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of Irish Protestants, they will be grievously disappointed. During the past sixty-eight years the Protestants of Ireland have been the staunchest supporters of the union with England. Now, many openly proclaim themselves Repealers. All are agreed that if England refuses to fulfil her part of the international compact of the union, she has no longer any right to demand its observance from Ireland. England, if she consents to Mr. Gladstone's measure, will have broken faith, and by her perfidy will have released the Protestants of Ireland from all obligation to observe a treaty, the fundamental article of which has been violated by England.” And, alluding to the recent renewal of agrarian outrages, and the fresh impertinent demands of the Romish priesthood, the same journal adds: “These are the effects of Mr. Gladstone's policy on Ireland. It has alienated friends, without conciliating enemies."

The following remarks on the measure by a London paper are well worthy of notice: “We have spoliation, confiscation, "robbery of God,' in the shape of a printed Bill, introduced by the First Minister of the Crown. The Church of the Reformation is to be robbed to please the Roman Catholics. So far as the civil power can effect it, the Church of the Reformation is to be abolished in Ireland. Everything is taken away with which our forefathers, under God, proposed to provide some support for the ministers of the true faith as then recovered, and proclaimed to be the national faith of the people. A few pounds are left out of the plunder of millions only to make the injury more injurious, and the insult more insulting With the rest, among other things, the Roman Catholic College of Maynooth and the Presbyterian body are to be permanently endowed. And this is all proposed in the name of justice, equity, peace, religion, and Almighty God! Men's hearts may well fail them for fear when they see what is the power of political ambition and its issue, selfdeceit, to pervert a great intellect, and to destroy a conscience; and, through this perversion and destruction, to hurry on a people to an act for which there is no repentance.

Well may the Nation, a Roman Catholic organ, say, that, compared with this Act, the Emancipation Act of 1829 was a

io miserable compromise.”

We are glad to see that the Bishops of the Church of Ireland have called upon the clergy of their respective dioceses to invite their people to united prayer, for the aid and direction of Almighty God at this most solemn crisis in our history. Will not all true Christians join with them? Let earnest and united supplications ascend at the throne of grace, that the Lord may be pleased to avert the evils which threaten us; and that He will neither suffer the right of His truth to be in anywise quenched amongst us, nor permit the harlot of Babylon to reign triumphant over

If ever there were a time to take heed to the divine precept, “That supplications, prayers, and intercessions be made for all men, for kings, and all that are in authority, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life,” surely that time is the present. Great is the present emergency. Let our prayers keep pace with it. Great, too, is our encouragement. Let us not despond. We know Him whom we have believed, and His word is, “I said not to the house of Israel, Seek ye my face in vain.”

The Hull convent case, which we alluded to last month, has been concluded, after a trial of twenty days, with a verdict for the plaintiff, on the counts charging libel and conspiracy; damages, £500; and for the defendants on the other counts. The

nun may

be truly thankful that




she has succeeded in her case so well; probably she owes it, after all, to her having had Roman Catholic priests as her relatives; otherwise it is not improbable that it would never have been made public; convent walls and a convent dungeon, even in this free land, might soon have put an end to it. Let not any one say that this would be impossible. A correspondent of the Rock relates that, “Not far from Dublin the only child of a late well-known railway contractor was placed in a convent to be educated. She induced a day-pupil to post some private letters to her parents; but the replies (all letters being opened by the Superior) betrayed her. The punishment inflicted for this crime was to lock up a girl of about fourteen years of age in a cell! The next morning she was found on her face on the floor, and the next day she was dead! The father threatened, but he had not the pluck of the Saurins, and it was 'hushed up.' Liberal England,” adds the same correspondent, “would not allow so illiberal an action to be perpetrated under the British flag, as a commissary of police to enter a sacred convent, even to liberate five or five hundred captive females! If she ever does, I will promise you a very large manumission of slaves ; and I will promise further, that you will open up underground cells, and there strike off iron fetters that are now eating their way

into the flesh and blood of many of England's sons and daughters."

The present Government appear to be determined to secure popularity, if possible, at any cost. Notwithstanding the serious danger that menaced the country in the Fenian intrigues, and the absolute necessity that there was eeverely to punish them, the Government have actually had the temerity to set free forty-nine of the Fenian prisoners unconditionally, merely, it is to be feared, in order to gratify their Roman Catholic supporters. We have in times past had lessons enough taught us of the folly of such mistaken clemency. We have yet, it seems, to learn those lessons over again. Will these criminals, these traitors, let loose upon society, become all at once loyal citizens? It will be wellnigh a miracle if they do. More probable far that they will yet breathe forth disaffection and disloyalty, and encourage insurrection and discontent.

The Romanists are again pushing forward their claims. Their Bill to repeal the Ecclesiastical Titles Act has again been brought before the House of Commons, but we are glad to hear that it met with a firm remonstrance from Mr. Newdegate. Mr. Newdegate especially called the attention of the House to the fact that, according to their own testimony, the Romanists, in seeking to have their bishops recognized by Act of Parliament, were in reality endeavouring to set up their community formally above all others, and to place their bishops in direct opposition to those of the Established Church ; for they distinctly assume that the “ English episcopate has no existence in England," and they claim for their Church authority, not only over persons of their own communion, but also over all baptized Christians. We hope that the Bill will be indignantly rejected.

À remarkable trial has just taken place in Italy—that of a young man named Luigi Triglia, in priest's orders at Salerno. He was engaged to marry Marianna Montefusco, but the father interfered on the ground of his being in sacred orders, and the Judges of the Tribunal of Salerno forbade the officers of the civil status of Vietri and Cava to take any step in such marriage, and directed that the promise of marriage given should be erased from the registers. Against this decision the sposi appealed to the Naples Courts. The case excited immense interest, and not only was

the court densely crowded, but all the passages leading to it, by intelligent respectable young men, on whom the future of Italy must depend; and the scene is described as one of the most extraordinary and enthusiastic ever witnessed in a court of justice. The advocate for the appeal, who throughout his patriotic address was greeted with loud acclamations which it was difficult to suppress, maintained that priests stood before the civil law simply as citizens, their ecclesiastical status not in the slightest degree altering their civil position. With regard to the injunction of celibacy, he said “that such a precetto was in perfect contradiction to the nature of man, to the Divine word revealed in the Scriptures, and to the example of Christ, who selected for His disciples and apostles married men, except John and Paul, according to the testimony of St. Ambrose and St. Hilary. (Shouts of applause, and vivas.) To moralize society the priests must be moralized, and this can only be accomplished by allowing their marriage.” (Again loud vivas, and applause.) To this the advocate of the opposite party had little to say, although he did remark that, “as to the example of Christ and His apostles, he had nothing to do with facts which occurred two thousand years ago," long, of course, before the period of legal memory. The Attorney-General, who followed, said they could only regard the priest in his civil relation. Let Roman Catholics make their services as splendid as they liked, they should have the full protection of the law, as should the members of all other religious communions; but let them not attempt to interfere with the State. Marriage was honourable, and of purely civil obligation. As to the popular prejudice against the marriage of priests, that would die away when the people saw them respectable heads of families. For himself he would infinitely rather hold out his hand to a priest who took his wife to his house than to one who led a lewd life. The scenes witnessed during the delivery, and at the conclusion of this speech are said to have been indescribable. Some persons kept their eyes fixed on the Attorney-General as if they could have eaten him, while the acclamations were so frequent and fervid that it was difficult to follow the thread of the speech. At the end hats were lifted, vivas were shouted, and a universal clapping of hands ensued, such as generally seen only in the enthusiastic audience of a theatre. Long and loud it continued; the demonstration was beyond the

power of the priests to stop it, and numbers came up to congratulate and thank the Attorney-General. The decision of the Court was, that it cancelled the sentence of the inferior tribunal, declared the opposition which was made to the celebration of matrimony between Signor Luigi Triglia and Signora Marianna Montefusco to be inadmissible, and directed that the ceremony should be proceeded with according to the law.

In a letter to the Secretary of the Palestine Exploration Fund, Lieut. Warren gives an account of some further and interesting explorations under the Temple area. Making his way with considerable difficulty through the mouth of a tank in a private garden which projects into the area, and descending forty-two foet to the bottom, in which he found three feet of water, he says—"On lighting up the magnesium wire, and looking about me, I was astonished, my first impression being that I had got into a church similar to that of the cathedral (formerly a mosque) at Cordova. I could see arch upon arch, north and east, apparently rows of them. The substructure, now used as a tank, is 63 ft. from north to south, and 57 ft. from east to west, thus being nearly_square. Its northern wall is 23 ft. 6 in. from the south side of the Birket Israil.


(traditional Pool of Bethesda). It consists of nine rectangular bays, formed by four piers, cruciform in plan, equidistant from each other and from the walls, from which spring arches. The arches between the piers, and between the two northern piers and walls, are stilted or pointed; those from the two southern piers and walls appear to be flying buttresses, unless the remainder of these arches are concealed behind the east, west, and south walls of the substructure.” Lieut. Warren repeats afterwards that the impression that he had got into a church still remained in his mind; but the probability is, that the structure is simply a water reservoir, similar constructions being not uncommon in ancient ruins ; e.g., the “hall of a thousand and one pillars” in Constantinople ; and this hypothesis is strengthened by the existence of a communication with the 80-called Pool of Bethesda.

Mr. E. H. Palmer, the travelling student attached to the Ordnance Survey of Palestine, the members of which are at present engaged in exploring in the track of the chosen people through the Sinaitic Peninsula, writes that he has found the key to the remarkable rock inscriptions upon which archæologists have so long laboured in vain. In a letter to the Rev. George Williams, he says: “ With regard to the inscriptions, I came out, as I promised you, unprejudiced; for, without depreciating the labours of my predecessors, I felt that it was my duty to form an opinion of my own before criticising the theories of others. After a careful daily study of the writings upon the rocks themselves I began to perceive a clue to their interpretation, and subsequent discoveries, especially those within the last week or so, have made this a certainty. Instead of theories and conjectures, I shall now be able to produce facts and demonstrate that the Sinaitic inscriptions are self-interpreting. Mr. Holland, who came down with me here, but was unfortunately compelled to leave suddenly, agrees with me that the question is now solved beyond the possibility of contradiction.

We have copied the whole body of inscriptions here in their head-quarters, leaving only such as were absolutely illegible from the effects of time or storms. I do not enter into the particulars of my discovery, as it would not only be premature, but would exceed the limits of a letter. I venture, however, to assert that I can now read the inscriptions with ease, and that every one must of necessity accept the solution I shall offer."

Interesting news reaches us from Abeokuta. At the reopening of a church there, a large congregation assembled-800 persons inside and 200 outside, who were unable to obtain admission and the collection after the service amounted to 2,226,000 cowries and £1 10s. in coin, or about £73 in all. The cowries would require about 111 persons to carry them. At the administration of the Lord's Supper on the same day, there were 316 communicants. These are telling facts. The liberality and zeal of these new converts might put to shame many a congregation at home.

Madagascar seems to be gladly receiving the glorious Gospel. The following is an extract from the journal of an itinerating missionary, the Rev. T. Campbell : “When I reached Ambohimanga, the capital of the Antanala country, I sent a messenger to announce my proximity, but just then the rain, which had been pelting us for some time, came down in torrents; this we were obliged to bear till a messenger came and told us to proceed. The white flag of Ranavalona was then hoisted, and the Malagasy national anthem played, an honour I had never before received

since I came to the country. I was met at the entrance to the town by Rasolo, the only baptized Christian belonging to it, and was led by him to the rova, where I was received by the Governor and her family with all honours. It was pouring with rain at the time, but the courtyard was crowded with people, who looked at me in wondering astonishment, not unmixed with fear, if I might judge from their looks. The band, having played the national anthem, preceded me to the house which had been prepared, and on entering I found the Governor, and her officers, who had gone by another route, waiting to receive me, and to see that I was comfortable. _All the persons in authority here are Antanalas, and I being the first European who ever visited the town, they did everything in their power to do me honour. Having got settled down a little, I was presented with abundance of rice, &c., and in the evening had my house cramı

mmed, while I sang a few tunes with those who met for prayer every Lord's-day. After reading a Psalm, and giving a short exposition of Christian doctrine and practice, I concluded with prayer; and was thankful that I had reached thus far in safety, and to find so many people inclined to listen to the me sage of salvation. As soon as the news of my arrival had spread, numbers of people, old and young, came in from the country to see me, and, from the early morning till late in the evening, except for a short interval at meals, my house was crowded. One old

man was excessively inquisitive, and asked me no end of questions about our manners and customs, the food we ate, the distance of our country, &c. I not only answered all these inquiries, but took advantage of the opportunity to declare to all assembled the Gospel of our blessed Saviour, and salvation through His atoning blood. I also told them of His death, resurrection, and ascension into heaven-of His coming again to judge the world, and of the resurrection from the dead of every human being—of the day of judgment, of the everlasting happiness of the righteous, and of the eternal misery of the wicked. They appeared to comprehend these strange things; and an old Betsiles, who often came in to talk with me, repeated much of my story over again to those who were duller of comprehension."

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Reviews and Notices of Books.

An Essay on the leading Principles and Facts of Physiology, with special Re

ference to the Human Structure. By the Rev. RICHARD CORNALL, M.A.,

Vicar of Emmanuel Church, Bristol. Bristol: J. Jones, Castle Street. WELL does the author, after a deep and interesting and talented contemplation of the human frame, in its peculiar construction, varied developments, and special uses and adaptations, add, “Who that physiologically appreciates and understands the works of God in general, and the human structure in particular, can avoid exclaiming, in admiration and adoration, “O Lord, how great are Thy works, and Thy thoughts are

very deep?"

Clever Dogs, Horses, fc., with Anecdotes of other Animals. By SHIRLEY

HIBBERD. London : S. W. Partridge and Co., Paternoster Row. This is one of Mr. Hibberd's clever and beautifully got up productions. In addition to the most lively and interesting text, there are a variety of finely-executed illustrations.

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