasmuch, that the centre of ships? Asher continued on the sea-shore. the shield displayed earth, sea, and hea. In this beautiful song of Deborah's, I ven. I do not advance it as a counteralso find allusion to a custom similar to part, but to take the account of the cunthat which caused the anger of Achilles; ning workman, Hiram : he has much it is in those verses supposed to be utter consequence given to him as an artist in ed by the mother of Sisera, when she ex- the sacred books; and Vulcan being callpects her son from the battle :- Have ed forth by Thetis, for a work of wonder, they not divided the prey, to every one à appears an exact imitation of the Tyrian damsel or two!'

workman. “ The third and last subject I shall se “ The twelve cities upon the shield lect for elucidation, is the shield of Achil agrees with the number of oxen upon les, the description of which has been the which the sea rests. The display of the wonder of all commentators; and yet it heavenly bodies upon the shield has been assuredly has its prototype in the sacred held forth as a wonder that the Grecian writings. Where the account is given of poem should give such an early knowthe casting of Solomon's molten sea, we ledge of astronomy, but, in the Book of are told that King Solomon sent for Hi. Job, we have the names given of the same ram out of Tyre, a worker of brass, a man constellations. Vol. XIV.

2 X

“ I find in Josephus this superb piece on the breakfast-table. “ The burden of workmanship, the molten sea, descris of the mystery of all this unintelligibed thus : ' And its figure that of an he- ble world," (see Wordsworth,) was misphere.' Josephus remarks, that Solo- lightened; we understood everything mon did not well in the ornaments he put in a trice ; difficulties were seen taking on and about this sea, for there were fi. wing, and disappearing beyond the hogures not exactly agreeing with the law; rizon; we found in our breeches-pocket a similitude of it would therefore be easily a key to all the hieroglyphics of naadapted by the Grecian rhapsodists."

ture; the secrets of the universe were Thus far had we proceeded in get- imparted to us in confidence; hoaxting up a slight flimsy article for Ebony, ing, and humbugging, and trotting, on a classical subject, when suddenly stood displayed in their native colours; the scales fell from our eyes, and we and we said to ourselves in a smile and saw into the very heart of a pound of a soliloquy, “ WE HAVE BEEN BAMbutter at that moment lying before us MED.”

HEAVEN AND HELL.

BY THE REVEREND EDWARD IRVING.

We laid before our readers ample reasonable spirit, invoking the help of God extracts from Lord Byron's Heaven to guide my steps; and whosoever will acand Earth, Mr Southey's Vision of company me, I pray to do the same, and Judgment, and Mr Thomas Moore's

not to resign himself to the guidance of my Loves of the Angels, with suitable ob

judgment, which is hardly able to guide

myself. Upon the nature of these two se. servations on their “ scope and ten

veral estates it is not easy to speak cor. dency : for we presume they have a rectly ; and a great deal of mischief has “ scope and tendency,” as well as the arisen from inconsiderate interpretations works of Lord Bacon, and that we un- of the language of Scripture. Of how maderstand them nearly as distinctly as ny light-witted men, unto this day, is the Macvey Napier understands the In constant psalm-sinking of heaven a theme ductive Philosophy. “ Heaven and of scorn ; the fire and brimstone of hell, a Hell” is a taking title, and terrifically theme of derision ! And on the other hand, intellectual. Earth has a dull, cold, in

by how many zealous but injudicious mi. sipid sound, after that formidable mo

nisters of the Gospel are they the themes nosyllable. Mr Irving does not call of rhapsodies, which end in nothing but his work “ Judgment to Come," a

the tedium and disgust of those who hear!" Poem, but an Argument, and, conse- Put this into verse—and what betquently, does not divide it into scenes, ter commencement could you have of acts, cantos, titles, or even portions, an Excursion--thus: but, simply, into parts. An analysis, I enter, therefore, into the unseen worlds, and a few extracts from Part VII., will Which for the habitations shall be built enable our readers to compare the geof righteous and wicked, in a cool nius of the minister of the Caledonian And reasonable spirit—the help of God Church, Hatton Garden, with that of To guide my steps invoking; and whoe'er the wayward Childe, the worthy Lau

Accompanies me, I pray him do the same, reate, and the English Anacreon.

And not resign himself unto the guidance The poet, or orator, (call him which

Of my poor judgment, which is hardly able you will,) is impressed with a due

To guide myself. It is no easy matter
Upon the nature of these two estates

Un sense of the awful character of his to speak correctly, and much mischief oft. theme, and pauses at the threshold, to From inconsiderate interpretation take breath, and screw his courage to Of Scriptural language, has arisen to them the sticking-place. Compare the fol- Oh! of how many vain light-witted men lowing exordium, or invocation, with Is the perpetual psalm-singing of Heaven the commencement of Paradise Lost, A theme of scorn unto this very day; should you not immediately recollect Derision's theme, brimstone and fire of anything similar to it in Byronor Tom

hell! my Moore.

And, on the other hand, how are they made,

By injudicious gospel-ministers, “I enter, therefore, into the unseen worlds Yet zealous, but the themes of rhapsodies, which shall be built up for the habitations Ending in nothing, but, of those who hear, of the righteous and the wicked, in a cool The tedium and disgust, &c.

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