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the Church of St Martin; all for a bons are firmly attached to their backs ; pun. Witness the verse.

and to these again are appended bladders, Martyrii gestans virgo Martina coronam,

and weighted pieces of wood, armed with

sharp spikes ; the noise of the one, and the Ejecto hinc Martis numine, Templa tenet.

pain inflicted by the other, being amply What shall we think of such saints as sufficient to urge to exertion animals much Baccho, Quirinus, &c., or poor Soracte, better qualified to resist the effect of either wrested into St Oraste, and taken from

than the horse. At the firing of a signal Apollo, to be placed under the protec

gun they are turned loose from one extretion of a saint without any more real

mity of the street ; and amidst the shouts of existence than the anagram of its own

the populace which lines it on both sides,

they make what haste they can to the other. old name? Middleton's acsount of the

Here I discovered, to my great surprise, Saintships of Amphibolus and Veroni

sitting in the open air, under a canopy of ca, is highly amusing ; the one a cloak crimson, arrayed in robes of office a good that suffered martyrdom ; the other a deal resembling those of our barristers, the veil : both, however, promoted by the members of the senate, with their intend. infallibility of the Popish Church, to ente or president. The business of these all the rights and properties of defunct first magistrates of the city, decked out in flesh and blood. It puzzled them,

all their paraphernalia, and attended by seemingly, to procure a saint who

drummers, fifers, and musketeers, was to might succeed Romulus in his little

declare the winner among half a dozen

jades, the best of which was not worth ten temple under the Palatine; at last they

pounds. It was difficult to suppressa found one in St Theodore, who was

mo was smile on seeing one of the parties rise, disexposed, &c. like the founder of Rome. cuss the matter with the rest of the bench,

“ Thus," says Middleton, “ the wore and, not without much action, and emphaship paid to Romulus being now transfer. sis, and deliberation, deliver the senatus red to Theodorus, the old superstition still consultum to the expectant crowd. The subsists; and the custom of presenting chil. mottos on the canopy might have been sedren at this shrine, continues to this day lected for the purposes of burlesquewithout interinission; of which I myself • Invictas supero, « Catana Regum,' have been a witness, having seen, as oft as "Tutrix Castigo Rebellis.'” I looked into this church, ten or a dozen women, decently dressed, each with a child Now Ovid, says the author, declares in her lap, sitting with silent reverence be a horse race to have made part of the fore the altar of the saint, in expectation of rites of Ceres. his miraculous influence on the health of the infant."-Letter from Rome.

“ Primaque ventosis palma petetur equis. Mr Blunt's next chapter is on the Hi Cer

Hi Cereris ludi." festival of St Agatha at Catania ; the But horse races were not confined to ceremonies of which, he compares with, the rites of Ceres, nor to those of Nepand finds similar to, those in honour tune ; and, in fact, made part of every of Ceres; which goddess, by the by, festival that could furnish an excuse was as peculiarly revered at Catania, in for them. Torches are next adduced the olden time, as St Agatha is at pre- as a coincidence in the rites of saint sent. But the festival of St Agatha and goldess; the act of kneeling in worlittle differs from that of any other pa- ship might as well have been brought tron saint at his or her own town. forward for examples of coincidence, There are pony-races, processions of as those common appendices to all cemonks and candles, &c. &c. at Rome, remonies, Jewish, Catholic, and Paand everywhere else, as well as at Ca- gan. The priests of both religions haptania. They may have been all bor- pening to be dressed in white, is just rowed from the Eleusinian ceremonies, as little wonderful. Indeed, it would but the Agatha is certainly not the sole be difficult, as well as astonishing, if heiress of Ceres's divinity. Mr Blunt the habits of the ministers of different is too special, too local, and not gene- and successive religions did not resemral enough in his observations; never- ble one another ; or if the modes of theless, he makes out numerous and adoration did not agree in many points. curious points of coincidence between Worship will be like worship, and prothe rites of goddess and of saint. The cession can differ little from procession; festival commences, as do the last days nor need we wonder that the figure of of carnival at Rome, with a pony race. the Virgin in those countries is brought

* The ponies destined for the contest forth peruked and gorgeously orna, have no riders ; but, by means of wax, rib. mented, in a chariot drawn by oxen.

Vol. XIV.

2K

bes."

“ Qualis Berecynthia mater taries of Isis were banished for licenInvehitur curru, Phrygias turrita per ur. tiousness. The points of coincidence

between the orders of St Francis and The chapter on the Arrangement Isis, are their begging, one with the and Furniture of Catholic Churches, sistum, the other with his alms-boxtheir every-day Ceremonies, &c., has no wonderful similarity for poor and been anticipated by Middleton, who religious societies. The possession and has traced the incense, the holy water, use of relics, peculiar to the votaries &c., to their proper sources. There is of Isis, who gathered up the fourteen here an account of one classical saint pieces of her husband's body, agree which we cannot pass over : and the very well with the stores of the same origin is doubtless correctly given,

kind carried about by the mendicant considering the popularity of Ovid, monks. Miraculous cures, too, were whilst the better authors of his time

common to both; their dress, as we were yet in oblivion. .

know from some ancient bas reliefs,

were much alike; and, above all, the " At a short distance from the old La

most striking point of resemblance is vinium, or Pratica, (as it is now called,) is

the tonsure, avowedly and clearly bora chapel, dedicated to St Anna Petronilla. Here we have, no doubt, a corruption of

rowed from the priests of Isis by the Anna Perenna, the sister of Dido, who was

early Christian priests. “ It is clear," cast ashore upon the coast of Italy, near says St Jerome, “ that we ought not the Numicius; a point corresponding with to be seen with our heads shaved, like the situation of this little church. On that the priests and worshippers of Isis and occasion, having accidentally met with Serapis; nor, on the other hand, to Æneas and Achates, and rejected all terms suffer the hair to grow luxuriously of reconciliation with them, she was warned long, after the manner of soldiers and by the shade of Dido in a dream, to escape barbarians.” from the treachery of Lavinia. In the sud. Many of these coincidences are too den consternation excited by this vision,

strong, too manifestly borrowed one she is said to have precipitated herself into the Numicius, of which she became the pro

to

from

from the other, to admit of that argutecting nymph,—whilst games, described

ment of Warburton's, which so anat length' by Ovid, were instituted to her noyed Middleton, that such customs,

however alike, were not traditional,

but newly invented by similar people Placidi sum nympha Numici, Amne perenne latens Anna Parenna Vocor. Roman Catholic rites must have been

in similar circumstances. Much of the Fast. iii. 523.

borrowed from paganism ; nor do we Thus Anna, the sister of the Virgin, has think that a casual resemblance, in inherited the seat and credit of Anna, the cases not especially forbidden, is of any sister of the Queen of Carthage, on condi- mighty importance to the salvation of tion of adding to her former name that of souls.' Mr Blunt, in his anxiety to Petronilla."

establish his theory by many examThe mendicant orders our author ples, frequently overdoes the proof, derives from the priests of Isis and Se and brings forward customs as handed rapis. That such resemblance between down among the Italians, which are these two descriptions of personsshould mere innovations of their conquerors., exist, will seem less remarkable when For instance, the throwing of the poor we recollect that the country to which into a common grave, and that outside the worship of Isis and Serapis pecu- the walls- not permitting tomb-stones, liarly belonged, was that in which the &c. then an introduction of the monastic life originated, and that this French into Italy. 'Twas they who happened before divine honours had built the Campo Santo at Naples, at ceased to be paid to those Egyptian Milan; and they would have done deities. The worship of Isis too, says the same at Rome, had not bigotry Mr Blunt, was tolerated by Chris- been too strong for them. It was the tians with more patience than that of decree, establishing such at Milan, any other deities. This may have been that called forth the poem of the Sethe case in Egypt, but we believe the polchri from Ugo Foscolo; what the worship of Isis at Rome was not all poet lamented has been verified-the such as to conciliate the favour of the remains of Parini lie undistinguished, early Christians-Nay, so early as Ti. and blended with his brother poor, in berius, we believe the priests and vo- the burying-ground near Milan.

honour.

The chapter, with which the volume ludicrous combat in the said Mausoconcludes, on Coincidences in Charac- leum, between a dozen broken-backed ter between the Ancient and Modern little men and a young hornless calf Italians, and which ought to have Neither Liston nor Grimaldi ever callbeen among the most interesting, is ed forth such bursts of laughter and exceedingly lame. A propensity to applause; and the little calf, upsetting gambling is no coincidence, that will the huddled bossus like a pack of cards. not extend to all people particular Another ludicrous fight is between the games, however, may be. The Morra, þull and the man in the wicker bottle, or finger counting, a play very com- -the bottle has an opening at both mon in Italy, and rendered more dif, ends ; by one opening it hangs on his ficult in France by the guesser having neck-out of the other appears his a split stick on his nose, is affirmed by feet; and thus he fidgets about the Mr Blunt to be antique. “There can arena. When attacked by the bull, he not be a doubt that the ' micare digi- sinks like a snail into his shell or bottis' of the Romans, was the self-same tle, which lies much in the shape of a amusement; and the force of their ex- buoy, and the animal beats and tosses pressions for an honest man, that he the wicker bottle with abundance of was one with whom fingers might be vain and ludicrous rage. Mr Blunt, we counted in the dark-quorum micare believe,could find no parallel for all this. potes in tenebris, becomes sufficiently Alas! the Circus is fallen, and its ceintelligible."

lebrated factions of blue and red no Panem et Circenses, is a desire tra- longer conyulse the world and its caditionally handed down, if ever any pital. was, from Roman to Roman. The Before quitting Mr Blunt, we must games of the Circus, greatly shorn of mention one curious and palpable intheir splendour, still exist in part, stance of coincidence: and it is won. however. In the Mausoleum of Au- derful how it could have escaped him. gustus are daily held fights between We mean the picture of the ass exmen and cows, dogs, bulls, &c.--called hausted from over-fatigue, found in the Giostra. The men advance to the Pompeii, and now in the Museum at ox with a red flag before them, which Portici-the indenticalclitella, or packthe animal runs at, and the man, lea, saddle, still used, is on its back the ving his flag to the fury of the ani, oblong, mis-shapen bell, round its mal, escapes. But the whole business neck, precisely as now worn. In short, is wretchedly got up. The dogs are the whole picture might as well pass speaking cowardly curs, and the bulls for a representation of the nineteenth, generally lean cows (forgive the bull.) as of the first century. We have ourselves witnessed a very

BARTHOLOMEW FAIR.

“ In holiday time, when the ladies of London
Walk out with their husbands, or think then selves undone."

“ BARTLEMY FAIR" carries the ship is in a manner put to his trumps. prestige over all shows and exhibi. By the way, it is time, we think, that tions for September. Liston's attrac- some arrangement was come to upon tion at the Haymarket flags; the De, this point. The beasts, or the bufvil (though at half-price brings no foonery, one or other, on such an ocmoney to the Lyceum; and even the casion, should give way. It is only Reverend Mr Irving (if he preached two years ago that an unbred Essex on a week-day) would chance to be calf interrupted Sir Newman Knowlys shorn of one-half his congregation. (the common-serjeant) in the middle

But the Smithfield festivities com- of his exhortation; the Lord Mayor's menced, this year, on a Wednesday- own coach was menaced by a cow with an auspicious beginning for his wor- a crumpled horn; the Remembrancer ship the Lord Mayor; for, when pro- forgot everything but the care of his clamation has to be made on a Mon- own safety; and the Sword-bearer day or Friday, really, what between seemed the only man paratus of the the mud and the mad bulls, his lord- party. We mention this now, because proclamation will fall again on market in the morning; but the frying-pans day (should the world last so long) have it, we think, towards the heat of two years hence; and we think, in the day. If the cooks burn the meat, our known affection and respect for however, (as is reported of them,) that the city of London, that such dilem- would be foul play. mas are derogatory to its magisterial There is a case upon the booksdignity.

Squintum versus Blinkum—where a But the last fair-day (that is, the man was refused the prize for grinning 6th of September) is always the high through a horse collar, on its being day at Cow-Cross—when the swings, proved that he made use of verjuice, and the sausages, and the bluebottles, clandestinely, during the exhibition. and the young women, are all in full We have our law, you see, reader, as buzz and activity. What a convoca- well as our neighbours. But away with tion of jugglers and gingerbread ba references to matters past. What brain kers there are! and what a collection in Bartholomew Fair can stand agaiost of knaves and ninnies to admire them! the present appeals to its attention ? They are fine things, past question, Here, fortune lifts her bandage, and these shows. We doubt if Queen actually ogles you out of a “lucky Mary, even when she roasted the Pro- bag."-" This is the true lottery," says testants, ever attracted larger assem- the priestess, “ for people to adventure blages into Smithfield than now at- in. Here they are ; all blanks, and no tend the roasting of pigs. And, in the prizes !"-All prizes, and no blanks, way of legitimate spectacle, we main- she means to say ; but she speaks truth, tain that the scene is a curiosity. Few for once, without knowing it. “ Will situations would more bewilder a stran you try? -You win a save-all. Dip ger to London, than the being set again. You have got an extinguisher." down, about noon, at Smithfield bars So provoking! Things that one doesn't on a fair-day. Every sense is so as- want! There is a tea-caddy in the old sailed, and on every side, at the same lady's basket too.--That there is, and moment! The eye becomes unsteady has been every fair for the last twenty amid a variety of objects; and has not years. Will you try no more? Then time to pause for a second upon one, turn round; for there is a fellow spitbefore it is caught up, willy-pilly, by ting fire close to your ear. See the another. In front, we see a company rogue! He is clad in “ flame-coloured of comedians; behind, a troop of horse taffeta”-powdered with soot, and perriders. Here, a grotesque fellow dances fumed with brimstone. Look! now upon a rope ; there, a motley ruffian again he vomits ribbons by the yard ! curvets upon a wire. Then, the roar What versatility of talent! Time was -the shout-the deafening, incessant, -"the good old times !"-when such unrelaxing din, of twice ten thousand a man would have been burned; but voices, in more than twice ten thou- fashions are changed in all things. The sand keys ! Of ravings, male and fe- most he can hope for now, is to be male-howlings, human and animal hanged ! -whoopings, joyous and angry-bе- Mercy on us, who is that female so sides noises non descript, of wilful or loud upon our right? Of a surety, she accidental production, swelling and must be the original woman who hired aiding the great general uproar ! - the devil to teach her to out-scold all There are fruit-sellers, showmen, bal- her neighbours. Hark how clear and lad-mongers, and pie-projectors; deal shrill her tone! She has an Irish Coers in toys, strong waters, porter, and lossus, and two dwarfs, by way of foil, pastry; fiddlers scrape, ginger-beer to delight the eyes of the curious ; and corks pop, children weep, and nurse- (it is now noon) she has cried at this maids giggle! Then coines the yelling same rate since seven o'clock in the of wild beasts—the swearing of their morning. The Colossus is a terrible keepers—the creaking of wheels--the fellow indeed! A man to take the wall crashing of round-abouts—the ringing of the Lord Mayor's giants, if he met of bells—the blowing of horns--the them. But they, as luck will have it, whirling of rattles- and the cries of do not come to the fair. Hark! the “ Take care of your pockets !"

trader in tall men cries still. The ex.“ The smells are infinite in babit bibitor opposite has a speaking trumhere too.” Peppermint drops, and pet; but she drowns bim completely. " Sir Robert Burnett's best," prevail Now we catch what he says. “ The fortune-teller-thefortune-teller--the by the Bonassus, there were Mr Beatwonderful astrologer !-- who knows bear's beasts arrived from Birmingeverybody's thoughts as soon as they ham, and Mr Whistlewolf's beasts from are told to him ! Oh! He is sworn Manchester; and indeed almost all brother to the sun, and cousin-german the wandering ferocity of the country to the moon by marriage. He sups was present, over and above the Es. every night on a dish of poached quimaux Indians, who eat their meat stars, and dips his sippets in the milky raw, and little Mr Van Lump, the way! He ” No; there the lady Dutch pigmy, describing a new plan of the Colossus strikes in again. of defence for the ports in Holland, by " And though the fiend to her

throwing a great quantity of Dutch

cheeses into the sea, the maggots from Ycoupled were,

which are to infallibly destroy enemies' She would him overmatch,

ships as fast as they can arrive. Then, I dare well sweare!"

if any were disposed for such displays Then come the exhortations (to buy) of pugnacity, there was badger-baitof the chapmen and chapwomen--the ing, and bears, provided near Longoccasional private communications be- Lane ; and, for those of gentler mood, tween dealers, and comments from dancing-rooms were fitted up round their customers. “ Trade is slack this the corner by Barbican. fair,” sighs a haberdasher, shewing There was to be a masked ball in pincushions to a party " people get the evening, too, at one place, which cunninger and cunninger every year.” was expected to be very brilliantly at

So interesting an address must give tended, indeed :- tickets to be had at rise to observation. The house-maid most of the respectable chandlers' does think, that the spiders build shops in the neighbourhood. their webs stronger than they used to Upon the quality of the esculents do;" and the cook“ recollects that she exposed to sale, we confess we were has not caught a mouse these three puzzled for some time how to deterweeks.”—Conclude, with a contest upon mine. We had a misgiving at one mothe comparative merits of Punch and ment that we ought to taste the sau. the new Fantoccini, and a doubt whe- sages in person-non sibi sed mundo is ther Mr Richardson's or Mr Gyngell's our motto, and the world knows it. booth shall be visited next;-decision Had the effort been necessary, we were final, against all four parties; for the ready, and should have sacrificed ourlions, the lions! are present, and in selves; but, upon mature consideration, great force.

we decided that we might swear in a Polito's elephants “ keep their state" taster for the peculiar service; and, at Exeter-Change this year. The Bo- accordingly, we now speak from the nassus is gone to make some stay in testimony of a cockney lad, (we beIreland ; where we hear, by the way, lieve, from Clerkenwell,) who ate a that he escaped from his keepers on the whole pound of gingerbread-nuts, a second day of his arrival ; but, running quantity of sausages, three paste pigs, into one of the bogs, with which that a basket of Banbury cakes, and several country is said to abound, stuck, and rolls and treacle, without appearing to so was caught. So, being unable to sustain any material inconvenience. come himself, the Bonassus sent his Not that we are quite sure, however, whilom waiting-maid in the Strand now all is done, whether this evidence the female Salamander-a very strange is quite conclusive as to the eatables. lady, according to the description an- Particular constitutions(of themselves) nounced of her. “Her spirit is so hot, throw off particular poisons. A 'prena that her very face breaks out in pim- tice may resist black-pudding, as a ples! She fell into a pond once, and Turk defies opium. The famous Cathe water boiled when she was taken gliostro published a plan for destroying out!" A « particular ballad" was lions and tigers, by first fattening pigs made upon this last event, which still with arsenic, and then throwing them hangs against the caravan she goes loose into the woods to be devoured. about in ; with her portrait at the top, Our cockney was certainly alive, and playing with two red-hot pokers! offensive, when we left town ; but we

Then, besides the Conjuror, and knew an instance once in which a pig the Colossus, and the Lady deputed drank up, (feloniously,) without in

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